Wednesday, December 2, 2015





                                        Pollution Science 101

                                         Russia



                                        

                                          (   The uranium trade )

                                                                    

             

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                                                Edited by Michael J. Ross



                                              MonsantoInvestigation.com



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The following documents will detail evidence of political corruption, in the country of Russia. The information will include a detailed report of the ongoing pollution, as well as the uranium contamination crisis, harming the country of Russia. This report will attempt to stop many of the wars and injustice, facing the country of Russia, including the world.





Chapter 1: Uranium trade

Chapter 2: Pollution

Chapter 3: Arctic Circle & Alaska

Chapter 4: Weapons

Chapter 5: Crimea

Chapter 6: Pyramid technology

Chapter 7: Armenian Genocide

Chapter 8: Genocides in history

Chapter 9: One World religion

Chapter 10: Blue Army of Our Lady of Fátima

Chapter 11: The Orthodox Church

Chapter 12: The Cult of the Virgin Mary (organisation )

Chapter 13: Order of St. Mary Magdalene

Chapter 14: The Russian monarchy, Freemasonry & wars

Chapter 15: Wars

Chapter 16: Airstrikes

Chapter 17: Skull symbolism

Chapter 18: The Order of the Dragon

Chapter 19: Saint Germain

Chapter 20: Lambda Chi Alpha Fraternity & Ron Paul

Chapter 21: History / random events

Chapter 22: Uzbekistan

Chapter 23 Unsolved mysteries

Chapter 24: North Korean nuclear timeline

Chapter 25: Voter Fraud

Chapter 26: BRICS, NATO & the CFR

Chapter 27: China

Chapter 28: Current events & corruption

Chapter 29: Putin & Political corruption

Chapter 30: Hemp (Siberian Ruderalis)

Chapter 31: Dragon symbolism

Chapter 32: Gog & Magog ( Gogmagog )


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Current News:

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We do not wish war anyone. We do not wish that giant bombs would have to be used on people. We want radical Islam to stop terrorism across the globe. We need to come to terms of peace, instead of using these destructive devices. We must stop radical Islam, from trying to expand across the globe.

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US drops largest ever non-nuclear bomb on Isis affiliate in Afghanistan, military says

 April 13, 2017

GBU-43/B, known as the ‘mother of all bombs’, dropped for the first time, to target ‘tunnel complex’ used by Islamic State in Khorosan

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/apr/13/us-military-drops-non-nuclear-bomb-afghanistan-islamic-state


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Alex Jones Radio Show April 11, 2017

April 11, 2017

http://rss.infowars.com/20170411_Tue_Alex.mp3

[11:00 and 20:00, 1:55:00 Alex Claims that ISIS launched fake gas attacks against Syria, to overthrow the Assad regime. He also states that many American generals want to take down ISIS and Assad. Assad was also allowing Christians to live in Syria. Isis was trying to destabilize the region, to genocide Christians.

15:00 Muslims selling sex slaves in Libya and the media is covering this up.

17:00 The government is now shutting down independent media

17:30 Alex Jones talks about Russia
20:00 The media is covering-up Islamic terrorist attacks from around the world. 

42:00 Libya, Somalia and Sudan are selling slaves. Migrants are being sold at open slave markets in Libya, while the media covers this up.

49:00 The radio show states that Syria was a false flag attack.

55:00 Hillary got personal money for transferring nuclear reactors to North Korea.

1:09:00 The media covers up more Islamic terrorist attacks.

1:40:00 Saudi Arabia financed anti Assad fighters in Syria, this is also George Soros funded. 2 million Christians were protected in Syria by Assad.

1:55:00 A caller states that Assad and Russia are fighting ISIS.]

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Globalists Transferred Nukes To China, North Korea And Pakistan To Deliver Our World To Satan

The current North Korea situation was provoked by the elite

The Alex Jones Show - August 9, 2017


https://www.infowars.com/globalists-transferred-nukes-to-china-north-korea-and-pakistan-to-deliver-our-world-to-satan/

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North Korea Is Clinton’s Mess

The history behind North Korea and the U.S. is important to understand our current situation

August 9, 2017

https://www.infowars.com/north-korea-is-clintons-mess/

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Roger Stone: Donald Trump Jr Did His Job Investigating Hillary Russia Ties

Media attacks on Trump Jr. will fail just like they did with his father

The Alex Jones Show - July 10, 2017

https://www.infowars.com/roger-stone-donald-trump-jr-did-his-job-investigating-hillary-russia-ties/

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 Chapter 1: Uranium trade


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Industry figures show that only 10 percent of uranium tails sent to Russia are repatriated


 23/09-2009


 ST. PETERSBURG – Since the early 1990’s Germany’s nuclear fuel producing giant Urenco has been exporting highly radioactive by-products of its uranium enrichment process – called depleted uranium hexafluoride, or uranium tails – to Russia for re-enrichment and return to its country of origin.



 But as environmental groups have often pointed out and Russian nuclear authorities now admit, a mere 10 percent of the waste imported to Russia from Urenco’s Gronau plant is ever returned, leaving several large cites on the eastern side of the Urals to deal with the accruing waste.


Since 1996, under a contract signed between Russian fuel producer Tekhnabeksport (Tenex) and Urenco, Russia will have received 100,000 tons of uranium tails before the end of this year.

The deal was struck, says the Russian environmental group Ecoefence, because a cash poor Russia was willing to offer storage for the waste for a price that was low enough to significantly keep down Urenco’s operating costs.

Many European countries do not consider uranium tails to be waste, but rather recyclable material. But the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission declared, despite the Bush administration’s push for reprocessing nuclear by-products, to be nuclear waste. Bellona holds the same line that uranium tails are waste and that Russia has become Europe’s trash can for the highly toxic substance.


 http://bellona.ru/bellona.org/articles/articles_2009/uranium_hexafluoride_figures



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Depleted Uranium Found in Saratov, Russia

 Oct. 19, 2004


Three containers filled with depleted uranium were recovered in the Leninskiy district of Saratov on 19 October 2004, RIA Novosti reported, citing the Saratov Oblast branch of the Russian Ministry of Emergency Situations. The containers were brought  to a local scrap metal dealer, who reported the suspicious containers to the city emergency service. The containers emitted levels of radiation 358 times higher than normal background levels. According to media reports, local experts have concluded that two containers were used to store depleted uranium, while the third one was used to transport uranium. [The reports do not specify what type of uranium was transported in this third container.] The containers are now being stored at the Radon Special Combine storage facility. Local law enforcement authorities have launched an investigation into the case. According to the police, the containers were discovered by homeless people at a waste dump in Saratov. The investigation will work on establishing the origin and former owner(s) of the containers. A spokesman for Rossatom (formerly Minatom), commenting on the recovered containers, stated: "That type of uranium looks very much like lead, so I would not be surprised if someone had simply mistaken it and dumped it at the scrap yard."



http://www.nti.org/analysis/articles/depleted-uranium-found-saratov-russia/



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Re-enrichment of West European Depleted Uranium Tails in Russia


 http://www.wise-uranium.org/pdf/reenru.pdf



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Areva says it will halt depleted uranium shipments to Russia


May 28, 2010


http://www.nuclearpowerdaily.com/reports/Areva_says_it_will_halt_depleted_uranium_shipments_to_Russia_999.html


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No, Greenpeace Did Not Stop Depleted Uranium Shipments by Areva

June 3rd, 2010

 http://depletedcranium.com/no-greenpeace-did-not-stop-depleted-uranium-shipments-by-areva/



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10 Most Radioactive Places on Earth




5. Siberian Chemical Combine, Russia



 Mayak is not the only contaminated site in Russia; Siberia is home to a chemical facility that contains over four decades' worth of nuclear waste. Liquid waste is stored in uncovered pools and poorly maintained containers hold over 125,000 tons of solid waste, while underground storage has the potential to leak to groundwater. Wind and rain have spread the contamination to wildlife and the surrounding area. And various minor accidents have led to plutonium going missing and explosions spreading radiation. While the snowy landscape may look pristine and immaculate, the facts make clear the true level of pollution to be found here.



 http://brainz.org/ten-most-radioactive-places-earth/




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10 Most Radioactive Places on Earth


7. Mayak, Russia




 The industrial complex of Mayak, in Russia's north-east, has had a nuclear plant for decades, and in 1957 was the site of one of the world’s worst nuclear accidents. Up to 100 tons of radioactive waste were released by an explosion, contaminating a massive area. The explosion was kept under wraps until the 1980s. Starting in the 1950s, waste from the plant was dumped in the surrounding area and into Lake Karachay. This has led to contamination of the water supply that thousands rely on daily. Experts believe that Karachay may be the most radioactive place in the world, and over 400,000 people have been exposed to radiation from the plant as a result of the various serious incidents that have occurred — including fires and deadly dust storms. The natural beauty of Lake Karachay belies its deadly pollutants, with the radiation levels where radioactive waste flows into its waters enough to give a man a fatal dose within an hour.


4. The Polygon, Kazakhstan


Once the location for the Soviet Union’s nuclear weapons testing, this area is now part of modern-day Kazakhstan. The site was earmarked for the Soviet atomic bomb project due to its “uninhabited” status — despite the fact that 700,000 people lived in the area. The facility was where the USSR detonated its first nuclear bomb and is the record-holder for the place with the largest concentration of nuclear explosions in the world: 456 tests over 40 years from 1949 to 1989. While the testing carried out at the facility — and its impact in terms of radiation exposure — were kept under wraps by the Soviets until the facility closed in 1991, scientists estimate that 200,000 people have had their health directly affected by the radiation. The desire to destroy foreign nations has led to the specter of nuclear contamination hanging over the heads of those who were once citizens of the USSR.


3. Mailuu-Suu, Kyrgyzstan

 Considered one of the top ten most polluted sites on Earth by the 2006 Blacksmith Institute report, the radiation at Mailuu-Suu comes not from nuclear bombs or power plants, but from mining for the materials needed in the processes they entail. The area was home to a uranium mining and processing facility and is now left with 36 dumps of uranium waste — over 1.96 million cubic meters. The region is also prone to seismic activity, and any disruption of the containment could expose the material or cause some of the waste to fall into rivers, contaminating water used by hundreds of thousands of people. These people may not ever suffer the perils of nuclear attack, but nonetheless they have good reason to live in fear of radioactive fallout every time the earth shakes.


2. Chernobyl, Ukraine


 http://brainz.org/ten-most-radioactive-places-earth/




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Most Polluted Rivers and Lakes in the World


 Believe it or not, Lake Karachay (Russia) is totally polluted with radioactive (and other types of) waste, which was got rid of into the lake from the Mayak Nuclear Waste Storage Facility, starting in the 1950's. The waste is currently seeping out into area soils and rockbeds, threatening other rivers and even the Arctic. Scientists predict that if it makes it to the Arctic, it could spread around the world.


 http://greenbuzzz.com/environment/most-polluted-rivers-and-lakes-in-the-world/




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The 25 Most Polluted Places On Earth
 May, 2012
#5: Lake Karachay, Russia

Used for years as nuclear dumping site by the Soviet Union, Lake Karachay has several times been declared the most polluted place on Earth. In fact, it has been said that just 1 hour of exposure here would be lethal.



 http://list25.com/the-25-most-polluted-places-on-earth/




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 UNDERGROUND TANK EXPLOSION IN RUSSIA


 On April 6, 1993, the Associated Press reported that an underground tank exploded and burned at the Tomsk-7 Nuclear Reprocessing Plant in Siberia, contaminating 46 square miles of uninhabited land. The chemical explosion occurred in a processing tank used for the separation of uranium and plutonium. Combustible chemicals added to the tank contributed to the explosion.


The Russian Nuclear Energy Ministry blamed a rise in pressure in the tank caused when nitric acid was added as a cleanser. Soviet officials report that the explosion tore off a concrete slab covering the stainless-steel tank and short-circuited the plant electrical systems, which set off a fire. Plant personnel contained the fire within 15 minutes. According to news sources, no deaths were reported and one fireman received a high dose of radiation.



http://www.radiation-scott.org/14-93russia.htm





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Russia: Depleted uranium hexafluoride dump still a toxic issue for Angarsk


January 29th, 2010


http://fluoridealert.org/news/russia-depleted-uranium-hexafluoride-dump-still-a-toxic-issue-for-angarsk/



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 Radioactive Waste 60 - Illegal Nuclear Waste Dumping in Russia


 2/17/14



 http://nucleotidings.com/article/radioactive-waste-60-illegal-nuclear-waste-dumping-russia-3#sthash.GBkLr8BN.dpuf


 Yesterday, I blogged about illegal dumping of nuclear waste in the Arctic Sea by the Soviet Union and Russia. The Soviet Union and Russia also dumped nuclear waste in the Sea of Japan.


            In 1993, after the fall of the Soviet Union, Greenpeace announced that they had received reports that a Russia freighter was on its way to the Sea of Japan to dump nine hundred tons of nuclear waste. Greenpeace filmed the dumping operation and Japanese television broadcast it repeatedly. Japan lodged a complaint with the Russian government with respect to the dumping which was thought to be illegal under international law. It was confirmed later that such Russian dumping had been going on since at least 1959.


           The London Convention of 1972 outlawed dumping of nuclear waste in the world's oceans. The Russians claimed that under the treaty they were allowed to dump "low-level nuclear waste." The Russian government said that it had given the Russia Navy permission to dump seventeen hundred tons of radioactive waste into the Sea of Japan in October and November of 1993. Other nations disagreed with the Russia interpretation of the treaty.


          The Japanese government had agreed to a one billion and eight hundred million dollar aid package for Russia earlier in 1993. One hundred million of that aid package was intended to help Russia dismantle nuclear weapons. The Russian President arrived in Japan about a week before Greenpeace publicized the Russian nuclear waste dumping to sign an agreement with regard to nuclear waste dumping in the Sea of Japan. The agreement called for joint monitoring of the level of radioactivity in the Sea of Japan.


          The Japanese public, government agencies,  and various Japanese organizations including unions of fishermen demanded an immediate halt to the Russian dumping of nuclear waste into the Sea of Japan. Critical letters flooded the Russian Consulates in Japan and telegrams were sent directly to the Russian President. In late October of 1993, Russia announced that it would suspend the dumping of nuclear wastes into the Sea of Japan. However, Russia said that it might be forced to resume such dumping if it was unable to build a new waste processing plant within the next eighteen months.


          Japan had opposed the prohibition of low level radioactive waste dumping in the world's oceans during the 1980s. Apparently they thought that they might want to dispose of their own waste in that way. After the Russia dumping was publicized in late 1993, signatories of the original London Convention met to discuss policy toward nuclear waste dumping. The outcome was an explicit and detailed ban on the dumping of any nuclear wastes into the ocean.


          Nuclear waste continues to be dumped into the world's oceans by unscrupulous nuclear companies and organized crime syndicates such as the Mafia. In disregard of the London Convention, even government agencies in nuclear nations have continued to dump nuclear wastes into the ocean and seas of the planet or they have looked the other way while other organizations did the dumping. The world has been very concerned about the radioactive materials leaking from Fukushima into the Pacific Ocean. Unfortunately, Fukushima is not the first incident of radioactive materials being discharged into the world's oceans. Illegal ocean nuclear waste dumping has been  going on for decades and it continues today, totally apart from Fukushima.


http://nucleotidings.com/article/radioactive-waste-60-illegal-nuclear-waste-dumping-russia-3#sthash.GBkLr8BN.dpuf




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Almost all water in Russia is undrinkable

http://rt.com/news/almost-all-water-in-russia-is-undrinkable/



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Water Pollution Continues At Famous Russian Lake


http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/03/080324103026.htm





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Current Issues: Depleted Uranium Trade

(last updated 21 Dec 2014)


http://www.wise-uranium.org/edisstr.html




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The distribution and history of nuclear weapons related contamination in sediments from the Ob River, Siberia as determined by isotopic ratios of Plutonium, Neptunium, and Cesium


https://dspace.mit.edu/handle/1721.1/29059




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Radioactive pollution of the Ob river system from urals nuclear enterprise ‘MAJAK’

 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0265931X94900094




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Description:        Siberia Nuclear Waste

I.   Identification

1.  The Issue.

     In Siberia, 3000 kilometers from Moscow lies the Siberian
Chemical Combine.  This facility was part of the Russian nuclear
program since the beginning of the Cold War.   After almost 40
years of producing weapons grade nuclear material, the reactors
were shut down and the facility now serves as a storage site for
radioactive material and a uranium enrichment facility.  In 1993 an
explosion occurred at the facility contaminating almost 120
kilometer2 of the surrounding province of Tomsk.  For the first
time in the accident plagued history of the Soviet/Russian nuclear
program, the Russian Government notified the public of the
incident.  However, the cult of nuclear secrecy that permeated the
Soviet Union seems to be re-emerging in the Russian Federation.
Government agencies were embroiled in conflict over how much
information should be released.  The information that was not
given, the environmental state of the combine and the Russian
Government's intent to sell nuclear technology gives cause for
concern to the entire.



 http://www1.american.edu/ted/sibnuke.htm


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Radioactive and Other Hazardous
Contamination in Arctic Siberia



 http://src-h.slav.hokudai.ac.jp/sympo/97summer/fukuda.html



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Russia announces enormous finds of radioactive waste and nuclear reactors in Arctic seas

Enormous quantities of decommissioned Russian nuclear reactors and radioactive waste were dumped into the Kara Sea in the Arctic Ocean north of Siberia over a course of decades, according to documents given to Norwegian officials by Russian authorities and published in Norwegian media.


http://bellona.org/news/nuclear-issues/radioactive-waste-and-spent-nuclear-fuel/2012-08-russia-announces-enormous-finds-of-radioactive-waste-and-nuclear-reactors-in-arctic-seas



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Isolated Criticality: Russia's Floating Nuclear Power Plants, Concepts and Concerns


Nov. 5, 2010


On 30 June 2010 Russia launched the Academician Lomonosov, a floating barge designed to carry two KLT-40S reactors, crew living quarters and nuclear waste storage facilities.[1] The vessel is the first of what Moscow hopes will be a series of Floating Nuclear Power Plants (FNPPs) stationed off coastal towns in Russia's Far North and Far East. Russia's rationale for the development of the project is the need to provide a sustainable and economical supply of energy to the country's remote population centers. One such site, Vilyuchinsk in Kamchatka, will be the location of the first "proof of concept" FNPP, aimed at establishing the technical viability of the project. Moscow also hopes that FNPPs will create an opportunity for the development of offshore oil and gas fields in the Russian Arctic.


http://www.nti.org/analysis/articles/russias-floating-nuclear-power-plants/




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Radioactivity and Pollution in the Nordic Seas and Arctic Region: Observations, Modeling and Simulations



http://books.google.com/books?id=iLZEedlAucsC&pg=PA90&lpg=PA90&dq=taz+river+pollution&source=bl&ots=0t6oqZnAb9&sig=xPa7LWAlEst9w09eL0H0_LmkRqE&hl=en&sa=X&ei=9BshU4ahIsfd2QXK6YGQBg&ved=0CDYQ6AEwAQ#v=onep

age&q=taz%20river%20pollution&f=false




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UV Radiation and Arctic Ecosystems


(Barents Sea radiation)


https://books.google.com/books?id=fcrErPQmgWYC&pg=PA39&lpg=PA39&dq=barents+sea+radiation&source=bl&ots=eSrG6A_eK5&sig=_7Prt1pX_3qC4HkdiBu9jlvjvmQ&hl=en&sa=X&ei=HE4hU7PxBpTC2gX9mYFI&ved=0CF0Q6AEwBjgK#v=onepage&q=barents%20sea%20radiation&f=true




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Iran Agrees to Send Enriched Uranium to Russia

OCT. 1, 2009


 http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/02/world/middleeast/02nuke.html?_r=0



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The Soviet Union's fall led to an alarming nuclear failure that informs today's nuclear crisis

May 26, 2015


http://www.businessinsider.com/irans-hunt-for-nuclear-components-in-soviet-union-2015-5


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How America uses uranium from Russian Cold War nuclear warheads to heat millions of homes


28 December 2013



 http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2530318/How-America-uses-uranium-Russian-Cold-War-nuclear-warheads-heat-millions-homes.html



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How Putin’s Russia Gained Control of a U.S. Uranium Mine

 April 23, 2015


 http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2015-04-23/how-putin-s-russia-gained-control-of-a-u-s-uranium-mine


Since 2013, the nuclear energy arm of the Russian state has controlled 20 percent of America’s uranium production capacity.

Rosatom’s acquisition of Toronto-based miner Uranium One Inc. made the Russian agency, which also builds nuclear weapons, one the world’s top five producers of the radioactive metal and gave it ownership of a mine in Wyoming.

The deal, approved by a committee that included then Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, also followed donations from Uranium One’s Canadian chairman to the Clinton Global Foundation, the New York Times reported on Thursday.

In an interview with Bloomberg News, Ian Telfer, the former Uranium One chairman and current chairman of Goldcorp Inc., said he pledged a donation of $3 million to the Clinton charity in March 2008, “when it was never contemplated that at some point in the future the Russian government would become a major shareholder of Uranium One.”

Why did the Russian government want Uranium One?

Russia is only the world’s sixth-largest uranium miner, but has a huge nuclear fuel industry. Rosatom had built that business partly by processing uranium from Soviet warheads decommissioned under the so-called megatons-to-megawatts agreement signed with the U.S. in 1993.

As that accord neared its end, Russia needed a new source of supply and Uranium One provided a solution. In 2010, a unit of Rosatom bought a majority stake and three years later, Russia paid $1.3 billion for the rest of the company.

The company that became Uranium One was founded in 1997 and merged with two competitors in 2005. In 2007, it bought UrAsia, a company co-founded by Canadian mining financier Frank Giustra that owned uranium mining assets in Kazakhstan.
Kazakhstan Deal

UrAsia’s purchase of the mines was finalized shortly after Giustra and Bill Clinton visited Kazakhstan’s president Nursultan Nazarbayev, the New York Times first reported in 2008. Clinton, Giustra and Telfer have all denied Clinton’s visit played any role in helping the Canadians secure the mining assets.

A personal friend of the former president, Giustra, founded a charitable organization with Clinton with the mission of helping communities in regions impacted by mining operations.

Telfer pledged $3 million to the charity at a star-studded gala in Toronto in March 2008 that included Tom Cruise, Robin Williams and Elton John. Citing Canadian tax records, the Times reported that Telfer’s family foundation donated a total of $2.35 million to the Clinton and Giustra charities between 2009 and 2012.
Hillary Clinton

Telfer’s payments came both before and after a deal to sell a majority stake in Uranium One to Rosatom gained approval in October 2010 from the Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States, because of Uranium One’s U.S. assets. As secretary of state, Hillary Clinton was a member of the committee.

“I have never met Hillary Clinton. This donation was made in support of Frank Giustra, my business partner and friend for more than 20 years. There was no thought of influencing anyone,” Telfer said by phone.

Rosatom gained full control of Uranium One in early 2013.

Rosatom styles itself as Russia’s national nuclear corporation and today Uranium One is its international mining arm. As well as Willow Creek and the Kazakhstan assets, it owns mines in Australia and has exploration assets in Africa and the U.S.

In 2013, the company produced 5,086 tons of uranium, mostly in Kazakhstan, according to its website. That’s just under 10 percent of global production and 62 percent more than Russia produces at home.

At Willow Creek, 362 tons were mined that year, or 20 percent of U.S. productions, data from the World Nuclear Association show.


http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2015-04-23/how-putin-s-russia-gained-control-of-a-u-s-uranium-mine


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Wikileaks Reveals Former FBI Director Mueller Gave Russia Uranium In 2009

 May 19, 2017

Head of Russian probe has past connection with Kremlin



https://www.infowars.com/wikileaks-reveals-former-fbi-director-mueller-gave-russia-uranium-in-2009/

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Locals in Russia’s Eastern Siberia balk at Rosatom’s plans to ruin environment by uranium mining

  December 8, 2010


MOSCOW – As global supplies of uranium dwindle, the Russian State Corporation Rosatom is forced to purchase uranium abroad and bump up domestic production by scouring for small deposits in Russia. But not all uranium-rich regions in Russia are thrilled by the prospects of having their nature – and life as they know it – ruined to serve the corporation’s interests. Meet the residents of Krasny Chikoi, southwest of the Eastern Siberian city of Chita, who said a firm “No” to uranium mining.


http://bellona.org/news/uncategorized/2010-12-locals-in-russias-eastern-siberia-balk-at-rosatoms-plans-to-ruin-environment-by-uranium-mining


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Goldman Sachs to wind down uranium trading business - after U.S. Senate report sheds some light on it, raising a number of issues

 http://www.wise-uranium.org/utiss.html


Goldman Sachs will wind down its small uranium trading business after failing to find a buyer and may sell its Colombian coal mine subsidiary, two of its most controversial commodity divisions, according to a Senate report released on Wednesday (Nov. 19). It included a lengthy summary of Goldman's activities in the niche uranium market, which began when it bought Nufcor from Constellation Energy Group in 2009. Goldman and Deutsche Bank had been the only big banks active in the market.

In prepared remarks ahead of a Senate hearing on Thursday, co-head of Goldman Sachs' Commodities Trading Gregory Agran said the uranium business had posed no environmental risks and the bank never took physical possession of the material. "Notwithstanding these various considerations, given the misconceptions about this business, we have decided to manage down Nufcor's assets to zero," he will tell the committee. Due to long-term supply contracts, Goldman will continue selling uranium to one power plant until 2018, according to the Senate report.

Goldman and Deutsche entered the uranium market in 2009, when tightening supplies threatened to send prices soaring before the Fukushima nuclear disaster in Japan. The two would grow to handle almost a third of all uranium trades in the spot market, according to sources. Goldman's trading of yellowcake, enriched [?!? - means concentrated] uranium ore known as U3O8, rose tenfold from 2009 to reach 12.8 million pounds [4,923 t U] in 2013, according to the report. The value of its uranium inventories topped $240 million. (Reuters Nov. 19, 2014 - emphasis added)

> Download: Wall Street Bank Involvement With Physical Commodities external link, U.S. Senate Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations, Nov. 19, 2014 (4MB PDF)

> Download: Gregory A. Agran testimony external link (Co-Head of Global Commodities Group, Goldman Sachs & Co.), Nov. 20, 2014 (17k PDF)

The senate report presents some interesting insights into Goldman's uranium business:

    "When asked to summarize its physical uranium activities, Goldman described them as buying uranium from mining companies, storing it, and providing the uranium to utilities when they wanted to process more fuel for their nuclear power plants. Goldman indicated that it was, essentially, financing the storage of the uranium until its buyers were ready to purchase it.

    Goldman said that it hedged its physical positions primarily by selling the physical supply through forward contracts. At the same time Goldman acted as a supplier for the utilities, it was also speculating on uranium prices by trading uranium futures and other financial products." (p.132 - emphasis added)

The inventories were stored in the form of U3O8 at the conversion plants of ConverDyn in [Metropolis] Illinois, Cameco in [Blind River, Ontario] Canada, and Comurhex in [Malvési] France, and, in the form of unenriched UF6 at the enrichment plants of Urenco in [Lea County] New Mexico and in [Almelo] the Netherlands, and Eurodif in [Tricastin] France.
Goldman was not involved with the transport of uranium (but how did the uranium get to those storage sites then?), nor with trading enriched uranium.

The report identified a number of "Issues Raised by Goldman's Physical Uranium Activities":

    "Goldman's uranium-related activities, which are expected to continue until at least 2018, raise multiple concerns, including insufficient capital and insurance to protect against a catastrophic event, unfair competition, conflicts of interest arising from controlling uranium supplies while trading uranium financial instruments, and inadequate safeguards." (p.133 - emphasis added)

    "The risks attached to those activities continue to be significant, and Goldman's efforts to address and mitigate them have fallen short of what the Federal Reserve has indicated is necessary." (p. 142)


 http://www.wise-uranium.org/utiss.html




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The truth about the Hillary Clinton-Russia-Uranium 'scandal'

 Apr. 28, 2015

The basic facts: This story is about the sale of a controlling stake in a Canadian company called Uranium One to Rosatom, the Russian atomic energy agency. Because Uranium One controlled uranium mines in the United States, the sale had to be approved by the Committee on Foreign Investment In the United States (CFIUS), part of the executive branch.
A number of investors in Uranium One gave donations to the Clinton Foundation during the time the sale was being considered (between 2008 and 2010), in part through the participation of Frank Giustra, a Canadian mining magnate who was a large donor to the Foundation and who had controlled a company that eventually bought Uranium One (according to the Times, Giustra sold his interest in the company in 2007, before the Rosatom deal).

 http://www.businessinsider.com/everything-we-know-about-the-hillary-clinton-russia-uranium-scandal-2015-4

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Russia signs fuel supply contract with India

11 February 2009

Russian nuclear fuel producer TVEL and India's Department of Atomic Energy have signed long-term contracts worth more than $700 million for the supply of nuclear fuel to India's nuclear power plants.

 http://www.world-nuclear-news.org/newsarticle.aspx?id=24645

--------------


Russia set to team up with India on NUCLEAR REACTOR as relations deteriorate with the West

 Nov 2, 2016

RUSSIA is cosying up to India amid heightened tensions between Moscow and the West as the two potential allies consider collaborating on the development of an atomic reactor.


http://www.express.co.uk/news/world/727823/russia-nuclear-reactor-atomic-moscow-putin-west-india-energy


--------------

 Putin is giving countries that practice hybrid Islamic Sharia law (India), more nuclear uranium for nuclear fuel and nuclear weapons, this should be considered a treason against the entire free world.

------------

Russia needs India as major trade and economic partner

Wednesday, 09 December 2015

  http://rusembindia.com/component/content/article/104-actualnews/7676-russia-needs-india-as-major-trade-and-economic-partner


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NEWS | India & Mongolia to Commence Talks on Uranium Trade

 

 http://www.indrastra.com/2017/03/NEWS-India-Mongolia-to-Commence-Talks-on-Uranium-Trade-003-03-2017-0031.html

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Six Weeks After Exchanging N-Lists, Pakistan and India Trade Barbs Over ‘Secret’ Nuclear City

 

India decries ‘baseless allegations’, while Pakistan says the Indian side is upsetting the strategic balance in the region


https://thewire.in/107403/india-pakistan-secret-nuclear/

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Australia quietly makes first uranium shipment to India three years after supply agreement

 18 Jul 2017

 http://www.abc.net.au/news/2017-07-19/australia-quietly-makes-first-uranium-shipment-to-india/8722108



------------

Why Australia must not sell uranium to Pakistan

December 6, 2011
https://theconversation.com/why-australia-must-not-sell-uranium-to-pakistan-4589

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Australia’s Uranium Export to India and Pakistan’s Claim

 December 14, 2011

 Expectedly enough, Pakistan demanded similar treatment on par with India. Ever since the US and India concluded a bilateral civil nuclear agreement in July 2005, Pakistan has been seeking a similar deal with the US. It even tried to influence the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) members in 2008 to agree on relaxing the NSG guidelines based on a criteria-based approach, rather than providing country (India) specific safeguards. Shortly after President Obama’s call in New Delhi in November 2010 upon India to join the four multilateral export control regimes, namely the NSG, Missile Technology Control Regime, Australia Group and Wassenaar Arrangement, Pakistan too expressed its desire to be part of these regimes. Now, when Australia has decided in principle to export uranium to India, Pakistan seeks similar treatment. Shortly after the ALP vote, the Pakistan High Commissioner in Canberra, Abdul Malik Abdullah, said that his country too should get equal treatment. To justify the claim, he told ABC radio that past concerns about the security of Pakistan’s nuclear industry had now been set aside.

http://www.idsa.in/idsacomments/AustraliasUraniumExporttoIndiaandPakistansClaim_cvsastry_141211



----------




The China-Pakistan Nuclear Deal: A Realpolitique Fait Accompli

Dec 11, 2011

http://www.nti.org/analysis/articles/china-pakistan-nuclear-deal-realpolitique-fait-accompli-1/

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Pakistan’s sale of nuclear materials to N Korea hushed up by China


 June 22, 2016

The Chinese Government hushed up the matter as it could have consequences for Beijing's bid to support Pakistan at the NSG.


  http://indianexpress.com/article/world/world-news/pakistan-china-nsg-north-korea-nuclear-materials-2869252/


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China, Pakistan, and the Nuclear Suppliers Group

 June 17, 2010

The possibility that China will export two nuclear power reactors to Pakistan looms over the annual meeting of the Nuclear Suppliers Group—a 46-nation body that sets global rules for nuclear trade—scheduled to begin next week in New Zealand.
In a Q&A, Mark Hibbs analyzes the importance of the meeting and significance of the China–Pakistan deal. Hibbs says that “in the aftermath of the 2008 U.S.–India deal and the NSG’s decision to allow it, the NSG will have to perform a delicate balancing act to find the least unsatisfactory solution to meet China’s challenge.”

 http://carnegieendowment.org/2010/06/17/china-pakistan-and-nuclear-suppliers-group-pub-41027


--------------


US Sanctions Backfire: China Opens $10 Billion Credit Line For Iran

Credit line will use euros and yuan to bypass sanctions

Sputnik - September 17, 2017
https://www.infowars.com/us-sanctions-backfire-china-opens-10-billion-credit-line-for-iran/

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Despite threats, Africa is looking to nuclear with Russia and China’s help

October 26, 2015


Many African countries are in the grip of a nuclear fad. They believe nuclear energy will bring with it an international currency of prestige. Countries with nuclear energy programs are seen as rich and technologically advanced and as a result possess advanced status compared to other developing countries.

Nuclear is not new to Africa. It has been active since the 1950s when the Democratic Republic of Congo built Africa’s first nuclear reactor. But now, more African countries are planning to develop atomic power for energy security.

There are 12 nuclear research reactors hosted in eight African countries. South Africa is the only African country with an operational nuclear power plant. But the list of countries seeking nuclear energy is long. Sub-Saharan countries of Ghana, Niger, Uganda and others have expressed interest in building nuclear plants. North African countries Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia have similar plans.

https://theconversation.com/despite-threats-africa-is-looking-to-nuclear-with-russia-and-chinas-help-49476

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Inside the Uranium Underworld: Dark Secrets, Dirty Bombs

 Apr 10, 2017

One night last spring, Amiran Chaduneli, a flea-market trader in the ex-Soviet Republic of Georgia, met with two strangers on a bridge at the edge of Kobuleti, a small town on the country's Black Sea coast.Over the phone, the men had introduced themselves as foreigners—one Turkish, the other Russian—and they were looking for an item so rare on the black market that it tends to be worth more, ounce for ounce, than gold. Chaduneli knew where to get it. He didn't know that his clients were undercover cops.

From the bridge, he took them to inspect the merchandise at a nearby apartment where his acquaintance had been storing it: a lead box about the size of a smartphone, containing a few pounds of radioactive uranium, including small amounts of the weapons-grade material known as uranium-235. The stash wasn't nearly enough to make a nuclear weapon. But if packed together with high explosives, these metallic lumps could produce what's known as a dirty bomb—one that could poison the area around the blast zone with toxic levels of radiation.

http://time.com/4728293/uranium-underworld-dark-secrets-dirty-bombs/

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Uranium from Russia

2006

https://www.usitc.gov/publications/701_731/pub3872.pdf



--------------


Putin’s Power Play – How It Will Change the Uranium Sector


 May 15, 2013


 https://www.caseyresearch.com/articles/putins-power-play-how-it-will-change-the-uranium-sector


The last time Vladimir Putin was president, he laid the foundation to pull Mother Russia from the wreck of economic chaos to a world power once again. This time, he's ready to extend that influence to counter the West. His tools: Russia's abundant resources of energy, including uranium.


There's a new war developing on the continent, and the weapons this time will be oil wells, gas fields, and uranium mines, pipelines and ports, processing facilities, and supply deals.


Led by Russia's vast resource wealth and China's massive bank account, the countries of Asia and those along the Eurasian divide are realizing they do not want or need help from the West to achieve their goals. They are settling their differences, negotiating closer relations, and advancing their plans without as much as a phone call to Washington or Brussels.

After years of Western dominance in world affairs, they've had enough. And with Vladimir Putin back in as Russia's president, this emerging bloc has its leader.


Vladimir Vladimirovich is a man of remarkable intelligence, determination, and ruthlessness. In many Russian eyes, that last attribute is far from a fault – they see him as a man's man who restored their country's pride, economy, and position of influence after a humiliating period they'd rather forget. If that has required trampling some citizen rights along with much of the country's new capitalist class… well, nothing comes for free.


From the chaos of financial collapse and political turmoil in 1998, Putin increased GDP by an average 7% annually, cut in half the number of Russians living below the poverty line, grew industry by 75%, and doubled real incomes.

He's achieved these accomplishments largely though development of energy resources. Under his guidance, Russia became a global energy superpower. Today, with a much-strengthened country under his feet, Putin will use his control over natural resources to pull leverage away from the United States and Europe.


It's no secret that Putin disdains America's self-appointed role as global policeman and holds Europe in equal contempt for generally supporting US foreign policy. The NATO campaign in Libya was perhaps a final straw: After Russia vetoed a UN motion to intervene in the civil war there, the US and its European allies turned to their military club NATO to further the regime change they desired. To Russia, at least, it was a snub intended to suggest that Russian opinion still doesn't matter.


Now Putin's primary goal is to prove that view wrong.

And he has the tools to do so. Among other things, he's working to corner the uranium market – his country already controls 40% of global uranium enrichment capacity, the lion's share of the world's downblending facilities, and a fair chunk of the world's uranium resources.


On top of that, the country's nuclear power giant, Rosatom, builds more nuclear power plants than any other company in the world, with deals for 21 international reactors currently on the books.


The era of Putinization is about to begin, and we investors need to understand where it's coming from and what it means. What's on the table are investment trends and profits along with the balance of world influence...




 Rosatom is an absolute giant in the global nuclear sector. The company builds more nuclear power plants worldwide than anyone else, with builds currently underway in China, Vietnam, India, Iran, and Turkey. The 21 new builds in Rosatom's order book are worth US$50 billion.



Rosatom is also the conduit through which Russia exports uranium, a trade currently valued at US$3 billion per year. One-fifth of those exports go to the Asia-Pacific region, a market growing so quickly that Rosatom is building a new Vostok complex for uranium-products transportation and logistics to better serve the region.


Nuclear power has been the world's fastest-growing major source of energy every decade since 1960. That's not going to change. Putin is acutely aware that uranium will be one of the most closely contested battlegrounds in the global race for resources.


 Unfortunately for everyone else, he's given Russia a significant head start.



 https://www.caseyresearch.com/articles/putins-power-play-how-it-will-change-the-uranium-sector



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Fissile Material Theft Chronology


May-September 1992


 http://www.nuclearfiles.org/menu/key-issues/nuclear-weapons/issues/proliferation/chronology-fissile-material-theft.htm


 May-September 1992:

Leonid Smirnov, a chemical engineer at the Luch Scientific Production Association in Podolsk, Russia steals approximately one and one half kilograms of weapons grade highly enriched uranium. He was working alone and had no known potential buyers.


July 1993:

Two Russian naval officers are arrested outside of a storage facility for the Russian Northern Fleet in Andreeva Guba, 40 kilometers from the Norwegian border. They were found to have 1.8 kilograms of highly enriched uranium. Both men claimed to be following military orders. However most Russian authorities believe that the Russian mob was involved.


November 27, 1993:

Three men retired or active in the Russian Navy steal 4.5 kilograms of highly enriched uranium, from a naval base storage facility in Sevmorput, Russia. Authorities were alerted to the theft because one of the thieves carelessly left a door open. The men were arrested several months later trying to sell the stolen material. One of the men arrested stated that it would have taken the Russian Navy 10 years to figure out that the fissile material was missing if they had shut the door.



_______




Georgia's Nuclear Black Market

 12/10/2012


 The encounter, which took place in April, reflected a fear shared by U.S. and Georgian officials: Despite years of effort and hundreds of millions of dollars spent in the fight against the illicit sale of nuclear contraband, the black market remains active in the countries around the former Soviet Union. The radioactive materials, mostly left over from the Cold War, include nuclear bomb-grade uranium and plutonium, and dirty-bomb isotopes like cesium and iridium.



 http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/12/10/georgia-nuclear-black-market_n_2270643.html


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Uranium and Nuclear Power in Kazakhstan

(Updated June 2015)


    Kazakhstan has 12% of the world's uranium resources and an expanding mining sector, producing about 22,830 tonnes in 2014, and planning for further increase to 2018.
    In 2009 it became the world's leading uranium producer, with almost 28% of world production, then 33% in 2010, 36% in 2011, 36.5% in 2012, and 38% in 2013.
    A single Russian nuclear power reactor operated from 1972 to 1999, generating electricity and for desalination.
    Kazakhstan has a major plant making nuclear fuel pellets and aims eventually to sell value-added fuel rather than just uranium.
    The government is committed to a high level of uranium exports, and is planning to build a Russian nuclear power reactor at Kurchatov.

 http://www.world-nuclear.org/info/Country-Profiles/Countries-G-N/Kazakhstan/



_______



 The following article titled "Greenpeace Russia," explains how the Australian government, helped Russia gain its depleted uranium. As we know, the government of Australia, including Canada, still remain as part of the Commonwealth of Nations.



_______



Greenpeace Russia



http://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=5&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0CDYQFjAE&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.aph.gov.au%2Fparliamentary_business%2Fcommittees%2Fhouse_of_representatives_committees%3Furl%3Djsct%2F14may2008%2Fsubs%2Fsub13.pdf&ei=eFglVd-gAY3ZoAT7loH4Aw&usg=AFQjCNGJilGh35PSS48XUWZ_fLhgq2MSHg&sig2=ZI_lNuManVzi9bqzZrzyyg


________



Environmental Problems

Russia Table of Contents


 http://countrystudies.us/russia/25.htm



Japan has been engaged in a long struggle to stop Russia's Pacific Fleet from dumping radioactive waste into the Sea of Japan (see Japan, ch. 8). In 1994 Russia complied with Japan's demand to cease dumping entirely; after a long series of negotiations, in January 1996 Russia and Japan agreed on construction of a floating nuclear waste recycling plant and expansion of an existing facility to process nuclear waste generated by the Pacific Fleet...




...Among the chemicals and contaminants dumped frequently and indiscriminately have been compounds containing heavy metals, phenols, pesticides, and pathogenic bacteria. Chemical pollution was dramatized when fires ignited spontaneously on the Iset' River in Sverdlovsk (present-day Yekaterinburg) in 1965 and on the Volga River in 1970. Russian agriculture, like industry subject to centralized control and quota fulfillment in the Soviet era, continues to cause severe water pollution by overuse and improper handling and storage of toxic chemical fertilizers, herbicides, and pesticides. During the Soviet era, dioxin, a carcinogen, was used routinely as an agricultural insecticide, and it heavily tainted rural wells. In 1990 Soviet authorities declared that dioxin, which enters the body through drinking water, was the most serious health threat from pollution.


In 1992 the Russian Federation's Committee on Fishing reported 994 cases in which bodies of water were "completely contaminated" by agricultural runoff. Runoff from fields results in fish kills and groundwater contamination. Among the largest river systems in European Russia, the Volga and Dnepr rivers suffer from acute eutrophication--depletion of dissolved oxygen by over nutrition of aquatic plant life--which distorts natural life cycles. Large-scale fish kills have occurred in the Kama, Kuban', North Dvina, Oka, and Ural rivers.

Pollution in the Gulf of Finland, the easternmost extension of the Baltic Sea, includes untreated sewage from St. Petersburg, where heavy metals and other chemical substances are not properly removed prior to dumping. In late 1995, St. Petersburg city officials signed an agreement with a French water purification company to process the city's drinking water; the Finns hope that such a move also will improve the overall quality of the city's effluent water.


Water quality in Lake Ladoga, Europe's largest freshwater lake, came to the attention of government authorities in the mid-1990s. Factories on the lake, which is just east of St. Petersburg, have discharged tons of heavy metals and other toxic substances into local rivers. The shores of Lake Ladoga and Lake Onega to its east have been storage sites for fertilizers, livestock waste, and chemicals as well as for radioactive military waste. When local rivers emanating from the lakes reach the Gulf of Finland, their chemical burden changes the oxygen balance in the gulf. Similar situations affect the Arctic Ocean, into which Siberian rivers flow after passing through numerous industrial and power-generating centers, and the Baltic Sea, into which large amounts of military waste and chemical weapons were discarded from Poland and the Baltic republics during the Soviet era.


________


The ticking time-bomb at the bottom of the Baltic Sea

Nov 21st 2013,

 http://www.economist.com/blogs/easternapproaches/2013/11/baltic-sea


THERE IS something dangerous lurking in the shallow waters of the Baltic Sea. Nearly 70 years after the victorious Allies dumped thousands of tonnes of Nazi chemical weapons and chemical agents into the Baltic Sea, experts have warned of an environmental disaster as the weapons corrode and their deadly contents spill into sea.

Under an agreement reached at the Potsdam Conference in 1945, Britain and the Soviet Union dumped around 65,000 tonnes of Germany’s chemical weapons stockpile into the murky depths of the Baltic Sea in 1947-48. Since then the threat posed by the shells and drums full of hazardous waste has been subject to speculation and research. Some scientist called it a “ticking time-bomb”.

It now appears the ticking has got louder. Recent research by Poland’s Military University of Technology has found traces of mustard gas on the sea bed just a few hundred metres off the Polish coast, in the Gulf of Gdansk. This indicates corrosion of the metal, and that poisonous chemicals are now leaking into the water and could be absorbed by fish, entering the food chain. Scientists are concerned, but not just because containers are leaking. There should be no chemical weapons in the Gulf of Gdansk as this was not a dumping zone. Stanislaw Popiel, from the team of the military university, which carried out the research, said that it was hard to say where the contamination came from.

One possible explanation is that the Soviets had a fairly care-free attitude to where they dumped the weapons. Although the vast majority of the munitions were thrown into the Bornholm and Gotland deeps, Jacek Beldowski, from the Polish Institute of Oceanography, said the Soviets often threw everything overboard “as soon as they were out of sight of land”. This means there could be tonnes of chemical weapons lying in unknown locations, close to land and in fishing zones. Mr Beldowski has also found an increase in fish with illnesses and genetic defects in the areas of the known dumping zones; evidence that some of the containers are indeed leaking.



________


Russia's Nuclear Fuel Cycle

 http://www.world-nuclear.org/info/Country-Profiles/Countries-O-S/Russia--Nuclear-Fuel-Cycle/


(Updated August 2015)

    A major increase in uranium mine production is planned.
    There is increasing international involvement in parts of Russia's fuel cycle.
    Exports are a major Russian political and economic objective, particularly for front-end fuel cycle services through Tenex, and also nuclear power plants.


SC Rosatom divisions are:

    Nuclear weapons complex
    Nuclear & Radiation Safety and wastes
    Nuclear Power – Atomenergoprom, Rosenergoatom
    Research & Training
    Atomflot – Arctic fleet of seven nuclear icebreakers and one nuclear merchant ship



The System of State Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials and Radioactive Waste (SSAC RM&RAW) is intended to perform physical inventory testing of nuclear materials and radioactive waste at their locations, and carry out accounting and control of them at the federal, regional and departmental levels. In February 2015 Rosatom introduced an automated system for accounting and control of radwastes from more than 2000 organisations, which is to be fully implemented by the end of the year.

In July 2013 Rostechnadzor issued five-year licences to the three regional branches of NO RAO, for “activities associated with final disposal of liquid radioactive waste.”

About 32 million cubic metres of radioactive waste is to be disposed of within the framework of NO RAO’s program at a cost of about RUR 307 billion, according to Rosatom. NO RAO’s investment program runs to 2035 and includes capital investment in infrastructure of RUR 158 billion ($4.77 billion). Owners of the radioactive waste needing disposal are to provide 80% of that money, while the remaining 20% is to come from the federal budget. In 2013, 24,000 tonnes of used fuel was reported to be awaiting reprocessing or disposal. Rosatom’s Social Council plays a major role in achieving public acceptance.

Plant 20 at PA Mayak, Ozersk, is understood to be a military plutonium processing facility employing 1900 people. There was a plan to close it down and transfer operations to the Siberian Chemical Combine at Seversk as part of restructuring the nuclear weapons complex, but this was cancelled in March 2010. In 2011 Rostechnadzor said that urgent attention was needed “to the 20 open liquid radioactive waste pools, including decommissioning those at FGUP PA Mayak as containing the highest concentration and amount of liquid radioactive waste.”

Used fuel from Russian-built foreign power and research reactors is repatriated, much of it through the port of Murmansk. Some 70 containers were unloaded and moved south by rail over 2008-2014.

A dedicated ship to transport used up to 720 tonnes of nuclear fuel and radioactive wastes was built for Atomflot in Italy, and completed in 2011. The Rossita is apparently primarily for military wastes and fuel from decommissioned submarines, and is used on the Northern Sea Route cruising between Gremikha, Andreeva Bay, Saida Bay, Severodvinsk and other territories hosting facilities which dismantle nuclear submarines.
Waste disposal, geological repositories

No repository is yet available for high-level wastes. Earlier, site selection was proceeding in granite on the Kola Peninsula, and 30 potential disposal sites have been identified in 18 regions, including Siberia, the Urals, the Volga region and the Northwest federal district in order of priority. In 2003 Krasnokamensk in the Chita region 7000 km east of Moscow was suggested as the site for a major spent fuel repository.



http://www.world-nuclear.org/info/Country-Profiles/Countries-O-S/Russia--Nuclear-Fuel-Cycle/


_________



Southern Italy’s cancer epidemic, due to radioactive trash dumping

1 November 2013


 http://nuclear-news.net/2013/11/08/southern-italys-cancer-epidemic-due-to-radioactive-trash-dumping/


Toxic nuclear and industrial waste, dumped illegally by the Neapolitan mafia, is responsible for a surge in cancers in southern Italy, it is feared.

The Italian Senate is investigating a link between buried pollutants and a rise of almost 50 per cent in tumours found in the inhabitants of several towns around Naples.

In classified documents from 1997, only now released to the public, a mafia kingpin warned authorities that the poison in the ground would kill everyone ‘within two decades’. Camorra chief Francesco Schiavone, once the world’s number one mafia fugitive, said: ‘The inhabitants are all at risk of dying from cancer within twenty years.

‘In towns like Casapesenna, Casal di Principe, Castel Volturno, and so on, they have, perhaps, twenty years to live. In fact I don’t think anyone will survive.’

Doctors first noticed that cancers in towns around Naples were on the rise in the 1990s. But since that time they have increased by 40 per cent in women and 47 per cent in men.


________




The Mafia's Deadly Garbage: Italy's Growing Toxic Waste Scandal

January 16, 2014


For decades, the Mafia has been dumping toxic waste illegally in the region north of Naples. Recently declassified testimony shows that leading politicians have known about the problem for years, yet done nothing about it -- even as the death toll climbs.



 http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/anger-rises-in-italy-over-toxic-waste-dumps-from-the-mafia-a-943630.html


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Europe's largest illegal toxic dumping site discovered in southern Italy - an area with cancer rates 80% higher than national average

 17 June 2015


 http://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/health-and-families/health-news/europes-largest-illegal-toxic-dumping-site-discovered-in-southern-italy--an-area-with-cancer-rates-80-higher-than-national-average-10327157.html


_________


Toxic waste dumping by the 'Ndrangheta


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toxic_waste_dumping_by_the_'Ndrangheta


The 'Ndrangheta, a criminal organization from Calabria (Italy) has been involved in radioactive waste dumping since the 1980s. Ships with toxic and radioactive waste were sunk off the Italian coast. In addition, vessels were allegedly sent to Somalia and other developing countries with toxic waste, including radioactive waste cargoes, which were either sunk with the ship or buried on land. The introduction of more rigorous environmental legislation in the 1980s made illegal waste dumping a lucrative business for organized crime groups in Italy.




_________


Italy's Toxic Secret


 Apr , 2014



 As child cancer cases in part of Italy rise, a former mafia boss turned informant reveals details of the tonnes of toxic waste that the mafia illegally dumped there.


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LtcDCoojprk




_________
Italy’s Toxic Waste Vanishes Into Albania

Dangerous garbage is being imported to Albania before disappearing without trace, an investigation into the murky world of waste exports reveals. From Prishtina Insight.
  29 October 2012

http://www.tol.org/client/article/23437-italys-toxic-waste-vanishes-into-albania.html



_________





______

______



 Chapter 2: Pollution


_____

_____


________


The 25 Most Polluted Places On Earth
 May, 2012
#6: Dzerzhinsk, Russia

Named the world’s most chemically polluted city by the Guinness Book of World Records, in recent years its death rate has overwhelmed its birth rate by more than 260%. It also has one of the lowest life expectancies in the world at roughly 45 years.



 http://list25.com/the-25-most-polluted-places-on-earth/




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The 25 Most Polluted Places On Earth
 May, 2012
#24: Norilsk, Russia

This Siberian city houses an even larger smelting complex than La Oroya (it’s actually the largest in the world). Not surprisingly, the pollution here is so bad that the average life expectancy is up to 10 years less than the rest of Russia.


 http://list25.com/the-25-most-polluted-places-on-earth/



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Hierarchical systematic conservation planning at the national level: Identifying national biodiversity hotspots using abiotic factors in Russia

http://www.researchgate.net/publication/223536860_Hierarchical_systematic_conservation_planning_at_the_national

_level_Identifying_national_biodiversity_hotspots_using_abiotic_factors_in_Russia



______
Russia makes progress cleaning up pollution, but hot spots remain


http://www.alaskadispatch.com/article/russia-makes-progress-cleaning-pollution-hot-spots-remain


______



Cleaning Up the Russian Arctic, One Village at a Time


http://www.anthc.org/chs/ces/climate/upload/Cleaning-Up-the-Russian-Arctic-Final.pdf




______





TED Case Studies
Arctic Sea Dumping

 http://www1.american.edu/ted/arctic.htm

  CASE NUMBER:        204 
     CASE MNEMONIC:      ARCTIC
     CASE NAME:          Russian Toxic Dumping in the Arctic Sea



Dumping of highly radioactive wastes at sea has been banned
worldwide for more than three decades, still it has been revealed
that Russia (the former Soviet Union) has been dumping highly
radioactive materials in the Arctic Sea (more precisely the Barents
Kara Seas) since the late 1950s. This act has international
implications, especially in view of Russia's relations to the
Scandinavian countries (in particular Norway), as rich fishing
grounds could be threatened. The Norwegian Prime Minister said the
dumping represents a "security risk to people and to the natural
biology of northern waters" , and the former Minister of Foreign
Affairs Johan Jorgen Holst stated that Russian pollution was "the
biggest security problem Norway faces."  Today scientists are
trying to assess what possible damage the dumping might have done
to the fragile environment of the Arctic region.

2.        Description

     The extent and the precise locations of Russia's nuclear
polluting may forever remain a mystery.  However, since the
beginnings of Perestroika some of those secrets have begun to
trickle out of the former Soviet Empire, much to the chagrin of her
neighbors and the international community as a whole.  The culprit
in this mess, not to anyone's surprise, has been the Russian
military.
     While fact and fiction have been hard to differentiate (it
depends on whose figures your consulting) these numbers have been
confirmed. In the 1950's, the effluent from the nuclear-weapons
factory near Chelyabinsk was dumped into the River Techa.  It ended
up in the Arctic Ocean.  Between 1964 and 1986, some 7,000 tons of
solid radioactive waste and 1,600 cubic meters of liquid waste was
pitched into the Kara and Barents Seas from the base in Murmasnk
which serviced the Soviet fleet of nuclear powered naval and
merchant ships.


http://www1.american.edu/ted/arctic.htm





________



The Environmental Outlook in Russia


http://www.fas.org/irp/nic/environmental_outlook_russia.html





________




Industrial Pollution is Public Enemy Number One, Russian environmentalists tell Bellona conference

 August 20, 2014


 http://bellona.org/news/nuclear-issues/radioactive-waste-and-spent-nuclear-fuel/2014-08-industrial-pollution-public-enemy-number-one-russian-environmentalists-tell-bellona-conference



The ‘Moonscapes’ of the Murmansk Region

Anna Kireeva, who represented Bellona’s Murmansk office at the conference, presented a report on industrial pollution in the Murmansk region. According to Kireeva, the activities of industrial giant Norilsk Nickel are creating an environmental disaster in the Russia’s Northwest. Specifically, she said, the Kola Mining and Metallurgy Company (KMMC) – which runs industrial enterprises out of the Kola Peninsula towns of Nikel, Pechenga, and Monchegorsk –is poisoning the region with sulfur dioxide.



Far East Russian industrial pollution

Vladivostok’s Anton Tugushyov, last year’s laureate of Bellona’s annual Eco-Jurist (in Russian) prize, reported on industrial pollution problems in the Far East Russian Primorye region.

He said that despite the regions rich diversity of rare and protected species, authorities pay little attention to environmental problems, and ecological defense has become a hot issue.

He reeled off several industrial scale projects threatening the Primorye regions environment, chief among them the construction of a radioactive waste and spent nuclear fuel storage facility in the city of Fokino. The prospect of the waste project has galvanized the protests of local environmentalists, and signatures are being collected to petition to stop the construction.

Another ecologically problematic issue is the Zveda nuclear naval base at Bolshoy Kamen, where nuclear submarines are decommissioned and dismantled. Pollutants from Zveda threaten to poison sea waters and are threatening local populations of fiddler crabs.

But Tugushyov said the biggest environmental problem facing his region is the coal loading and handling that takes place in Vladivostok Harbor. He said its volume is only increasing, creating coal dust that poses a danger to the region’s entire population. Tugushyov and Vladivostok residents have appealed to the local Department of Nature Use, and complained to local prosecutors and regional parliamentarians with the demand for legislation that would forbid open loading and handling of coal in the harbor. But no changes for the better have been, or are, on the way, Tugushyov told the conference.



________





Toxic truth of secretive Siberian city



 5 April 2007



A BBC team has entered a remote region of Russia normally closed to foreigners that produces almost half the world's supply of palladium - a precious metal vital for making catalytic converters. But, as the BBC's Richard Galpin reports, it is accused of being the world's largest producer of acid rain.



 http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/6528853.stm


________



Russia faces growing illegal garbage dumping

 April 6, 2015


 http://www.cctv-america.com/2015/04/06/russia-faced-with-growing-illegal-garbage-dump-problem


 Moscow’s regional landfill sites, many of them opened in the 1980s, are now full or overflowing. As the city has grown, its waste disposal systems have not kept pace giving rise to illegal dumping grounds. CCTV’s Tom Barton filed this report.


    Regional authorities say that 80 percent of all Moscow’s existing landfill sites will reach their capacity limit this year.
    Moscow’s department responsible for nature management in the city says that while the matter of illegal dumps are being looked into, it’s unclear who has the final responsibility for restoring the sites to their former state.

 Waste picking becoming a profitable part of economyIn Peru, people have been making a living from other people’s trash for decades. They’re sometimes called wastepickers or recyclers. But regardless of the name, it’s become a real engine of economic growth. CCTV’s Dan Collyns has more from Lima.





Anthrax 'time bomb' ticking in Aral Sea, researchers say


June 22, 1999


SAN FRANCISCO (CNN) -- In the 1960s, Vozrozhdeniye was merely a tiny island in the vast Aral Sea.

Today, with the sea reduced to half its former size, and a much larger Vozrozhdeniye closing in on the shore, some U.S. researchers believe the island is a toxic time bomb set to infect central Asia with some of the deadliest germs on Earth.

According to the Monterey Institute of International Studies in California, Vozrozhdeniye was a secret biological weapons test site. Soviet, and later Russian, scientists routinely released deadly agents -- including plague, small pox, tularemia and anthrax -- into the air over the island for much of the last 50 years, the institute claims.



http://www.cnn.com/WORLD/asiapcf/9906/21/anthrax.island/



________




 Abandoned Island with Bio Warfare Polygon


 April 2, 2014



 http://englishrussia.com/2014/04/02/abandoned-island-with-bio-warfare-polygon/2/


 The Soviet center for testing biological weapons on a godforsaken island in the Aral Sea existed for about 45 years. The town has a school, shops, a post office, a dining room, science labs, and, of course, a polygon, where extensive testing of deadly biological agents, including anthrax, the plague, tularemia, brucellosis, and typhoid, was carried out. In the early 1990s, after the collapse of the USSR, Soviet troops left the town and the polygon  among the sands of the dying Aral Sea.



 The laboratory complex - 52nd Field Research Laboratory, was built a few kilometers from the town, and contained here were the experimental animals, which became the main victims of testing. Research has found the following fact. In the 1980s, especially for this lab, the Ministry of Foreign Trade of the USSR bought a batch of 500 monkeys from Africa. All of them eventually became victims of tularemia microbe strain, after which their bodies were burned and the ashes buried on the island.



 At the same time, with the activation of the post-war military / scientific works on the island of Renaissance, the Soviet leadership made a great mistake which became the imperceptible beginning of an ecological disaster, and which ultimately led to the enormous degradation of the Aral Sea. Two rivers, the Amudarya and the Syrdarya, feed the Aral Sea with water. The largest rivers in Central Asia deliver to the Aral Sea about 60 cubic kilometers of water per year. In 1960, the waters of these rivers had started to fill drainage canals - it was decided to transform the surrounding desert into a garden and grow cotton there, which was a national economy crop very much in demand. The result was not long in coming : the cotton crop, of course, grew up, but the the Aral Sea began rapidly to get shallower and shallower.


 In the early 1970s, the amount of river water reaching the sea had been reduced by one third, and after another decade, only 15 cubic kilometers per year was arriving at the Aral Sea, and in mid-1980s, this figure dropped to as low as 1 cubic kilometers. By 2001, the sea level had dropped by 20 meters, and the amount of water had decreased to a third, and the water surface area had decreased by one half. The Aral Sea was divided into two unconnected, large lakes and many small ones. As time went on, the sea got shallower and shallower.


As the sea got shallower, the Renaissance Island land area began to grow rapidly - and in 1990 it had increased almost 10 times over. In the 2000s the island joined with the "big land" and became a peninsula.


The collapse of the USSR finally "buried" the test area on the island of Renaissance. Weapons of mass destruction did not eventuate and in November 1991 the military-biological laboratory, Aralsk-7, was closed. The population of the town was evacuated in a few weeks, but the entire infrastructure (housing and laboratory) equipment were left. Kantubek turned into a ghost town.




________



Wrangel Island Soviet military presence pollution


Wrangel Island is Russian island located in Arctic Ocean between East-Siberian and Chukotskoye Seas (Chukotka autonomous okrug). The island is the part of Wrangel natural reserve and has the status of UNESCO World Heritage from 2004.

Unfortunately like a lot of other territories of Russian Arctic the region was used as Soviet military outpost and here is the result. The photos were captured by Gorshkov Sergey.



http://russiatrek.org/blog/nature/wrangel-island-soviet-military-presence-pollution/




________


PCBs, PBDEs and pesticides released to the Arctic Ocean by the Russian Rivers Ob and Yenisei

 http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/es071673l?journalCode=esthag




_________



Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) Hot Spots in Russia

http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-1-4020-6642-9_9



________





 Heavy Metals as status indicators for the OB river


 http://sibran.ru/upload/iblock/652/65271740d46c30409cc821137ea86097.pdf



________



Bioaccumulation of PCBs and chlorinated pesticides in seals, fishes and invertebrates from the White Sea, Russia.


 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12699922




_________


Concentrations of sum-PCB, sum-HCH, and sum-DDT in seawater, ice, and overlying snow collected at approximately the same locations in the Russian Arctic in 1993-95



http://www.amap.no/documents/doc/concentrations-of-sum-pcb-sum-hch-and-sum-ddt-in-seawater-ice-and-overlying-snow-collected-at-approximately-the-same-locations-in-the-russian-arctic-in-1993-95/588


__________



Contamination Levels and Specific Accumulation of Persistent Organochlorines in Caspian Seal (Phoca caspica) from the Caspian Sea, Russia

 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s002449900531


_________



 DDT and DDE in the Russian Arctic and reproductive health of Indigenous Peoples.


 http://ipen.org/project-reports/ddt-russian-arctic



_________




Levels of DDT and hexachlorocyclohexane in burbot (Lota lota l.) from Russian Arctic rivers.


 http://www.researchgate.net/publication/11235222_Levels_of_DDT_and_hexachlorocyclohexane_in_burbot_%28

Lota_lota_l.%29_from_Russian_Arctic_rivers





________


Chlorinated hydrocarbon contaminants in polar bears from eastern Russia, North America, Greenland, and Svalbard: biomonitoring of Arctic pollution.

 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9680529



________


Russia's Troubled Waters Flow With The Mighty Volga


http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=130837658




_______


Persistent organochlorine contaminants in ringed seals (Phoca hispida) from the Kara Sea, Russian Arctic

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/etc.5620170915/abstract?deniedAccessCustomisedMessage=&userIsAuthenticated=false



_______



 Detection of POPs Emissions in the Waters of St. Petersburg and Leningrad Region


 http://www.chem.unep.ch/pops/pops_inc/proceedings/stpetbrg/shushkin.htm


_______


Siberia DDT Remediation, Tomsk
The problem

DDT was widely used in Russia in the 1950s for the suppression of the Siberian silkworm. Although officially banned in the USSR in 1970, DDT continued to be used until the late 1980s. Significant amounts of DDT remain unused and stored n the Bakcharskaya region around the city of Tomsk.


Following the fall of communism in 1991, many DDT storage areas were left in neglect and some warehouses where DDT and other pesticides are stored have since collapsed, posing serious risks to the environment and human health. An inspection by the local environmental agency of Tomsk in 2002-2003 discovered 3 tons of DDT stored in local hangars, with reports that some DDT had already leaked out into the surrounding environment and the `Big Daw' settlement area.


http://www.blacksmithinstitute.org/projects/display/34




_______



Contamination of chicken eggs from the

 Dzerzhinsk region, Russia bydioxins, PCBs and

hexachlorobenzene


http://www.ipen.org/ipepweb1/library/ipep_pdf_reports/12rus%20russia_eggsreport.pdf



_______


Bioaccumulation of PCBs and chlorinated pesticides in seals, fishes and invertebrates from the White Sea, Russia.


http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12699922


________



30 whale carcasses wash up on Alaskan shore, baffling scientists

 Aug 24, 2015


 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2VxmaPl3LCI



________




High levels of PCB, DDT in Norwegian whale meat


 http://www.mygreenpeacebuddies.com/high-levels-of-pcb-ddt-in-norwegian-whale-meat-27909.html



____________


Endocrine Disruptors and Puberty

 edited by Evanthia Diamanti-Kandarakis, Andrea

Male pups from western Alaska had significantly lower levels of DDT when compared with males pups from Russia



https://books.google.com/books?id=pSsz45_yAP4C&pg=PA528&lpg=PA528&dq=russia+ddt+pcbs&source=bl&ots=8H9VXIvbOm&sig=LmXUm4niK5kwwkV-OmfPFdloJF8&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0CDMQ6AEwBTgKahUKEwjI7NDircbIAhUJw4AKHSTZBHg#v=onepage&q=russia%20ddt%20pcbs&f=false



_______




Water Pollution in the USSR and other European countries


http://whqlibdoc.who.int/bulletin/1962/Vol26/Vol26-No4/bulletin_1962_26%284%29_439-463.pdf



_______


Toxic slick heads towards Russia

 29 November 2005



Russian officials today urged residents not to panic as a slick of toxic river water heads towards the far eastern city of Khabarovsk, but ecologists say the impact will be catastrophic.

The 50-mile chemical slick flowing down the Amur river will hit the Russian border within the next few days. An explosion at a chemical plant in China's Jilin province on November 13 spilled 100 tonnes of toxins into the Songhua river, which flows into the Amur.


http://www.theguardian.com/world/2005/nov/29/russia.china



________



Siberian River run-off in the Kara Sea


http://books.google.com/books?id=LN8JYQu_eTEC&pg=PA150&lpg=PA150&dq=ob+river+plastic+pollution&source=bl&ots=W1aQU5g7VY&sig=ScYUJxw7Lj9fKaTAvxfC2sewBo4&hl=en&sa=X&ei=uOcgU8WEIOri2AWdkIHACQ&ved=0CF0Q6AEwCA#v=onepage&q=ob%20river%20plastic%20pollution&f=false




________


Sea Water Pollution Cases Analysis

http://www1.american.edu/ted/projects/tedcross/xseap17.htm



________




Environmental Devastation in the Soviet Union



http://www.multinationalmonitor.org/hyper/issues/1990/09/ridgeway.html



________




 Russia's Forgotten Chemical Weapons


 August 16, 1998


 http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/inatl/longterm/coldwar/leonidovkaa.htm


LEONIDOVKA, Russia – In a verdant pine forest here, sprinkled with birch trees, the lush growth suddenly disappears. Underbrush gives way to a black ulcer on the earth. In the clearing nothing grows, not even grass.

Vladimir Pankratov, a gray-haired former Soviet military man who is now an environmentalist, kicked at the ground on the edge of the dark clearing in the woods. He kicked again and again. He poked a stick into the soil – and pried up the nose cone of an aerial bomb.

This hole in the middle of a Russian forest is an uncharted chemical weapons graveyard. Buried here are vintage World War II aerial bombs, filled with a mixture of deadly lewisite, a blistering poison gas, and yperite, a sulfur mustard gas.

These abandoned bombs are a visible symbol of Russia's chemical weapons nightmare: It has more chemical bombs than any country, and it cannot get rid of them, or even find them all. Forty thousand tons of chemical weapons are stored in officially declared military depots. But thousands of other bombs lie in abandoned and uncharted weapons dumps, like this one. The Russian military, which created these undeclared dumps decades ago, still denies they exist.

Entombed in the forest here by Soviet soldiers in the early 1960s and then forgotten, the bombs are coming back to haunt the environment of today's Russia. Preliminary tests by a team of experts working with Pankratov have found heavy concentrations of arsenic in the soil. Lewisite is 36 percent arsenic. The black, sandy scars on the forest floor give off a powerful metallic odor.






________



An Environmental History of Russia

 Another agency that collected and analyzed environmental information was

the State Committee on Statistics (Goskomstat). It played a key role in the centrally planned economy by gathering data on all aspects of production and  consumption, most of which again were classified. It collected annual information from roughly twenty thousand large enterprises on resource consumption, pollution discharges, and waste practices. Most of its data were obtained by extrapolation rather than measurement and consequently were inaccurate. Military enterprises were not included in Goskomastat's reporting system; military bases, weapons testing sites, and other facilities are a unique and troubling case of pollution through-out the glove in many, many countries.


 https://books.google.com/books?id=yD3pRavJxQEC&pg=PA204&lpg=PA204&dq=russian+military+base+pollution&source=bl&ots=vXaYm7oSxy&sig=BTNyVu9mFqFBxlP0JvAXpkQyNC0&hl=en&sa=X&ei=f-QlU6yCN6Hb2AXS_YGQBQ&ved=0CCkQ6AEwADgK#v=onepage&q=russian%20military%20base%20pollution&f=false



______



RUSSIA Environment - Water Quality

Soviet leaders took little action to protect the nation's inland bodies of water or surrounding oceans and seas from pollution, and Soviet planners gave low priority to risk-free treatment and transport of water. As a result, 75 percent of Russia's surface water is now polluted, 50 percent of all water is not potable according to quality standards established in 1992, and an estimated 30 percent of groundwater available for use is highly polluted. The most serious water pollution conditions relative to demand and availability of clean water are in the industrial regions of Krasnodar and Stavropol' territories north of the Caucasus, Rostov and Novosibirsk oblasts, the Republic of Chechnya, and the city of Moscow. In Krasnodar and Stavropol', inherent water shortages exacerbate the situation.



Among the chemicals and contaminants dumped frequently and indiscriminately have been compounds containing heavy metals, phenols, pesticides, and pathogenic bacteria. Chemical pollution was dramatized when fires ignited spontaneously on the Iset' River in Sverdlovsk (present-day Yekaterinburg) in 1965 and on the Volga River in 1970. Russian agriculture, like industry subject to centralized control and quota fulfillment in the Soviet era, continues to cause severe water pollution by overuse and improper handling and storage of toxic chemical fertilizers, herbicides, and pesticides. During the Soviet era, dioxin, a carcinogen, was used routinely as an agricultural insecticide, and it heavily tainted rural wells. In 1990 Soviet authorities declared that dioxin, which enters the body through drinking water, was the most serious health threat from pollution.



Water quality in Lake Ladoga, Europe's largest freshwater lake, came to the attention of government authorities in the mid-1990s. Factories on the lake, which is just east of St. Petersburg, have discharged tons of heavy metals and other toxic substances into local rivers. The shores of Lake Ladoga and Lake Onega to its east have been storage sites for fertilizers, livestock waste, and chemicals as well as for radioactive military waste. When local rivers emanating from the lakes reach the Gulf of Finland, their chemical burden changes the oxygen balance in the gulf. Similar situations affect the Arctic Ocean, into which Siberian rivers flow after passing through numerous industrial and power-generating centers, and the Baltic Sea, into which large amounts of military waste and chemical weapons were discarded from Poland and the Baltic republics during the Soviet era.

Marine biologists report that only five species of fish remain in the Black Sea, which once was a highly diverse marine ecosystem with twenty-six species. Between 1985 and 1994, the total fish catch in the Black Sea dropped from 675,000 to 45,000 kilograms. According to environmentalists, the entire sea is in danger of "dying" because only about 10 percent of its near-surface volume contains enough oxygen to support life. Deoxygenation is caused primarily by large-scale infusions of hydrogen sulfide, which comes mainly from the Danube, Don, South Bug, and Dnepr rivers that flow into the sea from the north and the west. Large amounts of mercury, cadmium, arsenic, and oil have been identified as well. In 1992 the littoral states of Bulgaria, Georgia, Romania, Russia, Turkey, and Ukraine signed an agreement to take specific measures against pollution of the Black Sea and the tributary rivers that flow through their territory. Conflicting goals and positions among the states involved, however, have hindered environmental cooperation.


http://www.photius.com/countries/russia/geography/water_quality.html



________



River pollution in oil production areas in Siberia.


 http://archive.riversymposium.com/index.php?element=SALMINA



________
Russia - Water pollution
Water pollution, clay and glass industry (% of total BOD emissions)

Water pollution, clay and glass industry (% of total BOD emissions) in Russia was 8.31 as of 2007. Its highest value over the past 8 years was 8.31 in 2007, while its lowest value was 7.57 in 2001.


Definition: Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: stone, ceramics, and glass (36). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.



http://www.indexmundi.com/facts/russia/water-pollution



_________




Russia's Fish Fight For Oxygen In St. Petersburg Ponds


 02/11/2011



ST. PETERSBURG, Russia (AP) — As the long Russian winter drags on, fish in the ponds of St. Petersburg become increasingly desperate for oxygen, clustering in vast, thrashing masses at shrinking holes in the ice.

Swimmers who brave the frigid temperatures for an invigorating dip find themselves stroking through swarms of fish that flock to the open water. The fish are so thick that humans can easily reach out and catch them with their hands.Not only does ice block oxygen that could be diffused into the water from the air, but it also impedes sunlight from reaching oxygen-generating plants and algae in the water.


http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/02/11/russias-fish-fight-for-ai_n_822101.html


__________



In Sochi, Russia, Don’t Touch The Water

February 4, 2014

http://chicago.cbslocal.com/2014/02/04/in-sochi-russia-dont-touch-the-water/


__________




Karabash, The Russian Town That Kills Its Own People With Pollution

November 24, 2011


http://www.greenoptimistic.com/karabash-pollution-20111124/#.VSFkfOG-2zk%20-


The town of Karabash, from the Russian province of Chelyabinsk, 870 miles from Moscow, is one of the most polluted places on Earth. The copper factories built more than 100 years ago keep transforming the area into a living hell – a kind of Chernobil with inhabitants.

The people living there have nowhere to go and are closer to death with every breath they take. The residential areas, the restaurants or cinemas are now resembling death-haunted places, and people hardly live more than 45 years.

In the instant that the factories start emitting gases in the atmosphere, the inhabitants lose their conscience, get dizzy and nauseous. The forests, rivers and soil have a yellowish color because of iron, whose concentration is 500 times higher than normal limits.



http://www.greenoptimistic.com/karabash-pollution-20111124/#.VSFkfOG-2zk%20-


__________



Environmental Crime and Corruption in Russia: Federal and Regional Perspectives

 By Sally Stoecker, Ramziya Shakirova


 https://books.google.com/books?id=4Q9GAQAAQBAJ&pg=PA13&lpg=PA13&dq=russia+industrial+pollution&source=bl&ots=onCZ8mqQMW&sig=lz-P9ld-1e4kI62ka6TMRM6Otkg&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0CE4Q6AEwCTgUahUKEwjR-t2Y6I3JAhUBQj4KHc-8AbM#v=onepage&q=russia%20industrial%20pollution&f=false


 _________


Russia’s Worst Air Polluters Are Norilsk, Moscow, St. Pete – Rating

http://en.ria.ru/russia/20130806/182608357.html




________





Will Russians die from what they breathe?

09.2013


http://english.pravda.ru/russia/economics/30-09-2013/125765-air_pollution_russia-0/




________



Industrial Pollution, Radioactive waste and spent nuclear fuel
Industrial Pollution is Public Enemy Number One, Russian environmentalists tell Bellona conference



ST. PETERSBURG – Environmental activists from across Russia surrounding pollution in their respective regions and what needs to be done in order to normalize the environmental situation in Russia. They also discussed ways to improve legal mechanisms of environmental protection and improving the protection of citizens’ rights to a healthy environment.

Environmental activists gathered in the St. Petersburg suburb of Pushkin to discuss ways of forcing businesses to lower the amount of pollution they generate and decrease the associated risks for human health and negative impacts on the environment.

This year’s all-Russian conference entitled “The Ecology of Russia: Right to Life” started with a meeting on industrial pollution, which asserted at the outset that, “70 percent of air pollution comes from industrial enterprises.” The Environmental Rights Center (ERC) Bellona organizes the conference on annually.


http://bellona.org/news/nuclear-issues/radioactive-waste-and-spent-nuclear-fuel/2014-08-industrial-pollution-public-enemy-number-one-russian-environmentalists-tell-bellona-conference


________



Buying Carbon Credits in Russia or Ukraine Not Eco-Friendly, Says Study

  August 26, 2015


 http://www.greenoptimistic.com/buy-carbon-credit-russia-ukraine/#.Ve-yE5e-2zk


 A Stockholm study has discovered that buying carbon credits from Russia and Ukraine may be doing little to nothing for the environment.


The countries have been selling carbon credits to the UK as part of a UN deal, and in some cases were even creating problems in order to solve them to create and sell the credits. According to one of the authors of the study, “this was like printing money”.


The European companies buying carbon credits did so to offset their own emissions, and therefore did not take any action to consume less energy themselves.



These research results come from the Stockholm Environment Institute, who examined 60 projects picked at random. 73% of the projects did not meet the UN’s criteria of “additionality”. This term means that the project needs financial help from carbon credits for it to happen at all. In many cases, Russia and Ukraine registered projects that were going to happen with or without the carbon credits.


There were even incidents in which chemicals known to warm the atmosphere were created just so they could be destroyed for the carbon credit.

The EU’s Emissions Trading Scheme bought most of the bad credits, which set back the Union’s long-term plan for emission reduction. The Stockholm study reported that the EU believed they had offset 400 million tonnes more carbon dioxide than they thought, equivalent to $2 billion.



_________
Russia Lost Forest The Size Of Switzerland Three Years In A Row

Apr 2, 2015

http://thinkprogress.org/climate/2015/04/02/3641546/wri-forests-report-canada-russia-deforestation/


___________
Russia's Forests Overlooked in Climate Change Fight

 January 15, 2015


 http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/russia-s-forests-overlooked-in-climate-change-fight1/


ST PETERSBURG, Russia, Jan 15 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - R ussia's forests may lose their power to help curb global warming without stronger domestic protection and a place in a new global climate change deal, scientists have warned.

Russia has 19 percent of world forest reserves by surface area. But experts say the U.N. process drafting the climate change pact, due to be agreed at the end of 2015, has concentrated mainly on tropical forests.

"Boreal forests are getting far too little attention in the U.N. climate talks," said Yury Safonov, a senior climate policy researcher with Moscow's Higher School of Economics.

Boreal forests are located in the high northern latitudes of Eurasia and North America, and consist of hardy trees, many of them coniferous, such as pine and larch, and some deciduous, including poplar and birch.

Each year, boreal forests sequester more than 1.5 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide (CO2), the main greenhouse gas. Russian forests account for between 300 and 600 million tonnes of that, Safonov said.

But a study by the Centre on the Problems of Ecology and Productivity of Forests at the Russian Academy of Sciences has warned that, due to unsustainable forest policy in Russia and negative climate impacts, net CO2 absorption by the country's forests may drop to zero towards the mid-2040s.

The scientists said most of Russia's managed forest reserves will become too mature to keep on sucking up CO2. Recent studies have questioned, however, whether aging trees do cease to function as carbon sinks.

Another major problem is pests, which are multiplying and living longer because they are no longer being killed off by freezing winters.

Traditional "Siberian" winters where temperatures remain below minus 20 degrees Celsius have become rare. They are being replaced by milder winters, with regular thaws and wider temperature fluctuations.



_________



Aerosol Pollution Impact on Precipitation: A Scientific Review

( Sea of Okhotsk pollution )



http://books.google.com/books?id=3p7tdvhSpjIC&pg=PA177&lpg=PA177&dq=sea+of+okhotsk+pollution&source=bl&ots=Rm9_kcy8e9&sig=tjweFxnR7c2jnrwossFkPAhBTfs&hl=en&sa=X&ei=gOYgU5qzK8mS2AXT5YHIDg&ved=0CD0Q6AEwAT

gK#v=onepage&q=sea%20of%20okhotsk%20pollution&f=false



 _______



 The Scientific Committee of Antarctic Research


Standing Committee on the Antarctic Treaty System


http://www.scar.org/treaty/atcmxxxii/Atcm32_ip069_e.pdf




_______



Russian air pollution increases 35% in 2010
The number of individual cases of critical air pollution in Russia increased by around 35% in 2010 year-on-year, the Russian Ministry of Emergency Situations said on Friday.

The number of individual cases of critical air pollution in Russia increased by around 35% in 2010 year-on-year, the Russian Ministry of Emergency Situations said on Friday.

The main cause of the increase was the forest fires that swept the country for two months during a heat wave last summer, the ministry said. Industrial emissions and the burning of domestic waste were also major polluters.

The head of the government's environmental protection department said that, aside from the pollution caused by the forest fires, there had been no year-on-year increase in air pollution in Moscow in 2010.


http://www.sputniknews.com/russia/20110225/162754737.html



______


 Russia tops 2000-2012 deforestation charts


15 November 2013


http://www.rtcc.org/2013/11/15/russia-lost-more-forest-cover-in-2012-than-any-other-country/#sthash.M1gCgQQ7.dpuf



A global satellite map of forest cover presented in this week’s edition of Science shows that between 2000 and 2012, Russia has lost more forest than any other country in the world, single-handedly accounting for 13,6% of net loss in forest area.




_______



Paper mill 'polluting' Lake Baikal finally closes, but at a human cost


 http://siberiantimes.com/ecology/casestudy/news/paper-mill-polluting-lake-baikal-finally-closes-but-at-a-human-cost/



________






 Environmental Threats to Lake Baikal



 http://www.rusnature.info/reg/17_6.htm




_______




How is pollution changing Lake Baikal?

 Oct 05, 2012


http://earthsky.org/earth/how-is-pollution-changing-lake-baikal


_______



The Kolyma River mouth area under present conditions of anthropogenic impact

  17 September 2011


The variability is under consideration of the hydrological and ecological state of the water environment of the Kolyma River mouth area. Its hydrological regime and variability of the component composition of the water environment are described. The anthropogenic load is estimated of the inflow of dissolved chemical substances to the Kolyma River mouth area. The hydrobiocenosis structure is studied from qualitative and quantitative indicators of the level of the phyto- and zooplankton development in the mouth area. The hydrobiocenosis state and structure indicate that the ecosystem of the Kolyma River mouth area is functioning under conditions of moderate pollution of the water environment and the depression effect of the biocenosis development is periodically pronounced.


 http://link.springer.com/article/10.3103%2FS1068373911080073


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Quantification of Natural Backgrounds and Anthropogenic Contaminants in a Pristine Arctic Environment: the Anadyr River Basin, Chukotka Peninsula, Russia


The Anadyr River, located in northeastern Siberia, is the second largest river emptying into the Bering Sea. The river is a true Arctic river, straddling the Arctic Circle along much of its eastward course to the sea. The Anadyr basin is a relatively pristine watershed, lacking major industrial or agricultural activities, although mining of the extensive mineral resources could potentially be a source of contamination. This study examines the first samples from the Anadyr drainage basin to quantify background and anthropogenic contaminant levels of metals and radionuclides. Contamination by anthropogenic radionuclides or trace metals is not evident in the Anadyr River basin, nor in the tributaries to the Anadyr. The natural background from detrital material (i.e., 40K, 210Pb, 232Th, 226Ra; >400 Bq/kg) is at least two orders of magnitude higher than the signal attributable to anthropogenic (fallout) radionuclides (e.g., 137Cs; ~3 Bq/kg). Low specific activities (average 1.6 Bq/kg) and inventory (44.2 mBq/cm2) of fallout 137Cs are attributable to the dominance of coarse-grained sediments within the drainage basin, and the annual transport of clay-sized particles (and adsorbed activity) to the estuary. Textural analyses document that sediments in the basin and estuary are dominated by sand-sized material [larger than 4f (63 µm)], which typically comprises >90% of the sediment by weight. Cores collected in shallow portions of Onemen Bay (

Quantification of Natural Backgrounds and Anthropogenic Contaminants in a Pristine Arctic Environment: the Anadyr River Basin, Chukotka Peninsula, Russia. Available from:


http://www.researchgate.net/publication/248463372_Quantification_of_Natural_Backgrounds_and_Anthropogenic_

Contaminants_in_a_Pristine_Arctic_Environment_the_Anadyr_River_Basin_Chukotka_Peninsula_Russia



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River Lena pollutes the Arctic Ocean

 22.04.2012


The Lena River was added to the list of the rivers that pollute the waters of the Arctic Ocean. Nowadays 25 000 tons of oil (out of 500 000 tons of oil) get from the Lena River. The United Nations Environment Program report (UNEP) has the information about the most contaminated Siberian Rivers: the Yenisei River pollutes the waters of the Arctic Ocean with 225 000 tons of oil, the Ob River – with 125 000 tons of oil. The Lena River is ranked third.

The Lena River has also faced the pollution problem. Unfortunately, in spite of the already taken steps towards its solution, the problem has not been solved: the Internet has a plenty of videos that show how motor oil pollutes the waters of the river. As the result there are serious pollution problems in the Arctic.

Not all of us understand how dangerous the pollution of the Lena River is. Fish (poisoned with toxins) will do a lot of harm to health of people.


http://www.da-voda.com/en/news/river-lena-pollutes-the-arctic-ocean/


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Death and Recession in the City That Shrinks by 15,000 People a Year

By Anna Nemtsova / October 15, 2014


 http://www.newsweek.com/2014/10/24/death-and-recession-worlds-fifth-fastest-shrinking-city-277382.html


Vitaly Ivanov’s feet feel so heavy he can barely get out of bed. But with difficulty, and some pain, he manages to leave his apartment just in time for the hospital appointment to find out the results of his liver biopsy. In the chilly autumn rain, Ivanov trudges through the streets around his home city of Nizhny Novgorod, a 57-year-old single man who is about to discover he has an untreatable cancer.

His story is typical of his place and time in Russia. In fact, he has already lived two years longer than many millions of his fellow Russian men. Russia is facing a demographic crisis that is seldom addressed by its leaders or its people: the population is falling dangerously fast...


In 2014, Ivanov’s hometown achieved an ­unenviable distinction: in the first six months of the year, 26,350 people died and only 18,700 babies were born – the population of Nizhny shrunk by 7,600 people in six months, its highest ever death rate. No bombs fell on the city during the period, no epidemics hit, no natural disasters struck its population. For the past two years Nizhny had been the fifth fastest shrinking city in the world. “This is a quiet war. People in Nizhny Novgorod die without protest, without complaints,” local environmentalist Akhat Kayumov says.


But the public believes the rumour mill and conspiracy theories. Officials and political leaders never talk about the city’s alarming death rate. “So people believe a myth, like the one that the Kremlin needs no more than about 50 million people to provide services for gas and oil pipes, and the rest of Russia can die,” Kayumov adds. Russia’s population is about 140 million...



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Dzerzhinsk: A Toxic Paradise


November 7, 2013

 http://www.cbrneportal.com/dzerzhinsk-a-toxic-paradise/


Welcome to Dzerzhinsk! Uninviting. Morbid. Deadly. How else can one describe such a place?

Located about 400 kilometers east of Moscow, the city has been given the title of the most polluted city in the World. Russia has two of the world’s top ten most polluted cities, the other being, Norilsk. But Norilsk does not come close to the chemical makeup of Dzerzhinsk.

To understand how Dzerzhinsk came to be one has to comprehend its history. Throughout the Soviet period, Dzershinsk was one of Russia’s most significant sites for chemical manufacturing, including chemical and biological weapons. Production of various chemical weapons started in the 1940s, particularly with the manufacturing of Lewisite – the poisonous effects of which are allotted to its arsenic trioxide content: yperite (mustard gas). In addition to arsenic-based weapons production, prussic acid and phosgene were also produced. Now while chemical weapons production at Dzerzhinsk ceased in 1965, the city, due to its strategic significance and pollution, was, until recently, officially closed to foreign visitors.




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Top 10 Most Polluted Places on the Planet


November, 2013


Agbobloshie, Ghana

Citarum River, Indonesia

 Hazaribagh, Bangladesh

 Kabwe*, Zambia

 Kalimantan, Indonesia

 Dzershinsk*, Russia

 Matanza Riachuelo, Argentina

 Niger River Delta, Nigeria

 Norilsk*, Russia



http://news.discovery.com/earth/top-10-most-polluted-places-on-the-planet-131105.htm



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Endangered Animals of Russia

 The Amur Leopard

 The Snow Leopard

 The Amur Tiger(or Siberian Tiger)

 The Russian Lynx

 Polar Bears

 Beluga Whales

 Siberian Crane

 White Orca


https://sites.google.com/site/endangeredanimalsofrussia/



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 Endangered Species Search by Area Selection: Russia



 http://www.earthsendangered.com/search-regions3.asp



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List of mammals of Russia

 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_mammals_of_Russia


 This is a list of the mammal species recorded in Russia. There are 266 mammal species in Russia, of which 5 are critically endangered, 13 are endangered, 26 are vulnerable, and 6 are near-threatened. One of the species listed for Russia is extinct and one can no longer be found in the wild.



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Russian Desman


The Russian Desman is a part of the mole family, and it lives both on land and in the water. Their number has declined because people hunted them for their fur. The Russian Desman has also been suffering because its water and the surrounding environment have become polluted.



 http://www.konicaminolta.com/kids/endangered_animals/library/field/russian-desman.html


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Seafood diet killing Arctic foxes on Russian island

Mercury pollution in marine animals may be behind a population crash.


 08 May 2013


An isolated population of Arctic foxes that dines only on marine animals seems to be slowly succumbing to mercury poisoning.

The foxes on Mednyi Island — one of Russia’s Commander Islands in the Bering Sea — are a subspecies of Arctic fox (Vulpes lagopus) that may have remained isolated for thousands of years. They were once numerous enough to support a small yet thriving group of fur hunters. After humans abandoned the settlement in the 1970s, the fox population began to crash, falling from more than 1,000 animals to fewer than 100 individuals today.



 http://www.nature.com/news/seafood-diet-killing-arctic-foxes-on-russian-island-1.12953



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Government to Crack Down on Animal Trafficking


 http://www.themoscowtimes.com/special/environment/eng/government-to-crack-down-on-animal-trafficking.html



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Category:Extinct animals of Russia

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Extinct_animals_of_Russia




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Species extinction can doom parasites important for ecosystem health


September 21, 2015


The effects of an animal population's extinction may echo beyond the original species, new University of Georgia research finds. Loss of a population could ultimately result in the extinction of parasites—which are critical for a healthy ecosystem.


 http://phys.org/news/2015-09-species-extinction-doom-parasites-important.html#jCp



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Frankenvirus emerges from Siberia's frozen wasteland


September 8, 2015


Scientists said they will reanimate a 30,000-year-old giant virus unearthed in the frozen wastelands of Siberia, and warned climate change may awaken dangerous microscopic pathogens.


 http://phys.org/news/2015-09-frankenvirus-emerges-siberia-frozen-wasteland.html#jCp



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Chapter 3: Arctic Circle & Alaska



________

________


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Giant Craters To Appear In Russia


With natural gas reserves of around 55 trillion cubic metres thought to be on Yamal, large-scale methane gas exploration by oil giant Total is planned to go ahead.

However, Dr Igor argues there needs to ‘proper scientific monitoring’ to avert further damage to the environment.

Dr Igor, who proposes to develop a big project aimed at monitoring the situation on Yamal, said: “Now we face serious changes of temperature all over the Earth.

“Part of this large scale process, only the tip of the iceberg, we call global warming.

“It leads to the fact that gas hydrates lose their solid condition.

“One of the examples of this process is the Yamal crater.”

 http://www.timetobreak.com/1898211/global-warming-is-causing-strange-giant-craters-to-appear-in-russia/9/



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Russian scientists say climate change to blame for mysterious Siberia craters

The seven holes discovered are not the work of aliens or meteorites, but rather explosions of methane accumulated as underground ice melts


 Russian scientists have now discovered seven giant craters in remote Siberia, a geologist told AFP on Thursday, adding that the mysterious phenomenon was believed to be linked to climate change

The discovery of an enormous chasm in a far northern region known to locals as “the end of the world” in July last year prompted speculation it had been caused by a meteorite or even aliens.

A YouTube video of the hole went viral and a group of scientists was dispatched to investigate.

“We have just learnt that in Yakutia, new information has emerged about a giant crater 1km [0.6 miles] in diameter,” the deputy director of the Oil and Gas Research Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Vasily Bogoyavlensky, told AFP.

He said this brought to seven the number of reported pits.

“Footage allows us to identify minimum seven craters, but in fact there are plenty more,” he said.

All of the craters have been discovered in the remote, energy-rich Yamalo-Nenetsky region in north-western Siberia.

Scientists say that rather than aliens or meteorites, the holes are caused by the melting of underground ice in the permafrost, which has possibly been sped up by rising temperatures due to global warming.

“The phenomenon is similar to the eruption of a volcano,” said Bogoyavlensky.

As the ice melts, methane gas is released, which builds up pressure until an explosion takes place, leading to the formation of a crater.


 http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/mar/12/siberia-russia-craters-climate-change



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Climatologist: 30-Year Cold Spell Strikes Earth

   Sunday, 16 Nov 2014



With nasty cold fronts thrusting an icy and early winter across the continental U.S. — along with last winter described by USA Today as "one of the snowiest, coldest, most miserable on record" — climatologist John L. Casey thinks the weather pattern is here to stay for decades to come.


In fact, Casey, a former space shuttle engineer and NASA consultant, is out with the  provocative book "Dark Winter: How the Sun Is Causing a 30-Year Cold Spell," which warns that a radical shift in global climate is underway, and that Al Gore and other environmentalists have it completely wrong.


http://www.newsmax.com/Headline/dark-winter-cold-global-cooling/2014/11/16/id/607672/





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 Canada to claim north pole as its own



Dec 9, 2013



http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/dec/10/canada-north-pole-claim


UN submission will seek to redefine Canada's continental shelf to capture more Arctic oil and gas resources


Canada plans to make a claim to the north pole in an effort to assert its sovereignty in the resource-rich Arctic, the country's foreign affairs minister has said.


John Baird said the government had asked scientists to work on a future submission to the United Nations arguing that the outer limits of the country's continental shelf include the pole, which so far has been claimed by no one.


Canada last week applied to extend its seabed claims in the Atlantic Ocean, including some preliminary Arctic claims, but wants more time to prepare a claim that would include the pole.




--------------



Russia's new claim to North Pole puts pressure on Canada, expert says


Aug. 04, 2015


Russia’s new bid for a vast swath of Arctic territory, including the North Pole, backs Canada into an uncomfortable corner in future negotiations over the frozen region, a defence expert says.


http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/world/russias-new-claim-to-north-pole-puts-pressure-on-canada-expert-says/article25838454/



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Denmark challenges Russia and Canada over North Pole


    15 December 2014


Denmark has presented a claim to the UN, arguing that the area surrounding the North Pole is connected to the continental shelf of Greenland, a Danish autonomous territory.


Foreign Minister Martin Lidegaard said it was a "historic and important milestone" for Denmark.


Canada and Russia have already asserted their own sovereignty over the energy-rich Arctic territory.


Arctic nations have agreed that a UN panel will settle the dispute.


http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-30481309




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ABANDONED Military base located in the freezing Arctic circle


Dec 14, 2015


A great video of an abandoned Russian military base in the arctic being recommissioned.


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xmcfbVbqPUo




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In Russia, the future of the Arctic is up for debate

http://www.greenpeace.org/international/en/news/Blogs/makingwaves/russia-arctic-opinion-poll/blog/47129/?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+GreenpeaceNews+%28Greenpeace+News%29



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UN declares the Sea of Okhotsk enclave part of Russia's continental shelf


 15 Mar 2014


http://www.sott.net/article/276047-UN-declares-the-Sea-of-Okhotsk-enclave-part-of-Russias-continental-shelf





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Window on Eurasia: Russian Duma Deputy Wants California and Alaska Back
September 26, 2014


http://windowoneurasia2.blogspot.com/2014/09/window-on-eurasia-russian-duma-deputy.html


 Mikhail Degtyarev, a LDPR Duma deputy, has asked the Russian foreign ministry to clarify the status of land that had belonged to Russia in what is now the US state of California because he believes that Washington did not pay for it as required by a nineteenth century bilateral agreement.




            As a result, Degtaryev is quoted by “Izvestiya” today as saying, “Russia as before has the basis to consider the territory of Fort Ross its own” and to seek either compensation via international courts or the return of that land to Russian control.  In that event, he says, Moscow should install Russian missiles there (izvestia.ru/news/577183).


 The LDPR deputy said that after Moscow examined the details of the 1841 sale of Fort Ross to the United States, it would need to focus on the issue of Russia’s subsequent sale of Alaska to the US in order to find out whether the Americans lived up to that bargain as well. If not, then he said, Russia should seek compensation or the return of its property.




            Degtaryev is a member of Vladimir Zhirinovsky’s Liberal Democratic Party and like him has a reputation for outrageous statements which nonetheless sometimes capture the mood of Russians. In the past, the deputy has threatened Japan for its questioning of Russian sovereignty over the Kuriles, called for declaring the ruble an international reserve currency, and suggested putting pictures of Russian heroes in Russian passports (mk.ru/politics/2014/09/26/ldpr-trebuet-vernut-rossii-chast-kalifornii-i-razmestit-tam-sistemu-iskander.html).


________


Alaska Purchase


The Alaska Purchase was the United States' acquisition of Alaska from the Russian Empire in 1867 by a treaty ratified by the U.S. Senate.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alaska_Purchase


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After Crimea, Russians Say They Want Alaska Back


Apr, 2014



A mere four kilometers separate Russia's Big Diomede Island from Alaska's Little Diomede Island in the Bering Strait.


This boundary between two feuding powers — known as the "Ice Curtain" during the Cold War — is likely the only place from which former Alaska Governor Sarah Palin could really see Russia.


But after Russia's annexation of Crimea, which the Kremlin said corrected a "historical mistake," some in Russia would like to see the divide with Alaska eliminated by having Russia stake a new claim on the territory, which Tsar Alexander II sold to the U.S. for $7.2 million in 1867.


Amid growing anti-Americanism in Russia following the imposition of U.S. sanctions, Russian officials and pro-Kremlin journalists and bloggers have fueled talk — generally facetious — of an ambition to retake Alaska.



http://www.themoscowtimes.com/news/article/after-crimea-russians-say-they-want-alaska-back/497154.html


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Confirmation of Russian Troops Entering America Thru Alaska


 March 10, 2014


  http://thetruthsoldier.com/2014/03/10/confirmation-of-russian-troops-entering-america-thru-alaska/


My webmaster spent some time recently on a radar screen, and noted with grave concern signals which could possibly indicate Russian military troop build-up, both Naval, and on land in eastern Siberia directly across from Alaska and the Bering Strait, and in Alaska on the coast as well. If we can obtain confirmation, this would not surprise me in the least.


Enemies and communists always attack when their target is most weakened and divided, and martial law will serve that very purpose of weakening and dividing our nation.


Russia is already under secret treaty with the US to provide her troops to the US military to assist in “urban pacification,” round-ups and arrests, gun seizure, running the camps, etc., under martial law. The treaty is called, “the Trilateral Alliance Treaty” and also includes Chinese troops as well. Russian troops have been trained extensively in our military bases, such as Fort Polk, LA, and others for their role in the US under martial law.


When I researched in Washington state and the Pacific northwest, I interviewed members of the Patriot community and watchdog groups who admitted that Russian subs were practicing maneuvers freely off our western coast, as well as Russian helicopters practicing take-offs and landings. (Stealth helicopters, which make little noise upon take off or landing, were observed.) Understand that this is with the ful blessing of our traitorous US government and military!

IF such things are about to come down soon in America, it would call for an increase of Russian troops in the CONUS.


The logical entry point would be ALASKA. This is exactly what Dmitri Duduman said the Lord showed him: several major entry points for these Russian troops would be ALASKA, MINNESOTA and FLORIDA.





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BBC Interviews Chinese Sailors Preparing for "American Invasion"


July 31, 2001


The reader MUST understand that both China and Russia are joined with the traitorous NWO takeover elements of America through the TRILATERAL ALLIANCE TREATY. This treaty makes provision for both CHINESE and Russian troops to work with the traitorous elements of our military when martial law comes down, to conduct door-to-door "search, seizure and arrest" maneuvers, to march arrested Americans off to the internment/death camps, and secure America under martial law for the New World Order.


http://educate-yourself.org/ps/psrcresmokestackshawaii31jul01.shtml



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This map shows Russia's dominant militarization of the Arctic

Aug. 7, 2015

 http://www.businessinsider.com/chart-of-russias-militarization-of-arctic-2015-8


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Russia’s Arctic Militarization ‘Disturbing,’ US Lawmakers Say

  March 12, 2015


http://defensetech.org/2015/03/12/russias-arctic-militarization-disturbing-us-lawmakers-say/



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Chapter 4: Weapons


______

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_________



 Red Lies: Biological warfare and the Soviet Union


CBC News Online | February 18, 2004


 In April, 1979, a horrifying accident happened at a secretive military base called "Compound 19." Behind imposing walls, a deadly production line turned out tonnes of anthrax powder for the Soviet Union's biological arsenal. One April morning, a small amount of the dust was accidentally released through the ventilation system. The invisible plume was blown over a working class neighbourhood and nearby ceramics factory.


 http://www.cbc.ca/news2/background/bioweapons/redlies.html



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 An Arsenal of Germs


 June 20, 1999



 https://www.nytimes.com/books/99/06/20/reviews/990620.20taubmat.html


A former Soviet scientist reveals a well-kept secret from the cold war.

Tularemia is a highly infectious disease that produces headaches, nausea and high fevers. It can be lethal if untreated. Tularemia is also hard to extinguish, making it attractive to anyone trying to produce biological weapons.


That's just what Ken Alibek was doing for the Soviet Union in 1983 when he found himself standing in a puddle of tularemia bacteria that had accidentally spilled onto the floor of a secret weapons lab. There was enough tularemia in the small, milky brown pool to infect everyone in the Soviet Union. Within hours Alibek was too sick to move. Only megadoses of tetracycline, hastily obtained from a friend, prevented the disease from disabling if not killing him.


That is one of many harrowing moments that Alibek describes in this absorbing account of the Soviet Union's demonic effort to make biological weapons. The program was one of the best-kept Russian secrets of the cold war, and Alibek was one of its central architects. He reports that at its high point in the late 1980's, when Mikhail Gorbachev was the Soviet leader, the program consumed close to $1 billion a year and employed more than 60,000 people at dozens of clandestine sites. Needless to say, it was not an activity that Gorbachev advertised as he tried to improve relations with the West.






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Russia Developed New Fuel to Power Mach 5 Hypersonic Missiles


 February 17, 2015


 http://nationalinterest.org/blog/russia-developed-new-fuel-power-mach-5-hypersonic-missiles-12266


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Arms race between US, China and Russia to develop hypersonic missiles and fighter aircraft

June 27, 2015


http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/arms-race-between-us-china-russia-develop-hypersonic-missiles-fighter-aircraft-1508241


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Hypersonic jet travels a mile a second


 June 5th, 2015


"The High Speed Strike Weapon," a hypersonic jet being developed by the Pentagon, rivals some of the world's fastest man-made objects.


 (The hypersonic jet travels faster than mach 5, about a mile a second, around  3800 feet per second. An unmaned jet in 2004, surpassed mach 9, going around 7,000 miles per hour. A NASA space rocket can reach over 24,000 miles an hour.


http://www.cnn.com/videos/tech/2015/06/05/high-speed-strike-weapon-hypersonic-jet-orig.cnn/video/playlists/military-technology/


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Russia tests world's most powerful bomb

Sep 12, 2007


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S2FGA3Z-oYM


_______


12,000 lb Tallboy Earthquake Bomb

 Apr 10, 2009


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NHPEP7ziKmU



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Russian Next-Gen 100-Ton Nuclear Missile Could Be Test-Fired By 2017, Says Russian News Wire

 January 29 2015


Russia’s Sarmat intercontinental ballistic missile is set for a drop test this year and a test launch within a year and a half of the drop test, Russian defense sources told ITAR-TASS on Thursday. The new missile is set to replace the Cold-War era R-36 missile, nicknamed “SS-18 Satan” by NATO, which is still the world’s largest intercontinental ballistic missile ever made.

Russian technicians will conduct a “drop test” at some point this year to measure the missile’s lift and proper evolution through its launch stages before they conduct a full test launch, provided the missile performs. The missile is expected to enter service in 2020.



 http://www.ibtimes.com/russian-next-gen-100-ton-nuclear-missile-could-be-test-fired-2017-says-russian-news-1799970




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Russian fighter blinds US naval ship with radar jamming. USS Donald Cook.


 November 15, 2014


http://beforeitsnews.com/eu/2014/11/russian-fighter-blinds-us-naval-ship-with-radar-jamming-uss-donald-cook-2572796.html


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Chinese scientists develop radar-absorbing active “stealth” material
Published research shows surface that can be tuned to absorb different bandwidths.

  Nov 12, 2015


Chinese researchers have developed a material called an "active frequency selecting surface" (AFSS)—a thin layer of material covered with a substance used in printed circuit boards that can be "tuned" to absorb microwaves at a range of frequencies. The material could be used to reduce the radar cross-section of whatever it covers, including stealth aircraft, making it possible to reactively change the absorption of radar signals of different types. And the science behind their work is now public, published in the Journal of Applied Physics.


 http://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2015/11/chinese-scientists-develop-radar-absorbing-active-stealth-material/?mbid=synd_moz_newssci1


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Radar jamming and deception

 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radar_jamming_and_deception



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Army Testing Improved Electronic Jamming Technology

 December 2, 2014


 http://defensetech.org/2014/12/02/army-testing-improved-electronic-jamming-technology/



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?New acoustic detection system to make Russian Navy’s 4th-gen stealth subs even quieter

Published time: 6 Jul, 2015



 https://www.rt.com/news/271888-russian-stealth-submarine-signature/


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Nuclear Armed Russian Stealth Sub Goes Missing
March 16, 2015

http://realnewsrightnow.com/2015/03/nuclear-armed-russian-stealth-sub-goes-missing/


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Russia's new assassin sub has a fatal flaw


 January 15, 2015


 http://theweek.com/articles/533541/russias-new-assassin-sub-fatal-flaw



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 Russian military NASTY SUPPRISE in a box for US military


Sep 7, 2014


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PXWJrpA8FnE





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 Russia still exists owing to Stalin and nuclear bombs


12.08.2015



 Modern history is drowning in conspiracy concepts. Probably the most popular one of them is a concept of world government. There is no such government, of course, but there are some 30-40 families that have got their hands on the resources of the planet. Pravda.Ru spoke about the struggle for resources, the fate of Russia, the collapse of the USSR and shadow economy to renowned sociologist Andrei Fursov.


"In one of your speeches, you spoke about the close connection between world wars and financial processes."


"In today's global financial establishment, there are two main blocs. The first one of them is the British-American bloc. During the 19th century and in the 1920s, the bloc was falling apart. Today, however, the ties inside the bloc have grown strong again.


"The second bloc includes Germans, northern Italians, the Vatican. There is no "secret" world government, of which conspiracy theorists like to speak. Yet, there are about 30-40 families that hold the levers of world economic processes.


"A few years ago, a team of Swiss mathematicians conducted a survey and found that 40 percent of the world's wealth was owned by 147 transnational corporations. Each of them have their own "core" of about 45 corporations. The core has its nucleus - 15 transnational corporations.


"This structure continues to operate, although there is a plethora of internal contradictions in it. The contradictions are mostly related to the redistribution of the drug industry. Everybody understands that if there were no drug trafficking, a half of all banks in the world would close.


"Experts say that this area has its own trends. The UK and the USA fund heroin flows, the Vatican - cocaine, Germany funds synthetic drugs. Drugs today are one of the most important components of global economy.



- "Russia has long lived in isolation. Russia is a great and independent country - this annoys everyone else. What is happening now and what will be happening in the future?"


"Nowadays, we are witnessing a global crisis of capitalism. Brzezinski used to say that this crisis would be resolved at the expense of Russia - we must keep this in mind.


"What do we have now? The Middle East - Syria, Iraq and ISIS as one theater of actions and Ukraine as the other one. If we add Central Asia, we will have a set of local conflicts that together look like World War III. The West will continue creating problems along Russia's borders to remove the existing regime from power.


"We can survive on the Stalinist foundation, on a nuclear bomb that was built in the 1950s. If we did not have that, they would make Russia another Libya or Iraq. We should be grateful to the creators of this foundation.must be grateful to those who built this foundation to protect us..."



http://english.pravda.ru/society/stories/12-08-2015/131637-russia_stalin_nuclear_bomb-0/#sthash.yaGFqXG4.dpuf





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 Germany terrified by Russian bombs that may fall on Berlin for Stalin


13.08.2015


 At first, the German tabloid Bild wrote about "Makaberes Manöver" (Macabre Maneuvers) in Russia, having posted screenshots of the photo report from the Central Navy Portal. Some of the photos depicted images of aviation bombs with the following inscriptions in Russian: "To Berlin!" and "For Stalin!" The Bild journalists were quick to come up with the headline "Verstörende Bilder aus dem russischen Kaliningrad" ("Disturbing Images from Russia's Kaliningrad)".



 http://english.pravda.ru/society/stories/13-08-2015/131645-germany_russia_to_berlin_bombs-0/#sthash.TUpUJS1h.dpuf



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Russia Installs Nukes In Cuba!


 March 1, 2014



http://thetruthsoldier.com/2014/03/01/russia-installs-nukes-in-cuba/



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US encircling Russia with bioweapons labs, covertly spreads them – Russian FM

 June 11th, 2015



 http://www.prisonplanet.com/us-encircling-russia-with-bioweapons-labs-covertly-spreads-them-russian-fm.html


The US is obstructing international efforts to eradicate biological weapons, seeking to involve other nations covertly in research on weaponized diseases, Moscow charged. America’s record of handling bioweapons is poor.

The accusations of mishandling biological weapons voiced by the Russian Foreign Ministry refer to a recent report that the US military shipped live anthrax by mistake. Last week, the Pentagon admitted sending samples of the highly dangerous disease to at least 51 labs in 17 US states and three foreign countries.


The delivery “posed a high risk of outbreak that threatened not only the US population, but also other countries, including Canada and Australia. Of great concern is the shipment of bacteria to a US military facility in a third country, the Osan Air Base in South Korea,” the Russian ministry said in a statement.

It added that an anthrax outbreak incident occurred in 2001, which also involved a US military lab.


For Russia such incidents are of particular concern, because one of its neighbors, Georgia, hosts a research facility for high-level biohazard agents. The Richard G. Lugar Center for Public and Animal Health Research near Tbilisi is an undercover American bioweapons lab, a branch of the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Russia believes.






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Secret Russian Ebola Labs Spark Bioweapon Concerns

October 25, 2014


Russian Ebola labs are causing new concerns about old Soviet military research into bioweapons, according to a new in-depth report by the Washington Post.


 http://www.business2community.com/world-news/secret-russian-ebola-labs-spark-bioweapon-concerns-01048264#P7YkgpQICmkYH0It.97


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US Navy goes tubular with autonomous swarming UAV demonstrations

 April 15, 2015



 The Office of Naval Research (ONR) has revealed that it has been conducting demonstrations of swarming unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) at various locations over the past month. The demonstrations were part of the Low-Cost UAV Swarming Technology (LOCUST) program, which is developing quick launching UAV swarm technology to overwhelm adversaries. --



-- The LOCUST system consists of a tube-based launcher that is able to get multiple drones airborne in quick succession. ONR says the small size of the launcher and the drones themselves means the system can be used to launch UAVs from ships, tactical vehicles, aircraft, or even larger unmanned platforms...




 http://www.gizmag.com/us-navy-demonstrates-autonomous-swarming-uavs/37031/



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WORST NIGHTMARE for Russian military!!! US Military Rail Gun ready for sea trials in 2016

Oct 7, 2015


 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pwBD5Y9rNS8



----------------



Russian Expert: PLA could be defeated in an hour in nuclear war with US


 Aug 22, 2013


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FMYeD-dLySE -



-------------
DARPA looks at "system of systems" to maintain US air superiority

 April, 2015


 Imagine a near-future conflict where a US fighter plane is approaching a hostile anti-aircraft missile unit. Instead of being part of a squadron of near-identical aircraft, the fighter is acting as a command and control platform followed by a transport plane acting as a weapons carrier, which can deploy recoverable drones and inexpensive munitions, such as simple cruise missiles.


 As the fighter and transport approach the enemy defenses, the transport deploys recon drones equipped with jamming systems. These are commanded by the fighter pilot, but computers do the heavy lifting when it comes to controlling them. While the manned aircraft hang back, the drones locate the enemy radar unit, jam it, and send back images to the fighter of the target while filtering out irrelevant data.


 http://www.gizmag.com/darpa-systems-sosite/36801/




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Spice 250 bombs - The israeli heavy weapon exposed


 Jan 12, 2014


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uUD4zMMIk68




________




Even people state that George Soros, including other individuals, are funding the movement of weapons, close to the Russian border.  This can be heard, seventeen minutes, into the following video titled " CIA Analyst: We Are All Gonna Die." The last thing the world needs, is a nuclear and chemical world war. This is why we need to stop groups such as the Soros Group, the Rockefellers, Rothschilds, including different governments, political structures, royal families and the secret societies that keep these families in power.




--------------


George Soros Calls for War with Russia

http://www.infowars.com/george-soros-calls-for-war-with-russia/



________
CIA Analyst: We Are All Gonna Die


Aug 28, 2014


 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1xB9TzZKUXM




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________

________


Chapter 5: Crimea


________

________



____________




 Putin Considered Nukes in Crimea Takeover


 15 Mar 2015



http://www.newsmax.com/newswidget/Russia-Ukraine-crisis-Crimea/2015/03/15/id/630241/?Dkt_nbr=wdxgn7gs&nmx_source=GunupPublishing-Conservative&nmx_medium=widget&nmx_content=780&nmx_campaign=widgetphase2



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Putin Warns "We Were Ready" To Use Nukes To Secure Crimea

  03/16/2015


 http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2015-03-16/putin-warns-we-were-ready-use-nukes-secure-crimea


________


Why Putin says Crimea is Russia’s ‘Temple Mount’

December 4, 2014


 http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/worldviews/wp/2014/12/04/why-putin-says-crimea-is-russias-temple-mount/


Putin also justified his country's annexation of Ukraine's autonomous Crimean Peninsula as a matter of great historical redemption. The Black Sea region, Putin insisted, was as dear to Russians "as the Temple Mount in Jerusalem" is to Jews and Muslims.


That's a loaded metaphor, not least because tensions over the actual Temple Mount have led to violence and deaths in Jerusalem in recent months.


Crimea is where, in the 10th century, one of the first great Slavic princes is said to have shed his pagan beliefs for the Orthodox Christianity of the Byzantine Empire. This is a moment deeply embedded in Russian nationalism, and Putin spoke of it at length on Thursday. Here is an excerpt from the Kremlin's official English translation:


    It was an event of special significance for the country and the people, because Crimea is where our people live, and the peninsula is of strategic importance for Russia as the spiritual source of the development of a multifaceted but solid Russian nation and a centralised Russian state. It was in Crimea, in the ancient city of Chersonesus or Korsun, as ancient Russian chroniclers called it, that Grand Prince Vladimir was baptised before bringing Christianity to Rus.




________





The Bigger Story Of What's Happening In Ukraine Right Now


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kcOxTcW5r0I


Ukraine has lots of resources, such as coal.


Ukraine owes Russia 4.5 Billion dollars.


Ukraine agrees to Monsanto land grab, with private land ownership.



_______




Russian Foreign Minister Demands Obama Reply to Claim U.S. Mercenaries in Ukraine

May 14, 2014


http://www.infowars.com/russian-foreign-minister-demands-obama-reply-to-claim-u-s-mercenaries-in-ukraine/




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Uncut Chronicles: East Ukraine War Surge. Battlegrounds Donetsk & Marioupol (JAN 2015)

 Feb 7, 2015


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WBuCrmYeiyM



______





Vladimir Putin

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vladimir_Putin


For 16 years Putin was an officer in the KGB, rising to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel before he retired to enter politics in his native Saint Petersburg in 1991. He moved to Moscow in 1996 and joined President Boris Yeltsin's administration where he rose quickly, becoming Acting President on 31 December 1999 when Yeltsin unexpectedly resigned. Putin won the subsequent 2000 presidential election, despite widespread accusations of vote-rigging, and was reelected in 2004. Because of constitutionally mandated term limits, Putin was ineligible to run for a third consecutive presidential term in 2008. Dmitry Medvedev won the 2008 presidential election and appointed Putin as Prime Minister, beginning a period of so-called "tandemocracy". In September 2011, following a change in the law extending the presidential term from four years to six, Putin announced that he would seek a third, non-consecutive term as President in the 2012 presidential election, an announcement which led to large-scale protests in many Russian cities. In March 2012 he won the election, which was criticized for procedural irregularities, and is serving a six-year term


First Premiership (1999)


On 9 August 1999, Vladimir Putin was appointed one of three First Deputy Prime Ministers, and later on that day was appointed acting Prime Minister of the Government of the Russian Federation by President Boris Yeltsin. Yeltsin also announced that he wanted to see Putin as his successor. Still later on that same day, Putin agreed to run for the presidency.


On 16 August, the State Duma approved his appointment as Prime Minister with 233 votes in favour (vs. 84 against, 17 abstained), while a simple majority of 226 was required, making him Russia's fifth PM in fewer than eighteen months. On his appointment, few expected Putin, virtually unknown to the general public, to last any longer than his predecessors. He was initially regarded as a Yeltsin loyalist; like other prime ministers of Boris Yeltsin, Putin did not choose ministers himself, his cabinet being determined by the presidential administration.




Economic, industrial, and energy policies


- In the decade following 2000, energy in Russia helped transform the country, especially oil and gas energy. This transformation promoted Russia's well-being and international influence, and the country was frequently described in the media as an energy superpower. Putin oversaw growing taxation of oil and gas exports which helped finance the budget, while the oil industry of Russia, production, and exports all significantly grew.

Putin sought to increase Russia's share of the European energy market by building submerged gas pipelines bypassing Ukraine and other countries which were often seen as non-reliable transit partners by Russia, especially following Russia-Ukraine gas disputes of the late 2000s (decade). Russia also undermined the rival pipeline project Nabucco by buying the Turkmen gas and redirecting it into Russian pipelines.



A construction program of floating nuclear power plants will provide power to Russian Arctic coastal cities and gas rigs, starting in 2012.[180][181] The Arctic policy of Russia also includes an offshore oilfield in the Pechora Sea is expected to start producing in early 2012, with the world's first ice-resistant oil platform and first offshore Arctic platform.[182] In August 2011 Rosneft, a Russian government-operated oil company, signed a deal with ExxonMobil for Arctic oil production.[183] "The scale of the investment is very large. It's scary to utter such huge figures" said Putin on signing the deal.[183]

The construction of a pipeline at a cost of $77bn, to be jointly funded by Russia and China, was signed off on by President Putin in Shanghai on 21 May 2014. It would be the biggest construction project in the world for the following 4 years, Putin said at the time. On completion in 4 to 6 years, the pipeline would deliver natural gas from the state-majority-owned Gazprom to China's state-owned China National Petroleum Corporation for the next 30 years, in a deal worth $400bn.



In 2014, the Organized Crime and Corruption Reporting Project gave Putin their Person of the Year Award for furthering corruption and organized crime



- Putin and United Russia enjoy high electoral support in the national republics of Russia, in particular in the Muslim-majority republics of Povolzhye and the North Caucasus. -




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Russia has drilled a good amount of oil, from the country of Azerbaijan, while Azerbaijan was under Soviet control.



________


Why Azerbaijan Is Getting Poorer Despite An Oil Revolution (2000)



 Aug 27, 2015


https://youtu.be/HvyK2YdXRzU?t=1m1s




________



The Wrath of Putin

 April 2012


 http://www.vanityfair.com/news/politics/2012/04/vladimir-putin-mikhail-khodorkovsky-russia


 Mikhail Khodorkovsky was the richest man in Russia when he dared confront then president Vladimir Putin, criticizing state corruption at a meeting with Putin in February 2003. Arrested that fall, then convicted in two Kafka-esque trials, Khodorkovsky has been imprisoned ever since, the once powerful oligarch now an invisible hero for the growing opposition to Putin’s tyranny. From Moscow, as elections approach and demonstrators spill into the streets, Masha Gessen chronicles the clash of two titans, each of whom has badly underestimated the other...


 It is a story of malice, cruelty, and vengeance—but more than anything it is a story of a failure of imagination. Almost a decade ago, Mikhail Khodorkovsky, then the owner of the Yukos Oil Company and Russia’s richest man, completely miscalculated the consequences of standing up to Vladimir Putin, then Russia’s president. Putin had Khodorkovsky arrested, completely miscalculating the consequences of putting him in prison. During his eight years in confinement, Khodorkovsky has become Russia’s most trusted public figure and Putin’s biggest political liability. As long as Putin rules Russia and Khodorkovsky continues to act like Khodorkovsky, Khodorkovsky will remain in prison—and Putin will remain terrified of him.


 http://www.vanityfair.com/news/politics/2012/04/vladimir-putin-mikhail-khodorkovsky-russia



________


Mikhail Khodorkovsky

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mikhail_Khodorkovsky


As reported on 20 October 2005, Khodorkovsky was delivered to the labor camp YaG-14/10 (?????????????? ?????????? ?????? ?????? ??-14/10) in the town of Krasnokamensk near Chita. The labor camp is attached to a uranium mining and processing plant and during Soviet times had a reputation as a place from which nobody returned alive. According to news reports, prisoners at the camp no longer work in uranium mining and have much better chances of survival than in the past. Khodorkovsky was put to work in the colony’s mitten factory. He slept in a barracks and often spent his days in a cold solitary cell in retribution for his supposed violating of various rules.



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Russia–Ukraine gas disputes


The Russia–Ukraine gas disputes refer to a number of disputes between Ukrainian oil and gas company Naftohaz Ukrayiny and Russian gas supplier Gazprom over natural gas supplies, prices, and debts. These disputes have grown beyond simple business disputes into transnational political issues—involving political leaders from several countries—that threaten natural gas supplies in numerous European countries dependent on natural gas imports from Russian suppliers, which are transported through Ukraine. Russia provides approximately a quarter of the natural gas consumed in the European Union; approximately 80% of those exports travel through pipelines across Ukrainian soil prior to arriving in the EU.


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russia%E2%80%93Ukraine_gas_disputes



______________


Rebel sniper kills Ukrainian serviceman despite ceasefire: military


 March 8, 2015



http://news.yahoo.com/ukrainian-serviceman-killed-despite-ceasefire-ukraine-military-115038450.html




----------------


The Soviet government was responsible for the events of Chernobyl.



------------


Chernobyl 2? Watching the world’s aging power plants


Published February 14, 2014


http://www.foxnews.com/tech/2014/02/14/chernobyl-2-watching-worlds-aging-power-plants/




--------



Hunting the Radioactive Beasts of Chernobyl


 Jul 19, 2012



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=INAlUGn0RYg


--------



Radioactive Animals In Chernobyl Mutations Full Documentary

 Apr 2, 2014


 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_cLSLp5JCL4




----------------






Fear of hyperflooding and nuclear hazard on Dnieper River, Ukraine


 April 05, 2012



http://thewatchers.adorraeli.com/2012/04/05/fear-of-hyperflooding-and-nuclear-hazard-on-dnieper-river-ukraine/



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CANCER INCIDENCE AND NUCLEAR FACILITIES IN UKRAINE: A COMMUNITY-BASED STUDY


 April 20, 2012



http://exp-oncology.com.ua/article/3147/cancer-incidence-and-nuclear-facilities-in-ukraine-a-community-based-study



-------------------


________

________



Chapter 6: Pyramid technology


________

________



 _____________



Crimean Prehistoric pyramid technology the cause of Russian Reclaim of her historic territory ?

 What is the cause of the Russian sudden move on Crimea after federating it in 1954 and surrendering it to  Ukraine in 1991.  Many suspect that a new ancient advanced technology  inside the  underground pyramid found in 2012 by Dr.Gokh near Sebastopol.


 http://www.eppf.net/5778/crimean-prehistoric-pyramid-technology-the-cause-of-russian-reclaim-of-her-historic-territory/


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Is This The Cause of War? Oldest Pyramid On Earth Found Buried In Crimea, Ukraine!


 Mar 3, 2014


 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-aNLvFKPvPc


_______



Merheleva Ridge


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Merheleva_Ridge


Merheleva Ridge (Ukrainian: ????????? ?????, also transliterated (Mergeleva) is the site of an Eneolithic temple and burial complex consisting primarily of four large stone mounds or kurgans situated near Perevalsk, Luhansk oblast, Ukraine, about 30 km to the west-to-southwest of the city of Luhansk. Its name is Ukrainian adaptation of word marlstone which is a type of limestone common in the region.[1] Supposedly the site was built in about 4000 BC, corresponding to the Dnieper-Donets or early Yamna culture, and remained in use throughout the Bronze Age and well into the Iron Age, until 5th century BC Sarmatia. It was discovered in 2004, and the discovery officially announced on 7 September 2006.



The site was discovered in 2004 by school children participating in an archaeology camp organised by Alchevsk history teacher Vladimir Paramonov, who has been organising expeditions of schoolchildren to the hill range since 1995.


It is believed that much of the site was constructed about 3000 BC, in the early Bronze Age. The site is believed to be a complex of temples and sacrificial altars topping a hill with sides sculpted into steps.


Viktor Klochko, the archaeologist in charge of the dig site and deputy Minister of Science of the Tourism and Protection of Cultural Heritage Department of the Lugansk regional administration, said that the discovery was of international significance as the first monument of its kind found in Eastern Europe:



Misidentification as pyramid and clarification


Initial reports indicated that archaeologists had discovered a pyramidal structure.


Klochko blamed the press: "I'm not sure where the pyramid idea came from - the media got it wrong," says Klochko. "We didn't find anything like an Egyptian pyramid. Though the site is on a hill. But it's interesting enough in its own right."




________



 Landmarks of Ukraine


Inthe village of Lychkivtsi in the Land of Ternopilshchyna you can see a somewhat disturbing piece of sculpture — on a pedestal stands a pillar on the top of which there sits a human head in a helmet but without the lower jaw. There is an inscription on the pedestal but it is impossible to read it because the stone has crumbled away in many places leaving only illegible traces of letters. Local lore has it that it is the monument to a young man who was captured by the Tartars during one of their raids in the times of old, but who erected the monument and when remains unclear. Not far from this monument there is another one that commemorates an epidemic disease that struck the village in the 1830s when hundreds of people died.


The village used to be the estate of the local nobles but now only ruins indicate the spots where the castle, the church and other buildings used to stand.


It was in the village of Lychkivtsi that a pagan idol, the representation of god Svyatovyd, was found in 1848. The reliefs carved on the idol reflect the ancient Slavic view of the Universe.







Pyramids in Ukrainian villages


There are pyramids in Ukraine which, similarly to the Egyptian ones, are tombs.

In the village of Komendantivka, Poltava Oblast, you can see a fifteen-meter high granite pyramid, the tomb of Oleksandr Bilevych and his wife.

Oleksandr Bilevych was a Navy officer and when, in the nineteenth century, he happened to visit Egypt, he was very much impressed by the Great Pyramids at Giza. When he retuned to his native land, he, inspired by what he had seen in Egypt, had a pyramid-shaped-tomb built at his country-side estate. The granite was quarried in the vicinity; for the mortar egg whites and blood of the slaughtered animals were used to improve the mortar’s binding qualities. The sepulcher chambers were connected by corridors. The first to be buried there was Bilevych’s wife, and several years later Bilevych himself joined her in the pyramid.


The nine-meter tall pyramid in the village of Berezova Rudka, Poltava Oblast, is made of brick, rather than granite. The village used to be the estate of the Zakrevsky family. Ihnaty Zakrevsky was ambassador of the Russian Imperial government under Tsar Alexander III to Egypt. Similarly to Bilevych, he was fascinated with the Egyptian pyramids, and upon returning home, he had his own pyramid built. It was not meant to be a tomb though. The pyramid was a decorative architectural landmark, with the interior decorated with murals. The subjects of the murals varied from Biblical scenes to scenes from the Egyptian mythology. There was even an altar inside. The entrance to the pyramid was guarded by the statue of the Egyptian goddess Isida which Zakrevsky had brought from Egypt. The portal carried the image of the Christian cross.


Vandalism and time did not spare the murals or anything else in the pyramids but were powerless to destroy the pyramids themselves.

Learn more at http://ivushka.webservis.ru/Vid_Piramid/Titul.htm




http://www.wumag.kiev.ua/index2.php?param=pgs20061/118




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Prehistoric Rock Sculptures Discovered in Ukraine: Another Stonehenge?



http://inventorspot.com/articles/prehistoric_rock_sculptures_discovered_ukraine_another_stoneheng_18592




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There's Something WEIRD About Ukraine! (2014)

 Jul 20, 2014


 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AbxVqfVWUXk&feature=youtu.be



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 There remains intense research in Russia, on the pyramids of the world. This includes different Stonehenge type structures and key places of interest. This also includes how magnetism effects different areas of the planet.



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 Pyramid near Moscow - Russian Wonder of the World.


 http://www.pyramids.ru/english.html




Alexander Golod, who coordinated groups of scientists in Russia, carried out scientific studies for over a decade in fiberglass Pyramids built by him. The results showed significant positive effects for both biological and non-biological materials. The largest Pyramid built by Alexander Golod in Russia is 44 meters (144 feet) high and weights 55 tons.


Some of the scientific results of previous studies with Golden Section Pyramids built by Alexander Golod show:


    The Immune system of organisms increased upon exposure in the pyramid (Scientific Research Institute named by Mechnikov, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences);


    Specific properties of medicines increase with decreasing side effects after exposure in the Pyramid (SRI of Virology named by Ivanovskiy, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences);


    Agricultural seeds placed in the pyramid showed a 30-100% increase in yield;


    Russian military radar detected an energy column above the Pyramids built by Alexander Golod which is thought to have repaired the Ozone layer in Russia (the same can be done for example in Australia);


    The pathogenic strength of different viruses and bacteria becomes less with exposure in the pyramid;


    The amount of radioactivity becomes less after exposure in the pyramid.



_______




Amazing Russian Pyramid Research


http://ten1000things.org/russian-pyramid-power/





Brief Summary of Pyramid Research Results

    Immune system of organisms improved  (blood leukocyte composition increased).
    improved regeneration of tissue
    seeds stored in the pyramid for 1-5 days showed a 30-100% increase in yield
    soon after construction of the Lake Seliger pyramid a marked improvement of the ozone was noted above the area
    seismic activity near the pyramid research areas are reduced in severity and size
    violent weather also appears to decrease in the vicinity of the pyramids
    pyramids constructed in Southern Russia (Bashkiria) appeared to have a positive effect on oil production with oil becoming less viscous by 30% and the yield of the oil wells increased according to tests carried out by the Moscow Academy of Oil and Gas.
    a study was done on 5000 prisoners who ingested salt and pepper that had been exposed to the pyramid energy field. The test subjects exhibited a greatly reduced violence rate and overall behavior was much improved.
    standard tissue culture tests showed an increase in survival of cellular tissue after infection by viruses and bacteria
    radioactive substances show a decreased level of radiation inside the pyramid
    there are reports of spontaneous charging of capacitors
    physicists observed significant changes in superconductivity temperature thresholds and in the properties of semi-conducting and carbon nano materials.
    water inside the pyramid will remain liquid to minus 40 degrees Celsius but freeze instantly if jostled or bumped in any way

It is interesting to note that results seem to show that increasing the height of the pyramid improves the quality of the results.

So, as you can see from this brief introduction, there is much we have to learn about the natural forces around us. The Egyptians knew some of this when they designed the great pyramids at Giza. However, with modern scientific research techniques it is now becoming possible to gain even more insight and benefit from “Russian Pyramid Power!”






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Pyramid Hill of the Lake Baikal, Russia


 In 2007 an architect and scholar of the Irkutsk State Technical University Lubov Makogon visited with her student Port Baikal, a little fisher port town on western Baikal lakeshore where she noted an unusual hill with four visible sides oriented to the North. The hill in height of 80 meters with the width of the base in 170 meters located in the center of Baikal Port close to the lakeshore and had a perspective view from the lake and mouth of the Angara river.


Being a Member of the Russian Union of the Architects Lubov Makagon made observation that this pyramid hill is only one hill in all that area with four visible pyramidal sides and four edges of the sides getting interesting connections with surrounding hills. In 2012 she visited again Port Baikal with a group of her students where she found topographic base area and made topographic technical research. This research gave more features that the hill is can be pyramidal construction with direct orientation to the North. More over this pyramid hill has amazing connections with suburb hills which is clear to see on the topographic research made by Lubov Makagon and shared with World-Pyramids.


There are no doubts for professional architect Lubov Makagon that it’s real pyramid on the lakeshore of the Baikal. For further investigation the Baikal pyramid hill need in detail research as the local legends and mythology.



http://world-pyramids.com/en/world-pyramids/europe/pyramid-baikal.html#.VPzKF-G-2zl




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The Mysterious Russian Stonehenge


On March 8, 2014



 These mysterious stones are found on the Mountain (Gornaya) Shoria in the Kemerov region of Russia. At first they just look like lumps of naturally placed stone, but when investigated a little closer they appear to have been crafted and thoughtfully honed at some point in their distant past...



http://www.lazerhorse.org/2014/03/08/russian-stonehenge/




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Giant Megaliths Found in Siberia Could Be Largest in the World

Mar 23, 2014


 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kngM_Pz20bw


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Giant Megaliths in Russia

Oct 10, 2014


 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iFOwlZfNTO4



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Here's a short list of discovered pyramids, near Ukraine.



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Bosnian pyramid claims

The Bosnian pyramids are a pseudo-archaeological claim promoted by author Semir Osmanagic, that a cluster of natural hills in central Bosnia and Herzegovina are the largest human-made ancient pyramids on Earth. The hills are located near the town of Visoko, northwest of Sarajevo. Visocica hill, where the old town of Visoki was once sited, came to international attention in October 2005, following a news-media campaign by Osmanagic and his supporters.

Osmanagic states that he has found tunnels, stone blocks and ancient mortar, which he has suggested once covered the Visocica structure. He opened excavations in 2006 which have reshaped the hill, making it look like a stepped pyramid. Geologists, archeologists and other scientists have however concluded, after analysis of the site, its known history, and the excavations, that the hills are natural formations known as flatirons and that there are no signs of human construction involved. The European Association of Archaeologists released a statement calling the pyramid hypothesis a "cruel hoax".


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bosnian_pyramid_claims




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Pyramid in Bosnia -- Huge Hoax or Colossal Find?
October 28, 2010


http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2006/05/pyramid-bosnia-1_2.html



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The Mystery of Bosnia's Ancient Pyramids
An amateur archaeologist says he's discovered the world's oldest pyramids in the Balkans. But many experts remain dubious


December 2009


http://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/the-mystery-of-bosnias-ancient-pyramids-148990462/?no-ist





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9 Cases That Prove the Existence of Pyramids in Bosnia


http://www.wakingtimes.com/2014/03/03/9-cases-existence-pyramids-bosnia/



 _________



 The following documentary explains the inside of the Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun.



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Whats Inside the Bosnian Pyramids ??


 Jun 23, 2015


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kIg7ceRvbYU


The discovery of the Bosnian pyramids takes us back thousands and thousands of years, before what we consider today as the beginning of civilization. The ancient Sumer, Babylon, Akkad, Assyria, Ancient Egypt, Ancient Indian and so on, it’s about 8,000 years (old). The Bosnian pyramids, are all 12,000 years (old), meaning we need to move (the date of) the beginning of advanced civilization. So it’s not just a matter for us adding a couple of chapters in our history books.


For an in depth look at the mystery behind the Bosnian Pyramids and photos this is a great video look at the archaeology. Prehistorical underground tunnel network connects all pyramids, water wells and other significant structures in Bosnian Valley of the Pyramids and runs for tens of kilometres.



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Scientific analysis of the Bosnian Valley of the Pyramids


 The four-year comprehensive geo-archaeological research points to the existence of huge construction complex in Visoko Valley. This complex is named the Bosnian Valley of the Pyramidsand includes the following structures:- Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun (former “Visocica Hill”)- Bosnian Pyramid of the Moon (former “Pljesevica Hill”)- Pyramid of the Bosnian Dragon (former “Buci Hill”)- Temple of Earth (former “Krstac Hill”)- Bosnian Pyramid of Love (former “Cemerac Hill”)- Tumulus in Vratnica (former “Toprakalija Hill” in Vratnica)- Structure “Dolovi” (Vratnica)- Underground tunnel complex “Ravne” (entrance to the tunnel 2.5 km from the Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun)- Underground tunnel network “KTK” (entrance to the tunnel 1 km from the Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun)


http://www.gizaforhumanity.org/scientific-analysis-of-the-bosnian-valley-of-the-pyramids/



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 Bosnian pyramid of the Sun



http://www.bosnianpyramid.com/


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Pyramids of Güímar

 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pyramids_of_G%C3%BC%C3%ADmar


The Pyramids of Güímar refer to six rectangular pyramid-shaped, terraced structures, built from lava stone without the use of mortar. They are located in the district of Chacona, part of the town of Güímar on the island of Tenerife in the Canary Islands, Spain. The structures have been dated to the 19th century AD and their original function may well be explained as a byproduct of contemporary agricultural techniques.

Other pyramids employing the same methods and materials of construction can be found in various sites on Tenerife. In Güímar itself there were nine pyramids, only six of which survive.


Astronomical research and Freemasonry


In 1991, research by Juan Antonio Belmonte Avilés, Antonio Aparicio Juan and César Esteban López, researchers of the Canary Institute of Astrophysics, shown that the long sides of some of the terrace structures at Güímar marked the direction of both solstices. The main limiting wall points to the sunset in the Summer solstice and the pyramids have stairs on their western side which face the direction of the rising sun on the Winter solstice. Also, standing on the platform of the largest pyramid on the day of the Summer solstice it is possible to experience a double sunset, as first the sun sets behind a mountain top, then it emerges again from behind the mountain and sets a second time behind a neighbouring peak. However, considering the room for interpretation, it is impossible based solely on these observations to conclude what was the intention of the builders or the building date.


In 2005, a book was published in Spanish by Aparicio and Esteban titled The Pyramids of Güímar: Myth and Reality. Aparicio and Esteban suggest that the solstitial orientations of the pyramids were potentially motivated by the Freemasons symbolism. These authors argue that solstices are very important in the symbolism of Freemasonry and that the owner of the land in the epoch in which the pyramids were built was himself a freemason. This motivation would be only an aesthetic one and would not modify in any rate the fundamental motivation (agriculture) and date of construction.



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Origins of Freemasonry: The Church Hires Merovingian Stone Masons

 Mar 14, 2013


 http://gnosticwarrior.com/church-hires-merovingian-stone-masons.html


 Benedict crossed the ocean and passed into Gaul, when he made inquiry for masons who could build him a church of stone after the Roman style, which he always loved. - Saint Bede, Doctor of the Catholic Church and Father of English History.



In my search for the beginning origins of freemasonry, my path has led me to a most mysterious and almost forgotten medieval time that seems to be lost in history. It was an era with very little brotherly unity when various peoples such as the Saxons, Picts, Angles and other pagan tribes along with the Celtic Druid Priesthood had held sway in much of what we know today as England, Ireland, Scotland and France in the 6th, 7th, 8th and 9th centuries.

This was also the pivotal period in the past when some of these kingdoms, tribes and members of this same Druid priesthood would make an alliance with the Roman Church to create a new unified Brotherhood called the "Universal Church (Catholic)." This would be the same exact time in history where you will find stone masons (Freemasons) that were specifically hired by this new Christian Brotherhood to perform a mass building campaign for the Universal Church across the world.



 In the course of my research I have found no other evidence of Freemasons working inside the Brotherhood or being bestowed with the secret mysteries because before this time, most builders or stone masons were not true freeman and the previous secret societies had only allowed royal blood to become members of such "Brotherhoods." This was an ancient customary family practice of the Druids and it was also the same policy of the Romans, and the Egyptians.

The facts are that this new Christian Brotherhood would have many secrets and plans that they would need to conceal in the darkness from outsiders or enemies. In order to accomplish this, they would have to develop a system of CHAO to protect these secrets from even their own hired craftsman such as the Merovingian stone masons, that I will discuss in more detail below. Simply put, these stone masons would be set with the task to build many churches around the world where they would often spend years working along side these priests, bishops and monks. To enter into such a secret Brotherhood with so much on the line (the world and world peace), there would be many secrets and secret oaths that would need to be protected. The penalty for breaking these oaths would be death and nothing less.



http://gnosticwarrior.com/church-hires-merovingian-stone-masons.html



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Tetrahedral granite pyramid


The most known is the tetrahedral granite pyramid which is situated near Palladiev bridge in Tsarskoe Selo. A pyramid is characteristic enough for its epoch of park construction. It is constructed in 1770-1771 by an architect V.I.Neelov. Initially the pyramid was intended for a burial place of favorite doggies of Empress Catherine II. In 1773 in pyramid corners four columns, hewn out from marble have been established. The pyramid has been erected from a brick and revetted square granite. In 1782 it has been disassembled and built up anew in 1783 by an architect Ch.Kameron. In the beginning of XIX century a pyramid named Egyptian. Entrance located in its facing side, leads into the internal premise blocked with a spherical dome. Here in wall niches the collection of antique urns and vases has been placed.




http://geolines.ru/eng/publications/ONWARD-TO-THE-PAST/ONWARD-TO-THE-PAST_29.html



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Huge Underwater Pyramid Found Near Portugal Has Portuguese Navy Investigating, Link to Atlantis?

January 10, 2014


 http://www.collective-evolution.com/2014/01/10/underwater-pyramid-found-near-portugal-has-portuguese-navy-investigating-link-to-atlantis/#sthash.HyrAXM1r.dpuf



 Further investigations are beginning to point to the possibility of an underwater volcanic hill based on more recent scans.[3] More information should come to the surface. Some believe this new explanation may be a cover up but that position is currently based on a belief only.

Portuguese news reported the discovery of a very large under water pyramid first discovered by Diocleciano Silva between the islands of São Miguel and Terceira in the Azores of Portugal. According to claims, the structure is said to be perfectly squared and oriented by the cardinal points. Current estimates obtained using GPS digital technology put the height at 60 meters with a base of 8000 square meters. The Portuguese Hydrographic Institute of the Navy currently has the job of analyzing the data to determine whether or not the structure is man-made.




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Giant Mummies and Pyramids of China

  Apr 4, 2011



 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C76MafUXNec


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Even Russia has royal tombs. For more information about this subject, view chapter 15, titled   "The Russian monarchy, Freemasonry & wars."




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 Documentary: China's Pyramids National Geographic


Aug 31, 2013



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WV8dq4ToRmA


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China's Underwater Atlantis "Discovered" | China Uncensored

Oct 2, 2013


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c5arb4vzSIc



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---------------

Was This Japan's Atlantis?

 Jan 15, 2008


 Japanese Atlantis (2004): Exploring the underwater remains of a mysterious Japanese palace

[It is debated if the rock structures in this video are natural or made by humans.]


 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zIu2rA0yd9s





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5 Most MYSTERIOUS Secret STRUCTURES

Oct 11, 2015


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K2VlrgMQFF0&feature=youtu.be&t=14m49s



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Is there an ancient 'dark pyramid' in Alaska?

 30 Nov 2012


 http://www.sott.net/article/254605-Is-there-an-ancient-dark-pyramid-in-Alaska



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The following video talks about structural mounds in Illinois.



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Native America before European Colonization

 Apr 8, 2013


 https://youtu.be/7FItlStGMY4?t=3m14s



----------------


 America's Stonehenge: New Hampshire rocks history or hoax?


September 20, 2015


http://phys.org/news/2015-09-america-stonehenge-hampshire-history-hoax.html



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Cuban underwater city


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cuban_underwater_city



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What Happened to the Sunken City of Cuba?


22 July, 2014

 http://www.ancient-origins.net/ancient-places-americas/what-happened-sunken-city-cuba-001883


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Many pyramids that exist in Mexico and Central America, have similar designs to the temples found in Cambodia.



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World-Pyramids


 http://world-pyramids.com/


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In Turkey, touring Cappadocia’s caves and fairy chimneys by ATV



  November 7, 2013


 https://www.washingtonpost.com/lifestyle/travel/in-turkey-touring-cappadocias-caves-and-fairy-chimneys-by-atv/2013/11/07/60aa31e0-4194-11e3-8b74-d89d714ca4dd_story.html


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Petra


Petra (Arabic: ??????, Al-Batra?; Ancient Greek: ??t?a) is a historical and archaeological city in the southern Jordanian governorate of Ma'an that is famous for its rock-cut architecture and water conduit system. Another name for Petra is the Rose City due to the color of the stone out of which it is carved.

Established possibly as early as 312 BC as the capital city of the Nabataeans,[3] it is a symbol of Jordan, as well as Jordan's most-visited tourist attraction.[4] It lies on the slope of Jebel al-Madhbah (identified by some as the biblical Mount Hor[5]) in a basin among the mountains which form the eastern flank of Arabah (Wadi Araba), the large valley running from the Dead Sea to the Gulf of Aqaba. Petra has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1985.

The site remained unknown to the Western world until 1812, when it was introduced by Swiss explorer Johann Ludwig Burckhardt. It was described as "a rose-red city half as old as time" in a Newdigate Prize-winning poem by John William Burgon. UNESCO has described it as "one of the most precious cultural properties of man's cultural heritage".[6] Petra was named amongst the New7Wonders of the World in 2007 and was also chosen by the Smithsonian Magazine as one of the "28 Places to See Before You Die"

 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Petra


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Ancient Pyramids | Pyramids of the World

http://www.historvius.com/ancient-pyramids-of-the-world/fr261


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THE ANCIENTS

Pyramids Around the World


 http://www.thelivingmoon.com/43ancients/02files/Pyramids_World.html


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It is often debated if Ley lines exist. Some people think that certain sites, such as different pyramids, including structures such as Stonehenge, are located near certain types of magnetic energies.



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Ley line

 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ley_line



The term Ley lines /le? la?nz/ has two meanings. The older is that there are ancient, straight trackways in the British landscape, the newer is that there are spiritual and mystical alignments of land forms.


The phrase was coined in 1921 by the amateur archaeologist Alfred Watkins, as supposed alignments of numerous places of geographical and historical interest, such as ancient monuments and megaliths, natural ridge-tops and water-fords. In his books Early British Trackways and The Old Straight Track. He sought to identify ancient trackways in the British landscape. Watkins later developed theories that these alignments were created for ease of overland trekking by line-of-sight navigation during neolithic times, and had persisted in the landscape over millennia.




In a book called The View Over Atlantis (1969), the writer John Michell revived the term "ley lines", associating it with spiritual and mystical theories about alignments of land forms, drawing on the Chinese concept of feng shui. He believed that a mystical network of ley lines existed across Britain.



Since the publication of Michell's book, the spiritualised version of the concept has been adopted by other authors and applied to landscapes in many places around the world. Both versions of the theory have been criticised on the grounds that a random distribution of a sufficient number of points on a plane will inevitably create alignments of random points purely by chance.




The concept of "ley lines" originated with Alfred Watkins in his books Early British Trackways and The Old Straight Track, though Watkins also drew on earlier ideas about alignments; in particular he cited the work of the English astronomer Norman Lockyer, who argued that ancient alignments might be oriented to sunrise and sunset at solstices.



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7,500-YEAR-OLD STONE CIRCLE IN ARMENIA ALIGNED TO CYGNUS'S BRIGHTEST STAR



 20-4-2010


http://www.andrewcollins.com/page/articles/carahunge.htm



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New temple found in Ukraine...800m from my Giza ley line!

Oct 21, 2014


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4IQsCwfEVy4




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The Lore and Lure of Ley Lines

 Nov 21st 2013


 http://consciouslifenews.com/lore-lure-ley-lines/1167945/


Many people believe that a grid of earth energies circles the globe, connecting important and sacred sites such as Stonehenge, the Egyptian Pyramids, and the Great Wall of China.

If you plot these and other sites on a map, a curious thing becomes apparent: Many of them can be connected by straight lines. Were these monuments and sacred sites specifically built at those locations by ancient people with lost knowledge of unknown earth energies especially strong along these “ley lines”?




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Sacred Sites – Earth Energy, Ley Lines and Vortex Energy

 Jun 28, 2013



http://www.zengardner.com/sacred-sites-earth-energy-ley-lines-and-vortex-energy/



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UFOs, Ancient Sites and Ley Lines

 24/08/2012


http://www.huffingtonpost.co.uk/darren-perks/ufos-ancient-sites-ley-lines_b_1824717.html



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Vile Vortices

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vile_Vortices


Vile Vortices is a term referring to twelve geographic "paranormal triangle" areas that are alleged by Ivan Sanderson to have been the sites of mysterious disappearances. Sanderson wrote the article "The Twelve Devil's Graveyards Around the World," published in Saga magazine.
Alleged Vile Vortices

    Bermuda Triangle: The best known of the so-called "vortices".
    Algerian Megaliths: South of Timbuktu.
    Indus Valley: In the city of Mohenjo Daro, Pakistan.
    Hamakulia Volcano: East of Hawaii
    "Devil's Sea": South of Japan
    South Atlantic Anomaly.
    Easter Island (in some versions)



https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vile_Vortices



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 ___________




 Chapter 7: Armenian genocide



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Armenian Genocide

 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Armenian_Genocide


The Armenian Genocide[8] (Armenian: ????? ??????????????? Hayots tseghaspanutyun),[note 3] also known as the Armenian Holocaust,[9] the Armenian Massacres and, traditionally by Armenians, as Medz Yeghern (Armenian: ??? ?????, "Great Crime"),[10] was the Ottoman government's systematic extermination of its minority Armenian subjects inside their historic homeland, which lies within the territory constituting the present-day Republic of Turkey. The total number of people killed as a result has been estimated at between 800,000 and 1.5 million. The starting date is conventionally held to be 24 April 1915, the day Ottoman authorities rounded up and arrested, subsequently executing, some 250 Armenian intellectuals and community leaders in Constantinople.


 ________



Armenian Genocide denial

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Armenian_Genocide_denial


The denial of the Armenian Genocide is the assertion that the Armenian Genocide did not occur in the manner or to the extent described by scholarship. Denial of the Armenian Genocide may be either forbidden or enforced in some countries. The Armenian Genocide is widely acknowledged by genocide scholars to have been one of the first modern, systematic genocides,[1][2] as many sources point to the sheer scale of the death toll as evidence for a systematic, organized plan to eliminate the Armenians.[3]

The governments of Turkey[4] and Azerbaijan[5] deny that the Ottoman authorities attempted to exterminate the Armenian people.[6] The Turkish government acknowledges that during World War I many Armenians died, but counters that Muslim Turks died as well, and claims that the number of Armenian victims has been inflated, and that massacres were committed by both sides as a result of inter-ethnic violence and the wider conflict of World War I.[6]

The denial of the Armenian Genocide is officially outlawed only in Greece.[7] Some countries, such as Switzerland,[8] Italy,[9] Slovakia[10] and others, which are often ascribed to have criminalized the denial of the Armenian genocide, in fact, outlawed the denial of genocides either in general or with the specific reference to the Holocaust and the genocides, war crimes and crimes against humanity within the meaning of the International Criminal Court's Rome Statue.




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 Armenia has a rich culture of science, astronomy, mathematics and knowledge. Armenia even has its own Stonehenge.



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Earth Vortices, Ley Lines and Tectonic Plates
(Updated 2004)


Minor Vortices

Below are some of the most important minor vortices. I have tried to cover most countries, in what is a difficult, if not an impossible task. In many countries I have not been specific about the areas where there are vortices, or good energy. There are many vortices beneath the sea.


 Armenia (formerly USSR)




 http://www.ofspiritandsoul.com/earth%20vortices/vortices.html




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The Armenian Stonehenge


The Armenian Stonehenge predates that on the British Isles by 4500 years but it's origins and purpose is equally mysterious.


http://www.history.co.uk/shows/ancient-aliens/videos/ancient-aliens-stonehenge-of-armenia




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Vishap stones in Armenia


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Vishap_stones_in_Armenia




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 Vishapakar, The Unique Megaliths of the Armenian Plateau



 Vishapakar - Dragon Stones


By Armen Petrosyan, Ph.D.


The unique monuments of prehistoric Armenia, XE "višap" vishaps (Arm. višap ‘serpent, dragon’ an Iranian borrwing) or “dragon stones” are spread in many provinces of historical Armenia – Gegharkunik, Aragatsotn, Javakhk, Tayk, etc. They are cigar-shaped huge stones, 10-20 feet tall, usually situated in the mountains, near the sources of rivers and lakes. Many of them are in the shape of fish; they have a bull’s skin (complete with head and feet) carved into them; there is also a stream of water flowing from the mouth of the bull’s skin and some vishaps have images of water birds carved below the bull’s head. The earliest višap XE "višap" stelae would be dated, probably, from the 18th-16th centuries BC; an Urartian inscription in a višap from Garni testifies that they were created in pre-Urartian times (before the 8th century BC).


A number of theories try to interpret the meaning of these stones. One theory holds that these monuments represented mythological dragons guarding the sources of the waters (B. Piotrovski). Another two trace back, respectively, to Astghik, the goddess of fertility and love (M. Abeghian) and Ara Geghecik ‘Ara the Handsome,’ the “dying and rising god” of Armenian tradition (G. Ghapantsyan). The present author has his own interpretation of these stalae, which may be represented as follows.


The Indo-European “basic myth,” reconstructed by V.V. Ivanov and V.N. Toporov, tells the story of the battle of the thunder god and his adversary the serpent. The victory of the god results in origination of cosmic waters (rain, rivers). Certain aspects of the dragon stones reveal their links with the “basic myth.” In this context, it is evident that the huge fish would represent the water serpent (the dragon-serpents were sometimes conceived in the shape of fish; e.g. in Oppian’s Halieutika the dragon Typhon is represented as a fish), while the bull is the symbol of the thunder god in many ancient Near Eastern and Indo-European traditions (Hurrian, Hittite, Indian, Greek, and Armenian). The wavy lines below the bull’s head may be interpreted as rainy waters triggered by the battle between the god and the serpent.


The name of the serpent in the “basic myth” is derived from the Indo-European stem *wel-. According to the rules of the Armenian language, the Indo-European *wel- would have developed into gel- (New Eastern Armenian pronunciation: gegh-). In this context it is characteristic that the višap stones are concentrated mainly in the Gelam province, Gelakuni district, on the Gelamay Mountains to the east of Sevan Lake (modern Gegharkunik province of Armenia). The two largest groups of them are located, respectively, on Mt. Gel, at the source of the river Azat, and near the Geli fortress. Characteristically, the mountain beside Gel, the highest of the Gelamay range, is called Azhdahak from the name of the dragon of ancient Iranian tradition XE "Aždahak"


http://arevordi.blogspot.com/2005/12/khachkars-cross-stones-of-armenian.html




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Kingdom of Armenia (antiquity)
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kingdom_of_Armenia_%28antiquity%29

Kingdom of Armenia, also the Kingdom of Greater Armenia,[2] or simply Greater Armenia (Armenian: ??? ???? Mets Hayk[3]; Latin: Armenia Maior), was a monarchy which existed from 321 BC to 428 AD. Its history is divided into successive reigns by three royal dynasties: Orontid (321 BC–200 BC), [4] [5] Artaxiad (189 BC–12 AD) and Arsacid (52–428).

The root of the kingdom lies in one of the satrapies of the Achaemenid Empire of Persia called Armenia (Satrapy of Armenia), which was formed from the territory of the Kingdom of Ararat after it was conquered by the Median Empire in 590 BC. The satrapy became a kingdom in 321 BC during the reign of the Orontid dynasty after the conquest of Persia by Alexander the Great, which was then incorporated as one of the Hellenistic kingdoms of the Seleucid Empire.

Under the Seleucid Empire (312-63 BC), the Armenian throne was divided in two – Armenia Maior and Sophene – both of which passed to members of the Artaxiad dynasty in 189 BC. During the Roman Republic's eastern expansion, the Kingdom of Armenia, under Tigranes the Great, reached its peak, from 83 to 69 BC, after it reincorporated Sophene and conquered the remaining territories of the falling Seleucid Empire, effectively ending its existence and raising Armenia into an empire for a brief period, until it was itself conquered by Rome in 69 BC. The remaining Artaxiad kings ruled as clients of Rome until they were overthrown in 12 AD due to their possible allegiance to Rome's main rival, Parthia.

During the Roman-Parthian Wars, the Arsacid dynasty of Armenia was founded when Tiridates I, a member of the Parthian Arsacid dynasty, was proclaimed King of Armenia in 52. Throughout most of its history during this period, Armenia was heavily contested between Rome and Parthia, and the Armenian nobility was divided among pro-Roman, pro-Parthian or neutrals. From 114 to 118, Armenia briefly became a province of the Roman Empire under Emperor Trajan. The Kingdom of Armenia often served as a client state or vassal at the frontier of the two large empires and their successors, the Byzantine and Sassanid empires. In 301, Tiridates III proclaimed Christianity as the state religion of Armenia, making the Armenian kingdom the first state to embrace Christianity officially.

During the Byzantine–Sasanian wars, Armenia was ultimately partitioned into Byzantine Armenia in 387 and Persian Armenia in 428.
 The pre-Christian Armenian pantheon included:

     Aramazd - Cognate of the Iranian Ahura Mazda (or Ormazd). Head of the pantheon, identified with Zeus in the interpretatio graeca.
    Amanor and/or Vanatur - God of the Armenian new year, Navasard, at the end of July. His temple was located in Diyadin.
    Anahit - Cognate of the Iranian Anahita. The goddess of fertility and birth, and daughter or wife of Aramazd, Anahit is identified with Artemis and Aphrodite. Temples dedicated to Anahit were established in Armavir, Artashat, Ashtishat.
    Ara the Beautiful - a dying-and-rising god slain in a war against Semiramis.
    Astghik - Cognate of the Semitic Ishtar. Fertility goddess and consort of Vahagn, sharing a temple with him at Derik. The holiday of Vardavar was originally in honor of Astghik.
    Barsamin - God of sky and weather, probably derived from the Semitic god Baal Shamin.
    Hayk - Legendary forefather of the Armenian people, archer, and slayer of the Titan Bel.
    Mihr - Cognate with the Persian Mithra. God of the sun and light, son of Aramazd, the brother of Anahit and Nane. His center of worship was located in Bagaharich, and the temple of Garni was dedicated to him.
    Nane - Possible cognate of the Sumerian Nanaya. Daughter of Aramazd, war and motherhood goddess. Her cult was related to Anahit, both of their temples located near each other in Gavar.
    Tir or Tiur - God of wisdom, culture, science and studies, he also was an interpreter of dreams. He was the messenger of the gods and was associated with Apollo. Tir's temple was located near Artashat.
    Tsovinar - Also called Nar, she was the goddess of rain, sea and water, though she was actually a fiery being who forced rain to fall.
    Vahagn - Cognate of the Iranian Verethragna. The storm god and herculean dragon slayer. Derik housed the central temple to Vahagn



https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kingdom_of_Armenia_%28antiquity%29





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Grids, Megaliths and Dragon communities of Britain





Avebury, built in the shape of a great serpent.


https://books.google.com/books?id=IspS46HFPv0C&pg=PT94&lpg=PT94&dq=stonehenge+dragon&source=bl&ots=g_3aCXoLzz&sig=gDD-m390JBz4Iqb3clj2Fa175Nk&hl=en&sa=X&ei=xlX5VPWcKcLSoASejYCIDQ&ved=0CDcQ6AEwBDgK#v=onepage&q=stonehenge%20dragon&f=false





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8 - Here Be Dragons




http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/sociopolitica/secretsoc/secretsoc08.htm


The Sacred Places of Ancient Secret Societies
The secret societies of the globe from ancient times down to today all had many things in common.

Not the least of which was the need for a place to meet.

        But what was the origin of the symbolism of a temple or a lodge?

        Why is this place a stairway to heaven? A gateway to another world?

        And why is the serpent or dragon often involved?

        If we go back across the mists of time to the original meeting places of the serpent cults and shining secret orders, will we discover the secrets of the mysterious landscape that now surrounds us?

Over the course of many years and with more air-miles than I care to remember, I have journeyed on a quest to uncover the secrets of the ancient serpent cults that I reveal in my books.

Each time I journey, I discover something new. There truly is a whole new world opening up before our eyes. Suddenly, and often without warning, I am faced with a reinterpretation of history that I am simply not looking for.

In another twist in the tale of the serpent, I am about to uncover before your eyes one of the ancient truths about dragons, remembering that, in myth and in ancient history, dragons and serpents are intertwined like the coils of a pit viper.

I shall to begin in America of all places, for two reasons. Firstly, that this is the last place I would even consider looking for dragons, and, secondly, because the evidence is most profound here in archaeological terms.

The evidence of serpent worship in the Americas can largely be shown by the many serpent mounds that appear across the continent. The most famous by a long way is the “Serpent Mound” of Ohio, Adams County.

According to some, 1 this marvelous mound is related to Stonehenge, and it is the “Dragon Guardian” of the East to Stonehenge’s Secret of the West. Indeed, it is thought that the two ancient structures actually do share the same timeline and may very well have a relationship to each other - if ancient man shared the same beliefs and traveled extensively, as is the growing belief of many scholars.

Of course, Stonehenge is also directly north of that infamous serpent temple, Avebury.


http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/sociopolitica/secretsoc/secretsoc08.htm



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People associate the word 'dragon' with several meanings. The term dragon, can often be associated with the word Draco, or Dracula. To continue the following information about this subject, view chapter 31, titled "Dragon symbolism."




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ISIS Destroys Armenian Genocide Memorial Church in Der Zor


 September 21, 2014


http://armenianweekly.com/2014/09/21/der-zor/




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Azerbaijan's president threatens war with Armenia via Twitter

President Ilham Aliyev issues social media tirade after bloody clashes in disputed Nagorno-Karabakh region, which both sides claim as their own



http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/aug/07/azerbaijan-president-threatens-war-armenia-twitter


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U.S. Warns Armenia Over Sanctions Against Russia

 August 4, 2014


 http://armenianweekly.com/2014/08/04/u-s-warns-armenia-sanctions-russia/


 The United States has urged Armenia to refrain from doing business with Russian companies and businessmen that are subject to U.S. sanctions related to Russia’s alleged involvement in the Ukraine crisis,


The embassy did not note what the consequences of ignoring the sanctions would be.

The U.S. sanctions apply to Russian companies in the defense and energy fields, as well as commercial banks, including Gazmprombank and VTB, both of which have branches in Armenia (Areximbank and VTB Armenia).

Meanwhile, in the energy sector, Russia’s largest oil company, Rosneft, has engaged in negotiations with authorities in Armenia over the purchase of a moribund chemical plant in Yerevan, as well as a $400-million investment to revive the Nairit plant, according to RFE/RL.




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War Haunts Russia’s Southern Fringe, Threatening Pipelines


 April 26, 2015


 http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2015-04-26/war-haunts-russia-s-southern-fringe-putting-pipelines-at-risk



Russia’s southern periphery is closer to open war than at any time since the 1990s.

Hostilities between Azerbaijan and Armenia are mounting 21 years after a cease-fire froze a conflict that flared in the dying days of the Soviet Union. During the relative calm, companies including BP Plc poured billions of dollars into producing oil and gas in Azerbaijan and building pipelines to link the country with southern Italy.

The upswing in violence now threatens to put some of those investments at risk and destabilize a region that separates Russia from Turkey and Iran. A May 3 election looming in Nagorno-Karabakh, the region Armenians took over in the war more than two decades ago, may trigger a wider confrontation, the Royal Bank of Scotland Group Plc said.

The vote “could further escalate the tensions, increasing the risks of a wider confrontation over the disputed territory,” Anna Tokar, an analyst at RBS in London, said in an e-mailed note on April 16. That risks “putting the oil and gas pipelines in the South Caucasus in danger.”

At the center of the conflict, which has simmered with shootouts and other incidents ever since the truce, is Nagorno-Karabakh, an Armenian-majority region that remains internationally recognized as part of Azerbaijan.




Deadliest Months

The first four months of the year have been the deadliest, according to the Caspian Defense Studies Institute in the Azeri capital, Baku. There have been 31 confirmed deaths so far this year in clashes on the front line, according to Jasur Sumarinli, head of the research group.

With the world focused on the conflict in Ukraine, the escalation is rattling a region crisscrossed by pipelines after BP and its partners invested more than $50 billion in Azeri energy projects. Azeri incursions into the Armenian-controlled areas surrounding Nagorno-Karabakh are raising pressure along the disengagement line separating the adversaries, torn apart by religion and international alliances.




Energy Infrastructure

A wider outbreak would threaten to shake the energy infrastructure around Azerbaijan, which provides the only westward route for central Asian crude that bypasses Russia.

The BP-led Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan oil pipeline runs through territory less than 100 kilometers from the cease-fire line.

The Caspian Sea nation signed $45 billion of contracts with European buyers in 2013 to supply gas via 4,000 kilometers (2,500 miles) of pipelines that stretch from Baku to southern Italy through Georgia, Turkey, Greece and Albania.

Azerbaijan, the former Soviet Union’s third-largest crude producer, has used its oil wealth to beef up its military and forge alliances with the U.S. and Israel. Its multi-billion-dollar rearmament program made it Europe’s second-biggest weapons importer in the past five years at 13 percent of total purchases, the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute said in a report this month.

The government in Baku increased military spending 27 percent this year to 3.8 billion manat ($3.6 billion), outlays exceeding Armenia’s total annual expenditures. Armenia, though, is a member of a Russian-led mutual defense group and hosts a Russian military base.





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 Turkey-Azerbaijan strategic alliance treaty and Russia-Armenia military agreement: Status-quo in the South Caucasus remains unchanged


 Russian-Armenian agreement signed in Yerevan today for prolongation of the term of deployment of the Russian military base in Armenia didn’t create new agenda. The similar agreement has been existed between the two countries since 1995 and after the USSR collapse Russia took responsibility for the security of Armenia. The newly-signed agreement didn’t entrust the sides with additional responsibilities. Moscow was a guarantor for Armenia’s security on the basis of bilateral and multilateral (Collective Security Treaty Organization) agreements and it continues to do that. There is no important process in the world and region that can change the situation and it has little probability to occur.



 http://en.apa.az/news/128191




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Azerbaijan


The Azerbaijan Democratic Republic proclaimed its independence in 1918 and became the first Muslim-majority democratic and secular republic.


However, corruption in Azerbaijan is widespread, especially in the public service. The National Assembly abolished the presidential term limits in the controversial 2009 referendum. The ruling party, New Azerbaijan Party, has been accused of authoritarianism and human rights abuses.



 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Azerbaijan



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CBS 60 Minutes Past Report on the Armenian Genocide

 Jan 1, 2011



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HbjCyOjmTS8



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How The Armenian Genocide Lost Its Place In History

Feb 24, 2015


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uoXED_7I3VA




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Why Armenian Genocide Deniers are Wrong

 Apr 24, 2012



 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ssalPfnyGpg




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The Young Turks hosts clash over Armenian genocide - Cenk Uygur vs Ana Kasparian

Apr 28, 2015


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rginnJlPlGM



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Al Gore's holocaust-denying 'anchorman'

09/03/2012



http://www.wnd.com/2012/09/al-gores-holocaust-denying-anchorman/




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Real Picture of Armenian Genocide 1915

Apr 30, 2015


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vRG7XhUNBPk


---------------

For more information on Armenian genocide, view our report titled: 

Islamic Sharia Law & Genocide - The Middle East Conflict Investigation - 1/27/2017 - Islamicshariagenocide.blogspot.com

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 Chapter 8: Genocides in history


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Genocides in history

 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genocides_in_history
Ottoman Empire/Turkey

Main articles: Armenian Genocide, Assyrian Genocide, Greek genocide and Dersim Massacre

On 24 May 1915, the Allied Powers (Britain, France, and Russia) jointly issued a statement that for the first time ever explicitly charged a government with committing a "crime against humanity" in reference to that regime's persecution of its Christian minorities, including Armenians, Assyrians and Greeks.[140] Many researchers consider these events to be part of the policy of planned ethnoreligious purification of the Turkish state advanced by the Young Turks.[141] [142][143][144][145]

This joint statement stated, "[i]n view of these new crimes of Turkey against humanity and civilization, the Allied Governments announce publicly to the Sublime Porte that they will hold personally responsible for these crimes all members of the Ottoman Government, as well as those of their agents who are implicated in such massacres."


 Armenian


The Armenian Genocide (Armenian: ????? ???????????????, translit.: Hayots’ Ts’egaspanout’youn; Turkish: Ermeni Soykirimi and Ermeni Kiyimi) refers to the deliberate and systematic destruction of the Armenian population of the Ottoman Empire during and just after World War I. It was implemented through wholesale massacres and deportations, with the deportations consisting of forced marches under conditions designed to lead to the death of the deportees. The total number of resulting deaths is generally held to have been between one and one and a half million.[146]

The genocide began on 24 April 1915, when Ottoman authorities arrested some 250 Armenian intellectuals and community leaders in Constantinople. Thereafter, the Ottoman military uprooted Armenians from their homes and forced them to march for hundreds of miles, without food and water, to the desert of what is now Syria. Massacres ignored age and gender, with rape and other acts of sexual abuse being commonplace.[147] The majority of Armenian diaspora communities were founded as a result of these events. Mass killings continued under the Republic of Turkey during the Turkish–Armenian War phase of Turkish War of Independence.[148]

Modern Turkey succeeded the Ottoman Empire in 1923 and vehemently denies that a genocide took place. It has resisted calls in recent years by scholars, countries and international organizations to acknowledge the crime. The Armenian genocide is the second most-studied case of genocide after the Holocaust. Lemkin coined "genocide" with the Holocaust in mind.
Assyrian

The Assyrian Genocide (also known as Sayfo or Seyfo; Aramaic: ???? ???? ?????? or ????, Turkish: Süryani Soykirimi) was committed against the Assyrian population of the Ottoman Empire during the First World War by the Young Turks.[150] The Assyrian population of northern Mesopotamia (Tur Abdin, Hakkari, Van, Siirt region in modern-day southeastern Turkey and Urmia region in northwestern Iran) was forcibly relocated and massacred by Ottoman (Turkish and allied Kurdish) forces between 1914 and 1920.[151] This genocide paralleled the Armenian Genocide and Greek genocide.[152][153] The Assyro-Chaldean National Council stated in a 4 December 1922, memorandum that the total death toll is unknown, but it estimated that about 750,000 Assyrians died between 1914 and 1918.[154]
Greek

The Greek genocide[155] refers to the fate of the Greek population of the Ottoman Empire during and in the aftermath of World War I (1914–18). Like Armenians and Assyrians, the Greeks were subjected to various forms of persecution including massacres, expulsions, and death marches by Young Turks.[156][153] Mass killing of Greeks continued under the Turkish National Movement during the Greco-Turkish War phase of the Turkish War of Independence.[157] George W. Rendel of the British Foreign Office, among other diplomats, noted the massacres and deportations of Greeks during the post-Armistice period.[158] They killed an estimate of 348,000 Anatolian Greeks


 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genocides_in_history




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Genocide of indigenous peoples
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genocide_of_indigenous_peoples#Russian_Empire.27s_conquest_of_Siberia

Russian Empire's conquest of Siberia





Historian John F. Richards wrote: "... it is doubtful that the total early modern Siberian population exceeded 300,000 persons. ... New diseases weakened and demoralized the indigenous peoples of Siberia. The worst of these was smallpox "because of its swift spread, the high death rates, and the permanent disfigurement of survivors." ... In the 1650s, it moved east of the Yenisey, where it carried away up to 80 percent of the Tungus and Yakut populations. In the 1690s, smallpox epidemics reduced Yukagir numbers by an estimated 44 percent. The disease moved rapidly from group to group across Siberia."[54]

The Russian conquest of Siberia was accompanied by massacres due to indigenous resistance to colonization by the Russian Cossacks, who savagely crushed the natives. At the hands of people like Vasilii Poyarkov in 1645 and Yerofei Khabarov in 1650 some peoples like the Daur were slaughtered by the Russians to the extent that it is considered genocide. 8,000 out of a previously 20,000 strong population in Kamchatka remained after being subjected to half a century of Cossacks slaughter.[55] The Daurs initially deserted their villages since they heard about the cruelty of the Russians the first time Khabarov came.[56] The second time he came, the Daurs decided to do battle against the Russians instead but were slaughtered by Russian guns.[57] In the 17th century, indigenous peoples of the Amur region were attacked by Russians who came to be known as "red-beards".[58] The Russian Cossacks were named luocha (??), after Demons found in Buddhist mythology, by the Amur natives because of their cruelty towards the Amur tribes people, who were subjects of the Qing dynasty during the Sino–Russian border conflicts.[59]

In the 1640s the Yakuts were subjected to slaughters during the Russian advance into their land near the Lena river, and on Kamchatka in the 1690s the Koryak, Kamchadals, and Chukchi were also subjected to slaughters by the Russians.[60] When the Russians did not obtain the demanded amount of yasak from the natives, the Governor of Yakutsk, Piotr Golovin, who was a Cossack, used meat hooks to hang the native men. In the Lena basin, 70% of the Yakut population died within 40 years, and rape and enslavement were used against native women and children in order to force the natives to pay the Yasak.[56]

In Kamchatka the Russians savagely crushed the Itelmens uprisings against their rule in 1706, 1731, and 1741, the first time the Itelmen were armed with stone weapons and were badly unprepared and equipped but they used gunpowder weapons the second time. The Russians faced tougher resistance when from 1745-56 they tried to exterminate the gun and bow equipped Koraks until their victory. The Russian Cossacks also faced fierce resistance and were forced to give up when trying unsuccessfully to wipe out the Chukchi through genocide in 1729, 1730-1, and 1744-7.[61] After the Russian defeat in 1729 at Chukchi hands, the Russian commander Major Pavlutskiy was responsible for the Russian war against the Chukchi and the mass slaughters and enslavement of Chukchi women and children in 1730-31, but his cruelty only made the Chukchis fight more fiercely.[62] A genocide of the Chukchis and Koraks was ordered by Empress Elizabeth in 1742 to totally expel them from their native lands and erase their culture through war. The command was that the natives be "totally extirpated" with Pavlutskiy leading again in this war from 1744-47 in which he led to the Cossacks "with the help of Almighty God and to the good fortune of Her Imperial Highness", to slaughter the Chukchi men and enslave their women and children as booty. However the Chukchi ended this campaign and forced them to give up by killing Pavlitskiy and decapitating his head.[63] The Russians were also launching wars and slaughters against the Koraks in 1744 and 1753-4. After the Russians tried to force the natives to convert to Christianity, the different native peoples like the Koraks, Chukchis, Itelmens, and Yukagirs all united to drive the Russians out of their land in the 1740s, culminating in the assault on Nizhnekamchatsk fort in 1746.[64] Kamchatka today is European in demographics and culture with only 2.5% of it being native, around 10,000 from a previous number of 150,000, due to the mass slaughters by the Cossacks after its annexation in 1697 of the Itelmen and Koryaks throughout the first decades of Russian rule.[65] The genocide by the Russian Cossacks devastated the native peoples of Kamchatka and exterminated much of their population.[66][67] In addition to committing genocide they Cossacks also devastated the wildlife by slaughtering massive amounts of animals for fur.[68] 90% of the Kamchadals and half of the Vogules were killed from the eighteenth to nineteenth centuries and the rapid genocide of the indigenous population led to entire ethnic groups being entirely wiped out, with around 12 exterminated groups which could be named by Nikolai Iadrintsev as of 1882. Much of the slaughter was brought on by the fur trade.[69]

The Aleuts in the Aleutians were subjected to genocide and slavery by the Russians for the first 20 years of Russian rule, with the Aleut women and children captured by the Russians and Aleut men slaughtered

 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genocide_of_indigenous_peoples#Russian_Empire.27s_conquest_of_Siberia




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Russian conquest of Siberia
Conquest of the Khanate of Sibir

 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russian_conquest_of_Siberia


The Russian conquest of Siberia began in July 1580 when some 540 Cossacks under Yermak Timofeyevich invaded the territory of the Voguls, subjects to Küçüm, the Khan of Siberia. They were accompanied by 300 Lithuanian and German slave laborers, whom the Stroganovs had purchased from the tsar. Throughout 1581, this force traversed the territory known as Yugra and subdued Vogul and Ostyak towns. At this time, they also captured a tax collector of Küçüm.

Following a series of Tatar raids in retaliation against the Russian advance, Yermak's forces prepared for a campaign to take Qashliq, the Siberian capital. The force embarked in May 1582. After a three-day battle on the banks of the river Irtysh, Yermak was victorious against a combined force of Küçüm Khan and six allied Tatar princes. On 29 June, the Cossack forces were attacked by the Tatars but again repelled them.

Throughout September 1582, the Khan gathered his forces for a defence of Qashliq. A horde of Siberian Tatars, Voguls and Ostyaks massed at Mount Chyuvash to defend against invading Cossacks. On 1 October, a Cossack attempt to storm the Tatar fort at Mount Chyuvash was held off. On 23 October, the Cossacks attempted to storm the Tatar fort at Mount Chyuvash for a fourth time when the Tatars counterattacked. More than a hundred Cossacks were killed, but their gunfire forced a Tatar retreat and allowed the capture of two Tatar cannons. The forces of the Khan retreated, and Yermak entered Qashliq on 26 October.

Küçüm Khan retreated into the steppes and over the next few years regrouped his forces. He suddenly attacked Yermak on 6 August 1584 in the dead of night and defeated most of his army. The details are disputed with Russian sources claiming Yermak was wounded and tried to escape by swimming across the Wagay River which is a tributary of the Irtysh River, but drowned under the weight of his own chainmail. The remains of Yermak's forces under the command of Mescheryak retreated from Qashliq, destroying the city as they left. In 1586 the Russians returned, and after subduing the Khanty and Mansi people through the use of their artillery they established a fortress at Tyumen close to the ruins of Qashliq. The Tatar tribes that were submissive to Küçüm Khan suffered from several attacks by the Russians between 1584–1595; however, Küçüm Khan would not be caught. Finally, in August 1598 Küçüm Khan was defeated at the Battle of Urmin near the river Ob. In the course of the fight the Siberian royal family were captured by the Russians. However, Küçüm Khan escaped yet again. The Russians took the family members of Küçüm Khan to Moscow and there they remained as hostages. The descendants of the khan's family became known as the Princes Sibirsky and the family is known to have survived until at least the late 19th century.



https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russian_conquest_of_Siberia



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Syria: Armenian Christians Forced to Convert to Islam or Die

 Jan. 12, 2014



 http://www.theblaze.com/contributions/syria-armenian-christians-forced-to-convert-to-islam-or-die/




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At this time, we would like to dedicate this moment, to the great ancient knowledge and traditions of the people of Armenia. We need to bring awareness to the world, that the people of Armenia, are facing genocide. Some people have written me specifically, to figure out why the Armenians are facing genocide, while the media is trying to cover-up many facts about this. We can see that many different cultures around the world, are facing similar types of threats. Much of this is caused by globalization, including a type of new order, that threatens many distinct cultures around the world. Even different religious organisations, are responsible, for trying to undermine the people of Armenia. We can also see numerous countries that continue to take advantage and exploit the people of Armenia.



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Armenia marks centenary of mass killings by Ottoman Turks

24 April 2015


http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-32443266



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Young Turks and the Armenian Genocide

The Young Turks were the perpetrators of the Armenian Genocide. The Young Turk Movement emerged in reaction to the absolutist rule of Sultan Abdul-Hamid (Abdulhamit) II (1876-1909). With the 1878 suspension of the Ottoman Constitution, reform-minded Ottomans resorted to organizing overseas or underground. The backbone of the movement was formed by young military officers who were especially disturbed by the continuing decline of Ottoman power and attributed the crisis to the absence of an environment for change and progress. Working secretly in unconnected clusters under the watchful eye of the Hamidian secret police, the Young Turks succeeded in overturning the rule of the autocratic sultan when the Ottoman armies in European Turkey openly supported the movement. Abdul-Hamid's reinstatement of constitutional and parliamentary rule in July 1908 ushered in a brief period of legalized political activity by a panoply of reformist Turkish parties as well as Armenian political and revolutionary organizations. The Young Turks earned further public support when their intervention was required to suppress the April 1909 counter-revolution staged by the palace.


http://www.armenian-genocide.org/young_turks.html




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Obama won't call it Armenian 'genocide' on 100th anniversary of atrocity

 April 21, 2015


 http://www.cnn.com/2015/04/21/politics/obama-armenian-genocide-100th-anniversary/




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CNN Slams Obama for Breaking Armenian Genocide Pledge

 Apr 24, 2014



 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uDtuetm6vkc



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Lesser Armenia


 Lesser Armenia (Armenian: ???? ????, Pokr Hayk;[1] Latin: Armenia Minor), also known as Armenia Minor and Armenia Inferior, refers to the Armenian populated regions, primarily to the west and northwest of the ancient Kingdom of Armenia (also known as Kingdom of Greater Armenia).[2] The region was later reorganized into the Armeniac Theme under the Byzantine Empire.





Lesser Armenia is traditionally considered as part of Western Armenia, especially after the acquisition of Eastern Armenia by the Russian Empire in the aftermath of the Russo-Persian War of 1826-1828.



The Christian Armenian population of Lesser Armenia continued its existence in the area until the Armenian Genocide of 1915-23. Some Armenians still live in the area, albeit converted to muslim religion under Ottoman influence, mainly in the 17th century.




 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lesser_Armenia


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 Chapter 9: One World religion.



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Russia, Islam and the New World Order

 November 12, 2014


 http://www.infowars.com/russia-islam-and-the-new-world-order/
In his speech at a meeting of the Valdai Club on October 24 Russia’s President Vladimir Putin made a number of frank, sharp remarks regarding US policies.

In fact, the Russian leader made it clear that the United States and the West were presented with two options: they can work together with Russia and other emerging economies in a unified effort to create a more just world, or Russia will be eager to act according in response to the current US modus operandi. Since Washington has a habit of infringing upon rules and ignoring the norms of international law, Moscow can play in tune to stay on par with its chief contender. There’s little doubt that such steps may weaken global security and contribute to an increase of instability in the world, especially in the Middle East. In Sochi, Vladimir Putin has virtually announced a new foreign policy aimed at countering US attempts to dominate the world. Speaking to a diverse audience of foreign journalists and political scientists, he said that the United States had repeatedly violated the rules by unleashing military operations in Afghanistan, Iraq, Libya, Syria, and by fueling countless color revolutions.


As an alternative, Russian President has put forward the plan of a new world order based on new alliances and unions. “The logical way – is the cooperation of countries and societies in search for collective answers to the ever increasing challenges, a joint risk management” – he said. The world needs a “legal, political, economic basis of the new world order that would ensure security and stability, while promoting healthy competition...”


 -

Putin’s position is as simple as it is justified: since the United States is responsible for the spread of chaos around the globe, Russia has the moral right to take the certain steps. If there are no rules for the US, there can be none for Russia. It’s clear that Moscow is not looking for confrontation, and politics can still come into play, especially due to the ongoing crisis in the Middle East. “America needs Russian help in its fight against ISIL — Putin said – and the cooperation in this field can be the first step to certain changes. “

Yet, it seems that at this stage reconciliation is hardly possible, since Washington has clearly crossed the red line and it shows no signs of regret over this fact...



http://www.infowars.com/russia-islam-and-the-new-world-order/




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New World Order


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_World_Order



New World Order, New world order or The New World Order may refer to:

    New World Order (conspiracy theory), a conspiracy theory referring to the emergence of a totalitarian one world government.
    New world order (politics), any period of history evidencing a dramatic change in world political thought and the balance of power
    New world order (Bahá'í), a body of teachings of the Bahá'í Faith

Books

    The New World Order (Wells), a 1940 book by H. G. Wells promoting a post-WWII new world order uniting the world and bringing peace
    The New World Order (Robertson), a 1991 book by Pat Robertson presenting a conspiracy theory in which Christians are targeted for persecution
    The New World Order, a 1944 book by Maulana Muhammad Ali arguing that only Islam can establish lasting world peace
    The New World Order, a 1990 book by A. Ralph Epperson presenting a Masonic New World Order conspiracy theory
    The Gulf Crisis and the New World Order is a 1990 book by the fourth Caliph of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community, Mirza Tahir Ahmad.
    The New World Order, a 2004 science fiction novel by Ben Jeapes
    The New World Order: Facts & Fiction, a 2010 book analyzing NWO conspiracy theories by Mark Dice




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New world order (Bahá'í)


 The phrase "New world order" in the Bahá'í Faith refers to a system of teachings, enunciated by Bahá'u'lláh, the founder of the Bahá'í Faith, that Bahá'ís believe embodies God's divinely appointed scheme for the unification of mankind and world peace in this age. Later on his successors, `Abdu'l-Bahá and Shoghi Effendi, interpreted "unification of mankind" as the eventual establishment of a world commonwealth, later as a democratic elected world government based on principles of equity and justice, a commonwealth as vital spiritually as it would be materially.



 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_world_order_%28Bah%C3%A1'%C3%AD%29



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The Rockefeller Plan for the BRICS New World Order, in their own words… (Update 1 – Putin and Kissinger’s friendship)

 http://redefininggod.com/2014/11/the-rockefeller-plan-for-the-brics-new-world-order-in-their-own-words/




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Is Pope Francis Laying The Groundwork For A One World Religion?

 April 15, 2013


 http://www.infowars.com/is-pope-francis-laying-the-groundwork-for-a-one-world-religion/




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Pope Francis And The Emerging One World Religion

February 24, 2014


http://www.infowars.com/pope-francis-and-the-emerging-one-world-religion/



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Chrislam


Chrislam /'kr?sl??m/, is a pejorative term, defined by William Lane Craig as "neither Christianity nor Islam",[1] referring to certain interfaith branches of Christianity and Islam. "Chrislamic" Christian sects would be those which reject the position of John of Damascus on Muhammad viewing him instead as an inspired Christian graced with the spiritual gift of prophecy. "Chrislamic" sects of Islam would be those which reject any interpretation of the Quran causing contradiction with the Christian Bible faith. The views are very similar to those expressed by the Nestorian Catholicos-Patriarch Timothy I of Baghdad in his famous "Apology for Christianity".[2] Nevertheless, critics describe these sects as a new syncretic religion which mixes elements of Christianity and Islam.



https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chrislam




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Even Christians in Nigeria are being massacred, and being forced to convert to Islam. Many Chrisitans now are being forced, to calling them Chrislamic. This is so that religious Islamic extremists, will not hurt them, as long as they are practicing Islam, while being allowed to read up on the Bible, because the Bible and the Qaran, mention some of the same stories and characters. You would think it would not be logical to kill someone, just for trying to research  on a different version of a story, from another viewpoint or religion.




Killing of Christians (By Muslims) In Nigeria Has Increased By 62%
 March 6, 2016
 https://creepingsharia.wordpress.com/2016/03/06/killing-of-christians-by-muslims-in-nigeria-has-increased-by-62/



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Christianity and Islam

Christianity and Islam share a historical and traditional connection, with some stark theological differences. The two faiths share a common origin in the Middle East and are Abrahamic religions. Christianity developed out of Second Temple Judaism in the 1st century CE. It is founded on the life, teachings, death, and resurrection of Jesus, and those who follow him are called Christians.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christianity_and_Islam




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Islam and Mormonism

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islam_and_Mormonism




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Comparison Table between Christianity, Islam and Judaism:


 http://christianityinview.com/xncomparison.html




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MILITARY HISTORY : Ancient Turkey and Knights Templar


Apr 11, 2015


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LLk4Drzqa4Q




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The Real Reason Putin is Fighting ISIS

 Sep 28, 2015


 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lX_mSGXRlsI




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Putin: Who created ISIS?

 Sep 25, 2015


 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VbZDyr2LkdI



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 ISIS financed from 40 countries, incl G20 members – Putin (FULL SPEECH)


  Nov 16, 2015


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=96k_8ywt22g




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ISIS Leader Admits We Are Being Funded By The Obama Administration


 Jun 23, 2015


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ym2EmUNKDE8




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Egyptian Colonel Exposes Obama’s Links to ISIS


 Nov 19, 2015


 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kJj9Y32E10Y




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 American Journalist Murdered By Western Ally For Exposing ISIS Ties


 Nov 19, 2015


 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x0GrcQ9kXbI





________






French Government Knew The Terrorist Attack Would Happen In Paris!


  Nov 16, 2015


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UjAlbxk20fA




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India calls Pakistan 'prime sponsor of terrorism', asks it to vacate PoK

Chidanand Rajghatta,TNN | Oct 1, 2015,


WASHINGTON: Bluntly calling Pakistan a ''prime sponsor of terrorism,'' India on Wednesday asked Islamabad to vacate the part of Kashmir it has occupied, virtually laying down a new paradigm for any resolution of the issue.

''Pakistan is not primary victim of terrorism but of its own policies. It is in fact the prime sponsor of terrorism. Pakistan's instability arises from its breeding of terrorists. Blaming neighbors is not a solution,'' Spokesman of India's Ministry of External Affairs Vikas Swarup said in a series of tweets on Wednesday.

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/India-calls-Pakistan-prime-sponsor-of-terrorism-asks-it-to-vacate-PoK/articleshow/49175779.cms


















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______________________

















  London's Holy Turf War

Apr 22, 2014
 Over the last year a quasi-religious turf war has sprung up on the streets of London. Young radicalised Muslim patrols are enforcing Shariah law in the capital. In reaction, far right Christian Patrols are also taking the law into their own hands.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y1tEpjmFH9g




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ISIS supporter releases guide on establishing 'Muslim gangs', how to spread hate among Islamic communities, stop them integrating with non-Muslims, and using charities as fronts to raise cash

    Terrifying guide has bombmaking instructions and recruitment strategies
    The guide suggests gang members should carry out muggings and fraud to finance weapons and other bombmaking equipment
    It encourages wannabe jihadis to fortify their homes using booby traps


8 July 2015




http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3153237/ISIS-supporter-release-guide-establishing-Muslim-gangs-spread-hate-Islamic-communities-stop-integrating-non-Muslims-using-charities-fronts-raise-cash.html



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Sharia patrols


Sharia patrols, also referred to as Muslim patrols or modesty patrols, were groups of young Muslim men, members of an organisation that called itself the Shariah Project,[1] who patrolled streets in East London from 2013 to 2014. Early that year, videos of their activities, filmed by members of the patrol, were uploaded online:[2] these showed hooded members of the patrol confronting passers-by and demanding that they conform to Sharia law.[3] They targeted prostitutes, people drinking alcohol, couples who were holding hands, women whom they considered to be dressed immodestly, and harassed others whom they perceived as being gay.[4][5][6] Five men were arrested in January 2013 as part of an investigation into the gang,[7][8] and three were given jail sentences on 6 December 2013.[9]

The Muslim East London Mosque community condemned the patrols as "utterly unacceptable".[10] In response to the 'Muslim Patrols', the far-right organisation Britain First has established 'Christian Patrols'.






https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sharia_patrols


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Why the Islamic Invasion of the West is Happening / Glenn Beck Controversy

 May 7, 2016


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=faUf9KhJofU


--------------------


Many people claim that Islam is an ideology, based off other religions. Islam was formed, many  years, after the Old Testament was created. Islam was created over six hundred years, after Christianity. The Islamic ideology, is based off of the Judeo-Christian religions, including other religions. Islam could not exist in its exact current form, without the Old Testament, including the New Testament of the Bible. Islam uses religion from other books, including the views of Muhammad and others, to tell their own version of how they view life.



---------------
Abrahamic religions


Abrahamic religions, emphasizing and tracing their common origin to the tribal patriarch Abraham[1] or recognizing a spiritual tradition identified with him, are one of the major divisions in comparative religion, along with Indian,[2] Iranian, and East Asian religions.[2] Judaism, Christianity and Islam are the largest Abrahamic religions.[3][4][5]

The largest Abrahamic religions in chronological order of founding are Judaism (late 2nd millennium BCE),[6] Christianity (1st century CE) and Islam (7th century CE).

Abrahamic religions with fewer adherents include Rastafarianism,[7] Samaritanism (sometimes classified as a branch of Judaism),[8] Druzism (sometimes classified as a branch of Shia Islam),[9] Bábism,[10] and the Bahá'í Faith.[11]

As of 2005, it was estimated that 54% (3.6 billion people) of the world's population considered themselves adherents of an Abrahamic religion, about 32% adherents of other religions, and 16% adherents of no organized religion. Christianity is the largest Abrahamic faith, with 33% of the world's population, Islam is second with 21%, and Judaism has 0.2%.[

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abrahamic_religions


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Dating the Bible

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dating_the_Bible



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Arab slave trade

 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arab_slave_trade





Arab slave trade was the practice of slavery in the Arab world, mainly in Western Asia, North Africa, Southeast Africa, the Horn of Africa and certain parts of Europe (such as Iberia and Sicily) beginning during the era of the Muslim conquests and continuing into the early second half of the 20th century.[1] The trade was conducted through slave markets in the Middle East, North Africa and the Horn of Africa, with the slaves captured mostly from Africa's interior.

Historians estimate that between 650 and the 1960s, 10 to 18 million people were enslaved by Arab slave traders and taken from Europe, Asia and Africa across the Sahara, the Red Sea, and the western Indian Ocean.




Sources and historiography of the slave trade



 The North African slave markets traded also in European slaves. The European slaves were acquired by Barbary pirates in slave raids on ships and by raids on coastal towns from Italy to Spain, Portugal, France, England, the Netherlands, and as far afield as Iceland. Men, women, and children were captured, to such a devastating extent that vast numbers of sea coast towns were abandoned. Ohio State University history Professor Robert Davis describes the white slave trade as minimized by most modern historians in his book Christian Slaves, Muslim Masters: White Slavery in the Mediterranean, the Barbary Coast and Italy, 1500-1800 (Palgrave Macmillan). Davis estimates that 1 million to 1.25 million White Christian Europeans were enslaved in North Africa, from the beginning of the 16th century to the middle of the 18th, by slave traders from Tunis, Algiers, and Tripoli alone (these numbers do not include the European people which were enslaved by Morocco and by other raiders and traders of the Mediterranean Sea coast),[63] and roughly 700 Americans were held captive in this region as slaves between 1785 and 1815.





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Slavs

 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Slavs



 Slavs are the largest Indo-European ethno-linguistic group in Europe. They inhabit Central Europe, Eastern Europe, Southeast Europe, North Asia and Central Asia. Slavs speak Indo-European Slavic languages and share, to varying degrees, cultural traits and historical backgrounds. From the early 6th century they spread to inhabit most of Central and Eastern Europe and Southeast Europe.[1] Presently over half of Europe's territory is inhabited by Slavic-speaking communities.




Relations with non-Slavic peoples


Assimilation





 Polabian Slavs (Wends) settled in eastern parts of England (the Danelaw), apparently as Danish allies.[54] Polabian-Pomeranian Slavs are also known to have even settled on Norse age Iceland. Saqaliba refers to the Slavic mercenaries and slaves in the medieval Arab world in North Africa, Sicily and Al-Andalus. Saqaliba served as caliph's guards.







-----------------------


Saqaliba





Saqaliba (Arabic: ??????, sg. Siqlabi) refers to Slavic[1] slaves, kidnapped from the coasts of Europe or in wars,[2] as well as mercenaries in the medieval Muslim world, in the Middle East, North Africa, Sicily and Al-Andalus. It is generally thought that the Arabic term is a Byzantine loanword: saqlab, siklab, saqlabi etc. is a corruption of Greek Sklavinoi meaning Slavs (from which the English word slave is also derived[3]). The word is often misused to refer only to slaves from Central and Eastern Europe,[4] but it refers to all Eastern Europeans and others traded by the Arab traders during the war or peace periods.

 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saqaliba



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Islamic views on slavery



Muhammad's traditions

Main article: Muhammad and slavery

The Islamic prophet Muhammad encouraged manumission of slaves, even if one had to purchase them first. On many occasions, Muhammad's companions, at his direction, freed slaves in abundance. Muhammad personally freed 63 slaves, and his wife Aisha freed 67.[43] In total his household and friends freed 39,237 slaves.[44] The most notable of Muhammad's slaves were: Safiyya bint Huyayy, whom he freed and married; Maria al-Qibtiyya, given to Muhammad by a Sassanid official, whom he freed and who may have become his wife;[45] Sirin, Maria's sister, whom he freed and married to the poet Hassan ibn Thabit[46] and Zayd ibn Harithah, whom Muhammad freed and adopted as a son.[


Islamic jurisprudence
Traditional Islamic jurisprudence
Principles

In Islamic jurisprudence, slavery was an exceptional condition, with the general rule being a presumption of freedom (al-'asl huwa 'l-hurriya — "The basic principle is liberty") for a person if his or her origins were unknown.[2] Lawful enslavement was restricted to two instances: capture in war (on the condition that the prisoner is not a Muslim), or birth in slavery. Islamic law did not recognize the classes of slave from pre-Islamic Arabia including those sold or given into slavery by themselves and others, and those indebted into slavery.[2] Though a free Muslim could not be enslaved, conversion to Islam by a non-Muslim slave did not require that he or she then should be liberated. Slave status was not affected by conversion to Islam.


Sexual intercourse

See also: Ma malakat aymanukum and sex

In Islamic law (Sharia), Ma malakat aymanukum is the term for slaves or captives of war. The purchase of female slaves for sex was lawful from the perspective of Islamic law, and this was the most common motive for the purchase of slaves throughout Islamic history.[52]

Al-Muminun 6 and Al-Maarij 30 both, in identical wording, draw a distinction between spouses and "those whom one's right hands possess", saying " ????????????? ???? ??? ???????? ?????????????" (literally, "their spouses or what their right hands possess"), while clarifying that sexual intercourse with either is permissible. Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi explains that "two categories of women have been excluded from the general command of guarding the private parts: (a) wives, (b) women who are legally in one's possession".[53]

The verse can be broken into three parts:

The Quran, chapter 4 (An-Nisa), verse 24:

    And (also forbidden are) all married women except those whom your right hands possess (this is) Allah's ordinance to you,
    and lawful for you are (all women) besides those, provided that you seek (them) with your property, taking (them) in marriage not committing fornication.
    Then as to those whom you profit by, give them their dowries as appointed; and there is no blame on you about what you mutually agree after what is appointed; surely Allah is Knowing, Wise.

—?translated by Muhammad Habib Shakir



 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islamic_views_on_slavery#Muhammad.27s_traditions



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Safiyya bint Huyayy



Safiyyah bint Huyayy (Arabic: ???? ??? ????, Hebrew: ???? ?? ???? Safiyyah bint Huyayy ) (c. 610 – c. 670) was one of the wives of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad.[1] She was, along with all other wives of Muhammad, titled Umm-ul-Mu'mineen or the "Mother of Believers".[2]

After Muhammad's death, she became involved in the power politics of the early Muslim community, and acquired substantial influence by the time of her death.


Early life

Safiyya was born in Medina to Huyayy ibn Akhtab, the chief of the Jewish tribe Banu Nadir. Her mother, Barra bint Samawal, was from the Banu Qurayza tribe. She was the granddaughter of Samaw'al ibn Adiya from the Banu Harith tribe. According to a source, she was married off to Sallam ibn Mishkam, who later divorced her.[3]

When the Banu Nadir were expelled from Medina in 625, her family settled in Khaybar, an oasis near Medina.[3] Her father and brother went from Khaybar to join the Meccan and Bedouin forces besieging Muhammad in Medina during the Battle of the Trench. When the Meccans withdrew Muhammad besieged the Banu Qurayza. After the defeat of the Banu Qurayza in 627 Safiyya's father, a long-time opponent of Muhammad, was captured and executed by the Muslims.[4]

In 627 or early in 628, Safiyya married Kenana ibn al-Rabi, treasurer of the Banu Nadir; she was about 17 years old at that time.[3] Safiyya is said to have informed Kenana of a dream she had in which the moon had fallen from the heavens into her lap. Kenana interpreted it as a desire to marry Muhammad and struck her in the face, leaving a mark which was still visible when she first had contact with Muhammad.




Battle of Khaybar

In May 629, the Muslims defeated several Jewish tribes (including the Banu Nadir) at the Battle of Khaybar. The Jews had surrendered, and were allowed to remain in Khaybar on the provision that they give half of their annual produce to the Muslims. The land itself became the property of the Muslim state.[6] This agreement, Stillman says, did not extend to the Banu Nadir tribe, who were given no quarter.[7] Safiyya's husband, Kenana ibn al-Rabi, was also killed.




Marriage to Muhammad

According to Muhammad al-Bukhari, Muhammad stayed for three days between Khaybar and Medina, where he consummated his marriage to Safiyya. His companions wondered if she was to be considered a slave (Arabic: ma malakat aymanukum??) or a wife. The former speculated that they would consider Safiyya as Muhammad's wife, and thus "Mothers of the Believers", if Muhammad ordered her to veil herself, else she would be his servant-girl.[9]

Muhammad suggested that Safiyya convert to Islam, and she agreed, thus she become Muhammad's wife.[10] Safiyya did not bear any children to Muhammad.[11]

Despite her conversion, Muhammad's other wives teased Safiyya of her Jewish origin. Doubts about Safiyya's loyalty to Islam and the suspicion that she would avenge her slain kin are themes in the Sirah Rasul Allah (biographies of Muhammad).[12] In these stories, Muhammad or Umar express great displeasure at such doubts and reaffirm her loyalty.[2][3]
Regarding Safiyya's Jewish descent, Muhammad once said to his wife that if other women insulted her for her Jewish heritage, she was to respond, "Aaron is my father, Moses my uncle, and Muhammad my husband."




https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Safiyya_bint_Huyayy


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For thousands of years, the Middle Eastern slave trade existed. The slave trade in the Middle East, was the biggest organised slave trade, in the history of the world. Slave traders from the Middle East, would invade Africa, Europe, the Middle East, including Asia, to round up slaves. This caused many countries in Africa, including Europe, to defend against the slave trade of the Middle East. For thousands of years, many authorities in the Middle East, have allowed these activities to take place. This is why even many people from Europe, moved to America, in order to be free from religious persecution, from groups such as radicalized Islam. Now we see how history is repeating itself, with the repeated oppression, in the history of Islamic extremism. We need to defend America, against extremist religious groups and organisations, that try to harm the American people. Many Americans have stated that they would rather drive those that want to force Sharia law in America, out of the country, rather than allowing Sharia law, to ruin the politics of America. If threats against America continue to exist from Islamic extremists.



Many people have classified Islam in general, more of a cult, than a religion. However, many people have also disagreed with this statement as well.


What do we do, against religious zealots, that try to undermine the way of life, in America, including other parts of the world. We are willing, to do whatever means necessary, to stop many of these religious zealots, that are in religious cults. We need to end extremist cults, such as Isis, Boko Haram and other jihadist groups. We are better off ending many of these religious zealot groups, organisations and cults, rather than trying to have many of these religious cults, continue to attack countries. This happens while many extremists, are trying to buy nuclear weapons, on the black market. It is not worth allowing, many of these people that support radicalized Islam, to continue to try and destroy the culture, of other nations. The country of Nigeria, has had to use force, in many Nigerian states, to keep radical Islamic supporters, from trying to ruin the way of life, of the people of Nigeria. The Islamic extremists, have declared war, on the people of Nigeria. We do not see the Islamic people speaking out about this enough. It appears that many Islamic people, sit back and let it happen. We know that many security and intelligence agencies, are behind many of these radical Jihadist groups. This is being done, to try and overthrow the political systems, of many countries in the world. This includes a type of race war, that the government wants to create, against the people of the world. This is done by radicalizing individuals, to carry out these attacks. Even without many of these intelligence agencies, it seems that the history of Islam, has been propelled with violence and intimidation. We can see how certain governments and groups, use religion to control people.  Many students that have questioned and debated against Islam, in countries that practice Sharia law, are often persecuted and even murdered.


It is our job to bring peace, and tolerance of others. America is about, being able to practice many faiths, while being free, without persecution. Many Arabic people I know, do not even believe in a religion, many Semitic people, are even atheists. Many Islamic people, do not agree with radicalized Islam, and take a different type of passive route, of their faith, which can be respected. Even having some Native American DNA, I know that part of my DNA, is related to people living in the landmass of Eurasia. This is why I love the Semitic and Biblical people of the world.



Looking and talking to many Arabic people. I do not have anything against Arabic people, especially those that do not agree with different extremist views on Islam. The problem, is that many people say that Islam, is more of a cult, than a religion. Then we see how Islam, for hundreds of years, continues to bully other nations, while trying to assimilate the cultures of other people, into radicalized Islam. The majority of the people that seem to practice Islam, are in favor of trying to expand Islam, through the entire globe. This is one of the main goals of Islam. Many of these people are in favor of the current practices carried out, by many of the corrupt Caliphates. While help in trying to spread these type of corrupt political governments, across the world. The people of Islam, cannot even get rid of the corruption, in the ranks of their Sharia controlled government. Similar to the corruption, found in the Vatican. Part of me knows, that there are good parts of Islam, and many parts of extremism used in Islam, that is very bad for the planet. Especially the amount of wars, and people that have died, in the name of religious extremists.


America was not formed, under Sharia law. America was formed, to get away from Sharia law. If too many more threats and attacks, happen from those in support of radicalized Islam. We are going to call in the American Militia, to defend against this political threat to America. America will not be turned into a country, such as countries that have fallen victim to Islamic expansion, like Nigeria or Germany. We are better off dismantling countries, that practice Sharia law. These countries are not a legitimate form of government. We also do not want Israel and Islam, to drag the world, into a global war. We need to destroy the faith of the destructive practices, of the modern version, of Sharia law. America will not be bullied by the forced Sharia law, and that we want the Islamic nations to know, that they their faith in Muhammad, who lived in the 600's AD, will eventually be found out, to have many faults, in the current belief system of Sharia law. This includes how they try to expand Islam, through the world. The people of the future will be much wiser, than many of those in the past. This is a good example, of how extremist religions, are destroying the world.



-----------
History of slavery in the Muslim world

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_slavery_in_the_Muslim_world
Converting Christian slaves to Islam

In the eighteenth century, a substantial number of Christian slaves were the subject of coerced conversion to Islam at the request of their masters. Muslim masters working to convert their captives would often use extreme forms of physical abuse to force the conversion of faith. As a result, many European Christian captives converted in an effort to avoid cruel punishments. This conversion was the first symbolic sign of cultural immersion as well as heavily contributed to the increased value of a slave. Slaves who didn't convert were forced to do hard labour and were discriminated a great deal more than slaves who chose conversion. Oftentimes, Islamic conversion was the first major step in the journey towards full assimilation into Islamic culture. The psychological and social ramifications for conversion were crucial moments for turning slaves away from their past origins.

For many slaves, converting to Islam marked a major milestone of acceptance for their new found Moroccan culture. Islamic conversion was a critical decision to make. Upon conversion, many slaves took on a new identity by changing their clothes and, essentially, taking the full role of a Muslim. In many cases, dressing according to the Islamic community was the ultimate symbol of embracing the religion. "Many seemed to feel, by a process of association, that simply putting on such garments was tantamount to apostasy. 'Taking the turban' was in fact one of the most common expressions of those times for converting to Islam" (Davis 105). Scholarly research maintains that the cultural assimilation in Islamic culture was the result of overbearing cultural shock and full immersion into Islamic society. Often slaves found the best way to cope with their new life by learning Arabic, and making the assimilate. Scholar Nabil Matar maintains this assertion when he states: Islam overpowered Englishmen by the force of cultural habit. Some captives even used language and custom to adapt quickly to their surroundings. It was in the Englishman’s best interest to learn the language and customs of North African society as quickly as possible (Matar 64).


20th-century suppression and prohibition

See also: Abolitionism § National abolition dates

At Istanbul, the sale of black and Circassian women was conducted openly until the granting of the Constitution in 1908.[67]

Throughout the 19th and 20th centuries, slavery gradually became outlawed and suppressed in Muslim lands, due to a combination of pressure exerted by Western nations such as Britain and France, internal pressure from Islamic abolitionist movements, and economic pressures.[5]

By the Treaty of Jeddah, May 1927 (art.7), concluded between the British Government and Ibn Sa'ud (King of Nejd and the Hijaz) it was agreed to suppress the slave trade in Saudi Arabia. Then by a decree issued in 1936 the importation of slaves into Saudi Arabia was prohibited unless it could be proved that they were slaves at that date.[68]

In 1953, sheikhs from Qatar attending the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom included slaves in their retinues, and they did so again on another visit five years later.[69]

In 1962 that all slavery practice or trafficking in Saudi Arabia was prohibited.

By 1969 it could be observed that most Muslim states had abolished slavery although it existed in the deserts of Iraq bordering Arabia and it still flourished in Saudi Arabia, the Yemen and Oman.[70] Slavery was not formally abolished in Yemen and Oman until the following year.[71] The last nation to formally enact the abolition of slavery practice and slave trafficking was the Islamic Republic of Mauritania in 1981.


21st century

According to the U.S. State Department as of 2005:

Saudi Arabia is a destination for men and women from South and East Asia and East Africa trafficked for the purpose of labor exploitation, and for children from Yemen, Afghanistan, and Africa trafficking for forced begging. Hundreds of thousands of low-skilled workers from India, Indonesia, the Philippines, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Eritrea, and Kenya migrate voluntarily to Saudi Arabia; some fall into conditions of involuntary servitude, suffering from physical and sexual abuse, non-payment or delayed payment of wages, the withholding of travel documents, restrictions on their freedom of movement and non-consensual contract alterations. The Government of Saudi Arabia does not comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking and is not making significant efforts to do so.


"Jihadists"

Main article: Slavery in 21st-century Islamism

In 2014, Jihadist groups in the Middle East (Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant) and Northern Nigeria (Boko Haram) have not only justified the taking of slaves in war but actually enslaved women and girls. Abubakar Shekau, the leader of the Nigerian extremist group Boko Haram said in an interview, "I shall capture people and make them slaves".[92] Shekau has justified his actions stating, "[w]hat we are doing is an order from Allah, and all that we are doing is in the Book of Allah that we follow".[93] Of the 2014 Chibok kidnapping of over 200 non-Muslim schoolgirls, he stated "Allah instructed me to sell them: they are his properties. I will sell them in the market by Allah.".[94]

In the digital magazine Dabiq, Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant claimed religious justification for enslaving Yazidi women whom they consider to be from a heretical sect. ISIL claimed that the Yazidi are idol worshipers and their enslavement part of the old shariah practice of spoils of war.[95][96][97][98][99][100] The Economist reports that ISIS has taken "as many as 2,000 women and children" captive, selling and distributing them as sexual slaves,[101] and in April 2015, a United Nations special envoy visiting Iraq was given a copy of an Islamic State list of prices for captured women and children. (Prices on the list varied from $165 for slaves 1–9 years old, to $41 for women 41–50 years old.)[102]

ISIL appealed to apocalyptic beliefs and "claimed justification by a Hadith that they interpret as portraying the revival of slavery as a precursor to the end of the world."[103] In late September 2014, 126 Islamic scholars from around the Muslim world signed an open letter to the Islamic State's leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, rejecting his group's interpretations of the Qur'an and hadith to justify its actions.[104][105] The letter accuses the group of instigating fitna—sedition—by instituting slavery under its rule in contravention of the anti-slavery consensus of the Islamic scholarly community.

 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_slavery_in_the_Muslim_world


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------------


List of Killings Ordered or Supported by Muhammad

https://wikiislam.net/wiki/List_of_Killings_Ordered_or_Supported_by_Muhammad



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Sharia in Nigeria


 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islam_in_Nigeria


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Blasphemy law in Nigeria


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blasphemy_law_in_Nigeria


The Federal Republic of Nigeria operates two court systems. Both systems can punish blasphemy. The Constitution provides a Customary (secular) system and a system that incorporates Sharia. The Customary system prohibits blasphemy by section 204 of Nigeria's Criminal Code. Section 204 is entitled "Insult to religion". The section states:

    Any person who does an act which any class of persons consider as a public insult on their religion, with the intention that they should consider the act such an insult, and any person who does an unlawful act with the knowledge that any class of persons will consider it such an insult, is guilty of a misdemeanour, and is liable to imprisonment for two years.

Twelve out of Nigeria's thirty-six states have Sunni Islam as the dominant religion. In 1999, those states chose to have Sharia courts as well as Customary courts.[2] A Sharia court may treat blasphemy as deserving of several punishments up to, and including, execution


----------------









 Many people in the media, accuse the Islamic people, of trying to destroy a lot of the native African heritage in Africa, and replacing it with Sharia law. Many have accused the people in support of Sharia law, that continue to carry out, what many people have referred to, as an "African holocaust." This is being supported by millions of people, that practice Sharia law, along with the organised Islamic faith. George W. Bush, even used radicalized Islam, as a reason to invade Afghanistan. People like George W. Bush, also got America, into a drawn out and dangerous war. Many people think that the intelligence agencies of the world, are trying to orchestrate many events, to lead down to a path of another world war.




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Application of sharia law by country


Algeria     Article 222 of the Family Code of 1984 specifies sharia as the residuary source of laws.[13] The Sharia-derived family code treats women as minors under the legal guardianship of a husband or male relative.[14] In criminal cases the testimony of two women are equal to the testimony of one male witness.[15]
     Benin     It has a civil law system with influences from customary law.[16]
     Burkina Faso     It has a civil law system.[16]
     Cameroon     It has a mixed legal system of English common law, French civil law, and customary law.[16]
     Chad     After gaining independence from France, Chad has retained the French legal system.[17]
     Comoros     The legal system is based on both Sharia and remnants of the French legal code.[18] According to the article 229-7 of the Penal Code, any Muslim who makes use of products forbidden by Islamic law can be punished by imprisonment of up to six months.[19]
     Cote d'Ivoire     It has a civil law system.[16]
     Djibouti     The Family Code is mainly derived from Islamic law and regulates personal status matters such as marriage, divorce, child custody and inheritance.[20] Sharia does not apply to criminal law.[21]
     Egypt     Article 2 of Egypt's 2014 Constitution declares the principles of Islamic Sharia to be the main source of legislation.[22] Egypt's law and enforcement system are in flux since its 2011 Revolution;[23] however, the declaration of Sharia's primacy in Article 2 is a potential ground for unconstitutionality of any secular laws in Egyptian legal code.[24] Sharia courts and qadis are run and licensed by the Ministry of Justice.[25] The personal status law that regulates matters such as marriage, divorce and child custody is governed by Sharia. In a family court, a woman’s testimony is worth half of a man’s testimony.[26]
     Eritrea     Sharia courts entertain cases dealing with marriage, inheritance and family of Muslims.[27]
     Ethiopia     Sharia courts have jurisdiction on cases regarding marriage, divorce, maintenance, guardianship of minors (only if both parties are Muslims). Also included are cases concerning waqfs, gifts, succession, or wills, provided that donor is a Muslim or deceased was a Muslim at time of death.[28]
     Gabon     It has a mixed legal system of French civil law and customary law.[16]
     Gambia     Article 7 of the constitution identifies sharia as source of law in matters of personal status and inheritance among members of communities to which it applies.[29]
     Ghana     Islamic law is applied by customary or traditional courts as part of customary law.[30]
     Guinea-Bissau     It has a mixed legal system of civil law and customary law.[16]
     Guinea     It has a civil law system.[31]
     Kenya     Islamic law is applied by Kadhis' Courts where "all the parties profess the Muslim religion".[32] Under article 170, section 5 of the constitution, the jurisdiction of Kadhis’ court is limited to matters relating to "personal status, marriage, divorce or inheritance in proceedings in which all the parties profess the Muslim religion and submit to the jurisdiction of the Kadhi’s courts".[33]
     Libya     Qaddafi merged civil and sharia courts in 1973. Civil courts now employ sharia judges who sit in regular courts of appeal and specialise in sharia appellate cases.[34] The personal status laws are derived from Islamic law.[35]
     Mali     It has a civil law system influenced by customary law.[16] In urban areas, positive law is common. In rural areas the customary law usually dominates. Local rural versions of sharia are the predominant sources for customary law.[36] Article 25 in Title II of Mali's constitution declares it to be a secular state.[37]
     Mauritania     The Penal Code contains Sharia crimes such as heresy, apostasy, atheism, refusal to pray, adultery and alcohol consumption. Punishments include lapidation, amputation and flagellation.[38]
     Mauritius     Muslim Personal Laws apply to Muslims. Polygamy is legal but the government will not officially recognize a polygamous marriage.[39][40]
     Morocco     In 1956, a Code of Personal Status (Mudawana) was issued, based on dominant Maliki school of Sharia jurisprudence. Regional Sharia courts also hear personal status cases on appeal.[41] In matters of family law, a woman’s testimony is worth only half of that of a man.[42] With 2003 reforms of its criminal law, Article 222 of its new criminal code is derived from Islamic law; Articles 220–221, 268–272 of its criminal law similarly codify those activities as crimes that are prohibited under Sharia.[43] Morocco adopted a new constitution in 2011; Article 41 of this constitution granted sole power to the Superior Council of the Ulemas to guide its laws through Fatwas from principles, precepts and designs of Islam.[44][45]
     Mozambique     Paula Rainha states that, "Mozambique’s legal system can be considered civil law based (at least the formal legal system) and legislation is the primary source of law."[46]
     Niger     It has not adopted any elements of Islamic law.[47]
     Senegal     The legal system of Senegal is based on French civil law.[48] The 1972 Family Code (Code de la famille)[49] is secular in nature.[50] Islamic law is allowed by article 571 of the Family Code only in the case of intestate successions, and only if the person had demonstrated in life a wish that his succession would be regulated by Islamic law.[50] Most succession cases are decided under this provision.[51] There has been growing political attempts to introduce more sharia regulations.[52]
     Sierra Leone     It has a common law system influenced by customary law.[16]
     Somalia     Sharia was adopted in 2009.[53] Article 2 of Somali 2012 Constitution states no law can be enacted that is not compliant with the general principles and objectives of Sharia.[54][55] Sharia currently influences all aspects of Xeer as well as Somalia's formal legal system.[56]
     Sudan     Sharia has been declared the chief source of all legislation in Sudan's 1968, 1973 and 1998 Constitutions.[57] In 2005, Sudan adopted an interim national constitution; it removed some references to Sharia, but included Sharia-derived criminal, civil and personal legal codes, as well as Sharia-mandated hudud punishments.[58] The Criminal Act of 1991 prescribes punishments which include forty lashes for drinking alcohol, amputation of the right hand for theft of a certain value and stoning for adultery.[59][60]
     Tanzania     Islamic law is applicable to Muslims under the Judicature and Applications of Laws Act, empowering courts to apply Islamic law to matters of succession in communities that generally follow Islamic law in matters of personal status and inheritance. Unlike mainland Tanzania, Zanzibar retains Islamic courts.[61]
     Togo     It has a customary law system.[16]
     Tunisia     Tunisia has a long secular tradition with a legal system based on French civil law. The Law of Personal Status, considered a reference in secular family law across the Arab world, bans polygamy and extrajudicial divorce. Sharia courts were abolished in 1956.[62][63] Secular inheritance laws are indirectly based on Islamic jurisprudence, with religion never being mentioned in the Code of Personal Status; these laws accord to women half the share of property due to men.[64]
     Uganda     Article 129 (1) (d) of the constitution allows the parliament to establish by law "Qadhi’s courts for marriage, divorce, inheritance of property and guardianship".






South America
Key     Country     Notes
     Guyana     The country has a common law system.[16]
     Suriname     The country has a civil law system.[16]
Asia
Key     Country     Notes
     Afghanistan     Criminal law in Afghanistan continues to be governed in large part by Islamic law. The Criminal Law of September 1976 codifies sharia, and retains punishments such as the stoning to death of adulterers. However virtually all courts, including the Supreme Court of Afghanistan, rely on Islamic law directly.[66]
     Azerbaijan     The government is declared to be secular in the constitution.[31]
     Bahrain     Article 2 of Bahrain's 2002 Constitution as originally adopted, as well as after February 2012 amendment, declares Islamic Sharia is a chief source of legislation.[67][68] Four tiers of ordinary courts have jurisdiction over cases related to civil, administrative and criminal matters, with Court of Cassation the highest civil court in Bahrain; in all matters, the judges are required to resort to Sharia in case legislation is silent or unclear.[68] Sharia courts handle personal status laws.[69][70] A personal status law was codified in 2009 to regulate personal status matters. It applies only to Sunni Muslims; there is no codified personal status law for Shiites. In a Shari’a court a Muslim woman's testimony is worth half of that of a Muslim man.[71]
     Bangladesh     Marriage, divorce, alimony and property inheritance are regulated by Sharia for Muslims.[72] The Muslim Personal Law (Shariat) Application Act, 1937 (XXVI of 1937) applies to Muslims in all matters relating to Family Affairs.[73] Islamic family law is applied through the regular court system.[74] There are no limitations on interfaith marriages.[75]
     Brunei     Sharia courts decide personal status cases or cases relating to religious offences.[76] Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah declared in 2011 his wish to establish Islamic criminal law as soon as possible.[77] A new penal code enacted in May 2014 will eventually prescribe sharia punishments, including the severing of limbs for property crimes and death by stoning for adultery and homosexuality.[78]
     India     The Muslim Personal Law (Shariat) Application Act 1937 directs the application of Muslim Personal Law to Muslims in a number of different areas, mainly related to family law.[79]
     Iran     Article 167 of the constitution states that all judicial rulings must be based upon "authoritative Islamic sources and authentic fatwa".[80] Book 2 of the Islamic Penal Code of Iran is entirely devoted to hudud punishments.[81] Iranian application of sharia has been seen by scholars as highly flexible and directly contradicting traditional interpretations of the sharia.[82]
     Iraq     Article 1 of Civil Code identifies Islamic law as a main source of legislation.[83] The 1958 Code, made polygamy extremely difficult, granted child custody to the mother in case of divorce, prohibited repudiation and marriage under the age of 16.[84] In 1995, Iraq introduced Sharia punishment for certain types of criminal offenses.[85] Iraq's legal system is based on French civil law as well as Sunni and Jafari (Shi’ite) interpretations of Sharia.[86] Article 41 of the constitution allows for personal status matters (such as marriage, divorce and inheritance) to be governed by the rules of each religious group. The article has not yet been put into effect, and a unified personal status law remains in place that builds on the 1959 personal status code.[87]
     Israel     Sharia law is one of the sources of legislation for Muslim citizens.[88] Islamic law is binding on personal law issues for Muslim citizens.[88]
     Jordan     Jordan has Sharia courts and civil courts. Sharia courts have jurisdiction over personal status laws, cases concerning Diya (blood money in cases of crime where both parties are Muslims, or one is and both the Muslim and non-Muslim consent to Sharia court's jurisdiction), and matters pertaining to Islamic Waqfs.[89] The Family Law in force is the Personal Status Law of 1976, which is based on Sharia law.[84] In Sharia courts, the testimony of two women is equal to that of one man.[90]
     Kazakhstan     Islamic law was in force up until early 1920.[91] The 1995 constitution is not based on sharia.[92] However converting a Muslim is a crime.[93]
     Kuwait     Article 2 of Kuwait's constitution identifies Islamic Sharia as a main source of legislation.[67][94] According to the United Nations, Kuwait's legal system is a mix of British common law, French civil law, Egyptian civil law and Islamic law.[95] The sharia-based personal status law for Sunnis is based on the Maliki fiqh and for Shiites, their own school of Islam regulates personal status.[96][97] Before a family court the testimony of a woman is worth half of that of a man.[96] Kuwait blocks internet content prohibited by Sharia.[98]
     Kyrgyzstan     It has a civil law system.[31] However converting a Muslim is a crime.[99]
     Lebanon     Lebanon's legal system is based on a combination of Civil Law, Sharia law and Ottoman laws.[100] There are seventeen official religions in Lebanon, each with its own family law and religious courts. For the application of personal status laws, there are three separate sections: Sunni, Shia and non-Muslim. The Law of 16 July 1962 declares that Sharia law governs personal status laws of Muslims, with Sunni and Ja'afari Shia jurisdiction of Sharia law.[84] In a Muslim family court, the testimony of a woman is worth half of that of a man.[citation needed]
     Malaysia     Schedule 9 of Malaysian constitution recognizes Islamic law as a state subject; in other words, the states of Malaysia have the power to enact and enforce sharia.[101] Islamic criminal law statutes have been passed at the state level in Terengganu,[102] Kelantan[103] and Perlis,[104][page needed] but as of 2014 none of these laws have been implemented, as they contravene the Federal Constitution.[105][106][107] In 2007, Malaysia's Federal court ruled that apostasy matter lay "within the exclusive jurisdiction of Sharia Courts".[101] Malaysian Muslims can be sentenced to caning for such offences as drinking beer,[108] and adultery.[109] Several sharia crimes, such as khalwat (close proximity of unmarried man and woman) are punishable only in Sharia courts of Malaysia. Publishing an Islamic book that is different from official Malaysian version, without permission, is a crime in some states. Other sharia-based criminal laws were enacted with "Syariah Criminal Offences (Federal Territory) Act of 1997".[101] Muslims are bound by Sharia on personal matters, while members of other faiths follow civil law. Muslims are required to follow Islamic law in family, property and religious matters.[110] In 1988 the constitution was amended to state that civil courts cannot hear matters that fall within the jurisdiction of Sharia courts.[111]
     Maldives     Article 15 of the Act Number 1/81 (Penal Code) allows for hudud punishments.[112] Article 156 of the constitution states that law includes the norms and provisions of sharia.[113]
     Oman     Islamic Sharia is the basis for legislation in Oman per Article 2 of its Constitution, and promulgated as Sultani Decree 101/1996.[114] The Personal Statute (Family) Law issued by Royal Decree 97/32 codified provisions of Sharia.[115] Sharia Court Departments within the civil court system are responsible for personal status matters.[116] A 2008 law stipulates that the testimonies of men and women before a court are equal.[117] Oman's criminal law is based on a combination of Sharia and English common law.[118] Omani commercial law is largely based on Sharia; Article 5 of its Law of Commerce defaults to primacy of Sharia in cases of confusion, silence or conflict.
     Pakistan     Until 1978 Islamic law was largely restricted to personal status issues. Zia ul Haq introduced Sharia courts and made far reaching changes in the criminal justice system.[119] Articles 203a to 203j of the constitution establish a sharia court with the power to judge any law or government actions to be against Islam, and to review court cases for adherence to Islamic law. The penal code includes elements of sharia.[120] Under article 5, section 2 of the Ordinance No. VII of 1979, whoever is guilty of zina, "if he or she is a muhsan, be stoned to death at a public place; or if he or she is not a muhsan, be punished, at a public place, with whipping numbering one hundred stripes".[121] Under a 2006 law, rape cases can be heard under civil as well as Islamic law.[122]
     Philippines     There are sharia trial and circuit trial courts in Mindanao, which is home to the country's significant Filipino Muslim minority.[123] Sharia District Courts (SDCs) and Sharia Circuit Courts (SCCs) were created in 1977 through Presidential Decree 1083, which is also known as the Code of Muslim Personal Laws.[124] Sharia law only applies to civil cases involving all Muslims nationwide. Cases are handled in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao and a couple of Mindanao provinces that are not part of ARMM by both sharia district and circuit courts, organised into five sharia districts. Outside these areas, sharia-related cases are processed in civil courts under a session from the five sharia districts.[125] All other cases, including criminal ones, are dealt with by local civil courts.[126]
     Qatar     Sharia law is the main source of Qatari legislation according to Qatar's Constitution.[127][128] Sharia law is applied to laws pertaining to family law, inheritance, and several criminal acts (including adultery, robbery and murder). In some cases in Sharia-based family courts, a female's testimony is worth half a man's and in some cases a female witness is not accepted at all.[129] Flogging is used in Qatar as a punishment for alcohol consumption or illicit sexual relations.[130] Article 88 of Qatar's criminal code declares the punishment for adultery is 100 lashes.[131] Adultery is punishable by death when a Muslim woman and a non-Muslim man are involved.[131] In 2006, a Filipino woman was sentenced to 100 lashes for adultery.[131] In 2012, six expatriates were sentenced to floggings of either 40 or 100 lashes.[130] More recently in April 2013, a Muslim expatriate was sentenced to 40 lashes for alcohol consumption.[132][133][134] In June 2014, a Muslim expatriate was sentenced to 40 lashes for consuming alcohol and driving under the influence.[135] Judicial corporal punishment is common in Qatar due to the Hanbali interpretation of Sharia Law. Article 1 of the Law No. 11 Of 2004 (Penal Code) allows for the application of "Sharia provisions" for the crimes of theft, adultery, defamation, drinking alcohol and apostasy if either the suspect or the victim is a Muslim.[136]
     Saudi Arabia     Saudi criminal law is based totally on sharia.[137] No codified personal status law exists, which means that judges in courts rule based on their own interpretations of sharia.[138] See Legal system of Saudi Arabia
     Singapore     Sharia courts may hear and determine actions in which all parties are Muslims or in which parties involved were married under Muslim law. Court has jurisdiction over cases related to marriage, divorce, betrothal, nullity of marriage, judicial separation, division of property on divorce, payment of dowry, maintenance, and muta.[139]
     Sri Lanka     Private matters of Muslims are governed by Muslim Law, including marriage, divorce custody and maintenance. Muslim law principles have been codified in the Act No. 13 of 1951 Marriage and Divorce (Muslim) Act; Act No. 10 of 1931 Muslim Intestate Succession Ordinance and Act No. 51 of 1956 Muslim Mosques and Charitable Trusts or Wakfs Act.[140]
     Syria     Article 3 of the 1973 Syrian constitution declares Islamic jurisprudence one of Syria's main sources of legislation.[141] The Personal Status Law 59 of 1953 (amended by Law 34 of 1975) is essentially a codified Sharia law.[142] The Code of Personal Status is applied to Muslims by Sharia courts.[143] In Sharia courts, a woman's testimony is worth only half of a man's.[144]
     Tajikistan     The government is declared to be secular in the constitution.[31] However converting a Muslim is a crime.[145]
     Turkmenistan     Article 11 of the constitution declares that religious groups are separate from the state and the state educational system. But the legal system is civil law with Islamic influences [146][147] Also converting a Muslim is a crime.[148]
     Turkey     As part of Atatürk's Reforms, sharia was abolished in April 1924, with the Law Regarding the Abolition of Islamic Law Courts and Amendments Regarding the Court Organization.[149]
     UAE     Criminal law in UAE is governed by Islamic Courts alongside Secular courts. Also, Personal Status Law, and Family Law, are Sharia.
     Uzbekistan     It has a civil law system.[16] However converting a Muslim is a crime.[150]
     Yemen     Law 20/1992 regulates personal status. The constitution mentions sharia.[151] Penal law provides for application of hadd penalties for certain crimes, although the extent of implementation is unclear.[152] Article 263 of the 1994 penal code states that "the adulterer and adulteress without suspicion or coercion are punished with whipping by one hundred strokes as a penalty if not married. [...] If the adulterer or the adulteress are married, they are punished by stoning them to death."[153]
Europe
Key     Country     Notes
     Albania     It has a civil law system, except in the northern rural areas where the Code of Leke prevails.[16]
     Bosnia and Herzegovina     It has a civil law system.[16]
     United Kingdom     As of 2014, there were reported to be around 85 "shariah courts" in the UK,[154][155] operated by two rival services -- Islamic Sharia Council and the newer, smaller, less strict Muslim Arbitration Tribunal.[154][156] The councils/tribunals provide arbitration that is voluntary but legally binding, are "officially mandated" and set up outside the court system.[156][157]

During recent years Sharia councils have been used increasingly in the UK and there are claims some of them act unfairly to women including legitimizing forced marriages and issuing discriminatory divorces to women. There are claims that some women were victims of inequitable decisions. According to Home Secretary, Theresa May, there is only one rule of law in the UK providing security for all citizens. There will be an independent review of whether Sharia discriminates against women, also "whether, and to what extent, the application of Sharia law may be incompatible with the law in England and Wales".[158]
     Germany     Sharia law is part of Germany's private law through the regulations of the German international private law. It applies to people with nationalties from countries using Sharia law. Its application is limited by the ordre public.[159]
States with limited recognition
Key     Country     Notes
     Gaza Strip     The Egyptian personal status law of 1954 is applied. The personal status law is based on Islamic law and regulates matters related to inheritance, marriage, divorce and child custody. Shari’a courts hear cases related to personal status. The testimony of a woman is worth only half of that of a man in cases related to marriage, divorce and child custody.[160]
     Kosovo     From independence in 2008 Kosovo has its own new Constitution, where influence of international laws are very visible. Woman's rights, Anti Discrimination law and many other laws are similar as western countries. Still in some rural areas, specially in province of Dukagjine is applied "Kanuni i Leke Dukagjinit" - "Code of Leke Dukagjini" .[16]
     Northern Cyprus     It has a secular legal system with heavy influence of modern-day Turkish laws. Info about whether civil or common law applies remains very vague.[161]
     Palestine     The Jordanian personal status law of 1976 is applied. The personal status law is based on Islamic law and regulates matters related to inheritance, marriage, divorce and child custody. Sharia courts hear cases related to personal status. The testimony of a woman is worth only half of that of a man in cases related to marriage, divorce and child custody.[160]
     Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic     Local qadis (sharia judges) have jurisdiction over personal status and family law issues.[162]
     Somaliland     Islamic and customary law apply.[163]
Regional variations
Country     Key     Region(s)     Notes
 Greece         Western Thrace     Under the 1923 Treaty of Lausanne, Sharia regulates marriage, divorce, custody of children and inheritance for Muslims who reside in Western Thrace; the treaty also allows for the establishment of auqaf.[164] Muslim can alternatively choose a civil marriage and take their cases to civil court.[164] The question of the use of Sharia in Greece is the subject of recent[when?] judicial review.[165]
    Rest of Greece     In other parts of Greece, all people are subjected exclusively to the provisions of the civil code, regardless of their religion.[166]
 Indonesia          Aceh     Aceh is the only part of Indonesia to apply Sharia in full. Islamic courts in Aceh had long handled cases of marriage, divorce and inheritance. After special autonomy legislation was passed in 2001, the reach of courts extend to criminal justice.[167] Under a 2009 law, married people convicted of adultery can be sentenced to death by stoning, while unmarried people can be sentenced to 100 lashes. Offences such as being alone with an unrelated member of the opposite gender, gambling and breaking Islamic dress rules can be punished with a public caning.[168] In 2014, the provincial government of Aceh extended sharia's reach, enacting and enforcing sharia to apply it to non-Muslims as well.[169][170]
    Rest of Indonesia     In other parts of Indonesia, religious courts have jurisdiction over civil cases between Muslim spouses on matters concerning marriage, divorce, reconciliation, and alimony. The competence of religious courts is not exclusive, and parties can apply to District Courts for adjudication on basis of Roman Dutch law or local adat.[171][dated info] Suharto’s New Order expanded the reach of Islamic law, first with the 1974 Marriage Act, which assigned jurisdiction over the marriage and divorce of Muslims to the Islamic courts (Indonesian: peradilan agama), and with the 1989 Religious Judicature Act, which elevated Islamic courts by making them a parallel legal system, equal to state courts and gave them jurisdiction over inheritance (wasiyyah), gifts (hibah) and religious endowments.[172] Muslim litigants could originally choose whether to have inheritance questions decided by the Islamic courts or by the civil courts, but a 2006 amendment eliminated this possibility; the same amendment gave Islamic courts new jurisdiction over property disputes, including financial and economic matters.[172] Muslims seeking a divorce must also file their claim in Islamic courts.[172] The Compilation of Islamic Law 1991 (Indonesian: Kompilasi Hukum Islam) regulates marriage, inheritance, and charitable trusts (wakaf).[172] Islamic law falls outside the jurisdiction of the Constitutional Court.[172] Since 2006, a number of districts have issued local ordinances based on sharia.[173]
 Nigeria (article)         Sharia states     Until 1999, Islamic law applied primarily to civil matters, but twelve of Nigeria’s thirty-six states have since extended Sharia to criminal matters.[174] Sharia courts can order amputations, and a few have been carried out.[175] The twelve sharia states are Zamfara, Bauchi, Borno, Gombe, Jigawa, Kaduna, Kano, Katsina, Kebbi, Niger, Sokoto and Yobe.[176]
    Borno, Gombe and Yobe     Borno, Gombe and Yobe have not yet begun to apply their Sharia Penal Codes.[177]
    Rest of Nigeria     The rest of Nigeria has a mixed legal system of English common law and traditional law.[16]
 Thailand         Yala, Narathiwat, Pattani and Songkhla     In Yala, Narathiwat, Pattani and Songkhla provinces, Islamic law is allowed for settling family and inheritance issues under a 1946 law.[178]
    Rest of Thailand     The remaining provinces of Thailand have a civil law system with common law influences.[16]
 United Arab Emirates (article)         Dubai and Ras Al Khaimah     Dubai and Ras Al Khaimah are not part of the federal judicial system.[179]
    Rest of the UAE     The court system comprises Sharia courts and civil courts. Judicial corporal punishment is a legal form of punishment in UAE due to the Sharia courts. Flogging is used in UAE as a punishment for criminal offences such as adultery, premarital sex and prostitution.[131] In most emirates, floggings of Muslims are frequent, especially for adultery, prostitution and drunkenness, with sentences ranging from 80 to 200 lashes.[180][181] Between 2007 and 2013, many people were sentenced to 100 lashes.[131][182][183][184][185][186][187][188] Moreover, in 2010 and 2012, several Muslims were sentenced to 80 lashes for alcohol consumption.[189][190] Under UAE law, premarital sex is punishable by 100 lashes.[191] Stoning is a legal form of judicial punishment in UAE. In 2006, an expatriate was sentenced to death by stoning for committing adultery.[192] Between 2009 and 2013, several people were sentenced to death by stoning.[185][193][194] In May 2014, an Asian housemaid was sentenced to death by stoning in Abu Dhabi.[195][196][197] Sharia law dictates the personal status law, which regulate matters such as marriage, divorce and child custody. The Sharia-based personal status law is applied to Muslims and sometimes non-Muslims.[198] Non-Muslim expatriates are liable to Sharia rulings on marriage, divorce and child custody.[198] Sharia courts have exclusive jurisdiction to hear family disputes, including matters involving divorce, inheritances, child custody, child abuse and guardianship of minors. Sharia courts may also hear appeals of certain criminal cases including rape, robbery, and related crimes.[179] Apostasy is a crime punishable by death in the UAE. UAE incorporates hudud crimes of Sharia into its Penal Code – apostasy being one of them.[199] Article 1 and Article 66 of UAE's Penal Code requires hudud crimes to be punished with the death penalty,[199][200] therefore apostasy is punishable by death in the UAE. Emirati women must receive permission from male guardian to remarry.[201] The requirement is derived from Sharia, and has been federal law since 2005.[201] In all emirates, it is illegal for Muslim women to marry non-Muslims.[202] In the UAE, a marriage union between a Muslim woman and non-Muslim man is punishable by law, since it is considered a form of "fornication".





 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Application_of_sharia_law_by_country



-----------------


Iraqi women protest against proposed Islamic law in Iraq



 Mar 8, 2014



 http://www.reuters.com/article/us-iraq-women-islam-idUSBREA270NR20140308



-----------


Professor as ISIS Target

March 2, 2015



Scott Jaschik

ISIS has declared that a Rhodes College professor -- a key figure in American Islam -- is an apostate who deserves to be killed...



https://www.insidehighered.com/news/2015/03/02/rhodes-college-professor-finds-himself-targeted-isis


--------------



Al Qaeda Wants To Kill Warren Buffett, Bill Gates: Magazine Releases 9/11 Assassination List


09/10/15


 http://www.ibtimes.com/al-qaeda-wants-kill-warren-buffett-bill-gates-magazine-releases-911-assassination-2090759




-----------




 How the Vatican created Islam


How the Vatican created Islam. The astonishing story from an ex-Jesuit priest, Alberto Rivera, which was told to him by Cardinal Bea while he was at the Vatican.


2006 04 13



 "The Jesuits wanted Russia involved, and the location of this vision at Fatima could play a key part in pulling Islam to the Mother Church.


 http://www.redicecreations.com/specialreports/2006/04apr/catholicislam.html




------------
Christianity vs. Islam

 http://www.diffen.com/difference/Christianity_vs_Islam



 __________



Unitarianism


Unitarianism is a Christian theological movement named for the affirmation that God is one entity, in direct contrast to Trinitarianism, which defines God as three persons in one being. Unitarians maintain that Jesus of Nazareth is in some sense the "son" of God (as all humans are children of the Creator), but that he is not the one God himself.  They may believe that he was inspired by God in his moral teachings and can be considered a savior, but all Unitarians perceive Christ as human rather than divine. Unitarianism is also known for the rejection of several other Western Christian doctrines, including the soteriological doctrines of original sin and predestination, and, in more recent history, biblical inerrancy. Unitarians in previous centuries accepted the doctrine of punishment in an eternal hell, but few do today.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unitarianism




____________




The word Catholic, means Universal. For many years, the Catholic Church, has been trying to unify the people, under one unified banner of worship. Many people question if the Catholic Church, changed parts of the Bible, and added symbolism. Many question if there was in fact, a person similar to Jesus. However, over a period of time, that many of the stories and messages were distorted.


Different governments, such as Russia and America, have supported and radicalized groups such as Islamic militas. Then this type of violent behavior, radicalizes individuals in these religious groups, to create violent actions and violent groups.


Many say that the government wants to end organised religion as well.


Some even think that the government, wants to fight against certain Islamic and Christian groups. This could create a backlash, from the people of these religious groups. Both Islam and Christianity, have over a billion members each.


Some think that a war from the government, against these religious groups, could have people in these religious groups, become even more concerned for the government trying to ban their religion. This could cause more people to even want to join groups such as the Catholic Church. The government knows that people can be controlled by the masses, through organised religion, and religious figures that tell the masses what to do.


Some governments even put certain Christian groups, in the same types of terrorist watchlists, as certain radical religious groups of Islam.


Islam, has forms of the Christian religion, in many aspects.


Some ask, why would Christian groups want to fight the government.


There remain different religious groups, who believe that the government is really controlled by very bad individuals. The government we have, is known as a Roman type system, to many religious groups. Others even call different modern day governments we see, as another form of Babylon. Such as how you hear about Babylon, in many reggae songs.


Some people in these religious groups, actually believe that they are fighting against the same government, as ancient Babylon or ancient Rome.



Some people even have mentioned, how the government, including the Catholic Church, want to use Islam, as an attack dog.


Some Islamic cultures are very strict, and many of these individuals are easily controlled by the local Caliphates. If individuals try to act out, they are disciplined by their peers, very quickly. Even certain monks in different religions, are also treated in similar ways.


If the people in power, were to try to unify Christianity and Islam, into one type of religion, then those people could possibly be easily controlled. These individuals could be told what to do, by a Pope, priest or Caliphate, such as what has been going on for over a thousand years. Some think that the government could then easily control the masses, through organised religion.


The people that mention this, also mentioned at how dark of a time we are in right now, in our history of the world. When you look at some of the movies, music and different alternative cultures. Some question if we can even get much darker, as a society. With all of the war, famine, poverty and corruption going on. Many even think that the civilization we have right now, is not the best type of civilization, that we could have. We do have many good advancements in technology, and there are many good people out there still.


What I hear being mentioned, is that the government wants to create a dark type culture, so that people will want to have a choice, to be able to join a religion, such as Catholicism or organised Islam with the Caliphates. This type of organised religion, would be another form of an outlet, from the everyday violence and darkness, that we see in society.


Some people have tried to mention, that Christianity, including Islam, both have individuals  that claim they fighting against the New World Order. When in actuality, currently with the corruption with the Caliphates, many think that Islam, has become the New World Order, to many. This includes the corruption in the Vatican as well.


We cannot support much of the extremism, going on in the Islamic Nation. We can see that it was the government that radicalized the Muslim population. This is being done, to create more wars and strife. It is another form of trying to divide and conquer the people. History has been repeating itself for thousands of years, with these types of events. This is why we really must question many organised religions of the world, including the governments of the world. This is why we must promote peace, and not war. People should be able to have freedom of religion, without being forced to convert by force, to other religions. Many of these religious groups and religious zealots, also threaten the security of the American people, including other peaceful countries. Many people also disagree with many religious groups entirely, including the wars being fought over religion.  Many people can respect the traditions of religious groups. While others accuse certain religious groups, of having almost darker intentions throughout history.







____________


One World Religion: Former Israeli President Proposes Pope to Head ‘UN for Religions’

 May 4th, 2015



http://www.thedailysheeple.com/new-world-religious-order-former-israeli-president-proposed-for-pope-to-run-un-for-religions_052015



__________




Peres proposes ‘UN for religions’ to pope at Vatican

  09/05/2014


 http://www.jpost.com/Israel-News/Politics-And-Diplomacy/Peres-proposes-UN-for-religions-to-pope-at-Vatican-374526


VATICAN CITY – Former president Shimon Peres emerged from a Vatican City audience with Pope Francis Thursday after proposing a kind of United Nations for religions.


Peres, 91, who was the world’s oldest head of state until his term ended six weeks ago, met with Francis amid heightened tensions in the Middle East.


He used the talks to highlight human rights abuses from Hamas and to discuss the rise of anti-Semitism in Europe.


But the main topic of conversation was Peres’s idea to create a UN-like organization he called “the United Religions.”


Peres said the Argentina-born pontiff was the only world figure respected enough to bring an end to the wars raging in the Middle East and elsewhere in the world.


“In the past, most of the wars in the world were motivated by the idea of nationhood,” Peres said. “But today, wars are incited using religion as an excuse.”


Vatican spokesman Fr. Federico Lombardi confirmed to reporters that Peres had pitched his idea for “the United Religions” but said Francis did not commit to it.


“The pope listened, showing his interest, attention, and encouragement,” Lombardi said, adding that the pope pointed to the Pontifical Councils for Interreligious Dialogue and for Justice and Peace as existing agencies “suitable” for supporting interfaith peace initiatives.




________




The Pope has been highly criticized in the following video, for telling people that you need the Catholic Church, in order to have a relationship with God or Jesus.


-
Catholic Church Spearheads One World Religion



The Catholic Church recently released a video encouraging the universal acceptance of all religions. Pope Francis also alleges that a personal relationship with Jesus is dangerous. This is a quick look at how such thinking measures up with the Bible.


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JQOK7BYongk




---------------



Even different types of organised religion, continues to be used to control a good majority of the populations, in different countries. Extremists in different religions, are used as violent militia types, in order to destroy the civilizations of other cultures. Christianity and Islam talk about the same types of prophets, including angels. Some people would say that the way organised religion works today, is not exactly how the original authors of these faiths, originally intended these groups to act. This is why Sunni and Shiites, disagree if women should have to wear veils in public.


  Some say that Mohammad told his followers to convert people by the sword.


There are many good things that we can find in Christianity, including Islam. However, some people question certain parts of the Bible and Quran. Then many churches, including different types of officials, try to influence new laws in Islam.


Much of the world does not understand that there is also a difference between mainstream Protestant Christianity, including the Catholic Church. Many people accuse the Catholic Church, of going to war, in the name of religion, for thousands of years. This includes the Church of Rome, including the influences from other cultures, that existed before Rome.


Catholicism added many symbols, chivalric orders, including strange groups such as Opus Dei. Then people who are not Christian, start to think that most Christians go along with these types of rituals and events, which is not true.


It is the Protestant Christians, that continue to protest against the Catholic Church, even after all these hundreds of years.





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Origins of Communist Pope Exposed

 Sep 24, 2015


Alex Jones talks with Vatican expert Leo Zagami about Pope Francis and his real agenda.


 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3u6V9TCOQnE



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Pope Francis: questions remain over his role during Argentina's dictatorship

 13 March 2013

 http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/mar/14/pope-francis-argentina-military-junta

Jorge Bergoglio was head of the Jesuit order in the 1970s when the church backed military government and called for patriotism


Despite the joyful celebrations outside the Municipal Cathedral in Buenos Aires yesterday, the news of Latin America's first pope was clouded by lingering concerns about the role of the church – and its new head – during Argentina's brutal military dictatorship.

The Catholic church and Pope Francis have been accused of a complicit silence and worse during the "dirty war" of murders and abductions carried out by the junta that ruled Argentina from 1976 to 1983.


The evidence is sketchy and contested. Documents have been destroyed and many of those who were victims or perpetrators have died in the years that followed. The moral argument is clear, but the reality of life at that time put many people in a grey position. It was dangerous at that time to speak out and risk being labelled a subversive. But many, including priests and bishops, did so and subsequently disappeared. Those who stayed silent have subsequently had to live with their consciences — and sometimes the risk of a trial.




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Pope Francis, CIA and ‘Death Squads’
March 16, 2013
 https://consortiumnews.com/2013/03/16/pope-francis-the-cia-and-death-squads/

Exclusive: In the 1970s, Father Jorge Bergoglio faced a moment of truth: Would he stand up to Argentina’s military neo-Nazis “disappearing” thousands including priests, or keep his mouth shut and his career on track? Like many other Church leaders, Pope Francis took the safe route, Robert Parry reports.



By Robert Parry


The election of Argentine Cardinal Jorge Bergoglio as Pope Francis brings back into focus the troubling role of the Catholic hierarchy in blessing much of the brutal repression that swept Latin America in the 1970s and 1980s, killing and torturing tens of thousands of people including priests and nuns accused of sympathizing with leftists.

The Vatican’s fiercely defensive reaction to the reemergence of these questions as they relate to the new Pope also is reminiscent of the pattern of deceptive denials that became another hallmark of that era when propaganda was viewed as an integral part of the “anticommunist” struggles, which were often supported financially and militarily by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency.


It appears that Bergoglio, who was head of the Jesuit order in Buenos Aires during Argentina’s grim “dirty war,” mostly tended to his bureaucratic rise within the Church as Argentine security forces “disappeared” some 30,000 people for torture and murder from 1976 to 1983, including 150 Catholic priests suspected of believing in “liberation theology.”

Much as Pope Pius XII didn’t directly challenge the Nazis during the Holocaust, Father Bergoglio avoided any direct confrontation with the neo-Nazis who were terrorizing Argentina. Pope Francis’s defenders today, like apologists for Pope Pius, claim he did intervene quietly to save some individuals.

But no one asserts that Bergoglio stood up publicly against the “anticommunist” terror, as some other Church leaders did in Latin America, most notably El Salvador’s Archbishop Oscar Romero who then became a victim of right-wing assassins in 1980.

Indeed, the predominant role of the Church hierarchy – from the Vatican to the bishops in the individual countries – was to give political cover to the slaughter and to offer little protection to the priests and nuns who advocated “liberation theology,” i.e. the belief that Jesus did not just favor charity to the poor but wanted a just society that shared wealth and power with the poor.




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'Mega' Agenda 21 resurrected with pope's help
U.S. visit converges with end of Shemitah, Jade Helm, blood moon

Published: 08/31/201


As the choppy waters of September 2015 move ashore, all eyes will be on Pope Francis’ visit to the United States, jittery stock markets and signs in the heavens.

Francis is expected to enthusiastically endorse a new U.N. document that promises to wipe out poverty by 2030 by reordering the world economy along the lines of socialist principles. The document, titled “Transforming Our World: 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development,” also seeks to “strengthen universal peace” and usher in a new era of shared prosperity.



 http://www.wnd.com/2015/08/mega-agenda-21-resurrected-with-popes-help/#PBjkP5fmml7dt8Fp.99





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Pope Francis First Speech: ‘We Must Build A New World Order’

Monday, March 18, 2013

http://beforeitsnews.com/alternative/2013/03/pope-francis-first-speech-we-must-build-a-new-world-order-2596132.html




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His Holiness Pope Francis Receives President Putin


http://www.smomembassytoslovenia.org/Pres.%20Putin%20with%20Pope%20Francis.html





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Wait... what? Pope Says 'This May Be The Last Christmas For Humanity'



12-23-2015


Pope Francis told crowds in St. Peter’s Square that this Christmas might be the last one for humanity. In a grim speech, the Pope said that the current chaotic state of the world marks the beginning of the “end times”, and that this time next year the world is likely to be unrecognisable. Francis, who previously announced the beginning of World War 3, had labelled this year’s Christmas as a “charade” during a Mass at the Casa Santa Maria earlier in the month. “We are close to Christmas. There will be lights, there will be parties, bright trees, even Nativity scenes – all decked out – while the world continues to wage war,” he said earlier in December. The Pontiff, who turned 79 on Thursday, elaborated on his views this weekend, telling a crowd, “While the world starves, burns, and descends further into chaos, we should realise that this year’s Christmas celebrations for those who choose to celebrate it may be their last“. “Unless the path to peace is recognised, we must weep for those innocent victims who grow by the day, and ask God for forgiveness. As Jesus and God weeps, I do too“ ( via rollingstone.com ).


 http://www.disclose.tv/news/wait_what_pope_says_this_may_be_the_last_christmas_for_humanity/125881




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Pope, Putin to discuss relationship between Catholic, Russian church

Nov. 7, 2013


(Putin G20)


http://www.upi.com/Top_News/World-News/2013/11/07/Pope-Putin-to-discuss-relationship-between-Catholic-Russian-church/45161383832034/





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Time to establish a new world order, says Putin

October 29, 2014


Russian President Vladimir Putin has called on the international community to establish a new world order with the aim of preventing future conflicts. Speaking at an international discussion forum in Sochi, Putin affirmed the immutability of Russia’s position and called on the West to enter into a dialogue to solve today’s problems.


  http://rbth.com/international/2014/10/29/time_to_establish_a_new_world_order_says_putin_40973.html)




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Putin Checkmates Obama On New World Order WWIII

  Sep 30, 2015


 In this video Luke Rudkowski breaks down the latest propaganda and gives you a real look at what's happening with between Putin and Obama fight over Syria.


 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WQz1d9zwtXA



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We often hear both sides of the story, about Vladimir Putin. Some claim that Putin is part of a New World Order type political structure, of trying to control the masses, by military occupation and force. While other people in the media, claim that he is trying to fight against  the new corrupt political structure in the EU and many governments of the world.



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 The pope has even suggested, that Donald Trump, is not a real Christian.



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Pope Francis Suggests Donald Trump Is ‘Not Christian’

FEB. 18, 2016


http://www.nytimes.com/2016/02/19/world/americas/pope-francis-donald-trump-christian.html


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Some people question if the Pope can say who is a Christian, and who isn't. This is why many Protestant type Christians exist. Protestants, are Christians that have protested, against the ways of the Catholic Church.


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As we know, the Pope lives in Rome. Some people think that the Pope is trying still gain influence and control, over many parts of the globe. This includes influence that the Pope has in Israel, as a Holy Land.  Different people in the media, have accused the new Pope, as being a pawn, for a type of global government agenda, under the United Nations. Many have accused the new Pope of wanting to create a global religion, that many have called Chrislam. Which is a mix of Christianity and Islam. 




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 Alex Jones states that the elite are in the process of gun confiscation. The elite want to create a corporate planetary government, endorsed by the Pope.


-
Stealth Gun Confiscation Begins!

 Feb 24, 2016


 https://youtu.be/zqXxgMddd4Y?t=7m11s



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Pope Francis Calls For A One World Race


 May 7, 2016


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I1S7Gd-uBD4


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Hitler Style Superstate Coming To The EU

 The European Union is pursuing a similar goal to Hitler in trying to create a powerful superstate, Boris Johnson says.


In a dramatic interview with the Telegraph, he warns that while bureaucrats in Brussels are using “different methods” from the Nazi dictator, they share the aim of unifying Europe under one “authority”.


But the EU’s “disastrous” failures have fuelled tensions between member states and allowed Germany to grow in power, “take over” the Italian economy and “destroy” Greece, he warns.


 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OCiWXEA8OAM


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Pope Francis Declares Himself The Anti Christ

May 20, 2016



In a shocking interview, Pope Francis likened Jesus Christ to ISIS and said Muslim migrants must breed with Europeans to counter “declining birth rates.”

“Today, I don’t think that there is a fear of Islam as such but of ISIS and its war of conquest, which is partly drawn from Islam,” he told French newspaper La Croix. “It is true that the idea of conquest is inherent in the soul of Islam, however, it is also possible to interpret the objective in Matthew’s Gospel, where Jesus sends his disciples to all nations, in terms of the same idea of conquest.”



 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N7b0zEcYpNY



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Alex Jones: Is The Pope The Devil?

Aug 8, 2015



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R2VqTQB-no0


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 We can see a long history, of religious wars, being fought in the Middle East. We can see that history often repeats itself, in many different ways.

 The following article is written by an Israeli author, with his views about the Pope, and the Middle East Conflict. This article explains, why many Israeli, including Hebrew people, are concerned with the new Pope.


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Biblical Prophecy From Book of Obadiah Reveals Pope’s Shocking Jewish Agenda

January 25, 2016



 http://www.breakingisraelnews.com/59722/prophetic-truth-behind-rapprochement-between-pope-jews-jewish-world/


However, according to Singer, there’s a third, darker element that has been overlooked by most. This third element, which has prophetic implications, tells the real story of the Catholic Church’s agenda toward Israel.




Pope Makes Friends With Abbas

In May 2015, the Pope drew the Roman Catholic Church closer to the Palestinian Authority when he called PA President Mahmoud Abbas a man of faith and an angel of peace. A month later, in June 2015, the Vatican signed a treaty recognizing the State of Palestine.

Although the modern state of Israel was established in 1948, diplomatic relations between Israel and the Vatican were not established until 1993, 43 years after the founding of the State. Yet the Vatican has already recognized the State of Palestine, despite the fact that no such entity exists.

The Prophecy

According to Singer, the Pope recognizing the PA points to an End of Days prophecy that speaks of Edom (Rome) coming up against Jerusalem. The Jewish people’s conflict with Edom is discussed in the Book of Daniel (2:31-35) which speaks of four exiles of the Jewish people. Until the arrival of the Messiah, the Jewish people, even those who live in Israel, are still in the fourth exile, known as Galut Edom (the Exile of Rome)

The Exile of Rome began when the Romans destroyed the Second Temple in the year 70 CE, and continues until today. It will only end in the Messianic days, when the Third Temple is built. The Book of Obadiah includes a prophecy that, at the End of Days, Edom (Rome) will attempt to come up against Jerusalem a second time.

    The vision of Obadiah. Thus saith the Lord GOD concerning Edom: We have heard a message from the LORD, and an ambassador is sent among the nations: ‘Arise ye, and let us rise up against her in battle.’  (Obadiah 1:1)

According to Singer, the surest way for Edom to “rise up against Jerusalem” and destroy Israel is to strengthen her enemy. Thus, the Pope’s friendship with Abbas and his efforts to embolden the PA is the real story, the true fulfillment of the prophecy of Obadiah.

Singer urged that the world not be fooled by signs that the Pope and the Jews are warming up to one another. The Catholic Church’s true agenda, to fight against Jerusalem, as Obadiah prophesied, is being revealed by the Church’s recognition of the non-existent State of Palestine.





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 As for a record, here are a few more articles, on the Pope and his influence in Jerusalem.


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The Pope Is Not Welcome in Jerusalem

By Israel Shamir


http://www.israelshamir.net/English/Pope.htm

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 Why Doesn’t the Pope Live in Jerusalem?


 http://www.christiantimelines.com/Pope%20in%20Rome.htm



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It would be nice to have a presidential candidate, that would not escalate wars with other countries. All countries should never have to go to war, especially with all of the new weapon technology that exists. We should help the planet, and not destroy it.


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 Russian President, Vladimir Putin, says that Trump would be a better candidate than Hillary Clinton.


----------------



Video: Putin Endorses Trump

December 17, 2015


 http://www.infowars.com/putin-endorses-trump/



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 Vladimir Putin endorsed Donald Trump. However, Putin also endorsed Obama for re-election, in the 2012 race.


------------


That Time Vladimir Putin Endorsed Barack Obama

That awkward moment


 Dec 22, 2015

http://russia-insider.com/en/time-vladimir-putin-endorsed-barack-obama/ri11964



----------------


With the amount of special interest in politics, including financial and political gains that Putin has. Some people accuse Putin, of being one of the richest people in the entire world. It would not seem wise, to put trust in an individual such as Putin.  An individual such as Putin, should not be given the power to authorize the use of military force, to create more wars, including the use of nuclear weapons. Russia even has its own military industrial complex, which Putin has investments in. We understand that both NATO and BRICS, are both corrupt political groups.




For more information on Vladimir Putin, view chapter 29, titled  "Putin & Political corruption."



It is not good, having to witness governments from these two organisations, threaten mutual nuclear war and destruction. Extremists, including zealots, exist on both sides of these groups. Some religious groups even want to create wars. We need to put an end to certain extremist groups, such as The Blue Army of Our Lady of Fátima.






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Chapter 10: Blue Army of Our Lady of Fátima

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We have heard of many chivalric orders of the Vatican, such as the Knights of Malta. Many people often hear very little about other types of influential societies and organisations, such as "The Blue Army of Our Lady of Fátima."


 Many clam that The Blue Army of Our Lady of Fátima, is a religious organisation, that is dedicated to converting countries, by "the promotion of the authentic teaching of the Roman Catholic Church and the strict adherence to the tenets of the Gospel."


It is often debated, the exact amount of political influence and power, that this organisation has. Many even question if different religious organisations, such as the The Blue Army of Our Lady of Fátima, are responsible for being associated with accelerating religious conflicts, in order to gain religious control.



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Blue Army of Our Lady of Fátima


 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blue_Army_of_Our_Lady_of_F%C3%A1tima


 The Blue Army of Our Lady of Fátima, now mostly known as the World Apostolate of Fátima, is a public international association of the Christian faithful that has as its general purpose "the promotion of the authentic teaching of the Roman Catholic Church and the strict adherence to the tenets of the Gospel; the personal sanctification of adherents through faithful adherence to the Message of Fátima and the promotion of the common good by the spreading of that Message of Fátima".



Membership


Membership in its most basic sense is through making a Pledge promising the following:


  To offer up every day the sacrifices demanded by one's daily duty to the faithful observance of God's law


    To say five decades of the Rosary daily while meditating on the mysteries

    To wear the brown scapular of Our Lady of Mount Carmel as a sign and reminder of personal consecration to our Lady and

    On the first Saturday of five consecutive months, with the intention of making reparation to the Immaculate Heart of Mary, confess and receive Holy Communion, recite five decades of the Rosary, and keep company with Our Lady for fifteen minutes while meditating on the mysteries of the Rosary.


The official pledge of membership is :


    I pledge myself to Our Lady and wish, thereby, to join the World Apostolate of Fátima.


    Dear Queen and Mother, who promised at Fátima to convert Russia and bring peace to all mankind, in reparation for my sins and the sins of the whole world, I solemnly promise to Your Immaculate Heart:


        To offer up every day the sacrifices demanded by my daily duty


        To pray at least five decades of the Rosary daily while meditating on the Mysteries


        To wear the Scapular of Mount Carmel as profession of this promise and as an act of consecration to You,


        To accomplish the devotion of the Five First Saturdays of the month, including the fifteen-minute meditation on the Mysteries of the Rosary.


    I shall renew this promise often, especially in moments of temptation.


The daily offering mentioned, is traditionally the following:


    O my God in union with the Immaculate Heart of Mary (here kiss the brown scapular). I offer Thee the Precious Blood of Jesus from all the altars throughout the world, joining with it the offering of my every thought, word and action of this day.


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blue_Army_of_Our_Lady_of_F%C3%A1tima





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Consecration of Russia


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Consecration_of_Russia


The Consecration of Russia to the Immaculate Heart of Mary by a specific act of a Pope along with all the other bishops of the world has been demanded in the belief that this will usher in a period of world peace following Armageddon and the final return of Jesus Christ.


This controversial belief is associated with the reported Marian apparitions at Fátima to three Portuguese children in 1917 and later to the one survivor of the three, Lúcia dos Santos at the city of Tuy, Spain in 1929, in which Sister Lucia reported a vision representing God the Father, the Holy Spirit and Jesus. Lúcia stated that at different times the Virgin Mary had given her messages that emphasized praying the Rosary, wearing the Brown Scapular; and that she had made a number of prophecies and promises, one of these being that the consecration of Russia would usher in a period of world peace but will then usher the wars of End Times.


In response, Pope Pius XII (1942), Pope John Paul II (1984) and Pope Francis (2013) consecrated the world to the Immaculate Heart, with Pius XII also specifically consecrating "the peoples of Russia" in 1952, sometimes worded as "acts of entrustment.".


Though Sister Lúcia dos Santos declared that the consecrations of 1942 and 1984 were accepted in Heaven, certain pious devotees to the cause of Fatima, especially Traditionalist Catholics, dispute that a valid consecration of Russia, fulfilling the specific requirements of the Marian apparition at Tuy that were carried out since the consecration has never been performed in union with all the Catholic bishops of the world as was requested, nor that the specific mandate "Consecration of Russia" is not expressed in wording verbatim by the reigning Pope. The topic remains to be a disagreement issue stemming from the ecclesial changes ushered by the Second Vatican Council.






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Three Secrets of Fátima



https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Three_Secrets_of_F%C3%A1tima



The Three Secrets of Fátima consist of a series of apocalyptic visions and prophecies which by some are believed to have been given to three young Portuguese shepherds, Lúcia Santos and her cousins Jacinta and Francisco Marto, by an apparition of the Blessed Virgin Mary, starting on 13 May 1917. The three children claimed they were visited by a Marian apparition six times between May and October 1917. The apparition is now popularly known as Our Lady of Fátima.


According to the official Catholic interpretation, the three secrets involve Hell, World War I and World War II, and the attempted assassination by gunshot of Pope John Paul II.


On 13 July 1917, around noon, the Virgin Mary is said to have entrusted the children with three secrets. Two of the secrets were revealed in 1941 in a document written by Lúcia, at the request of José Alves Correia da Silva, Bishop of Leiria, to assist with the publication of a new edition of a book on Jacinta. When asked by the Bishop in 1943 to reveal the third secret, Lúcia struggled for a short period, being "not yet convinced that God had clearly authorized her to act." However, in October 1943 the Bishop ordered her to put it in writing. Lúcia then wrote the secret down and sealed it in an envelope not to be opened until 1960, when "it will appear clearer." The text of the third secret was officially released by Pope John Paul II in 2000, although some claim that it was not the entire secret revealed by Lúcia, despite repeated assertions from the Vatican to the contrary.


According to some believers, the purported prophecies and their actual realization were dependent on the personal request by the Blessed Virgin Mary to "consecrate Russia" to the Immaculate Heart.


To this date, the formal consecration of Russia is widely disputed as incomplete among some Fátima devotees. Some claim the varying consecrations made by recent Popes are insufficient in fulfilling the specific request that the Virgin Mary allegedly made. Others consider the issue irrelevant due to the finished actualisation of the Second Vatican Council and World War II.






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Fátima vs. the Conspiracy Theories

 February 28 2015


 http://www.thecatholicthing.org/2015/02/28/fatima-vs-conspiracy-theories/



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Both the Bible and the Quran mention Mary, many times.



Fa?imah is the name of the youngest daughter of the Islamic prophet, Muhammad. Some debate if, there is any relation between these two different people named Fatimah.


The name Fatima is an Arabic baby name. In Arabic the meaning of the name Fatima is: Captivating. Daughter of the Prophet Muhammad; one of four perfect women mentioned in the Koran. The other three were Aisha; Khadijah; and Mary.


The name Fatima also means "the shining one."  


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Fatimah

 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fatimah


Fa?imah bint Mu?ammad (/'fæt?m?, 'f??ti??m??/; Arabic: ?????? Fa?imah;[pronunciation 1] born c. 605 or 615 – died 28 August 632) is the youngest daughter of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and Khadijah, wife of Ali and mother of Hasan and Hussein, and one of the members of Ahl al-Bayt. She is the object of great veneration, love, and respect by all Muslims as she lived closest to her father (prophet Muhammad) and supported him in his difficulties, is the supporter and loving caretaker of her husband and children, and is the only member of Muhammad's family that gave him descendants, numerously spread through the Islamic world and known as Sayyids. The 11th century dynasty ruling Egypt at the time of the Crusades, the Fatimids, claimed descent from Fatimah.

For Muslims, Fatimah is an inspiring example and Fatimah is one of the most popular girl's names throughout the Muslim world.


Fatimah is a vital character in the religion of Islam and is considered a role model for all Muslim women. Although there is controversy regarding different sects of Islam as to her political role, she is the daughter of Muhammad and is loved and venerated by all Muslims.


 Iranians celebrate Fatima Zahra’s birth anniversary which is also designated as Mother's Day in the country


 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fatimah




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Mary in Islam


 Mary (Arabic: ????? Maryam), the mother of Jesus (Isa), is considered one of the most righteous women in the Islamic religion. She is mentioned more in the Quran than in the entire New Testament and is also the only woman mentioned by name in the Quran. According to the Quran, Jesus was born miraculously by the will of God without a father. His mother is regarded as a chaste and virtuous woman and is said to have been a virgin. The Quran states clearly that Jesus was the result of a virgin birth, but that neither Mary nor her son were divine. In the Quran, no other woman is given more attention than Mary and the Quran states that Mary was chosen above all women:


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mary_in_Islam




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Jesus in Islam


 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jesus_in_Islam


 Isa Ibn Maryam (Arabic: ???? ?? ????, translit.: ?Isa ibn Maryam; English: Jesus, son of Mary), or Jesus in the New Testament, is considered to be a Messenger of God and al-Masih (the Messiah) in Islam who was sent to guide the Children of Israel (bani isra'il) with a new scripture, al-Injil (the Gospel).  The belief that Jesus is a prophet is required in Islam. This is reflected in the fact that he is clearly a significant figure in the Quran, appearing in 93 ayaat (or verses) with various titles attached, with Moses appearing 136 times and Abraham 69 times. The Quran states that Jesus was born a 'pure boy' and untouched by sin to Mary (Arabic: Maryam) as the result of virginal conception, a miraculous event which occurred by the decree of God the Creator (Arabic: Allah) which follows the belief of the prophetic message in the Old Testament passage Isaiah 7:14 and referenced in the New Testament passages Matthew 1:18-25 and Luke 1:26-38.




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Three Secrets of Fatima Documentary

Aug 22, 2013


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LZwJDPaWsaA


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Sr. Lucia of FATIMA: "Russia is going to punish the world!"

May 6, 2014


 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jCjmYEujp5Y





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Francis Schuckardt

 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Francis_Schuckardt


 Francis Konrad Schuckardt (July 10, 1937 – November 5, 2006) was an American Traditionalist Catholic independent bishop and the first known bishop of the sedevacantist movement in the United States. Sedevacantism holds that Pope Paul VI—sometimes going back to include John XXIII—and his successors are not valid Popes. Schuckardt founded the Congregation of Mary Immaculate Queen (CMRI) and the Tridentine Latin Rite Catholic Church (TLRCC).


Tridentine Latin Rite Catholic Church

About the time of his departure from the Blue Army, Schuckardt began giving lectures throughout the United States, promoting devotion to the Virgin Mary as well as speaking out against the various doctrinal changes that were, he claimed, the result of the Second Vatican Council.

He said that after a long and hard struggle, accompanied by much prayer and research, he concluded that from the Second Vatican Council emerged a "new" religion which was not truly “Catholic” (Open Letter to members of the Fatima Crusade, ca. 1968), and that Paul VI was a false Pope, that is, an illegitimate due to personal heresies. He also criticized the liturgical reforms of Vatican II and the teachings on ecumenism as severe departures of "true" Catholic doctrine.

In 1967, Schuckardt founded a community of nuns, Religious Brothers, and priests known as the Congregation of Mary Immaculate Queen (abbreviated as CMRI), initially approved by the Bishop of Boise, Idaho. With his rejection of the reforms and authority of what he considered to be the "new Catholic Church," or the Novus Ordo (New Order), he formed an organization known as the Tridentine Latin Rite Catholic Church (TLRCC). He insisted that this is not a "new church," but the same Catholic Church that existed for almost two millennia prior to the changes imposed by Vatican II. His followers refer to the Church generally recognized as the Roman Catholic Church as the "Modern Catholic Church" or the "Post-Vatican Council II Church". They labelled Paul VI the "arch-heretic of Rome" and referred to the mainstream Church as "the Church of the Beast".


Schuckardt and an associate Denis Chicoine began a national lecture circuit advocating a return to traditional Catholicism. Due to their outspoken rejection of the Second Vatican Council and embrace of sedevacantism, Schuckardt and his followers were denounced by the Roman Catholic Church. However several traditional-minded Catholic priests (some Jesuits and diocesan priests) had joined Schuckhardt and would provide the Fatima Crusade with the traditional, Roman Rite of the sacraments and the Mass. In his public discourses (which were preserved on audiotape), then-Brother Schuckardt reminded his followers that, despite the apostasy of Vatican II, Christ would most certainly provide for legitimate apostolic succession in "the Catholic Church." He is on record as saying that he "never expected" himself "to be part of that succession".



 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Francis_Schuckardt



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Some people often associate the blue army, as the United Nations.


 We question if different countries, including religious groups, could team up with the United Nations, for operations such as the Trilateral Alliance Treaty. This includes trying to carry out mutually beneficial plans, for different groups, trying to gain political influence.





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We can see how groups such as the The Blue Army of Our Lady of Fátima, would try to gain as much political and social influence, in different countries, especially in Russia. We could see how this influence from groups, such as the Blue Army, could be a problem for other countries. A group such as the Blue Army, could also try to convert, or assimilate other cultures, such as Islam, to join this Blue Army. In Islam, it mentions Mary, and Fátima. I believe we need to go as far, as to take legal actions, to find out exactly what  The Blue Army of Our Lady of Fátima, is trying to accomplish.  We hear a lot of talk about the Apocalypse happening in some religions, in order to bring about world religion and peace, by different religious groups. It is time that we start holding many of these zealot type groups, such as The Blue Army of Our Lady of Fátima, accountable for their actions and influences on this planet. It appears that high ranking officials in the Vatican, have political influence and control, over this organisation.


 Many of these people of the Blue Army, believe that "the consecration of Russia, would usher in a period of world peace but will then usher the wars of End Times."


Many people are concerned about end-time types of religious groups. There remains different types of religious groups, that want to accelerate the end-times. In order to bring about a prophecy, that the Messiah will come, when the Apocalypse happens.


We must stop religious groups, such as the The Blue Army of Our Lady of Fátima, from gaining anymore political influence. These groups are a potential danger to this planet, if they go unchecked. Some think we are better off taking procedures, to ban groups, such as The Blue Army of Our Lady of Fátima. However, we hear talk about how the government wants to ban certain religions, such as Christianity. What people must understand, is that original Christianity and what Catholicism is today, are almost two different things. Catholicism is a Catholic organisation. Protestant Christians are protesting against the Pope and the Roman Catholic Church. Protestant Christians say that the Pope does not speak for Christians. Many people are tired of Christianity being blamed as a whole, for many of the Crusades, wars, including extra symbolism, and chivalric orders, that were added by the Roman Catholic Church. This includes the cover-up of pedophiles in the Catholic Church, that's been going on for many years. This is why Protestant Christians, did not want to be a part of the leadership of the Pope. I was brought up to respect the Catholic faith. After many years of research, I can see the amount of harm that certain individuals have done, in the name of religion.  Especially with all of the wars, in the name of religion. It does not seem right, that some of the people of this world, have acted so wrong in their ways, of trying to coexist with the planet and other living beings.





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 There is a lot of talk going on right now, about how the Catholic Church, wants people to start using the Gregorian Calendar. This includes a type of one world calendar. Many cultures were using the Egyptian calendar, including the calendar of other cultures, such as the Chinese Calendar over in Asia. Eventually the Julian Calendar replaced the Egyptian Calendar, for much of Europe. There is a movement for different religious groups, to have their religious calendar used, by the entire world. You can think of this example, as how people want to even have the power, to have control over the time.




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Gregorian calendar

The Gregorian calendar, also called the Western calendar and the Christian calendar, is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582.


The calendar was a refinement in 1582 to the Julian calendar.


 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gregorian_calendar




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The World Calendar

 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_World_Calendar


The World Calendar is a proposed reform of the Gregorian calendar created by Elisabeth Achelis of Brooklyn, New York in 1930.


 Elisabeth Achelis founded The World Calendar Association (TWCA) in 1930 with the goal of worldwide adoption of The World Calendar. It functioned for most of the next twenty-five years as The World Calendar Association, Inc. Throughout the 1930s, support for the concept grew in the League of Nations, the precursor of the United Nations. Achelis started the Journal of Calendar Reform in 1931, publishing it for twenty-five years, and wrote five books on the calendar concept.



Religious objections

The main opponents of The World Calendar in the 20th century were leaders of religions that worship according to a seven-day cycle. For Jews, Christians and Muslims, particular days of worship are ancient and fundamental elements of their faith.


Jews observe Saturday as Shabbat, on the basis of the Decalogue's injunction to "Remember the sabbath day, and keep it holy" (Exodus 20:8). Christians worship on Sunday, the Lord's Day, on which they believe Christ rose from the dead. Muslims perform the jumu'ah prayer in Mosques on Fridays, the day they believe Adam was created. Likewise, Seventh-day Adventists are required to worship every Saturday.


Adherents of these religions object that intercalary days are counted outside the usual seven-day week and disrupt the traditional weekly cycle. A week with a Worldsday would be eight days long. Adherents of these religions insist that they would have to continue observing their holy days every seventh day, causing the worship days to drift by one day each year (two on a leap year), relative to The World Calendar week. The day of rest would then no longer coincide with the weekend.


These concerns played a role in the United States government's decision at the United Nations in 1955 not to recommend further study.


Supporters of The World Calendar do not deny that their system is at odds with the traditions of a significant portion of the world's population, but argue that Worldsdays and Leapyear Days can be treated as "double" holy days by those who wish to maintain the seven-day week sequence.




https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_World_Calendar


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Chapter 11: The Orthodox Church



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Many people still wonder, the amount of influence, the Pope has on the Orthodox Church. Many people know that the Pope also wants to unify Orthodox Christians, including Islam.



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Full communion


 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Full_communion



In Christian ecclesiology, full communion is a relationship between church organizations or groups that mutually recognize their sharing the essential doctrines.



The autonomous Catholic Churches in full communion with the Holy See are:

    Of Alexandrian liturgical tradition:
        Coptic Catholic Church
        Eritrean Catholic Church
        Ethiopian Catholic Church
    Of Antiochian liturgical tradition:
        Maronite Church
        Syrian Catholic Church
        Syro-Malankara Catholic Church
    Of Armenian liturgical tradition:
        Armenian Catholic Church
    Of Byzantine (Constantinopolitan) liturgical tradition:
        Albanian Byzantine Catholic Church
        Belarusian Greek Catholic Church
        Bulgarian Greek Catholic Church
        Byzantine Church of Croatia, Serbia and Montenegro
        Greek Byzantine Catholic Church
        Hungarian Greek Catholic Church
        Italo-Albanian Catholic Church
        Macedonian Greek Catholic Church
        Melkite Greek Catholic Church
        Romanian Church United with Rome, Greek-Catholic
        Russian Byzantine Catholic Church
        Ruthenian Catholic Church
        Slovak Greek Catholic Church
        Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church
    Of Chaldean or East Syrian tradition:
        Chaldean Catholic Church
        Syro-Malabar Church
    Of Western liturgical tradition:
        Latin Church




 The Catholic Church makes a distinction between full and partial communion. Where full communion exists, there is but one Church. Partial communion, on the other hand, exists where some elements of Christian faith are held in common, but complete unity on essentials is lacking. For instance, the Roman Catholic Church sees itself as in partial communion with Protestants, and in much closer, but still incomplete, communion with the Orthodox Churches.




Eastern Churches other than Eastern Catholic

Eastern Orthodox and Oriental Orthodox Christians have an understanding of what full communion means that is very similar to that of the Catholic Church. Though they have no figure corresponding to that of the Roman Catholic Pope, performing a function like that of the Pope's Petrine Office for the whole of their respective communions, they see each of their autocephalous Churches as embodiments of, respectively, the one Eastern Orthodox Church or the one Oriental Orthodox Church. They too consider full communion an essential condition for common sharing in the Eucharist. The Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople, as first among equals among the Eastern Orthodox autocephalous churches and their spiritual leader, though not having authority similar to that of the Roman Catholic Pope, serves as their spokesman. The Pope of the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria holds a somewhat similar position in Oriental Orthodoxy.

For the autocephalous Churches that form the Eastern Orthodox Church, see Eastern Orthodox Church organization. Their number is somewhat in dispute.

The Oriental Orthodox Churches are:

    Armenian Apostolic Church
    Coptic Orthodox Church
    Eritrean Orthodox Tewahedo Church
    Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church
    Indian Orthodox Church
    Syriac Orthodox Church




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“Orthodox in communion with Rome:”
Trials and Tribulations of Eastern Catholics


http://www.ukrainian-orthodoxy.org/articles/catholic/communionWithRome.htm




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Eastern Orthodox Church

 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eastern_Orthodox_Church


The Eastern Orthodox Church, officially the Orthodox Catholic Church, also referred to as the Orthodox Church and Orthodoxy, is the second largest Christian Church in the world, with an estimated 225–300 million adherents. It tends to be the Church identified most often with the single term "Orthodox", as it is the largest among the Christian groups that call themselves by this name. The Orthodox Church is one of the oldest religious institutions in the world, teaching that it is the continuation of the One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic Church established by Jesus Christ in his Great Commission to the apostles, and practicing what it understands to be the original faith passed down from the Apostles (Holy Tradition).


United in communion with the Latin Church for the first half of its history, Orthodoxy spread throughout the Roman and later Byzantine Empires and beyond, playing a prominent role in European, Near Eastern, Slavic, and some African cultures. Its most prominent episcopal see has resided in Constantinople since that city's founding in AD 324, centuries before the East–West Schism around 1054. Nevertheless, Orthodoxy has no Papacy or bishopric of similar authority. The commonly-used but unofficial designation of "eastern" derives from its geographical placement in relation to the "western" churches, which became (Roman) Catholic, and the historical function of Constantinople as the capital city of the eastern part of the Roman Empire.






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Chapter 12: The Cult of the Virgin Mary (organisation )


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Devotion to Her has long been a Controversial Affair


Behind the cult of Mary.



 Jan. 25, 2008



http://www.usnews.com/news/religion/articles/2008/01/25/devotion-to-her-has-long-been-a-controversial-affair




 The Virgin Mary attained cult status in the earliest centuries of the fledgling Christian church. And despite a concerted effort begun by the Vatican 40 years ago to de-emphasize her, the mother of Jesus remains a powerful, albeit polarizing, force within the Catholic Church.



The church's liberal wing claims the Mary cult is an unnecessary anachronism. Others—mainly conservative Catholics—argue that Mary is as popular as ever and want her reinstated as the Queen of Heaven.

Catholicism's internecine debate over Mary's status is nothing new, says Michael P. Carroll, author of The Cult of the Virgin Mary. "Devotion to Mary in the western church has gone through a number of cycles," he says. Mariology is linked to Mary's important role within the church at its inception, according to Sarah Jane Boss, director of the Center for Marian Studies at the University of Wales-Lampeter. A prayer to Mary, written in Greek on papyrus and found in Egypt, addresses her as the Mother of God, and it dates to sometime between the third and fifth centuries.

But why did the early church feel a need to elevate Mary to a position of worship? Perhaps to help spread Christianity. "Ancient people needed a feminine figure in their worship," Boss says. "They were used to having goddesses." Moreover, virgin births of gods figured prominently in many ancient myths. And pioneering Christians often piggybacked on paganism to speed conversion. They built churches where pagan temples once stood and often proclaimed holy days that coincided with past pagan celebrations.

Go-to saint. Marian devotion went into overdrive in the Roman west in 431, after the Council of Ephesus agreed that Mary should be called Theotokos (Mother of God) rather than Christotokos (Mother of Christ). The Theotokos label also implied Jesus's divinity. To be sure, there were dissenters who considered the title blasphemous. Nestorius, an early leader of the church in Constantinople, protested that God has always been, so he couldn't have a human mother. In the 11th century, the scholar St. Bernard of Clairvaux gave the cult further momentum when he preached a more emotional, personal faith in which Mary was the prime intercessor.

In her book Empress and Handmaid, Boss notes that the earliest likenesses of Mary portrayed a stern, all-powerful queen. By the end of the 12th century, however, her image softened. Mary became more of a moral figure, humbler and more approachable, the go-to saint for the troubled. "She was someone you could chat to," Boss says. Although the church has always officially portrayed Mary as an intermediary with no supernatural powers of her own, that's not been the case at a grass-roots level, Carroll says. In many countries, such as Italy, different Madonnas are seen not as representations of the same person but as individual beings, each with their own special powers.




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The Cult of the Virgin Mary in the Middle Ages



 http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/virg/hd_virg.htm



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Lecture 25. The Cult of the Virgin Mary:


http://www.learn.columbia.edu/courses/medmil/pages/non-mma-pages/syllabus/lecture-20.html




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It is often debated if different portraits of Jesus, were drawn randomly. Some people think that the portraits and images of Jesus, including Mary, that many people pray to, could possibly be the picture of someone else, such as the relative of a ruler or emperor. This is why some Christian groups, try not to use much symbolism when they worship.


Protestant Christians have accused certain religious groups, of portraying Mary as a female deity or Goddess. This is done in a similar way, that many of the ceremonies and rituals are done with shrines, and different types worship. Some claim that  certain types of Isis worship, has been blended into the rituals that are preformed by these religious groups and individuals.


Many Christians say that it is good to admire Mary. However, many have grown cautious of some groups, that have become overzealous, in how they worship Mary.





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Chapter 13: Order of St. Mary Magdalene


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 Another interesting order, is the Order of St. Mary Magdalene.



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Many times you will hear about how a lady wearing an all red dress, is a Masonic type of symbol.

 -----------------

( Lady in a red dress, Masonic )


 https://www.google.com/search?q=ignatius+loyola+skull&biw=1600&bih=799&source=lnms&sa=X&sqi=2&pjf=1&ved=0CAoQ_AUoAGoVChMIy6uYqsfCxwIVEFCSCh3XZA4R&dpr=1#q=lady+in+a+red+dress+masonic





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The following website shows how the red dress, is very symbolic to the Order of St. Mary Magdalene.


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Order of St. Mary Magdalene Study Guide




Practices of the Order of Saint Mary Magdalene

Sky Palace of the Red Maiden of Light



http://www.magdalene-circle.org/Order_of_Saint_Mary_Magdalene_Study_Guide.pdf





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 Order of St. Mary Magdalene Study Guide



 http://www.magdalene-circle.org/Order_of_Saint_Mary_Magdalene_Study_Guide.pdf


The Rite of Self-Initiation: Chrism of the Bride





The full moon is considered the ideal time to perform this sacred rite, preferably after the moon has risen in the evening, when the astral tide is the most potent and tangible. At the outset make sure your shrine is clean and well ordered, and make sure you have a vial of spikenard or rose oil and a cup of fresh water in the shrine, and place your prayer beads in the shrine and your prayer shawl nearby; place out your seat, whether a chair or some cushion on the floor, and light a candle in the shrine, but

do not light any incense. Then go and take a ritual bath or shower with the intention of cleansing yourself physically, psychically and spiritually, and put on fresh clothing–perhaps special clothing for this holy occasion. (Remember, you are entering in to communion with the Priestess-Queen of the Divine Order, so quite naturally you might wish to dress up.)

Having done this you are ready to begin the rite of self-initiation.





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Order of St. Mary Magdalene Study Guide


 http://www.magdalene-circle.org/Order_of_Saint_Mary_Magdalene_Study_Guide.pdf



Building a Holy Shrine for Saint Mary Magdalene


The red egg is a bit more unusual symbol. According to legends in orthodoxy St. Mary Magdalene had occasion to bear witness regarding the resurrection before the emperor of Rome, Tiberius Caesar.

When he heard her story, in ridicule he said to her that a man could no more be raised from the dead than the egg in her hand could turn red, at which point the egg instantly turned crimson red, or so it has been said.

The skull and egg taken together, however, hold a much more profound and esoteric meaning: for the red egg represents the red mother seed “at the base of the spine,” the ascending force of the serpent power personified by the Holy Bride; and the skull represents the white father seed “in the crown on top of the head,” the descending force of the serpent power personified by her Bridegroom. Thus, taken together they are symbols of the mystery of hieros gamos–the sacred marriage, not as anything outward but as an inward event that leads to the dawn of Christ Consciousness, as in the experience of Lord Yeshua and Lady Mary. In the Sophian tradition, frequently a red stone egg and a quartz crystal

skull are used in shrines dedicated to Our Lady for this reason–crystal

skulls also holding the implication of the Body of the Resurrection, the generation of the Body of Light.



 http://www.magdalene-circle.org/Order_of_Saint_Mary_Magdalene_Study_Guide.pdf




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 Some people even worship the religious figure Santa Muerte, as another type of form of the Virgin Mary.




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Beware of 'Saint Death'


 November 21, 2011


 What is the Santa Muerte?


The Santa Muerte is a fast-growing cult of Mexican/Latin American origin. This cult of religious devotion for a female grim reaper figure is usually depicted as a sacrilegious version of the Blessed Virgin Mary with a painted skull face. It's also depicted as a statue of a skeleton draped in red robes and a turquoise mantel. Mocking the icon of the Virgin of Guadalupe, it's surrounded not by bouquets of roses, but by money, wine, tobacco and food along with candles and other devotional items.


 http://www.renewamerica.com/columns/abbott/111121




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Santa Muerte

 Nuestra Señora de la Santa Muerte or, colloquially, Santa Muerte (Spanish for Holy Death), is a female folk saint venerated primarily in Mexico and the Southwestern United States. A personification of death, she is associated with healing, protection, and safe delivery to the afterlife by her devotees. Despite opposition by the Catholic Church, her cult arose from popular Mexican folk belief, a syncretism between indigenous Mesoamerican and Spanish Catholic beliefs and practices.



 Venerated in Folk Catholicism, Mexico and the United States


 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Santa_Muerte


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 For more information on skull symbolism, view chapter 18 titled, "Skull symbolism."




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Chapter 14: The Russian monarchy, Freemasonry & wars


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Vladimir Putin 'wants' to reinstate Russia's royal family and bring back the Tsars
VLADIMIR PUTIN 'wants' to reinstate the Russian royal family and move them into an ancient palace once occupied by the last Tsar Nicholas II.

  Jun 24, 2015


http://www.express.co.uk/news/world/586470/Russia-royal-family-Vladimir-Putin-reinstate-Tsar-Nicholas-Second-Romanov


































The Romanov family's extraordinary return would not threaten the rule of the Kremlin strongman but would aim to give them a role in unifying Russia.

The move proposed by Vladimir Petrov, a law maker from Putin's party, has prompted speculation that it has the Russian leader's direct approval.

Petrov also plans to introduce a law, which would be implemented by the centenary of the end of Imperial rule, which would "give the Royal family members a special status" and "stimulate their return to Russia".

The legislator has written letters to the heirs of the Romanov dynasty, which ruled the country for two centuries before the abdication of last Tsar Nicholas II ahead of two revolutions in 1917.

































The following year the Romanov family - Nicholas and his wife Tsarina Alexandra and their five children Olga, Tatiana, Maria, Anastasia and Alexei - were executed by Bolsheviks led by Yakov Yurovsky under the orders of the Ural Soviet.

Petrov has written to Grand Duchess Maria Vladimirovna and Prince Dimitri Romanovich urging them to return to Russia to become symbols of national culture in order to "revive the spiritual power of Russian people".

The leaked letter read: "Throughout the history of its reign, the Imperial dynasty of the Romanovs was one of the pillars of Russia's sovereignty."

The country now "goes through a difficult process of restoring the country's greatness and returning its global influence" and "members of the Romanov House cannot stay aloof from the processes taking place in Russia now at such an important historical moment".


 It states: "I am sure that a return of the descendants of the last Russian ruler to the historic homeland will contribute towards smoothing of political contradictions left since the October Revolution, and will become a symbol of the revival of the spiritual power of Russian people.


"The Royal family descendants might play an important symbolic role in Russian society.


"Like in many European countries, Romanovs might become a symbol of preserving traditions and national culture."


The royals would be returned to one of the great Romanov palaces including Ropshinsky or Pavlovsky, near St Petersburg, or the grand Livadia Palace in Crimea, annexed by Putin from Ukraine last year.




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The Occult in Russian and Soviet Culture


 https://books.google.com/books?id=Kumg5iYYkWkC&pg=PA144&lpg=PA144&dq=masonic+symbolism+in+russia&source=bl&ots=GSdEWPC4U4&sig=fn5yl-rtSeK1I3K38YrHcamM5Po&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0CDQQ6AEwAzgKahUKEwiLtIKb4cjHAhUDVZIKHbZhCQc#v=onepage&q=masonic%20symbolism%20in%20russia&f=false




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History of Freemasonry in Russia

Freemasonry was brought to Russia by foreign officers in the Russian service. Russian Freemasonry dates its foundation to the activities of Franz Lefort, Jacob Bruce and Patrick Gordon in the German Quarter of Moscow.[1] James Keith is recorded as being master of a lodge in Saint Petersburg in 1732-34.[2] Several years later his cousin John Keith, 3rd Earl of Kintore was appointed provincial grand master of Russia by the Grand Lodge of England.[2]

Catherine II's factotum Ivan Yelagin succeeded in reorganizing Russian Freemasonry into a far-reaching nationwide system that united some 14 lodges and about 400 government officials. He secured English authorization of the first Russian Grand Lodge and became its provincial grand master.[3] He favoured an archaic ritual of blood initiation which involved a symbolic commingling of blood.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Freemasonry_in_Russia




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RUSSIAN FREEMASONRY: A NEW DAWN
AN OVERVIEW FROM 1731 TO 1996

http://www.mainemason.org/mlr/russianrhoda.htm




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Esoteric Tradition in Russian Romantic Literature: Decembrism and Freemasonry


 https://books.google.com/books?id=9dD4E1Yv8dsC&pg=PP1&lpg=PP1&dq=Lauren+G.+Leighton,+%C2%ABThe+Esoteric+Tradition+in+Russian+Romantic+Literature:+Decembrism+and+Freemasonry&source=bl&ots=Y-RZxwMorS&sig=XoDtEia5fhs9CQ0TRDpkQ-oUrIA&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0CDAQ6AEwA2oVChMIi7G3g9XJxwIVTAuSCh0x8gDh#v=onepage&q=Lauren%20G.%20Leighton%2C%20%C2%ABThe%20Esoteric%20Tradition%20in%20Russian%20Romantic%20Literature%3A%20Decembrism%20and%20Freemasonry&f=false




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 Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius - Royal tombs of Godunovs



http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trinity_Lavra_of_St._Sergius




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Mystical emblem: The secrets of the hammer and sickle

July 26, 2014


- http://rbth.com/arts/2014/07/19/serp_i_molot_38327.html)





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RUSSIAN MYSTICISM AND THE SECRET OF STALIN'S SKYSCRAPERS


11th June 2013



 http://thehereticmagazine.com/old_page_stalin.html




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Is Putin Still a Freemason?


http://new.euro-med.dk/20140320-is-putin-still-a-freemason.php




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 The following website shows Masonic artwork, in the All-Russia Exhibition Centre.




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 All-Russia Exhibition Centre is a permanent general-purpose trade show in Moscow, Russia.


http://magic-ays.com/Buildings/All-Russia-Exhibition-Centre.htm




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header1020





Communism and Freemasonry





The Red Dragon and the Black Beast




http://freemasonrywatch.org/communism.html





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THE DOUBLE-HEADED EAGLE
AND WHENCE IT CAME



http://www.masonicdictionary.com/doubleeagle.html





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The Symbol of the Two Headed Eagle – St. Petersburg, Russia

 https://worldsymbolsblog.wordpress.com/2014/08/08/the-symbol-of-two-headed-eagle-st-petersburg-russia/




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Polycephaly

Greek mythology contains a number of multi-headed creatures. Typhon, a vast grisly monster with a hundred heads and a hundred serpents issuing from his thighs, is often described as having several offspring with Echidna, a creature with the body of a serpent but the face of a beautiful woman. Their offspring account for all the major monsters of Greek mythos, including:

    Cerberus – a monstrous three-headed dog that guards the gate to Hades.
    Ladon – a sometimes hundred-headed serpentlike dragon that guards the garden of the Hesperides and is overcome by Heracles.
    Chimera – sometimes depicted with the heads of a goat and a lion
    The Lernaean Hydra – an ancient nameless serpent-like chthonic water beast that possessed numerous heads.
    Orthrus – a two-headed dog owned by Geryon.
    The Hecatonchires were giants with fifty heads and one hundred arms. The word "Hecatonchire" means "hundred arms". They were the sons of Gaia, and Uranus.
    Hecate - Greek goddess of witches, nightmares, crossroads, and one of the Moon deities; sometimes represented with three heads.
    Janus – Greek god of the doors, crossroads, and choices who had two heads to symbolize choices someone could make.
    Ayia Napa sea monster A Cryptid which according to legend lives off the coast of Ayia Napa Cyprus called f????? t??a?, Filiko Terras or friendly monster by locals.In illustrations it is represented to look like Scylla.

Eastern Europe

    Balaur, a dragon with three, seven or twelve heads, in Romanian mythology
    Svantevit, four-headed god of war and divination in Slavic mythology
    Triglav (meaning "three headed") is a god or complex of gods in Slavic mythology
    Zmey Gorynych, a dragon in Slavic mythology
    Dragons in Hungarian folklore usually have three or seven heads



Heraldry

    Double-headed eagle





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Double-Headed Eagle Crowns the Romanov Obelisk



http://www.moscow-driver.com/photos/love_russia/symbols_of_russia_and_ussr/double-headed_eagle_crowns_romanov_obelisk



The symbol of tsarist Russia, which has its origins in Byzantium, tops the restored column of the Romanovs in Alexander Garden near the western wall of Moscow Kremlin. The Russian imperial two-headed eagle was established as an official emblem of the state by Ivan III The Great at the end of the 15th century, and it was featured as a design motif in the regalia of the Russian Imperial Court until the fall of the monarchy in 1917. The symbol was adopted once again on November 30, 1993, at the initiative of President Boris Yeltsin.


Featured in many cultures around the world, including Ancient Persia, the Holy Roman Empire, the Byzantine Empire, the Venetian Republic, and Scandinavia, the double-headed eagle had been the symbol of the monarchy of Russia for more than four hundred years, and is most strongly associated with Russia again in the present time.





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Obelisks in Russia


 Leningrad Hero City Obelisk


 Kagul Obelisk


 Demidovsky Pillar, Barnaul


 Obelisk of Glory (Tolyatti)


http://www.snipview.com/q/Obelisks%20in%20Russia




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Stock Photo - Obelisk marking the border between Europe and Asia, performance of a Russian dance company, bread as a symbol of hospitality


http://www.alamy.com/stock-photo-obelisk-marking-the-border-between-europe-and-asia-performance-of-34059633.html




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Obelisk. Troitse-Sergiyeva Lavra. Sergiev Posad, Russia.


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Russia-Sergiev_Posad-Troitse-Sergiyeva_Lavra-Obelisk-1.jpg




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Russian tradition of the Knights Hospitaller


 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russian_tradition_of_the_Knights_Hospitaller




 The Russian Tradition of The Knights Hospitaller (the Order of Knights of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem or Knights of Malta or Knights of Rhodes) emerged when the Mediterranean stronghold of Malta was captured by Napoleon in 1798 when he made his expedition to Egypt. As a ruse, Napoleon asked for safe harbor to resupply his ships, and then turned against his hosts once safely inside Valletta. Grand Master Ferdinand von Hompesch failed to anticipate or prepare for this threat, provided no effective leadership, and readily capitulated to Napoleon. This was a terrible affront to most of the Knights desiring to defend their stronghold and sovereignty. The Order continued to exist in a diminished form and negotiated with European governments for a return to power. The Emperor of Russia gave the largest number of Knights shelter in St Petersburg and this gave rise to the Russian tradition of the Knights Hospitaller and recognition within the Russian Imperial Orders. In gratitude the Knights declared Ferdinand von Hompesch deposed and Emperor Paul I was elected as the new Grand Master.



18th century


The special relationship between the Knights of Malta and the crown of Russia continued into the 18th century.


From 1766 to 1769, Catherine the Great sent many distinguished Russian naval officers for special training with the Knights of Malta.



From 1770 to 1798 there was a continuing presence of the Russian Navy among the Knights of Malta.


From 1772 to 1773, Grand Master Pinto sent Baillif Sagramoso as an ambassador to Russia, with the aim of maintaining the Order's cordial relationship with the northern giant.


In 1789, Bailiff Count Giulio Renato de Litta, while on an official visit from the Knights of Malta, assisted with the reorganization of Russia's Baltic Fleet, and later served as a commander with the Russian Imperial Navy in the war against Sweden.


In 1782, Empress Catherine sent her son Grand Duke Paul to visit Grand Master De Rohan as a gesture of her respect and admiration.




The next year, she sent Count Psaro as an envoy to visit De Rohan in Malta to solidify her relationship with the Knights of Malta, and further Russian influence in the Mediterranean.


In 1797, Paul I, Emperor of Russia signed a Treaty with the Order of Malta, establishing a Roman Catholic Grand Priory of 10 Commanderies in Russia in compensation for the loss of income from the former Polish Grand Priory (of 6 Commanderies), which lay in the Polish territory annexed by Russia.


In 1798, following Napoleon's taking of Malta, the Order was dispersed, but with a large number of refugee Knights sheltering in St Petersburg, where they elected the Russian Emperor, Paul I as their Grand Master, replacing Ferdinand Hompesch then held in disgrace. Hompesch abdicated in 1799, under pressure from the Austrian Court, leaving Paul as the De facto Grand Master. Although Paul I was the leader of the Russian Orthodox Church, he assumed leadership of the Roman Catholic order.



20th – 21st centuries

This Russian Hospitaller tradition of St John continued within the Russian Empire, and then into exile following the Revolution in 1917. On 24 June 1928, a group of 12 Russian Hereditary Commanders met in Paris to re-establish the activities of the Russian Grand Priory. They were supported by three other Russian Nobles who were aspirants and admitted as Knights, and a Hereditary Commander of the Catholic Grand Priory of Russia. They came under the leadership of Grand Duke Alexander Mikhailovitch to 1933, and Grand Duke Andrei Vladimirovitch to 1956, both holding the title of "Grand Prior". In 1939, Grand Duke Andrei and the Council agreed to the creation of a Priory in Denmark; the Priory of "Dacia". On the 9 December 1953, the Hereditary Commanders held a reunion in Paris and drew up a Constitution for the Russian Grand Priory in exile. In February 1955, the exiled Grand Priory based in Paris was registered as a Foreign Association under French Law as "The Russian Grand Priory of the Order of Saint John of Jerusalem."


Grand Duke Vladimir Kirillovitch became the "Protector" to the Paris group in 1956, but refused the title of Grand Prior. Commander Nicholas Tchirikoff became the Dean of the Union until 1974. Prince Nikita Troubetzkoy became the remaining member of the Council, which effectively signalled the end of the formal Paris group.



In 1958, a working title was adopted; "Union des Descendants des Commandeurs Hereditaires et Chevaliers du Grand Prieure Russe de l'Ordre de St Jean de Jerusalem". Although by 1975, with the death of the secretary, the original leadership had died out and the jurisdiction of the Paris Group came to a definite legal end; it is asserted that the tradition has been maintained by the Priory of Dacia, (which was acknowledged as a legal part of the Union) together with a number of descendants of the Hereditary Commanders associated with the Russian Grand Priory Association.



In 1977, however, Count Nicholas Bobrinsky, along with several of the Hereditary Commanders, also claimed to maintain this tradition and became what is now known as the Orthodox Order of the Knights of St. John, Russian Grand Priory. This international philanthropic and chivalric group in the Russian tradition is based in New York, and has over 600 members including heads and descendants of several of the original Hereditary Commander families as well as descendants of the House of Romanov and other Royal Houses, and has recognition as an NGO/DPI by the United Nations.


Paul I had created under Russian law, the Family Commanders of the Russian Grand Priory with Hereditary Rights. It is the descendants of these Commanders who have, with the support of members of the Imperial family, continued that Russian tradition in exile. In the latter days of the Empire and into exile, these were known as "Hereditary Commanders". The Commanders organised within the "Russian Grand Priory", a corporate organisation which existed under various names; “Association of Hereditary Commanders” (1928), “Russian Philanthropic Association of the descendants of the hereditary commanders of Sovereign the Order of Malta” (1929–1932), "Union des Commandeurs Hereditaires et Chevaliers du Grand Prieure Russe de l'Ordre de St Jean de Jerusalem" (1957–1958) and the longer “Union” title given above (1958–1975). Today various groups claim to be the continuation of the Russian Priory.


The "Russian Tradition of the Knights Hospitaller" is not recognised by the Alliance of the Orders of Saint John of Jerusalem or the Sovereign Military Order of Malta.


Emperor Paul wearing the Crown of the Grand Master of the Order of Malta (1799).



Count Vassiliev, a 19th-century Knight Commander, and Minister of Finance under Alexander I of Russia




 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russian_tradition_of_the_Knights_Hospitaller



________




Paul I of Russia

 Paul I (Russian: ??´??? I ?????´???; Pavel Petrovich) (1 October [O.S. 20 September] 1754 – 23 March [O.S. 11 March] 1801) was the Emperor of Russia between 1796 and 1801. Officially, he was the only son of Peter III and Catherine the Great, though Catherine is said to have later stated that he was fathered by her lover Sergei Saltykov.



He remained overshadowed by his mother for much of his life. Paul's reign lasted for only five years, ending with his assassination by conspirators. His most important achievement was the adoption of the laws of succession to the Russian throne that lasted until the end of the Romanov dynasty and the Russian Empire.


He became de facto Grand Master of the Order of Hospitallers, and ordered the creation of a number of Maltese thrones (currently on display in the State Hermitage Museum, Gatchina Palace and Kremlin Armoury).

 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_I_of_Russia



------



The Grand Masters of the XVIIIth century


 http://romeartlover.tripod.com/Malta17.html


During the XVIIIth century the importance and reputation of the Order declined for various reasons. The Knights ceased to be seen as a bastion of Christianity against the Ottoman threat. The Knights' attacks on Ottoman ships were considered as acts of piracy, similar to those perpetrated by Barbary corsairs. Enlightenment philosophers led European public opinion to regard the Knights as noblemen who lived off hereditary privileges and did not make any contribution to the progress of society. The 1789 French Revolution and its developments were fatal to the Order. In June 1798 a French army landed on Malta and the Knights surrendered without any real attempt to defend their small state.
This page is illustrated with coats of arms or heraldic symbols of the Grand Masters.


 One of the first events during the long government of Perellos was the visit of an envoy sent by Peter the Great, Tsar of Russia. Peter had just conquered the Ottoman fortress of Azov, on the sea by the same name and he had founded a Navy base at nearby Taganrog.
The Russian envoy was sent to Malta with the objective of laying the ground for future alliances against the Ottomans. Perellos treated the envoy with much pomp, overlooking the fact that Russia was not a Roman Catholic country. The visit marked the beginning of a relationship which became so intense that in 1799 Russian Emperor Paul I became Grand Master of the Order.




------------




Nicholas II of Russia


Nicholas II (Russian: ??????? II, ??????? ????????????? ???????, tr. Nikolai II, Nikolai Alexandrovich Romanov [n??k?'laj ft?'roj, n??k?'laj ?l??'ksandr?v??t? r?'man?f]) (18 May [O.S. 6 May] 1868 – 17 July 1918) was the last Emperor of Russia, Grand Duke of Finland, and titular King of Poland. His official short title was Tsar Nicholas II, Emperor and Autocrat of All the Russias. Like other Russian Emperors he is commonly known by the monarchical title Tsar (though Russia formally ended the Tsardom in 1721). He is known as Saint Nicholas the Passion-Bearer by the Russian Orthodox Church and has been referred to as Saint Nicholas the Martyr.

Nicholas II ruled from 1 November 1894 until his forced abdication on 15 March 1917. His reign saw Imperial Russia go from being one of the foremost great powers of the world to economic and military collapse. Political enemies nicknamed him Nicholas the Bloody because of the Khodynka Tragedy, anti-Semitic pogroms, Bloody Sunday, his violent suppression of the 1905 Revolution, his execution of political opponents and his perceived responsibility for the Russo-Japanese War.


Under his rule, Russia was severely defeated in the Russo-Japanese War, which saw the annihilation of the Russian Baltic Fleet at the Battle of Tsushima. The Anglo-Russian Entente, designed to counter German attempts to gain influence in the Middle East, ended the Great Game between Russia and the United Kingdom. As head of state, Nicholas approved the Russian mobilisation of August 1914, which marked the beginning of Russia's involvement in the First World War, a war in which 3.3 million Russians were killed. The Imperial Army's severe losses and the High Command's incompetent handling of the war, along with other policies directed by Nicholas during his reign, are often cited as the leading causes of the fall of the Romanov dynasty.


Nicholas II abdicated following the February Revolution of 1917 during which he and his family were imprisoned first in the Alexander Palace at Tsarskoye Selo, then later in the Governor's Mansion in Tobolsk, and finally at the Ipatiev House in Yekaterinburg. In the spring of 1918, Nicholas was handed over to the local Ural soviet by commissar Vasili Yakovlev who was given a written receipt.


Nicholas II; his wife, Alexandra Feodorovna; his son, Alexei Nikolaevich; his four daughters, Olga Nikolaevna, Tatiana Nikolaevna, Maria Nikolaevna and Anastasia Nikolaevna; the family's medical doctor, Evgeny Botkin; the Emperor's footman, Alexei Trupp; the Empress' maidservant, Anna Demidova; and the family's cook, Ivan Kharitonov, were executed in the same room by the Bolsheviks on the night of 16/17 July 1918.



Tsar Nicholas II of Russia with his physically similar cousin, King George V of the United Kingdom (right), in German military uniforms in Berlin before the war; 1913



https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nicholas_II_of_Russia

--------------


 We know that King Czar Nicholas II of Russia and King George V of England, were both cousins. This was happening, just as England claimed to eventually switch over from a monarchy, to a democracy. However, we now know that countries such as Australia, Canada and the Commonwealth of Nations, still are under political rule, from the British Monarchy. This is explained in the video, Secret societies & royal orders investigated. - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tRfVhY40xpI&list=PL404C1C8EFF486987&index=1


Russia even accuses the British Monarchy, of having political influence and power, over these different realms currently. Even though Russia claimed to have a revolution, to kick out the royal families. We know that different elitist and royal families, still have political influence and power, over in Russia. Many even claim that Russia is still part of the so called "New World Order." Even though just as part of America, including parts of Russia, are trying to resist much of the corruption by the bad influences in government. This is why I love the people of Russia, but it is my job to expose the existing corruption in the government, that is destroying such a beautiful world.


 -----------




The following video states


" There are currently around forty nations that have monarchs. With various titles as King, Queen, Sultan and Amir. Many of these countries are leftover British colonies, who still acknowledge the authority of Queen Elizabeth II. " - The  Discovery Channel



--


Why Do Some Countries Still Have a Monarchy?


Sep 18, 2015


http://news.discovery.com/human/videos/why-do-some-countries-still-have-a-monarchy-test-tube-news-150918.htm



------------------------



When we take a look at the map of the Russian Empire, we can see the amount of wars and problems, that have been caused by the Russian Royal Families. This includes the same with the wars that were caused by the British monarchy. We can see that the British Monarchy kept their power, for a good period of time. Yet, many historians still question, if the Russian Royal Family (who are related to the British Monarchy), could have kept their political influence. 


----


 A History of Russia (Tsars and Revolutions)


 May 17, 2014


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AEmUIfF2uAk


--------------



Respected historian suggests 'lost' Russian princess Anastasia fled to America


27 February 2014

Tsar's daughter may, after all, have escaped the execution which wiped out the royal family, says new book.


 DNA evidence seemed to have put an end to the the claims of American Anna Anderson and others to be the lost princess. Now a new book to be published in Yekaterinburg, scene of the slaying of the Russian royals, will challenge the view that all the Romanovs were shot in a dank cellar in July 1918.


--------



Did Grand Duchess Anastasia survive the Bolshevik bullets? Explosive new book claims fresh evidence shows the Russian princess really DID escape to the West

    Veniamin Alekseyev says Grand Duchess Anastasia probably did escape
    Claims DNA testing in 1991 was flawed and bones found were not hers
    Says Tsarina and Anastasia's sisters Olga, Marie and Tatiana also got away
    Believes that impostor Anna Anderson was indeed telling the truth
    Tsar Nicholas II of Russia was executed on 17th July 1918 by Bolsheviks
    His son Alexei Nikolaevich also died along with family servants


2 March 2014


 http://www.dailymail.co.uk/femail/article-2571437/Explosive-new-book-claims-Princess-Anastasia-DID-escape-West.html


-------


7 People Who Pretended to be Royals

May 21, 2013

http://www.history.com/news/history-lists/7-people-who-pretended-to-be-royals



 History is filled with examples of ambitious swindlers who took on the identities of kings, queens and other royals—and it’s not always as easy as one might think to distinguish a king from a con artist. Some of these impostors sought to gain political power and wealth by masquerading as real monarchs, but others went so far as to invent fraudulent titles and even fake countries. Find out more about seven royal impostors who managed to con their way into the history books.
#1: Anna Anderson as Anastasia Romanov


In 1918, Bolshevik revolutionaries murdered the Russian princess Anastasia, along with the rest of her family. However, rumors persisted of her alleged survival for decades and, over the years, several different impostors claimed to be Anastasia Romanova. None gained as much fame as Anna Anderson. The would-be royal first surfaced in the early 1920s in a Berlin mental asylum, where she announced that she was Grand Duchess Anastasia, the youngest daughter of the deceased Czar Nicholas II. Although most of the surviving Romanovs dismissed her as a fraud, the girl bore a striking resemblance to the princess and even knew many personal details of her life. She soon won the support of a coterie of wealthy Russian emigrants, many of whom believed she was the legitimate heir to the throne.


The supposed princess eventually moved to America in 1968 and took the name Anna Anderson. But while her story inspired several books and even a Hollywood movie, she failed to win recognition in court due to a lack of evidence. Her story remained the source of much debate until 1994, when a posthumous DNA test finally proved she was not related to the Romanov family. Anderson likely a Polish factory worker who disappeared in 1920, but her true identity has never been confirmed.


 #3: False Dmitry I


The man known as False Dmitry I not only successfully posed as a prince, he managed to con his way onto the royal throne of Russia. The pretender first became known to history in the early 1600s, when he appeared in Poland declaring himself to be Dmitry, the youngest son of the deceased Ivan the Terrible. The real Dmitry had supposedly been assassinated as a boy, but the imposter claimed he had escaped his would-be murderers and fled the country. The alleged royal went on to charm the Russian people, eventually riding a wave of public support all the way to Moscow.

False Dmitry was crowned czar in July 1605, but his rule was ultimately short-lived. The pretender’s policies proved too radical for Russia’s elites, and he was overthrown and assassinated less than a year later. Many have since speculated that his real name may have been Grigory Otrepyev, but this has never been proved. Amusingly, he was not the only impostor who claimed to be the real Dmitry. Two more pretenders emerged over the next decade, though neither succeeded in winning the throne.





#6: Yemelyan Pugachev as Peter III


In 1773, a royal impostor sparked one of the largest revolts in Russian history. Capitalizing on his striking resemblance to the murdered Peter III, a former soldier named Yemelyan Pugachev took on the identity of the late emperor and incited a massive peasant uprising against Catherine the Great. As Peter III, Pugachev promised populist reforms including autonomy for Russia’s Cossack population an end to the feudal system, and soon thousands of serfs had rallied to his standard.


Initially catching the empress by surprise, Pugachev’s army laid siege to the city of Orenburg in late 1773, and then proceeded to raze Kazan the following year. But despite these early successes, by late 1774 Catherine’s generals had started to turn the tide of the conflict. Following a decisive defeat at Tsaritsyn, a group of Pugachev’s lieutenants betrayed him and turned him over to the empress. The impostor was executed in early 1775, and his revolt crumbled soon thereafter.


 http://www.history.com/news/history-lists/7-people-who-pretended-to-be-royals



--------------


Some people debate how historically accurate the assassinations on the Romanov's were. We can see how the British Monarchy, including the Russian Monarchy, were royal cousins. We can see how the British Monarchy has kept political influence and power, over the Commonwealth of Nations. Some people question the amount of political influence, that was kept by the Russian royal families, that were related to the English royal families.



We can see that it was the Monarchs that caused many of the wars, throughout history. We need to understand as a civilization, to see that it was different royal families causing many wars. Often the people of that country or realm, are blamed for the actions of a king or tyrant.




------------



 Here is a good example of how royal families were supporting communist parties, and giving them their support.



------------------


The Royal Family of Australian Communism

 September 01st 2010


 https://quadrant.org.au/magazine/2010/09/the-royal-family-of-australian-communism/


The Aarons family were influential Australian communists over three or four generations. In presenting his family’s story Mark Aarons has two aims which are in conflict with each other. One is to criticise his family for being supporters of communist mass murderers—he admits some communists “betrayed” Australia, a strong word. The other aim is to salvage something from the wreckage by bignoting his relatives, particularly his father Laurie Aarons, for being close to the centre of great events, as though some of the glamour rubs off on them. He claims they wielded great influence (especially in the ALP), and had the biggest ASIO files (Why is this surprising, why an occasion for boasting?). It’s a tightrope act to reconcile these contradictory aims, and Mark Aarons falls off on a number of occasions.


The Aarons family were Leninists of the Stalinist variety who supported a regime which kept a great nation, Russia, in physical and psychological thrall for seven decades. Along with Mao, the Soviet communists were the worst mass murderers in history. This book has a major problem with the misleading term “Stalinist”. It’s based on the belief that being Stalinist is bad, but once you dropped Stalinism, as Laurie Aarons did after 1968, you are a goodie. But the accurate descriptive term is “Leninist”, never mentioned in this book. Laurie Aarons was a Leninist totalitarian from the moment he joined the Communist Party of Australia (CPA). For some decades he espoused a particularly virulent form of that disease, Stalinism, but then reverted to his basic Leninist persona. The thing is not to praise him for this move, which this book does, but to condemn him as a lifelong Leninist operative.


 https://quadrant.org.au/magazine/2010/09/the-royal-family-of-australian-communism/



-----------------


Many people question why different royal families, were supporting communist regimes. Tyrannical dictators can control governments though a democracy, communism, a republic or almost any form of government you can think of. When there is a way to exploit the masses, the people in power, often do not want to let go of the influence that they have had.



-----


To be a monarch, means to have rule over your own lands, without oppression of other governments, or political institutions. We can now see, that when individuals such as monarchs, gain too much political power, that different types of tyranny and oppression, can also take place within that realm.



----------------




The Russian media often states many of the people in America, try to gain power over the world, such as George Soros, the Rockefellers, including many different families that have political influence and control.


We know that Russia also has different royal families, including old and new people, including organisations, that want to have political influence and control, over the world. You often do not hear about powerful individuals and groups in Russia and Asia, because it is also more difficult for the media in Russia, to have full freedom of speech in the press. This is why many different reports and information on these powerful groups in Russia, is even kept hidden from the public. This also includes the powerful ties between the Russian Mafia and the government of Russia.  Many of the reports and publications, are not in English, which can be difficult for other journalist to research. Both America and Russia claim that they need nuclear weapons, to defend from opposing factions. The amount of nuclear waste being produced for these weapons, is not sustainable. Even the power of having just one government, of having the capabilities of being able to blow the planet up. It seems that this task may not have even been able to be accomplished by these governments, even less than a hundred years ago.


We can see many of the atrocities and war crimes, being carried out by most of these countries with nuclear weapons. This is why we need to end the wars and conflicts in the world. We need to have accountability for the governments of the world. We will hold the corrupt politicians and organisations mentioned in these reports, accountable for their actions.



 -------------

-------------


 Chapter 15: Wars


--------------

-------------




----


Some people will tell you that Stalin, Mao and Hitler, were against the monarchy. However, we still question, what families still were in power, while many dictators are financed by powerful families, including banks and war profiteers.



 -----



Stalin: Inside the Terror


Nov 21, 2013


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SIzApqzlP3Q



------------
How Hitler was set up by The British Crown who were inbreds from Germany - Alex Jones Tv

 Aug 26, 2010


 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tX_3AUiRyEA



-----




Soviet Storm: WW2 in the East - War against Japan (18 series)


Apr 2013



 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t6yM5HwphXM


--------------



Why Are Russia and Japan Still At War?

 Sep 12, 2015


 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-4cZF6iEvQk



--------------


 The following documentary shows how the Soviet Union was bombing Romania in World War II. The Soviet Union was using Crimea, as an airstrip, for their Soviet bombing raids.


 ---------



Soviet Storm: WW2 in the East - The Defence of Sevastopol (3 series)

 Mar 14, 2013



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PFBbdzl0Wkg



---------


Battlefield S6/E2 - Scandinavia the Forgotten Front

Nov 13, 2012



 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_wmWSpdaNWg



--------



Forest Brothers

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Forest_Brothers


The Forest Brothers (also Brothers of the Forest; Forest Brethren; Forest Brotherhood; Estonian: metsavennad, Latvian: meža brali, Lithuanian: miško broliai) were Estonian, Latvian, and Lithuanian partisans who waged a guerrilla war against Soviet rule during the Soviet invasion and occupation of the three Baltic states during, and after, World War II. Similar anti-Soviet Eastern European resistance groups fought against Soviet and communist rule in Bulgaria, Poland, Romania, and western Ukraine.




--------



Soviet Storm: WW2 in the East - The Liberation of Ukraine (10 series)

 Feb 11, 2013


 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4lTiJ4BLLNQ



-----------


Berliners recall Red Army atrocities
Soviet archives exposed in book tell of mass rape

September 24, 2002

http://articles.chicagotribune.com/2002-09-24/news/0209240344_1_raped-soviet-archives-red-army



------------


Stalin's army of rapists: The  brutal war crime that Russia and Germany tried to ignore


24 October 2008



http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1080493/Stalins-army-rapists-The-brutal-war-crime-Russia-Germany-tried-ignore.html



--------------


GREATEST MYSTERIES of WAR: Soviet–Afghan War 1979 - 1989

Jan 14, 2014


 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0_u3Uuye7EQ



---------



Russia in Afghanistan 1979 to 1989 - Part 1 of 3

 Aug 15, 2010


 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fZI1AIggBl0



----------


Russia in Afghanistan 1979 to 1989 - Part 2 of 3


Aug 17, 2010


 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XX56h7dStqw



-----


Russia in Afghanistan 1979 to 1989 - Part 3 of 3

Aug 17, 2010


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aR0mUSAPcts




-----------


Russia blocks U.N. condemnation of Srebrenica as a genocide


 Jul 8, 2015


 http://www.reuters.com/article/2015/07/08/us-bosnia-srebrenica-un-idUSKCN0PI1W620150708



Russia vetoed a United Nations Security Council resolution on Wednesday that would have condemned the Srebrenica massacre as a genocide to mark the 20th anniversary of the killing of 8,000 Muslim men and boys.

China, Nigeria, Angola and Venezuela abstained and the remaining 10 council members voted in favor. The vote was delayed a day as Britain and the United States tried to persuade Russia not to veto the text, which would have also condemned denial of the 1995 massacre as a genocide.

Russian U.N. Ambassador Vitaly Churkin had appealed for the council not to vote on the resolution, which he described as "not constructive, confrontational and politically motivated."

"The blame for the past is placed basically on one people," Churkin said, but he added: "Our vote against ... will not however mean that we are deaf to the sufferings of the victims of Srebrenica and other areas of Bosnia and Herzegovina."

Russia had proposed the council instead condemn "the most serious crimes of concern to the international community."

The U.N. war crimes tribunal for the former Yugoslavia has ruled the massacre, the worst mass killing on European soil since World War Two, was genocide.

Britain said it was outraged by the Russian veto. "Genocide occurred at Srebrenica. This is a legal fact, not a political judgment. On this there is no compromise," Deputy U.N. Ambassador Peter Wilson told the council after the vote.



http://www.reuters.com/article/2015/07/08/us-bosnia-srebrenica-un-idUSKCN0PI1W620150708


----------



Genocides in history


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genocides_in_history



Russian Empire

Main article: Ethnic cleansing of Circassians

The Russian Tsarist Empire waged war against Circassia in the Northwest Caucasus for more than one hundred years, trying to replace Circassia's hold along the Black Sea coast. After a century of insurgency and war and failure to end the conflict, the Tsar ordered the expulsion of most of the Muslim population of the North Caucasus. Many Circassians, Western historians, Turks and Chechens claimed that the events of the 1860s constituted one of the first modern genocides, in that a whole population was eliminated to satisfy the desires (in this case economic) of a powerful country.[citation needed]

Antero Leitzinger flagged the affair as the 19th century's largest genocide.[135] Some estimates cite that approximately 1-1.5 million Circassians were killed and most of the Muslim population was deported. Ossete Muslims and Kabardins generally did not leave. The modern Circassians and Abazins descend from those who managed to escape the onslaught and later returned another 1.5 million Circassians and others. This effectively annihilated (or deported) 90% of the nation.[136] Tsarist documents recorded more than 400,000 Circassians killed, 497,000 forced to flee and only 80,000 were left in their native area.[137] Circassians were viewed as tools by the Ottoman government, and settled in restive areas whose populations had nationalist yearnings- Armenia, the Arab regions and the Balkans. Many more Circassians were killed by the policies of the Balkan states, primarily Serbia and Bulgaria, which became independent at that time.[citation needed] Still more Circassians were forcefully assimilated by nationalist Muslim states (Turkey, Syria, Iraq, etc.) who looked upon non-Turk/Arab ethnicity as a foreign presence and a threat.

In May 1994, the then Russian President Boris Yeltsin admitted that resistance to the tsarist forces was legitimate, but he did not recognize "the guilt of the tsarist government for the genocide".[137] In 1997 and 1998, the leaders of Kabardino-Balkaria and of Adygea sent appeals to the Duma to reconsider the situation and to apologize, without response. In October 2006, the Adygeyan public organizations of Russia, Turkey, Israel, Jordan, Syria, the USA, Belgium, Canada and Germany sent the president of the European Parliament a letter with a request to recognize the genocide.[citation needed]

On 5 July 2005, the Circassian Congress, an organisation that unites representatives of the various Circassian peoples in the Russian Federation, called on Moscow to acknowledge and apologize for the genocide.
Soviet Union

Main articles: Human rights in the Soviet Union, Population transfer in the Soviet Union, Famines in Russia and USSR, Decossackization, Great Purge, Gulag, Holodomor, Sürgün and Polish operation of the NKVD

Multiple documented instances of unnatural mass death occurred in the Soviet Union. These include Union-wide famines in the early 1920s and early 1930s and deportations of ethnic minorities.

Soviet diplomatic efforts removed the extermination of political groups from the United Nations Convention on Genocide. This left many of the Soviet atrocities outside the United Nations definition of genocide, because the atrocities targeted political or economic groups rather than the ethnic, racial, religious, or national groups listed in the UN convention.



Polish Russia

Main article: The Polish Operation of the NKVD (1937–1938)

A few scholars argue that the killing, on the basis of nationality and politics, of more than 120,000 ethnic Poles in the Soviet Union during 1937–38 was genocide.



Chechnya

Main article: Operation Lentil (Caucasus)

On 26 February 2004 the plenary assembly of the European Parliament recognized the deportation of Chechen people during Operation Lentil (23 February 1944), as an act of genocide, on the basis of the 1907 IV Hague Convention: The Laws and Customs of War on Land and the CPPCG.[181]

The event began on 23 February 1944, when the entire population of Checheno-Ingushetia was summoned to local party buildings where they were told they were to be deported as punishment for their alleged collaboration with the Germans. The inhabitants were rounded up and imprisoned in Studebaker trucks and sent to Siberia.[182][183]

    Many times, resistance was met with slaughter, and in one such instance, in the aul of Khaibakh, about 700 people were locked in a barn and burned to death. By the next summer, Checheno-Ingushetia was dissolved; a number of Chechen and Ingush placenames were replaced with Russian ones; mosques and graveyards were destroyed, and a massive campaign to burn numerous historical Chechen texts was nearly complete.[184]
    [185] Throughout the North Caucasus, about 700,000 (according to Dalkhat Ediev, 724297,[186] of which the majority, 412,548, were Chechens, along with 96,327 Ingush, 104,146 Kalmyks, 39,407 Balkars and 71,869 Karachais). Many died on the trip, of exposure in Siberia's extremely harsh environment. The NKVD, supplying the Russian perspective, gives the statistic of 144,704 killed in 1944–1948 alone (with a death rate of 23.5% for all groups). Estimates for Chechen deaths alone (excluding the NKVD statistic), range from about 170,000 to 200,000,[187][188] thus ranging from over a third of the total Chechen population to nearly half being killed (of those that were deported, not counting those killed on the spot) in those 4 years alone. Both the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria and the European Union Parliament marked it as genocide in 2004.[189]


Deportations of Lithuanians, Latvians and Estonians

The mass deportations of up to 17,500 Lithuanians, 17,000 Latvians and 6,000 Estonians carried out by Stalin were allegedly the start of another genocide. Added to the killing of the Forest Brethren and the renewed Dekulakization that followed the Soviet reconquest of the Baltic states at the end of World War Two, the total number deported to Siberia was 118,559 from Lithuania, 52,541 from Latvia, and 32,540 from Estonia.[190] The high death rate of deportees during the first few years of exile, caused by the failure of Soviet authorities to provide suitable clothing and housing at the destination, led some sources to label the affair an act of genocide.[191] Based on the Martens Clause and the principles of the Nuremberg Charter, the European Court of Human Rights held that the March deportation constituted a crime against humanity.[192][193] According to Erwin Oberlander, these deportations are a crime against humanity, rather than genocide.[194]

Lithuania began trials for genocide in 1997. Latvia and Estonia followed in 1998.[195] Latvia has since convicted four security officers and in 2003 sentenced a former KGB agent to five years. Estonia tried and convicted ten men and is investigating others. In Lithuania by 2004 23 cases were before the courts, but as of the end of the year none had been convicted.[196]

In 2007 Estonia charged Arnold Meri (then 88 years old), a former Soviet Communist Party official and highly decorated former Red Army soldier, with genocide. Shortly after the trial opened, it was suspended because of Meri's frail health and then abandoned when he died.[197][198] A memorial in Vilnius, Lithuania, is dedicated to genocidal victims of Stalin and Hitler,[199] and the Museum of Genocide Victims in Lithuania, which opened on 14 October 1992 in the former KGB headquarters, chronicles the imprisonment and deportation of Lithuanians.







Decossackization

Main article: Decossackization

During the Russian Civil War the Bolsheviks engaged in a genocidal campaign against the Don Cossacks.[166][167][168][169][170] The most reliable estimates indicate that out of a population of three million, between 300,000 and 500,000 were killed or deported in 1919–20.


--------------


Comparing the Crimea conflict with the Georgia-Russia situation of 2008

 March 2, 2014


 https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/europe/crimea-crisis-may-seem-like-georgia-russia-situation-of-2008-but-its-really-not/2014/03/02/39db1890-a242-11e3-a5fa-55f0c77bf39c_story.html


The Crimea crisis has brought back memories of 2008, when Russia went to war with Georgia over break-away territory. In that case, two regions — Abkhazia and South Ossetia — had been functioning for 15 years outside Georgian control, their de facto independence guaranteed by Russian peacekeeping troops.

Tensions grew high that summer and, perhaps after some provocations, Georgia attacked posts in South Ossetia. Russia threw its troops into the fight, and in five days they were approaching Tbilisi, the Georgian capital. French mediation brought the conflict to an end. The two regions are now virtual sections of Russia.

A key factor in that conflict is that Georgia moved first. Ukraine has been careful so far not to give the Russians any excuse to open fire.

Georgia had also been flirting with NATO, which drew the ire of Vladimir Putin, who was at that time prime minister of Russia, but the real leader of the country. For him, it was a victory against NATO almost as much as one against Georgia.

Later assessments suggested that the Russian military did not acquit itself well at all against a tiny Georgian army. That led to sweeping reforms in the Russian defense establishment, which have greatly angered Russian generals but have gone over well with junior officers. Analysts believe that the Russian military is in better shape than it was six years ago, but Ukraine’s army is considerably more of a factor to be reckoned with than Georgia’s was.



https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/europe/crimea-crisis-may-seem-like-georgia-russia-situation-of-2008-but-its-really-not/2014/03/02/39db1890-a242-11e3-a5fa-55f0c77bf39c_story.html



--------


 The Russians Are Coming: Georgia's Creeping Occupation   Nov 4, 2015


 In July 2015, Russia-backed forces moved the boundary fence between Russian-occupied South Ossetia and Georgia — placing more Georgian territory under Russian control. Georgians refer to this as the creeping occupation, and several people who unfortunately live in the area now have a different citizenship.


VICE News travels to Georgia to see how the country is handling Russia’s quiet invasion, and meet those getting caught in the crossfire.


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bv00Weif0Sw



-----------


Soviet war crimes

 War crimes perpetrated by the Soviet Union and its armed forces from 1919 to 1991 include acts committed by the Red Army (later called the Soviet Army) as well as the NKVD, including the NKVD's Internal Troops. In some cases, these crimes may have been committed on express orders of Joseph Stalin and the early Soviet government's policy of Red Terror. In other instances, they were committed without orders by regular army troops as retribution against civilians or military personnel of countries that had been in armed conflict with the USSR or during partisan warfare.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soviet_war_crimes



---------



Human rights in the Soviet Union


 The Soviet Union was a single-party state where the Communist Party officially ruled the country.[1] All key positions in the institutions of the state were occupied by members of the Party. The state proclaimed its adherence to Marxism-Leninism ideology that restricts rights of citizens to private property. The entire population was mobilized in support of the state ideology and policies. Independent political activities were not tolerated, including the involvement of people with free labour unions, private corporations, non-sanctioned churches or opposition political parties. The regime maintained itself in political power in part by means of the secret police, propaganda disseminated through the state-controlled mass media, personality cult, restriction of free discussion and criticism, the use of mass surveillance, political purges and persecution of specific groups of people.



 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human_rights_in_the_Soviet_Union




------------------



Political repression in the Soviet Union


Throughout the history of the Soviet Union tens of millions of people became victims of political repression, which was an instrument of the state since the October Revolution. Culminating during the Stalin era, it still existed during the "Khrushchev Thaw", followed by increased persecution of Soviet dissidents during the Brezhnev stagnation, and didn't cease to exist during Mikhail Gorbachev's perestroika. Its heritage still influences the life of modern Russia and other former Soviet states.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Political_repression_in_the_Soviet_Union



---------------------


The Russian Monarchies, have been starting and staging wars for hundreds of years.


---------




History of Russia

 The history of Russia begins with that of the Eastern Slavs and the Finno-Ugric peoples. The state of Garðaríki ("the realm of towns"), which was centered in Novgorod and included the entire areas inhabited by Ilmen Slavs, Veps, and Votes, was established by the Varangian chieftain Rurik in 862 (the traditional beginning of Russian history). Kievan Rus', the first united East Slavic state, was founded by Rurik's successor Oleg of Novgorod in 882. The state adopted Christianity from the Byzantine Empire in 988, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Kievan Rus' ultimately disintegrated as a state because of the Mongol invasion of Rus' in 1237–1240 and the death of about half the population of Rus'.[citation needed] During that time, a number of regional magnates, in particular Novgorod and Pskov, fought to inherit the cultural and political legacy of Kievan Rus'.


 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Russia


----------------
Russian Empire


 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russian_Empire


 Russia was an absolute monarchy until the Revolution of 1905 and then became a constitutional monarchy. The empire collapsed during the February Revolution of 1917, largely the result of massive failures in its participation in the First World War.



------


When we see the amount of occult and masonic ceremonies in Russia. We can see that if we have a war, from something such as NATO vs BRICS, that it seems that these elite families and secret organisations, will continue to thrive to gain power, over the people of the world. These families and groups want to stage world wars, and have us fight each other. While they get to have many of the resources, and live in secured and guarded locations. We can see that these families and groups, would want to create a world war, as a means of population control.


------------


Albert Pike's 1871 Plan For The Three World Wars



 http://www.libertyforlife.com/nwo/albert_pike.htm



-----------




Tell Me More About Albert Pike

 http://www.threeworldwars.com/albert-pike.htm



--------------


America defeated the British Monarchy, in 1776. Some claim that eventually England tried to control the politics of America, shortly after the Revolutionary War. This is why some think that America eventually became an ally of England.


It is the thought of having the freedom, and your own land, without oppression from royal and religious organisations. That is what America is all about, this is why I will never betray America, and want America to thrive as a nation.


  We can see that America has many domestic enemies, trying to bring America down from the inside, to where the rest of the world hates America. We can see the problems that the Bush family left America, and the world.


Many of the countries that do not like America defeating the monarchs, were once ruled by a monarchy and empire.


The Rockefellers, Rothschilds and Carnegie families, originated in Europe.


Much of Europe and Russia have already banned GMO's in food. Much of Europe has banned many harmful food ingredients, such as Red Dye #40. However, America still produces GMO's in food, that have been linked to cause harm in the environment. This includes how many harmful food ingredients that are banned in many countries, are still legal in America.


GMO's have many environmental problems and concerns, that we can see in food production. We can see hope in certain medical procedures, with genetically modified organisms and bacteria. It is still questionable how these modified chemicals, will interact with natural chemical structures, found in the environment.



------------


We can see that many good uses of genetically modified organisms in medicine, this has a potential of doing a lot of good. However, we still must question how many of these newly developed synthesized chemicals, will interact with the ecosystem on this planet. From my research, I think it is a concern, and that we should currently have a moratorium on Genetically modified organisms in food, until we are for certain that it is safe. This is because we have already seen many problems, with bad experiments in genetic modification in food. 



------------



I wish the world could see America for what it was.  Now it seems that America has been infiltrated and infested by corruption, to where many Americans want a second American Revolt, to end the corruption. This includes the political influence of different groups and elitist families, that try to control America, and our international policy. However, this is happening all around the world, and not just in America, Europe and Russia.


America is about the right to freedom. In the past hundred years, America has changed, to where the corrupt politicians and elitist groups have taken over.


This is why America is forced into many foreign wars. This happens, when the laws specifically states that America should not get into foreign wars, unless for dire needs of defense.


The world must work together, to prosper. If one country decides that it has the freedom to produce a harmful chemical, that other countries claim could cause trans-boundary pollution, then we need to respect other countries rights, from harmful chemical exposure. These are the types of events that can lead to fights among different civilizations, including wars.


Maybe it would be a good idea, that the American people start holding companies such as Monsanto, DuPont, and Pfizer, accountable.


I often read some of the Russian propaganda and cartoons, put out on the web.


They have pictures of American jets, with British Petroleum logos on the jet.


They even say how companies such as Monsanto, make the perfect enemy, for an army to want to fight against.


I'll tell you right now that America is not about supporting corrupt organisations that try to harm the planet. This is why we need to work extra hard, to stop companies such as Monsanto, from doing more damage to the planet.


The last thing I want, is another world war, with all of the thermobaric and nuclear weapons. This can really cause harm to the planet and environment.


Many claim that this is how we are being forced, into a one world system, or a one world government.


Some people basically say, what they want is to offer the people a one world nation, or face more types of battles, such as Crimea, including  another world war.


Russia claims the reason why it has so much imperialism and war, is to counter NATO and the allies. We can see the amount of forced globalization that NATO, including Russia, have done in past history. We can see the cause of why these different groups that create a problem, a reaction and a solution.


 To be honest, it seems that corruption varies, but is about equal between America and Russia right now. At least Russia has seen a problem with Monsanto and some of the problems with glyphosate in GMO's. I think that the current politicians in charge in America right now are corrupt. This is why I have been trying to organise the American people to stop Monsanto. We do not want other countries to see this as an act of war or control, over another countries resources. Both Russia and America, have their own different types of military industrial complex as well. Many of these pro-war groups and individuals, would love to start more wars, to generate more wealth and power.  The problem, is that the American people want to revolt against the current politicians, that are ruining America. We do not want a war between nations.



-----------------------




Russia Warns Obama of World War over Monsanto GMO Food and Syngenta!

 Jun 4, 2013


 Putin of Russia has come out and told John Kerry that if Obama and Company do Not change or fix this mess with Monsanto....That it Will lead to World War !


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FYp6NidnFNs



_____




Russia Warns Obama: Global War Over “Bee Apocalypse” Coming Soon



May 10th, 2013


The shocking minutes relating to President Putin’s meeting this past week with US Secretary of State John Kerry reveal the Russian leaders “extreme outrage” over the Obama regimes continued protection of global seed and plant bio-genetic giants Syngenta and Monsanto in the face of a growing “bee apocalypse” that the Kremlin warns “will most certainly” lead to world war.

According to these minutes, released in the Kremlin today by the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of the Russian Federation (MNRE), Putin was so incensed over the Obama regimes refusal to discuss this grave matter that he refused for three hours to even meet with Kerry, who had traveled to Moscow on a scheduled diplomatic mission, but then relented so as to not cause an even greater rift between these two nations.


At the center of this dispute between Russia and the US, this MNRE report says, is the “undisputed evidence” that a class of neuro-active insecticides chemically related to nicotine, known as neonicotinoids, are destroying our planets bee population, and which if left unchecked could destroy our world’s ability to grow enough food to feed its population.


http://www.eutimes.net/2013/05/russia-warns-obama-global-war-over-bee-apocalypse-coming-soon/



-------------------------------



WARNING EVENTS! WORLD WAR III ITS ABOUT TO BEGIN RUSSIA Vs USA 2015

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IxlpTYOnoIo



----------------------------

----------------

----------------



Chapter 16: Airstrikes



-------------

------------


---------------------------


Lavrov refutes accusations that Russian airstrikes did not target ISIS

Sep 30, 2015


 US military officials have alleged that Russia's air strikes against Islamic State are not actually hitting their stated target, according to the US Secretary of Defence Ashton Carter. Sergey Lavrov has refuted the rumors of Russian airstrikes hitting non-terrorist infrastructure in Syria as groundless, emphasizing that there have been no verified reports of any civilian casualties. RT's Egor Piskunov went deeper into Lavrov's answer to the American accusations.


 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VMZcOdNrRX4


-------------------



Helpless Russian pilots 'were shot dead as they parachuted to the ground': Furious Putin accuses Turkey of 'treachery' after it downs jet over Syrian rebel territory

    WARNING: GRAPHIC CONTENT
    Turkish army has shot down a Russian Sukhoi Su-24 war plane near its Syrian border, officials confirmed
    Syrian border rebels claimed to have shot dead the pilots as they parachuted from the destroyed aircraft
    Vladimir Putin called Turkey's decision to shoot down plane 'a stab in the back by accomplices of terrorists'
    Sir Michael Graydon, former head of the RAF, warns incident has caused 'monstrous diplomatic problem'

24 November 2015



 http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3331558/Turkey-shoots-fighter-jet-Syrian-border-Local-media-footage-flaming-plane-crashing-trees.html



-------------------




Russian military reveals details of ISIS-Turkey oil smuggling


 Dec 2, 2015



 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nMA4B2ZnQ2o



------------------


 US State Dept dismisses Russian evidence of Turkey aiding ISIS


 Dec 2, 2015


The Pentagon rushed to defend Turkey, calling it an important partner in the fight against terrorists, despite earlier claims from Washington that Ankara was supporting extremist groups in the region. RT’s Gayane Chichakyan was at a US State Department briefing dealing with these allegations.


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DRggTCoyQCw


----------------



World leaders scramble to defuse 'monstrous' new crisis over Russia's downed jet: Putin ratchets the tension by dispatching warship to Mediterranean as Moscow expert warns war is 'likely'

    Russia warns of 'serious consequences' after Nato country downs Russian military jet for first time since 1953
    Two pilots were reportedly shot dead by Syrian rebels as they parachuted from burning Sukhoi Su-24 warplane
    Third Russian said to have died when rescue helicopter was hit with anti-tank missile by another rebel group
    Russia denied plane had been in Turkish airspace but Nato secretary-general says assessment showed it had
    A warship has been deployed to the Mediterranean Sea to destroy potential threats to Russian forces in Syria
    Britain has declared military back-up is on standby to support Turkey in any revenge attack by Putin's forces

25 November 2015


http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3332790/Monstrous-new-crisis-Russia-s-downed-jet-Putin-s-fury-stab-terror-accomplices-Moscow-analyst-warns-war-likely-Moscow-analyst.html





---------------


Russian Jet Shoot Down: What They're Not Telling You

 Nov 24, 2015


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JxTVwHXGfvI



--------------


 Russian Tu-142 bombers cause trouble for USS Ronald Reagan


30.10.2015


 There was only one mile of distance between the Russian bomber Tu-142 and USS Ronald Reagan. The incident happened near the Korean peninsula, where the USS was maneuvering.


According to Stars and Stripes, in the morning of October 27, Russian long-ranger bomber planes flew at the height of only 150 meters and at a distance of 1.8 kilometers from the US aircraft carrier. The US ship was conducting maneuvers with South Korean navy.


US military men tried to contact the pilots of the Tu-142, before four F/A-18 Super Hornet took off after the radio contact was not established.


"It's standard operating procedure for U.S. planes to escort aircraft flying if they are in the vicinity of a U.S. ship -- then that's standard procedure," said Navy commander William Marks. He said Russia's flyover was "safe" -- "a range of about a mile away," he said. "We do the same, it's not uncommon," he added.


- See more at: http://www.pravdareport.com/news/world/30-10-2015/132455-russian_bomber_ronald_reagan-0/#sthash.WDj8SXdH.dpuf




----------------



BREAKING – SHOCK: Report Claims China Warships Dock in Syria to Support Russia’s Alliance With Assad

 September 26, 2015




There is absolutely zero question Russia is positioning for proxy war with the United States. In fact, many current events indicate Russia is already at war with U.S. interests.


Take Ukraine, for instance. The U.S. wanted Ukraine aligned with NATO while Russia pushed against. The result was civil war with Russia invading Eastern Ukraine and U.S. backing forces pushing from the west.


Now Russia is moving war planes and military infrastructure into Syria to support Assad. Russia is also reportedly working with Iranian interests in preparation to confront ISIS alongside Assad. This in and of itself is incredibly dangerous. This means Iran and Russia will be fighting for Assad while the U.S. fights against him.


But it may be getting worse. Much worse.

A new report claims a Chinese aircraft carrier docked in a Syrian port while a Chinese guided missile cruiser anchored not far away. The report implies China could be preparing to join Russia and Iran in Syria.


 http://libertynews.com/2015/09/breaking-shock-report-claims-china-warships-dock-in-syria-to-support-russias-alliance-with-assad/


-----------------




Why does Russia support Syria's Al-Assad?


 Sep 15, 2013


 For months now Russia has been the main defender of Al-Assad. The country has put its international reputation at stake, and all this for Syria. So what drives Russia to confront the US. Why does Moscow care about Syria or Al-Assad? Well the truth is they really dont. Russia has no particular interests for Syria, and they dont care much for Al Assad either. The Russian naval facility in Syria and the weapons exports are only symbolic interests. In this report we explain how Putin's interests in Syria are indirectly related to Russia's backyard project - the Eurasian Union.


 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lW0HP7Xd2rs


-------------------





Russia's air strikes in Syria explained

Oct 12, 2015


At the request of al-Assad’s government, Russia has started an air strike campaign over Syria. Moscow stated that they would target extremists groups such as ISIS but so far the air strikes have mainly targeted NATO supported rebels.


Even though most of the mainstream media has put a negative spin of the Russian air strikes, one thing must be put into perspective. None of the external actors involved in the Syrian conflict, are in it for the sake of the Syrian people, democracy or human rights. This is a geopolitical conflict, not a soap opera. Russia is pursuing its own interests in the region, just as the US, Turkey, Iran and Saudi Arabia are respectfully pursuing theirs.


Russia has been engaged in the Syrian conflict since the start. Ever since 2011, Russian diplomats have provided crucial support in favor of the al-Assad government. By casting vetoes, the Russians prevented the adoption of UN resolutions aimed at banning the al-Assad government from the international community. And now, at al-Assad’s request, Putin has launched an air strike campaign in Syria. Since al-Assad’s administration is still the only legal executive authority in the state of Syria, the Russian air strikes are entirely within international laws. So what does Russia hope to achieve in Syria and how do the air strikes fit in the Russian geopolitical design?


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=idHQIMrtB2M





---------------------



On The Line: Simon Ostrovsky Discusses Russian Diplomatic and Military Maneuvers

 Oct 5, 2015


 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zwxdcbgksnA



---------------------



Right Sector Blockade: Russian Roulette (Dispatch 111)

 Oct 1, 2015


 In September, Crimea's ethnic Muslim minority, the Crimean Tatars, and the radical right-wing organization known as Right Sector set up a blockade on several highways leading into Crimea to stop food and other supplies from entering the Russia-occupied peninsula of Ukraine.


VICE News correspondent Simon Ostrovsky traveled to the roadblocks near Crimea and spoke with the organizers to find out why they had taken these controversial measures, which could potentially have humanitarian consequences for residents of Crimea, including the Crimean Tatars themselves.


 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uhzFbX5BAyU




--------------
'Do you realise what you've done?' Putin addresses UNGA 2015 (FULL SPEECH)

Russian President Vladimir Putin is due to address the 70th UN General Assembly session in New York City on Monday, September 28.


During the highly-anticipated appearance, which will be the president‘s first since 2005, Putin is expected to comment on the most pressing international issues including the Syrian and Ukrainian crises, sanctions and the fragmentation of the global economy.


https://youtu.be/q13yzl6k6w0?t=3m21s



 ----------------------------




Pushing Back the Islamic State: The Battle for Rojava (Dispatch 1)

 Aug 6, 2015


 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fHaaKR1HaFk


----------------------


Turkey and Russia tensions BOIL OVER: Now Putin accused of PROTECTING ISIS jihadis

 Jan 14, 2016


 http://www.express.co.uk/news/world/634431/Turkey-accuses-Russia-Putin-support-Islamic-State-ISIS-Daesh-airstrikes-Syria



------------------------


Turkey Issuing Warnings And Preparing For Battle With Russia

Jan 31, 2016


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DGp8ZJdoABI


------------------------
Russia warns of 'new Cold War' as Saudi Arabia and Turkey 'threaten anti-ISIS ground offensive in Syria'

  13 Feb 2016


 http://www.mirror.co.uk/news/world-news/russia-warns-new-cold-war-7361996



----------------------


History of the Russo-Turkish wars


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_Russo-Turkish_wars


-------------



Davutoglu signals Turkish action after fall of Aleppo corridor

 February 12, 2016


Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoglu has implied that Turkey will take action after the capture of the town of Azez in Syria, a strategic corridor between Aleppo and Turkey for rebel groups, by Syrian regime troops backed by Russian airstrikes.


Speaking to reporters en route to Turkey from the Netherlands, Davutoglu said that he had told German Chancellor Angela Merkel of the need to stop Russia in Syria in order to prevent further influxes of refugees to Turkey and Europe from the region, the Hürriyet daily reported on Friday. When asked whether Turkey will take action to reopen the corridor to Aleppo, Davutoglu said, “Wait for the next few days and you will have the answer,” daily Hürriyet reported on Friday.



 http://www.todayszaman.com/diplomacy_davutoglu-signals-turkish-action-after-fall-of-aleppo-corridor_412162.html




-------------------



-----------

----------



 Chapter 17: Skull symbolism



---------

---------


---------------------



Human skull symbolism


 Skull symbolism is the attachment of symbolic meaning to the human skull. The most common symbolic use of the skull is as a representation of death and mortality.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human_skull_symbolism


--------------------


An Antique Diamond Skull Ring

made in Moscow during World War I, circa 1914

The ring is said to be given by the Russian Empress Alexandra Feodorovna (consort of Tsar Nicholas II)



http://www.romanovrussia.com/Imperial_Russian_Diamond_Skull_Ring.html#.VO6_Bi6-2zk




-------------


 Why would the Russian royal family, share the same type of skull and crossbones, as the German hussars? We know that the German royal family, eventually took political control over England. King George V of England, and Czar Nicholas II, were both cousins. We can see how England, Germany and Russia, have had the same royal political influences, over the course of hundreds of years of past history. We need to work as a civilization, to not allow these royal families, to start more wars.



-----------------



 Royal families on the eve of World War One




http://historum.com/european-history/17180-royal-families-eve-world-war-one-47.html


She is wearing that uniform as the Colonel-in-Chief (Chef des Regiments) of the 2nd Leib-Husaren-Regiment ('Death's Head Hussars'), having succeeded to that post as successor of her grandmother the Empress Victoria, the eldest daughter of the Queen of that name. Here is a picture of the Empress in that uniform:




This was a Prussian regiment. Its origins can be traced back to 1741 with the foundation of the original regiment of black Hussars, which was divided in the 1800s into the 1st and 2nd Leib-Husaren. Both regiments wore the death's head on their helmets, as did the Brunswick Hussar Regiment nr. 17 (in a somewhat different form). It symbolic significance in this period was much the same as in any military usage at that time, signifying death before dishonour. But the use of skulls or skeletons went back further, originally signifying that the unit would fight to the death, so that quarter would neither be offered nor accepted. There was another black Prussian Hussar regiment in the 18th Century commanded by Wilhelm von Belling which had a recumbent skeleton with hourglass and scythe as its emblem, with the motto vincere aut mori, victory or death, which can thus be seen as an alternative interpretation of the skull emblem. It is not known how the emblem came to be chosen for the Leib-Husaren. One suggestion is that it was associated with the monastery of Leubus in Silesia, which paid for the founding of the regiment, since black cloth with white death's heads on them were used on the biers of the monks who died there. In the case of the 'Black Brunswickers', it is said that the black uniform with the death's head was adopted after the Duke of Brunswick was killed in battle during the Napoleonic Wars (a story that is sometimes invoked in connection with the Leib-Husaren, though incorrectly since their insignia were of earlier origin). In the British army, the Queen's Royal Lancers have a skull and crossbones as their cap-badge with the motto 'Or Glory' underneath; the emblem was introduced by the founder of the 17th Lancers in the 18th Century in reference to the death of General Wolfe in victory at Quebec.


Pictures of the German Crown Prince in the uniform of Leib-Husaren Regiment 1:


http://historum.com/european-history/17180-royal-families-eve-world-war-one-47.html



---------------


8 Peculiar Battle Trophies Taken From The Front


3. 'Death's Head' lance pennant



All German Army cavalry units carried lances fitted with a pennant. The 'Death's Head Hussars' carried lance pennants displaying the skull and crossbones, like the one pictured here. This pennant was captured during the Battle of the Marne in 1914.


http://www.iwm.org.uk/history/8-peculiar-battle-trophies-taken-from-the-front




------------



Hussar

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hussar


Great Britain hired German hussars among their Hessian mercenaries and sent them to America to fight in the American War of Independence.[citation needed] Britain converted a number of light dragoon regiments to hussars in the early 19th century.


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hussar




-----------


Totenkopf hussars



https://www.tumblr.com/search/totenkopf%20hussars




-------------



Totenkopf


 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Totenkopf


Totenkopf (lit. "skull") is the German word for the skull and crossbones and death's head symbols. The Totenkopf symbol is an old international symbol for death, the defiance of death, danger, or the dead, as well as piracy. It consists usually of the human skull with or without the mandible and often includes two crossed long-bones (femurs), most often depicted with the crossbones being behind some part of the skull.

It is commonly associated with 19th- and 20th-century German military use. Prominent use of the symbol by Nazi forces during World War II as German death squads undertook the Holocaust caused a widespread decline in its use and a secondary association with political extremism, although several groups and individuals continued using it despite the linkage (or, in some cases, welcoming it).



-----------



The Uniforms of the Hussars - (Cont'd)


http://uniform-evolution.0catch.com/prussia30k.html





----------



Presenting (14) Galleries For (Totenkopf Hussar)


http://galleryhip.com/totenkopf-hussar.html



----------



 The Occult Secret of the “Skull & Cross Bones” Symbol -


http://www.richardcassaro.com/the-arcane-meaning-of-the-skull-cross-bones-symbol#sthash.vVKhzwYO.dpuf


 --------




The Skull has also become a Catholic symbol. To some, the skull represents the head of John the Baptist.



--------



The Jesuit Vatican New World Order

 The Knights of Malta , new world order


 http://vaticannewworldorder.blogspot.com/2012/10/the-knights-of-malta-here-is-some-of.html



-----------
Beheading of St. John the Baptist

 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beheading_of_St._John_the_Baptist



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Scientists find new evidence supporting John the Baptist bones theory

15 Jun 2012



http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/religion/9333052/Scientists-find-new-evidence-supporting-John-the-Baptist-bones-theory.html



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Human skull symbolism


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human_skull_symbolism



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Memento mori


Memento mori (Latin: "remember that you can die") is the medieval Latin theory and practice of reflection on mortality, especially as a means of considering the vanity of earthly life and the transient nature of all earthly goods and pursuits. It is related to the ars moriendi ("The Art of Dying") and related literature. Memento mori has been an important part of ascetic disciplines as a means of perfecting the character, by cultivating detachment and other virtues, and turning the attention towards the immortality of the soul and the afterlife.

In art, mementos mori are artistic or symbolic reminders of mortality. In the European Christian art context, "the expression... developed with the growth of Christianity, which emphasized Heaven, Hell, and salvation of the soul in the afterlife..."

The most obvious places to look for memento mori meditations are in funeral art and architecture. Perhaps the most striking to contemporary minds is the transi, or cadaver tomb, a tomb that depicts the decayed corpse of the deceased. This became a fashion in the tombs of the wealthy in the fifteenth century, and surviving examples still create a stark reminder of the vanity of earthly riches. Later, Puritan tomb stones in the colonial United States frequently depicted winged skulls, skeletons, or angels snuffing out candles. These are among the numerous themes associated with skull imagery.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Memento_mori



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 Santa Muerte votive candles at a grocery store in suburban Washington, D.C..


 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Santa_Muerte#/media/File:Santa_Muerte_Votives.jpg



------------
The Triptych Enigma: Freemasonry’s Forbidden Ancient “Universal Religion” Rediscovered

Published 12th October 2012



https://grahamhancock.com/cassaror1/


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Jolly Roger


 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jolly_Roger#Military_use


---------------


Even professional soldiers from Germany, were hired as mercenaries, to fight for the British Empire, during the American Revolution. Both the British and German Monarchy, were also related by blood as well.



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Musketeer Regiment von Trümbach


 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Musketeer_Regiment_von_Tr%C3%BCmbach


 Due to the number of conflicts Britain was involved with globally at the time the American Revolution broke out, King George found himself in need of more troops to quell the rebellion. As was the custom of the time period, he signed a treaty with several German Principalities to essentially lease their armies for the duration. These troops, from several German states were commonly referred to as Hessians, because the largest block of troops came from the Landgraviate of Hesse-Kassel. The total number of German troops committed to the conflict eventually reach about 33,000- almost a full third of the total Crown forces. The Hesse Cassel army was based on the Prussian army of the time and was among the most professional in Europe. The 8th infantry regiment came to the American shores as the Regiment von Trümbach and changed names a couple years later when Carl von Bose became the regiment's Chef, or commander. Von Trümbach/Bose participated in many of the major events of the war, including the actions in New York, Stono Ferry, Eutaw Spirings, Savannah, Charleston, Guilford Courthouse and Yorktown. At Guilford Courthouse the regiment received special note for its bravery as they fought back-to-back to battle foes on both sides. The main body of the regiment surrendered with Cornwallis's army at Yorktown. The Grenadier company remained in New York and returned to Hesse Cassel from there. Regiment von Bose was raised as the Regiment von Shöepping and served with distinction in the Seven Years' War as the Regiment von Mansbach. The red neck stocks worn by the regiment signify it is a veteran regiment.






 --------------------


Musketeer Regiment Prinz Carl


 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Musketeer_Regiment_Prinz_Carl


The Musketeer Regiment Prinz Carl was a regiment of Hessian troops that served Great Britain during the American Revolutionary War.

According to German military records, the regiment was raised in Bad Hersfeld, Hesse-Kassel (or Hesse-Cassel), Germany. On January 21, 1776 the Regiment marched from Hersfeld, embarking in Carlstadt at Bremerlehe on March, 23. They sailed for America on April 17, 1776, and landed at Staten Island, New York on August 15. They fought in the Battle of White Plains on October 28, 1776 and participated in the capture of Newport, Rhode Island July 29 to August 31, 1778 as well as other minor actions. On November 12, 1783 the Regiment sailed from New York for Bremerlehe, returning to the garrison at Hersfeld on May 28, 1784.




Although the official history of the unit does not give precise details of its movements, there are indications of other operations:

According to a Sep. 23, 1777 letter from Lieutenant General Sir Henry Clinton, to Gen. Sir William Howe, the Regiment participated in an incursion into New Jersey from the 12th to the 16th of September, 1777.


Also, a report of a Hessian deserter from 28 August,1782, found in George Washington's papers, indicates this regiment, along with "the Regt. of Wesebach & Angenella together with Fanning's Corps., & 7th British Reg., came lately from Savannah & are now on Long Island, very weak in number and very sickly." In this report, "7th British Regt. is likely the "7th Regiment of Foot (Royal Fuzileers)" under Lt. Gen. Richard Prescott, who had been ordered to Savannah on 22 December, 1781. "Fanning's Corps." is probably the loyalist "King's American Regiment" "Angenella" is probably the "Grenadier Regt. von d'Angelelli." And, the "Regt. of Wesebach" likely refers to the Hessian "Regt. von Wissenbach", although von Knoblauch had taken command by that time. The British forces evacuated Savannah on July 11, 1782.



----------------



Adam's Alchemy Weblog


http://www.alchemywebsite.com/weblog_archive1.html



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Chapter 18: The Order of the Dragon


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The following is a continuation of Chapter 6, Pyramid technology.  We were talking about Pyramids, Stonehenge and the word Dragon, and its meaning.



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The Real Count Dracula - Vampire Documentary

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rBYmFYcfWkg


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Vlad the Impaler

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vlad_the_Impaler


Vlad III, Prince of Wallachia (1431–1476/77), was a member of the House of Dracule?ti, a branch of the House of Basarab, also known, using his patronymic, as (Vlad) Draculea or (Vlad) Dracula.

He was posthumously dubbed Vlad the Impaler (Romanian: Vlad ?epe?, pronounced ['vlad 't?sepe?]), and was a three-time Voivode of Wallachia, ruling mainly from 1456 to 1462, the period of the incipient Ottoman conquest of the Balkans. His father, Vlad II Dracul, was a member of the Order of the Dragon, which was founded to protect Christianity in Eastern Europe. Vlad III is revered as a folk hero in Romania and Bulgaria for his protection of the Romanians and Bulgarians both north and south of the Danube. A significant number of Bulgarian common folk and remaining boyars (nobles) moved north of the Danube to Wallachia, recognized his leadership and settled there following his raids on the Ottomans.



------------


Order of the Dragon

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Order_of_the_Dragon



The Order of the Dragon (Latin: Societas Draconistarum, lit. "Society of the Dragonists") was a monarchical chivalric order for selected nobility, founded in 1408 by Sigismund, King of Hungary (r. 1387–1437) and later Holy Roman Emperor (r. 1433–1437). It was fashioned after the military orders of the Crusades, requiring its initiates to defend the cross and fight the enemies of Christianity, in particular the Ottoman Turks.

The Order flourished during the first half of the 15th century, primarily in Germany and Italy. After Sigismund's death in 1437, its importance declined in Western Europe, but after the Fall of Constantinople in 1453, it continued to play a role in Hungary and Croatia, which bore the brunt of the Ottoman incursions.



Fruzhin, son of Tsar Ivan Shishman of Bulgaria.

Vlad II Dracul (d. 1447), then Prince of Wallachia[10] (Father of Vlad Dracul III)

Vlad Dracul III (d.1477) then prince of Wallachia (Son of Vlad II Dracul)



Members

    Stibor de Beckov or Stibor II, son of Stibor of Stiboricz
    Hrvoje Vukcic Hrvatinic, Ban of Croatia and Grand Duke of Bosnia
    Vuk Lazarevic, brother of Despot Stefan Lazarevic, received the title from Sigismund.
    Fruzhin, son of Tsar Ivan Shishman of Bulgaria.
    Vlad II Dracul (d. 1447), then Prince of Wallachia (Father of Vlad Dracul III)
    Vlad Dracul III (d.1477) then prince of Wallachia (Son of Vlad II Dracul)
    Benjamin de Benyó, Voivod of Liptov.
    Oswald von Wolkenstein (d. 1445)
    Vladislas II of Bohemia and Hungary (1456–1516) [clarification needed]
    Foreign allies, who did not swear an oath of loyalty:[clarification needed]
        King Ladislaus II of Poland
        Grand Duke Vytautas of Lithuania, Sigismund's former brother-in-law
        King Henry V of England
        members of Italian families, such as the Carrara, della Scala and leaders of Venezia, Padova and Verona




-----------------



Oswald von Wolkenstein


Oswald von Wolkenstein (1376 or 1377, presumably in Castle Schöneck in Kiens – August 2, 1445 in Meran) was a poet, composer and diplomat. In the latter capacity, he traveled through much of Europe, even as far as Georgia (as recounted in "Durch Barbarei, Arabia"), and was inducted into the Order of the Dragon. He lived for a time in Seis am Schlern.



Oswald's father was Friedrich von Wolkenstein and his mother Katharina von Villanders. When he was ten years old, Oswald left his family and became squire of a knight errant. Oswald described the journeys undertaken by him in the following 14 years in his autobiographical song "Es fügt sich...", mentioning travels to Crete, Prussia, Lithuania, Crimea, Turkey, the Holy Land, France, Lombardy and Spain, as well as being shipwrecked in the Black Sea.


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oswald_von_Wolkenstein



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The descendants of Vlad Dracul, were known as the dragon bloodline, or Dragon Family.


Symbolism for the Dragon, has been used for thousands of years in different cultures around the world.


--------------





Dragon Family Tree
FirstBorn Dragon Clan


 http://drakenberg.weebly.com/dragon-family-tree.html


"We can now progress our story by considering the oldest Grant of Arms in sovereign history - the Grant of Arms which denoted the Messianic Dragon Bloodline for all time. The Sumerians referred to this insignia as the Gra-al... From biblical history, we know it better as the 'Mark of Cain'." (Laurence Gardner) - 612 (Part I)


    The Dragon King was known as the King of Kings and his symbol, Draco, represented his succession through the Egyptian pharaohs, the Egyptian Therapeutae, the Qumran Essenes to the Merovingian kings of Europe.


    "The kings of the early succession (who reigned in Sumer and Egypt before becoming kings of Israel) were anointed upon coronation with the fat of the Dragon (the sacred crocodile). This noble beast was referred to in Egypt as the Messeh (from which derived the Hebrew verb 'to anoint'), and the kings of this dynastic succession were always referred to as 'Dragons', or 'Messiahs' (meaning 'Anointed Ones')


    "In times of battle, when the armies of different kingdoms were conjoined, an overall leader was chosen and he was called the 'Great Dragon' (the 'King of Kings') - or, as we better know the name in its old Celtic form, the 'Pendragon'...


    "In pictorial representation, the Messianic Dragon was, in essence, a large-jawed serpent with four legs, very much like a crocodile or a monitor. This was the Sacred Messeh whose name was 'Draco.' Draco was a divine emblem of the Egyptian pharaohs, a symbol of the Egyptian Therapeutate, of the Essenes of Qumran, and was the Bistea Neptunis (the sea serpent) of the descendant Merovingian Fisher-Kings in Europe." (Laurence Gardner) - 612 (Part I)


    The Druidic Dragon King or Pendragon, also called the King of Kings, was chosen by a Council of Elders to rule over all the kingdoms.



"...Cymbeline was the 'Pendragon' of mainland Britain during Jesus's lifetime. The Pendragon, or 'Head Dragon of the Island'...was the King-of-Kings and 'Guardian of the Celtic Isle'. The title was not dynastic; Pendragons were appointed from Celtic royal stock by a Druidic council of elders...


"The concept of the dragon in Celtic mythology emerged directly from the holy crocodile (the Messeh) of the ancient Egyptians. The Pharaohs were anointed with crocodile fat, and thereby attained the fortitude of the Messeh (Thus Messiah -- Anointed One). The image of the intrepid Messeh evolved to become the Dragon, which in turn became emblematic of mighty kingship.


"The Celtic Kings in Britain were called 'dragons' in the ancient Messeh tradition as intrepid guardians. But there were many separate kingdoms in those days before England gained an overall monarch in Saxon times. It was therefore necessary to appoint a King-of-Kings -- a High King to preside overall, and to lead combined armies from different tribal areas. The first Pendragon (Head Dragon/High King) was Cymbeline." - 29:183


"...Columba...in 574, had crowned and anointed King Aedan mac Gabran of Dalriada (Celtic Pendragon and father of King Arthur) - the first British monarch to be installed by priestly ordination - and this greatly upset the Church of Rome." - 92:30


    The Druidic Pendragon was passed on to the Merovingian kings in 666 A.D.




---------------



Dragon Family Tree
FirstBorn Dragon Clan



 http://drakenberg.weebly.com/dragon-family-tree.html


In addition, Enki was known as the “Lord of the Earth”, and it is because of this “amphibious” nature of their progenitor, who reigned over both land and sea, that the Merovingians are associated with frogs. But this “Lord of the Earth” title is significant, for this is a title also given to Satan. It has been acknowledged elsewhere that Enki, as the “fish-goat man”, is the prototype for the Zodiac sign of Capricorn, which is itself recognized as the prototype for the modern conception of Satan or Lucifer. Furthermore, a well-known and pivotal episode in Enki’s career was his fight against his brother Enlil over the succession of the global throne. Enki eventually slew Enlil, something that is recorded in the Egyptian myth of Set murdering Osiris, and perhaps in the Biblical story of Cain murdering Abel. The connection between Enki and Enlil and Cain and Abel can be further proven by the fact that Enki and Enlil were the son of Anu (in some Sumerian legends, the first god-king on Earth), whereas Cain and Abel were the sons of the first man, called “Adamu” in Sumerian legends. “Adamu” and “Anu” appear to be etymologically related.


This family feud erupted into a long and overdrawn battle between the gods, who were split into two factions over the issue. These appear to be the same two factions who were at odds over the mating of gods and men to create the Grail bloodline. Those who supported Enki/Satan and Cain were clearly the ones who were inclined to breed with mankind, perhaps in an attempt to create a hybrid race that could assist them in retaining the throne for Cain. But they were overpowered. After they lost the “war in Heaven”, they were cast into the Abyss (according to legend, now the realm of Satan), and the Earth was flooded so as to rid it of their offspring.


Yet according to the legends, those gods who had created the hybrid race contacted one of their most favored descendants (called Uta-Napishtim in the Sumerian legends, or Noah in the Jewish), helping him to rescue himself and his family, preserving the seed of hybrid humanity. We see remnants of this in the Vedic legends of the Flood, in which the Noah figure, here called “Manu”, is warned about the Flood by a horned fish (who turns out to be the Hindu god Vishnu in disguise). The fish tells Manu to build a ship, and then tie its tip to his horn. He then proceeds to tow Manu’s ship to safety upon a high mountain. So clearly Vishnu is connected to Enki, Dagon, and Oannes, and clearly he is the same one who saved Noah from the Flood. Yet this very deed became attributed, in the Old Testament, to the same god, Jehovah, who had purportedly caused the Flood to begin with. In fact the word Jehovah, or “Jah” is said to have evolved from the name of another Sumerian sea god-king, Ea, “the Lord of the Flood.” Likewise, Leviathan is responsible, according to some references, for “vomiting out the waters of the Flood.” This occurs at the Apocalypse in the Revelation of St. John the Divine as well. Leviathan, like many of these sea gods, was the Lord of the Abyss, and these waters were believed to be holding the Earth up from underneath, in the regions of Hell. Yet “Leviathan” is almost surely etymologically related to the Jewish name “Levi”, and therefore to the “tribe of Levi”, the priestly caste of the Jews that formed part of Christ’s lineage.


- "There are at least a dozen families in Britain and Europe today -- with numerous collateral branches -- who are of Merovingian lineage. These include the House of Hapsburg-Lorraine... Plantard, Luxembourg, Montpezat, Montesque, and various others. According to the 'Prieuré documents' the Sinclair family in Britain is also allied to the bloodline, as are various branches of the Stuarts...



- Now lets go back to the Quinotaur, which some have named as being synonymous with Poseidon, the Greek god of the sea and, according to Plato, one of the famous kings of Atlantis. Others have seen it as being emblematic of the fish symbol that Christ is associated with, thus indicating that he was in fact the origin of the Merovingian bloodline. However, the roots of this Quinotaur myth are far more ancient. The word itself can be broken down etymologically to reveal its meaning. The last syllable, “taur”, means “bull.” The first syllable “Quin”, or “Kin”, comes from the same root as “king”, as well as the Biblical name of Cain, whom many have named as the primordial father of the Grail family.(4) The idea of the “King of the World” taking the form of a sea-bull was a recurring them in many ancient cultures, most notably in ancient Mesopotamia. In fact it originated with that dynasty of kings who reigned over the antediluvian world and who were all associated with the sea, as well as this divine animal imagery. These kings included Sargon, Menes, and Narmar. Their historical reality morphed into the legends we have in many cultures of gods said to have come out of the sea at various times and to teach mankind the basic arts of civilization. They were known by various names, such as Enki, Dagon, Oannes, or Marduk (Merodach). They were depicted as half-man and half-fish, half-goat and half-fish, or half-bull and half-fish, but as I have said, in many of these depictions it is clear that this affect was achieved merely by the wearing of costumes, and that these god-kings were using this archetypal imagery to deify themselves in the minds of their subjects...



- The syllable “dag” merely means “fish”, which makes it interesting to note that the Dogon tribe of Africa, who have long baffled astronomers with their advanced knowledge of the faraway star-system from which they say their gods came, claim that these gods were “fish-men.” We may wonder if the words “dag” and “dog” are not etymologically related, especially since the star from whence these fish-men supposedly came is named Sirius, “the Dog Star.” From Dagon comes our word “dragon”, as well as the biblical figure of Leviathan, “the Lord of the Deep”, a title also applied to Dagon. In fact, many of these Atlantean god-kings received the titles “the Lord of the Waters”, “The Lord of the Deep”, or “the Lord of the Abyss”, which appear to have been passed down from father to son, along with the throne of the global kingdom. These kings were specifically associated with the Flood of Noah, which, as I have mentioned, destroyed their global kingdom, and was somehow linked to their disastrous breeding experiment with the human race that lead to the “Grail bloodline.” For this they were consigned to the “Abyss” or the underworld, which is why these gods were known as the lords of both.


In addition, Enki was known as the “Lord of the Earth”, and it is because of this “amphibious” nature of their progenitor, who reigned over both land and sea, that the Merovingians are associated with frogs. But this “Lord of the Earth” title is significant, for this is a title also given to Satan. It has been acknowledged elsewhere that Enki, as the “fish-goat man”, is the prototype for the Zodiac sign of Capricorn, which is itself recognized as the prototype for the modern conception of Satan or Lucifer. Furthermore, a well-known and pivotal episode in Enki’s career was his fight against his brother Enlil over the succession of the global throne. Enki eventually slew Enlil, something that is recorded in the Egyptian myth of Set murdering Osiris, and perhaps in the Biblical story of Cain murdering Abel. The connection between Enki and Enlil and Cain and Abel can be further proven by the fact that Enki and Enlil were the son of Anu (in some Sumerian legends, the first god-king on Earth), whereas Cain and Abel were the sons of the first man, called “Adamu” in Sumerian legends. “Adamu” and “Anu” appear to be etymologically related.


- Clearly, Dagobert’s death meant the end for the Merovingian kingdom. All subsequent Merovingian kings were essentially powerless, and they were officially thought to have died out with Dagobert’s grandson, Childeric III. 49 years later, Charles Martel’s grandson, Charlemagne was anointed Holy Roman Emperor. But in 872, almost 200 years after his death, Dagobert was canonized as a Saint, and the date of his death, December 23, became “St. Dagobert’s Day.”




- The Horned Serpent is a persona of the god Cernunnos, the Brythonic Horned God who was associated with the hunt and fertility. As I said in that other post, it was probably his worship at Loch Ness that was reported in Columba's famous meeting with the Loch Ness Monster. The pagan ancestors of the Merovingians were also most likely worshipers of Cernunnos. The tale that he had two fathers, one a Quinotaur, probably indicates that Merovee was conceived during the fertility rites associated with Cernunnos and has no connection with Christ nor Mary Magdalene. Cernunnos was the lord of life, death and the underworld. He was also the Sun God and the ritual of the Sacred Hunt, where the mortal king was the sacrifice, sheds more light on the Merovingians' pagan roots. The last Merovingian king, Dagobert, was slain in just such a manner at the winter solstice.


In the Americas, the horned serpent, like the the Choktaw deity Sint holo, was the giver of inspiration, a promethian spirit who introduced agriculture, language, and other gifts of knowledge to mankind. The Tewa deity Avanyu was the feathered sky serpent of the Pueblos (Zuni, Kolowisi, and Hopi, Paluluka), a rain and lightning deity who was believed to have given birth to the waterways, and whose voice was thunder. Algonquin pictographs commonly depict a horned, feathered serpent known as Mishipizheu and similar icons are scattered across North America.


The best known feathered serpent of the Americas is, of course, the Aztec Quetzalcoatl, (Mayan Kukulkan, Incan Urcaguey) who was exiled by the gods for his gifts of knowledge to the Aztec people. Quetzalcoatl was described as a bearded white man and legends persist that he was a prince of the Brythonic people, though, like the Merovingian Quinotaur, there have been attempts to also connect Quetzalcoatl with Christ...





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 You often hear many Master Masons, talk about a Golden Age.



---------------



Dragon Family Tree


This archetype of the fallen king who shall one day return, or the kingdom that disappears, only to rise again in a new, golden age, is a very common one, and one that I have shown in another article to be integral to the Grail legend. It was also one used quite effectively by the last of the Merovingian kings who effectively held the throne of the Austrasian Empire - this magazine’s mascot, Dagobert II. Dagobert’s entire life, as historically recorded, is mythological and archetypal. His name betrays the divine origins of his bloodline. “Dagobert” comes, of course, from Dagon. Now the word “bert”, as the author L.A. Waddell has shown, has its roots in the word “bara”, or “para“, or Anglicized, “pharaoh”, a “priest-king of the temple (or house).” So Dagobert’s name literally means “Priest-King of the House of Dagon.” Interestingly, a rarely-found but nonetheless authentic variation on Dagobert’s name was “Dragobert”, emphasizing his lineage from the beast of the deep waters, the dragon Leviathan.



http://drakenberg.weebly.com/dragon-family-tree.html





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For more information on dragon symbolism, view Chapter 31, " Dragon symbolism. "




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Chapter 19: Saint Germain



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Esoteric School
Louisenlund



http://trianglebook.weebly.com/esoteric-school.html


Retirement Rituals




Though his effect was that of a cultural engineer, St. Germain was a diplomat, spy, inventor, occultist, jeweler and violinist. As such, he was fluent in many languages, including those of encryption. His life is full of rumors, legends and scandal, making it hard to separate the man from the myth. But he fostered Masonry, gnosis and the Rosicrucians creating a legacy that persists today.



Though many of his exploits are couched in mystery, much is known about St. Germain’s retirement period at Louisenlund on the German/Danish border, where he practiced Freemasonry and alchemy with his patron Prince Karl of Hesse (1744-1836).  Having spent most of his fortune, sold his diamonds and given up his espionage enterprise, the Count (also calling himself Welldone, Weldon, Welldown, Wethlone, or Woeldone) settled down.




At Louisenlund on Bornholm Island, the Count happily recreated the laboratory he had enjoyed earlier in life with the patronage of French King Louis. The Louisenlund host family that offered sanctuary was a nexus of Masonic and “Red Dragon” lineage that now pervades European royalty. The House of Hesse-Kassel made a lot of money off the American Revolution, leasing Hessian mercenaries. It wanted more.




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The Count of Saint-Germain


http://davidpratt.info/st-germain2.htm


The Manly Palmer Hall Collection of Alchemical Manuscripts at the Getty Research Library contains two triangular books (MS 209 and MS 210), similar in content but not entirely identical, whose title page mentions Saint-Germain. MS 209 has 31 leaves (of which four are blank), and MS 210 has 24 leaves; each of the three sides of the pages measures about nine inches. With the exception of the title page, the books are written in cipher. Iona Miller writes:


    The cipher itself is quite simple, belonging to the class found in Masonic documents, and decodes into French. ... The writing itself belongs to a class known as Grimoire or Manuals of Ceremonial Magic. ... The balance of the manuscript is devoted to the consecration of magical implements and prayers to spirits. ... Most of the formulas are magical rather than alchemical and so involved in obscure symbolism and Cabalistic names as to be impractical to the modern reader. ... It is not known for sure if St. Germain actually wrote these rites or adapted them from an older magical text in his possession.13


We do not know for certain whether the Count of Saint-Germain had anything do with these manuscripts.




- The Count of St. Germain was an enigmatic figure who achieved great prominence in European high society in the mid-18th century. He was on close terms with many kings, princes and statesmen, and enjoyed their confidence and admiration. He was fabulously wealthy, possessing a collection of jewels of rare size and beauty, which he often gave away as gifts. Acquaintances praised his charming grace, genteel manners and enormous erudition. He was an accomplished musician and composer, and a virtuoso on the violin. He was also a brilliant chemist, with a unique knowledge of dyes and diamonds. Frederick the Great called him a man whose riddle had never been solved. His birth and background are obscure, but towards the end of his life he revealed that he was a son of Prince Francis Rákóczy of Transylvania.


http://davidpratt.info/st-germain1.htm

-

Triangular Manuscript:

















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The Count of Saint-Germain we are considering here is sometimes confused with several other Saint-Germains: Claude-Louis, Comte de Saint-Germain (1707-78), a Frenchman famous for his military talents, who was appointed war minister by Louis XVI in 1775, but whose career ended in disgrace because of the reforms he tried to introduce in the army; Robert-François Quesnay de Saint-Germain (1751-1805), an occultist; and Pierre-Mathieu Renault de Saint-Germain, French Governor of Calcutta in 1755.



http://davidpratt.info/st-germain1.htm

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After 1745, Saint-Germain’s precise whereabouts and activities for the next 12 years are uncertain. His own statements indicate that he was probably developing various manufacturing techniques in Germany, mainly in the area of dyeing. In 1755 he was involved in promoting a machine invented by a Frenchman for cleaning and deepening ports, estuaries and waterways, and made a trip to The Hague in late 1755 or early 1756.5


http://davidpratt.info/st-germain1.htm


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Had they reached the Black Sea, and landed in those parts of Turkey’s domains in Europe known as Wallachia and Moldavia (parts of modern Rumania), then, perhaps joined by land forces pushing down from the south of Russia, they could have marched straight through into Transylvania. ...

    [I]n Transylvania, Saint-Germain could have declared his identity as a son of Francis Rákóczy, and there and in Hungary the whole population might have flocked to him, in his General’s uniform, greeting his Russian forces as liberators from the domination of Austria. He might have been received in succession to his father as Prince of Transylvania, and even have been acclaimed in Hungary.



http://davidpratt.info/st-germain1.htm


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Several writers have claimed that Saint-Germain played a key role in occult societies such as those of the Rosicrucians and Freemasons. Isabel Cooper-Oakley says that it is evident that Saint-Germain ‘went from one society to another, guiding and teaching’.


    According to Cadet de Gassicourt, he was travelling member for the ‘Templars,’ going from Lodge to Lodge to establish communication between them. M. de St. Germain is said to have done this work for the Paris Chapter of the ‘Knights Templar.’ Investigation proves him to have been connected with the ‘Asiatische Brüder,’ or the ‘Knights of St. John the Evangelist from the East in Europe,’ also with the ‘Ritter des Lichts,’ or ‘Knights of Light,’ and with various other Rosicrucian bodies in Austria and Hungary; and also with the ‘Martinists’ in Paris.



http://davidpratt.info/st-germain2.htm


------------


http://davidpratt.info/st-germain2.htm



Carl also writes that Saint-Germain told me that he was eighty-eight years old when he came here. He was ninety-two or three when he died. ... He was placed under the protection of the last Medici, who had him sleep, as a child, in his own room. When he learned that his two brothers, sons of the Princess of Hesse-Rheinfels or Rotenberg, ... had submitted to the Emperor Charles VI and taken the names St Charles and St Elizabeth in honour of the Emperor and the Empress, he said to himself, ‘Ah well, I shall call myself Sanctus Germanus, the holy brother.’


If Saint-Germain was 88 years old when he came to Schleswig-Holstein in 1770, Rákóczy would have been only 15 when he conceived him. Jean Overton Fuller comments:


    On the other hand, if the conversation took place in Eckernförde, Saint-Germain may have meant that he was eighty-eight when Prince Carl established him at the works in Eckernförde, which must have been sometime in between 24 November, 1779, when ... he must still have been at Gottorp, and June, 1781, when ... he was at Eckernförde. If it was in 1781 he told Prince Carl he had not long gone eighty-eight, that would give us a credible birth-date, in late 1693 or early 1694, when Rákóczy would have been seventeen, and, moreover, in Italy, which would tie up with the otherwise incomprehensible reference to the Medicis.


The House of Medici (Famiglia de' Medici) was a political dynasty, banking family and later royal house that began its rise to prominence in the Republic of Florence during the late 14th century. The Medicean dynasty came to an end in the 18th century, with two unhappily married, childless brothers, Gian Gastone and Ferdinando. The elder brother, Ferdinando, died of syphilis in 1713, and Gian Gastone succeeded his father, Duke Cosimo III, in 1723, becoming the last Medicean Grand Duke of Tuscany. He died in 1737.


Saint-Germain once said that his country of origin was one that had never known foreign rule; this has been taken to mean he must belong to the Wittelsbach royal house, as Bavaria is virtually the only European country, apart from France, to which that applies. On another occasion Saint-Germain stated that only the Bourbon royal house could rival his own, which again implied he was a Wittelsbach, as only the Bourbon and Wittelsbach royal houses in Europe compared in terms of the antiquity of their reign.




http://davidpratt.info/st-germain2.htm

-------------




Fuller therefore suggests that Saint-Germain was the son of Prince Francis II Rákóczy of Transylvania and Princess Violante.


    This would give a reason for the Medicis to have brought him up, for why should they bring up a bastard of Francis Rákóczy unless the mother was one of their own family? Where the family of a girl who has borne a child out of wedlock chases after the man, it is usually in the hope he will provide financial maintenance; but the Medicis were so much wealthier than Rákóczy that, if they decided to keep the child and bring him up themselves, where the mother could see him sometimes, they may have thought it needless to send after Rákóczy and tell him anything about it. So he may never have known.8


Gian Gastone was always sympathetic to his neglected sister-in-law, Violante, and could have persuaded his and Ferdinando’s father, Cosimo, to take the child into his household, among the many pages from good families whom he helped to educate. This is in line with Saint-Germain’s remark that he had been ‘tremendously protected’ and educated by Gian Gastone.9 The House of Medici possessed great knowledge, but Saint-Germain told Carl that he had learned the secrets of nature by his own application and researches.10 Saint-Germain’s connection with the Dukes of Medici helps explain how he came to possess a Raphael and other valuable paintings, and how he came to be such an accomplished composer and musician.




http://davidpratt.info/st-germain2.htm


-------



When did he die?


http://davidpratt.info/st-germain2.htm


In a letter to A.P. Sinnett written in August 1881, mahatma Kuthumi (KH) said that the French occultist Eliphas Levi (1810-75) studied from the Rosicrucian manuscripts (of which only three copies remained in Europe).


    These expound our eastern doctrines from the teachings of Rosenkreuz [founder of the Rosicrucian Order] who, upon his return from Asia dressed them up in a semi-Christian garb intended as a shield for his pupils, against clerical revenge. ... Rosenkreuz taught orally. Saint Germain recorded the good doctrines in figures, and his only cyphered MS. remained with his staunch friend and patron, the benevolent German Prince from whose house and in whose presence he made his last exit – HOME. Failure, dead failure!1


The meaning of ‘home’ in this context is the same as in the following remark by H.P. Blavatsky, another messenger of the Himalayan Brotherhood: ‘The writer of the present is old; her life is well-nigh worn out, and she may be summoned “home” any day and almost any hour.’2 The masters presumably saw Saint-Germain’s mission largely as a failure because they had hoped it would prevent more of the violence and bloodshed that accompanied the transition from feudal, aristocratic society, dominated by an absolute monarchy and dogmatic Church, to the new industrialized society, characterized by greater personal and political liberty.





---------------------




The authorship of the notable work La Très Sainte Trinosophie (The Most Holy Trinosophia / The Most Holy Threefold Wisdom) is controversial.8 It was allegedly authored by either the Count of Saint-Germain or Count Alessandro di Cagliostro. The 96-page manuscript is in the possession of the French library at Troyes. It is handwritten, mainly in French, but also contains letters, words and phrases in several other languages, figures resembling Egyptian hieroglyphics, a few words in characters resembling cuneiform, and several pages at the end in cipher. Its poetic prose is full of masonic and kabbalistic symbols, as are the drawings with which it is richly illustrated. The work deals in a veiled and allegorical manner with the mysteries of initiation.



http://davidpratt.info/st-germain2.htm


----------------


The first fly-leaf of the manuscript bears a note saying that it belonged to the famous Cagliostro and was found by Massena in Rome at the Grand Inquisitor’s. A stuck-on note, signed by a philosopher calling himself ‘I.B.C. Philotaume’, says it is the sole existing copy of a work by Saint-Germain. Manly Hall believes it was indeed written by Saint-Germain, and was seized by the Inquisition when Cagliostro was arrested in Rome in 1789. Jean Overton Fuller, on the other hand, suggests that it was written by Cagliostro while incarcerated in the Castel Sant’Angelo.



http://davidpratt.info/st-germain2.htm


---------------



The papers left by Prince Carl include the recipe for Saint-Germain’s famous tea: it contained senna pods, elder flowers, and fennel, soaked in spirits of wine; it had a laxative effect and general healthful properties.



http://davidpratt.info/st-germain2.htm


---------------



The Manly Palmer Hall Collection of Alchemical Manuscripts at the Getty Research Library contains two triangular books (MS 209 and MS 210), similar in content but not entirely identical, whose title page mentions Saint-Germain. MS 209 has 31 leaves (of which four are blank), and MS 210 has 24 leaves; each of the three sides of the pages measures about nine inches. With the exception of the title page, the books are written in cipher. Iona Miller writes:


    The cipher itself is quite simple, belonging to the class found in Masonic documents, and decodes into French. ... The writing itself belongs to a class known as Grimoire or Manuals of Ceremonial Magic. ... The balance of the manuscript is devoted to the consecration of magical implements and prayers to spirits. ... Most of the formulas are magical rather than alchemical and so involved in obscure symbolism and Cabalistic names as to be impractical to the modern reader. ... It is not known for sure if St. Germain actually wrote these rites or adapted them from an older magical text in his possession.


We do not know for certain whether the Count of Saint-Germain had anything do with these manuscripts.


http://davidpratt.info/st-germain2.htm


------------------------------------








---


The authorship of the notable work La Très Sainte Trinosophie (The Most Holy Trinosophia / The Most Holy Threefold Wisdom) is controversial. It was allegedly authored by either the Count of Saint-Germain or Count Alessandro di Cagliostro. The 96-page manuscript is in the possession of the French library at Troyes. It is handwritten, mainly in French, but also contains letters, words and phrases in several other languages, figures resembling Egyptian hieroglyphics, a few words in characters resembling cuneiform, and several pages at the end in cipher. Its poetic prose is full of masonic and kabbalistic symbols, as are the drawings with which it is richly illustrated. The work deals in a veiled and allegorical manner with the mysteries of initiation.


The first fly-leaf of the manuscript bears a note saying that it belonged to the famous Cagliostro and was found by Massena in Rome at the Grand Inquisitor’s. A stuck-on note, signed by a philosopher calling himself ‘I.B.C. Philotaume’, says it is the sole existing copy of a work by Saint-Germain. Manly Hall believes it was indeed written by Saint-Germain, and was seized by the Inquisition when Cagliostro was arrested in Rome in 1789. Jean Overton Fuller, on the other hand, suggests that it was written by Cagliostro while incarcerated in the Castel Sant’Angelo.



http://davidpratt.info/st-germain2.htm


-----------------------------------------

-----------------------------------

------------------------------------

 ----------------------------------------



PART 1 - Hermetic Garden & Tower, by Iona Miller, 2010



http://ionamiller2010.iwarp.com/photo2_3.html


Walk in magician and philosopher St. Germain's footsteps in his last home, mystery school, temple and laboratory. He lived at Louisenlund in the later 1700s with his patron Landgrave Karl von Hessen-Kassel (1744-1836). They conducted experiments and initiations in the Hermetic Garden, among the megalithic stones and in St. Germain's Gothic alchemical tower - “All Brothers in Art”, Philosophers of Nature. All life is fire, the soul of things, the light that emanates from it is our mercury and this all rises from the salt of the earth.




-----



He was no saint but he was a rare spirit gifted with intuition, talent and intelligence. Prince Karl heard that when the Count's brother and sister received the titles and names Saint Karl and Saint Elizabeth from Emperor Charles VII, he himself had adopted the name Sanctus Germano, "the holy brother." But St. Germain probably bought the countdom of San Germano and its title from the Pope.




He was likely born between 1695 and 1710. There are competing theories of his pedigree, but he styled himself as a displaced Prince of Transylvania, which would make him a scion of the Dragon lineage, a bloodline bred for rulership and magic. Many researchers believe that St. Germain was the son of Francis II of Transylvania (1676-1735). If so, his father would have been only 19 when he was born. In the uprising of 1703-11 he lost the title Franciscus II Rakoczi. Dei Gratia Sacri Romani Imperii & Transylvaniae princeps.


http://ionamiller2010.iwarp.com/photo2_3.html


--


Was St. Germain the heir of this legacy of freedom fighters? This necessity for concealing is one of the great keys to the strange history of the man. Being a royal exile explains a lot about his behavior and acceptance at courts. The Emperor's "secret weapon" was none other than Amelia, who since 1701 had been prevented by the Court from joining her husband with her two sons, Jozsef and Gyorgy, although as a princess she was allowed to mingle with high society in Vienna.




Prince Karl of Hesse, Masonic leader of Germany, wrote that St. Germain was sent down to Italy to be raised by the Medici family. The children of Francis Racoczi were brought up by the Emperor of Austria, but one of them was withdrawn from his guardianship. The will of Francis II mentions a third unknown son. Whether the child was the first or third son, there was a price on the Crown Prince's head from age 7 because no heir could be tolerated.


http://ionamiller2010.iwarp.com/photo2_3.html

-----



According to his close friend, Prince Karl of Hessen-Kassel, Count St. Germain was the youngest of the two sons of exiled Prince Francis II Rákóczi. With the defeat of Francis II, his properties were confiscated, and his youngest son was placed under the protection of the last Duc de Medici. His grandfather was from Florence and had contacts in Tuscany.



http://ionamiller2010.iwarp.com/photo2_3.html

---------------



1743 he was reported in in London, accused as a spy for the Stewarts. He went to France around 1748, where Louis XV employed him as a spy several times. Around 1760 he was forced to leave France for England. There he taught Count Cagliostro the Egyptian Rite of Freemasonry. During his two-year stay in London in 1743 he set up a laboratory and did mysterious experiments. He likely learned or honed his encryption skills there, too. Both of his favorite books, Trinosophia and Triangular Book were in cypher text. His cypher manuscripts were encrypted using a simple substitution crypto key. Code in both alchemy and politics offered a measure of secrecy and protection from the Inquisition. In the east, he may have been introduced to crypto, first recorded by the Arab polymath Al-Kindi in the 800's. St. Germain was also known to use polyalphabetic cyphers and masonic alphabets.


http://ionamiller2010.iwarp.com/photo2_3.html


--------




However, Saint Germain neither confirmed nor denied this connection and said that what he knew he learned from his own application and research. His own science included a thorough knowledge of herbs and plants based on experiments with nature; from this base he invented several medicines and natural formulas for healing. We may not know much about the actual man, but we know more about the magical currents that fired St. Germain's personality.


Centuries earlier, Cosimo de Medici ignited the Renaissance by reviving pagan thought and practical pre-Christian wisdom. He appointed his physician's son, Marsilio Ficino as director of the “Platonic Academy” to oversight the translations into Latin of ancient manuscripts. These texts inspired philosophical and religious debates.


They described ancient Greek and Egyptian civilization with their lunar and solar mystery cults such as Eleusis, Isis and Osiris. The Masonic legend of Hiram Abiff is an adaptation of the Osiris myth. The link between those origins - via Orphic texts, Magical Papyri, Byzantine and Arab conjure books -- and the grimoires is non-controversial in academic magic.



http://ionamiller2010.iwarp.com/photo2_3.html


----------------------





The fusion of psyche and substance was evident in the projection of mythological content into the behavior of matter. Thus, the alchemist was one with his process of transformation. All phenomena are real and unreal in some sense. Today we know that the universe is not made of concrete "substance" but "wavicles" of energy/light. Energy and mass are convertable.


http://ionamiller2010.iwarp.com/photo2_3.html


-------------



The transmission is itself a medium of spiritual affirmation, an "awakening" by which the recipient comes to fully value the reality of that which is transmitted, subtly, silently, profoundly. This empowerment is seen as a psychic or soulful realization of fluid currents and emanations that constitute a more illumined state of awareness or a more empowered state of being. Often these currents are related to cosmic entities, sometimes mythicized and sometimes not, whose value is expressed in symbols of unification and wholeness.



http://ionamiller2010.iwarp.com/photo2_3.html


----------------



That photonic Light operates biochemically is a given in modern science, but the ability to participate consciously in photobiochemical or biophotonic processes is denied by science. The Horus current is one of biological Light. The Gnostic "light in extension" was the ultimate symbol of spirit. The crystalline form of DNA actually forms a dodecahedron.


The Count, a master of the mystic arts, undoubtedly learned disciplines such as theurgy, practical alchemy, astrology, astronomy, qabalah, geomancy, the arts such as music and painting, forms of divination, and rites of various magical lodges or orders. Metallurgy, distillation, dying paints and silks, and gemology were practical applications. All of these depend upon the doctrine of correspondences.


The term “mysticism” is fuzzy. It can mean visionary experiences, non-visionary via negativa experiences, or something else. The term “gnosis,” refers to direct spiritual insight either into hidden aspects of the cosmos, or into transcendence.


http://ionamiller2010.iwarp.com/photo2_3.html

---




Secret Books


http://ionamiller2010.iwarp.com/photo2_3.html


A key eighteenth century Masonic figure in both the American and French Revolutions, St. Germain left little more than the legacy of fraternity in secret societies, and his two arcane books. Their authorship is arguable, but he valued them and his promotion of them is indisputable.




The Most Holy Trinosophia is an allegorical text and initiatory manual and the unpublished Triangular Book with the dragon emblem is a magical grimoire in the style of Solomonic magic. There is no proof St. Germain wrote it, but like The Lost Book of Nostradamus, his name is on it. And they were worthy of copying and safeguarding for hundreds of years. Manly Palmer Hall never published the Triangular Book though he had two copies. What ties all three together is the theme of the Precession of the Equinox in 2012.



The winged dragon represents the Anima Mundi, or Soul of the World, which is the sum total of planetary existence -- the holographic blueprint on which form is based, informational level or primal source of being. It is said that medicine providing the gift of youth can be made from its venom. The dragon is a healing power. The spiritual food of immortality signifies the ability of the ego to assimilate the previously unconscious aspects of the Self. This is the elixir of youth that creates the immortal body, equivalent to the Philosopher's Stone.


Both of these hoary tomes are heavily encrypted with triple meanings, containing layers of Hermetic, Qabalistic, and alchemical secrets. We can imagine they encapsulated the pinnacle of his wisdom for his associates.


In Trinosophia, we read: "My dear Philochatus, you are about to penetrate into the sanctuary of the sublime sciences; my hand is about to raise for you the impenetrable veil which hides from the eyes of common men the tabernacle, the sanctuary wherein the Eternal has lodged the secrets of nature. . .kept for a few that are privileged, the few Elect whom His omnipotence created that they may SEE, and seeing, may soar after Him in the vast expanse of His Glory and deflect upon mankind one of the Rays that shine round about His golden Throne."




The Triangular Book is a theurgic rite with three stated goals, which can be taken at face-value or metaphorically. They include finding treasures lost to the sea since the Great Flood (long-hidden, antediluvian sources of esoteric wisdom), spells for finding and mining diamonds and other gems beneath the earth (VITRIOL), and invocations to maintain the appearance of a 50 year old.




Many believed Count St. Germain a.k.a Count Surmont, Count Welldone, Count Soltikoff, Count Tzarogy, Marquise di Aymar, Prince Rakoczi, or Ahasverus, found the "Elixir of Youth." It doesn't stretch the imagination that besides his laxative Senna Tea, he was probably aware of ginseng and fo-ti tieng from his Asia travels. He could easily make a compound of all the rejuvinating herbs he knew from his travels. It may have remained secret, since Europeans would have been largely unfamiliar with those plants, anyway.


http://ionamiller2010.iwarp.com/photo2_3.html


---------


Occultist, Paul Foster Case described Alchemy in his Introduction to Tarot Lesson 10:  "The alchemical process is a physical process directed and controlled by mental means. It aims at a transformation of the human body. When this transformation is effected, the adept has a physical vehicle by means of which he is able to exercise unusual powers, among them being the ability to transmute metals. His own body is his laboratory and its organs or athanors are the "secret vessels" employed in the work of an alchemist. When this transformation is effected, the adept has a physical vehicle by means of which he Is able to exercise unusual Powers, among them being the ability to transmute metals."




The alchemical formula VITRIOL suggests we Visit the interior of the Earth and mine our unconscious to find the Philosopher’s Stone, an analogy for mining the treasures within ourselves. Later, Carl Jung saw a proto-psychology of self-transformation and evoked potential in the work of the alchemists and made it the basis of his depth psychology.



http://ionamiller2010.iwarp.com/photo2_3.html


-----------------------



St. Germain's metaphysical manuals are more relevant today than ever. Manly Palmer Hall, owner and publisher of both these rarest occult books, deduced that they related to the Great Year of the Precession of the Equinoxes. He claimed, the keynote throughout this material describes the approach of an age when the Leg of the Grand Man and the Waterman of the Zodiac (likely Orion & Aquarius) meet in conjunction at the equinox and end a grand 400,000 year cycle.




This culmination of eons is mentioned in the Apocalypse as a revealing: "Behold! I make a new heaven and a new earth," meaning a series of new cycles and a new humanity." This last comment is a reference to the precession of the equinoxes and the Sun's entrance into Aquarius in 2010 which ushers in a new zeitgeist, a dramatic shift in cultural paradigms.




http://ionamiller2010.iwarp.com/photo2_3.html









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--------------

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Chapter 20: Lambda Chi Alpha Fraternity & Ron Paul


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--------------------------


The following chapter will explain how the Lambda Chi Alpha Fraternity, uses symbolism from Freemasonry, including influence from Saint Germain.


-----------------------


Ordre du Croissant


The Ordre du Croissant (Order of the Crescent; Italian - Ordine della Luna Crescente) was a chivalric order founded by Charles I of Naples and Sicily in 1268. It was revived in 1448 or 1464 by René I, king of Jerusalem, Sicily and Aragon (including parts of Provence), to provide him with a rival to the English Order of the Garter. René was one of the champions of the medieval system of chivalry and knighthood, and this new order was (like its English rival) neo-Arthurian in character. Its insignia consisted of a golden crescent moon engraved in grey with the word LOZ, with a chain of 3 gold loops above the crescent. On René's death, the Order lapsed.




René and his Order of the Crescent were adopted as "historical founders" by the Lambda Chi Alpha Fraternity in 1912, as exemplars of chivalry and Christian charity. Ceremonies of the Order of the Crescent were referenced in formulating ceremonies for the fraternity.

The Order was neo-Arthurian in character, and so has been used to link René with the Holy Grail



http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ordre_du_Croissant


----------------------------------





FROM 15TH CENTURY FRANCE TO INDIANA VIA BOSTON—

THE ORIGIN OF LAMBDA CHI ALPHA



 http://arktechlambdachialpha.com/images/Paedagogus50th.pdf



When Rene of Anjou, 15th century king of southern France, rode forth to battle, he bore this phrase on

his shield: “Los en croissant.” Literally translated, it reads “Praise to increase,” or “Hail to progress” in more

modern terms. This phrase, more than any other, typifies the founding, history, and the accomplishments

of Lambda Chi Alpha.

Progress seldom happens without a reason. Most often it springs from some fundamental need. The

progress of Lambda Chi Alpha, which during its first quarter century, 1909-1934, became one of the

world’s prominent fraternal organizations, can best be explained in terms of academic and social needs.

Between Phi Beta Kappa’s founding in 1776 and 1900, only 38 fraternities came into being. However, enrollment had grown tremendously during this time, and there was a pressing need for a more rapid expansion of new fraternities. Established societies weren’t overly excited to break hidebound traditions of exclusiveness and conservatism to answer the call for expansion—and local societies, which may have had the spirit, didn’t have the size, organization, or influence to pioneer such a movement.

It took a persevering little group of law students at Boston nearly a century ago, to get into the very heart of the controversial fraternity world. First, they laid the foundation of a new national fraternity, and second, they steadily increased its chapter roll to a formidable size.


This group had first been associated in a high school fraternity known as Alpha Mu Chi, and later became members of the Cosmopolitan Law Club, founded in 1905 in Boston. By 1909, the Club was in dispute as to whether to continue as a legal society, or to expand into a general fraternity. The proponents of the latter idea founded Lambda Chi Alpha on November 2, 1909. By the end of 1912, the new Fraternity already had six sturdy chapters.


Initiates of these early chapters helped provide Lambda Chi with many sound organizational policies and an unsurpassed background of artistic excellence in connection with emblems, publications, and ritualism.


John E. “Jack” Mason, Pennsylvania ’13, was particularly outstanding in making such vital contributions.

Samuel Dyer, Maine ’12; Louis Robbins, Brown ’12; and Albert Cross, Pennsylvania ’13, assisted him.


Helmet.


When knights rode back from battle their custom was to hang their shields upon the wall with

their helmets above them. Thus, the composition of coats of arms consisting of shields surmounted by

helmets was suggested. The Lambda Chi Alpha helmet is that of a squire or apprentice to a knight, suggesting the youth of the average undergraduate and the youthful spirit of the Fraternity. The term

“esquire” also means gentleman, however, so our helmet is therefore the symbol of good conduct. Thus, of all the heraldic forms of the helmet, the gentleman’s helmet, emphasizing honor without rank, is most suitable for our college Fraternity. The crown, symbol of sacrifice, suggests for us nobility of character.


http://arktechlambdachialpha.com/images/Paedagogus50th.pdf



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René of Anjou

 René of Anjou (Occitan: Rainièr d'Anjau; French: René d'Anjou; 1409–1480), also known as René I of Naples (Italian: Renato I di Napoli) and Good King René (Occitan: Rai Rainièr lo Bòn; French: Le bon roi René), was count of Piedmont, duke of Bar (1430–80), duke of Lorraine (1431–53), duke of Anjou, count of Provence (1434–80), king of Naples (1435–42; titular 1442–80), titular king of Jerusalem (1438–80) and Aragon including Sicily, Majorca and Corsica (1466–80).


His title as duke of Lorraine was confirmed by his suzerain, Holy Roman Emperor Sigismund, at Basel in 1434. This proceeding roused the anger of the Burgundian duke, Philip the Good, who required him early in the next year to return to his prison, from which he was released two years later on payment of a heavy ransom. He had succeeded to the throne of the Kingdom of Naples through the deaths of his brother Louis III and of Joanna II, queen of Naples, the last of the earlier dynasty. Louis had been adopted by her in 1431, and she now left her inheritance to René.


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ren%C3%A9_of_Anjou


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King René's Tournament Book


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/King_Ren%C3%A9%27s_Tournament_Book



-------------



  John E. “Jack” Mason created Lambda Chi Alpha, and he was also a Master Mason.




--------------




List of Lambda Chi Alpha chapters


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Lambda_Chi_Alpha_chapters


--------------



List of Lambda Chi Alpha brothers


 Ron Paul



 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Lambda_Chi_Alpha_brothers


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The Weapons of Our Warfare

 By K. Bauer


 Ron Paul who is alumni of Lambda Chi Alpha, a secrey fraternity whose ritual is derived from the teachings of the Theosophists Helena Blavatsky, Annie Besant, Rudolph Steiner, and Edouard Schure, as well as prominent occultists such as Arthur Edward Waite and Eliphas Levi.



https://books.google.com/books?id=5D3dBAAAQBAJ&pg=PT363&lpg=PT363&dq=The+Weapons+of+Our+Warfare++By+K.+Bauer&source=bl&ots=CiWrRVOcyt&sig=XTUXlEJUKaRV9T7L3K4xwNjKK-U&hl=en&sa=X&ei=Kkj5VNe3F4vmoATtpYHIDw&ved=0CDYQ6AEwBA#v=onepage&q=The%20Weapons%20of%20Our%20Warfare%20%20By%20K.%20Bauer&f=false


--------------
Ron Paul And Freemasonry: Ritual And The Scottish Rite


1. Ron Paul’s father was a Freemason and Dr. Paul has said himself many times that he respects the organization and has been to many of the open meetings in his district. I should know, I was his scheduler for ten years.


2. His wife, Carol is a member of the Velasco Order of the Eastern Star and maintains her membership in the Freeport area lodge.


3. Their daughters, Lori and Joy, were both Rainbow girls, another organization associated with Freemasonry.


http://www.infiniteunknown.net/tag/freemasonry/page/2/



---------



Ron Paul Freemason Rosecrucian ILLUMINATI connection EXPOSED

Mar 16, 2011



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7NhXl8epHg4   - 5:51




---------




Many claim that Ron Paul flashes a Devil sign in some videos. Many have stated that this is also the hand symbol used for Ron Paul's fraternity, Lambda Chi Alpha.



-----------





Emblems of the Lambda Chi Alpha Fraternity


http://www.iswza.org/ideals/emblems#coat



-----------------------



Timeline Photos

  Lambda Chi Alpha at ASU's Photos


https://www.facebook.com/319654283286/photos/a.381933458286.160399.319654283286/10152988597188287/?type=1&theater



-----------------------


The Gamma Plate, the Massachusetts Agricultural College 1914 yearbook and Lambda Chi Alpha


http://www.lambdachi.org/blog/candc/the-gamma-plate-the-massachusetts-agricultural-college-1914-yearbook-and-lambda-chi-alpha/


The second page of Lambda Chi’s part of the fraternity section is the famous Gamma Plate. The various coats of arms in this section were made from a mix of steel and photoengraved plates. This is a perfect example of the transition from an older technology to a newer technology. By the end of World War I, the steel engraving process would disappear from mass market publications in favor of the photoengraving process. The Gamma Plate was made using the steel engraving process. It is the only Lambda Chi illustration made in this manner. Because the engraving appeared just once in this edition of the Index, it is an extremely rare find.


Louis Webster is recognized as the designer of the Gamma Plate, which was based on elements from our Fraternity’s first Ritual. These design elements, consisting of the Bible, clasped hands, grapes, lamp, scales, swords, triangle and the violet, were provided to him by Warren A. Cole. Some additional components were added that included our badge (with Delta Phi) and a banner upon which was written Lambda Chi Alpha in Greek.





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Lambda Chi Alpha
The High Zeta (Chapter Offices)



http://www.utlxa.org/officers


----------------------------




ETSU suspends Lambda Chi Alpha fraternity in wake of hazing allegation

Nov 18, 2014


http://www.johnsoncitypress.com/article/122131/etsu-suspends-lambda-chi-alpha-frat-in-wake-of-hazing-allegation



--------------------------------



Officials investigate Lambda Chi


April 26, 2013

 A former brother of Drexel University’s Lambda Chi Alpha chapter made accusations against one member of the fraternity for sexual harassment and against other members for retaliation against him when he reported it. The Office of Equality and Diversity confirmed that they are currently leading an investigation into the allegations against members of Lambda Chi.


http://thetriangle.org/news/officials-investigate-lambda-chi/




------------------


Arrogance or answers in Idaho: A freshman pledge dies swimming with members and Detective Mike Deitrick with the Clearwater County (Idaho) Sheriff’s Office apparently goes with his gut on drowning case: Our Opinion

September 11, 2012


 http://www.hanknuwer.com/arrogance-in-idaho-detective-mike-deitrick-with-the-clearwater-county-sheriffs-office/


I wrote to Det. Deitrick and U-Idaho school studauthorities regarding the death of a Lambda Chi Alpha pledge named Preston W. t affairs Vorhauer, a freshman of 18, out “swimming” with senior members just because –well dunno why, that’s the point. I wanted to make sure this wasn’t like the more than a dozen drowning incidents of pledges out with members that we saw at the University of Miami (Chad Meredith) and the University of Texas Cowboys (death of Idaho resident Gabe Higgins under mysterious circumstances and a fraternity coverup), UCLA and elsewhere. Total silence from Detective Mike Deitrick with the Clearwater County Sheriff’s Office. And so now I turn the inquiry over to Attorney General Lawrence Wasden of Idaho and a great Lambda Chi Alpha staff for which I wrote a recent article for an all-hazing issue. Was this just a couple boys out for a swim or was there any pressure on a pledge to prove himself to older members? No disrespect to the University of Idaho, nor Mr. Deitrick or the Sheriff, but U-Idaho has had its historical hazing and alcohol issues, most recently the death of Benjamin Harris swilling shots for his 21st birthday with Sigma Nu members. This is too suspicious a case to put to bed without investigation. Detective Mike Deitrick and Greek affairs at Idaho are either too busy or whatever to respond. I don’t plan to let this death rest on a deputy’s gut feeling and will FOIA them until they respond with facts and results of whatever interrogation of witnesses that was done or not done. This case may have been sufficiently investigated but all that has been reported is Mr. Deitrick’s apparently gut feeling. My gut feeling? The public deserves more facts. But this sounds like a great chapter. http://www.uidaho.edu/greeklife/chapterinfo/fraternities/lambdachialpha2 Let’s make sure.  http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2010/07/13/benjamin-harris-dead-univ_n_644888.html



 http://www.hanknuwer.com/arrogance-in-idaho-detective-mike-deitrick-with-the-clearwater-county-sheriffs-office/


 -------------



 Two SDSU frats are ousted for violations


May 23, 2008



COLLEGE AREA – Greek life may be somewhat diminished at San Diego State University this fall.


Two fraternities, Lambda Chi Alpha and Delta Sigma Phi, were expelled yesterday for alcohol and hazing violations, respectively, just as two other fraternities are on interim suspension resulting from the largest drug sting in university history.


Delta Sigma Phi was expelled after three pledges kidnapped a fraternity member during a recent initiation week by putting him in a chokehold that knocked him unconscious, SDSU spokesman Jack Beresford said. They bound the man with duct tape, forced beer down his throat and drove him around for 45 minutes before dropping him off on Mission Gorge Road, Beresford said.


“The person kidnapped felt in fear for his life,” he said.



http://www.utsandiego.com/uniontrib/20080523/news_1m23frats.html




 -----------------


Student dies after fall from Wabash College roof


 October 28th, 2007


 http://www.wthr.com/story/7277409/student-dies-after-fall-from-wabash-college-roof



Crawfordsville - Wabash College officials and police are investigating how a 19-year-old student fell to his death from the roof of a campus building early Sunday.


Crawfordsville Police and Wabash College officials say the death of Patrick Woehnker appears to be an accident. Two investigations are underway at this time.


It happened just after 3:00 am Sunday on top of Goodrich Hall on the Wabash College campus. Five students, all Lambda Chi Alpha fraternity brothers, somehow made their way onto the roof. Woehnker slipped because of frost on the roof and fell four stories to the ground. He died on impact.


Woehnker was a freshman from Kendallville near Fort Wayne. He was on the swim team and planned to major in history.



---------------------------------------


When trying to visit many Lambda Chi Alpha websites, many are closed down. This is because many colleges are not allowing Lambda Chi Alpha, in their colleges anymore. Many colleges do not want to have to deal with this fraternity, after too many hazing occurrences, that were going on, in this fraternity.


--------------------


Lambda Chi Alpha & Ron Paul exposed. - Ron Paul investigation 3

Jul 28, 2012



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yoNfOUT16LI&list=PL27D836093AF0C18D&index=3




----------------


Ron Paul on Carroll Quiqley)

Jul 1, 2009


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-g1TaYYGv8Q





--------------


Carroll Quigley




 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carroll_Quigley




Carroll Quigley (/'kw?gli/; November 9, 1910 – January 3, 1977) was an American historian and theorist of the evolution of civilizations. He is noted for his teaching work as a professor at Georgetown University, for his academic publications, and for his research on secret societies.


Quigley and secret societies


One distinctive feature of Quigley's historical writings was his assertion that secret societies have played a significant role in recent world history. His writing on this topic has made Quigley famous among many who investigate conspiracy theories. Quigley's views are particularly notable because the majority of reputable academic historians profess skepticism about conspiracy theories.



Quigley's claims about the Milner Group


In his book The Anglo-American Establishment: From Rhodes to Cliveden,[19] Quigley purports to trace the history of a secret society founded in 1891 by Cecil Rhodes and Alfred Milner. Quigley notes that "The organization was so modified and so expanded by Milner after the eclipse of Stead in 1899, and especially after the death of Rhodes in 1902, that it took on quite a different organization and character, although it continued to pursue the same goals."


The society consisted of an inner circle ("The Society of the Elect") and an outer circle ("The Association of Helpers", also known as The Milner Kindergarten and the Round Table Group). The society as a whole does not have a fixed name.


Quigley is also cited by several other authors who assert the existence of powerful conspiracies. Jim Marrs, whose work was used as a source by Oliver Stone in his film JFK, cites Quigley in his book Rule By Secrecy, which describes a conspiracy linking the Milner Group, Skull and Bones, the Trilateral Commission, the Bavarian Illuminati, the Knights Templar, and aliens who posed as the Sumerian gods thousands of years ago.[28] Pat Robertson's book The New World Order cites Quigley as an authority on a powerful conspiracy.[2]:98 Conservative activist Phyllis Schlafly has asserted that Bill Clinton's political success was due to his pursuit of the "world government" agenda he learned from Quigley.[2]:98 G. Edward Griffin relies heavily on Quigley for information about the role Milner's secret society plays in the Federal Reserve in his book The Creature from Jekyll Island: A Second Look at the Federal Reserve





---------



What Is “Austrian Economics”?

And why is Ron Paul obsessed with it?


http://www.slate.com/articles/business/moneybox/2012/01/what_is_austrian_economics_and_why_is_ron_paul_keep_obsessed_with_it_.html



---------------------


Ron Paul teaches Bernanke Austrian Economics 11/18/08



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nt57iOmfOLg


-----------------------



Austrian School


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Austrian_School



-----------


 Some people are critical, about Austrian economics, while some people think Austrian economics is good.



----------
Why I Am Not an Austrian Economist by
Bryan Caplan
Assistant Professor
Department of Economics
George Mason University


http://econfaculty.gmu.edu/bcaplan/whyaust.htm



--------------------



--------

---------


Chapter 21: History / random events


--------

--------


------------------







History of Ukraine
 https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Early_modern_Ukraine#Early_modern_period

History

During the Iron Age, these were followed by the Dacians as well as nomadic peoples like the Cimmerians, Scythians and Sarmatians. The Scythian Kingdom existed here from 750–250 BC. Along with ancient Greek colonies founded in the 6th century BC on the northeastern shore of the Black Sea, the colonies of Tyras, Olbia, Hermonassa, continued as Roman and Byzantine cities until the 6th century.


In the 3rd century AD, the Goths arrived in the lands of Ukraine around 250–375 AD, which they called Oium, corresponding to the archaeological Chernyakhov culture.[20] The Ostrogoths stayed in the area but came under the sway of the Huns from the 370s. North of the Ostrogothic kingdom was the Kiev culture, flourishing from the 2nd–5th centuries, when it was overrun by the Huns. After they helped defeat the Huns at the battle of Nedao in 454, the Ostrogoths were allowed by Romans to settle in Pannonia.


With the power vacuum created with the end of Hunnic and Gothic rule, Slavic tribes, possibly emerging from the remnants of the Kiev culture, began to expand over much of the territory that is now Ukraine during the 5th century, and beyond to the Balkans from the 6th century.


In the 7th century, the territory of modern Ukraine was the core of the state of the Bulgars (often referred to as Old Great Bulgaria) with its capital city of Phanagoria. At the end of the 7th century, most Bulgar tribes migrated in several directions and the remains of their state were absorbed by the Khazars, a semi-nomadic people from Central Asia.


The Khazars founded the Khazar kingdom in the southeastern part of today's Europe, near the Caspian Sea and the Caucasus. The kingdom included western Kazakhstan, and parts of eastern Ukraine, Azerbaijan, southern Russia, and Crimea. Around 800 AD, the kingdom converted to Judaism.




-------



Khazars

The Khazars (Turkish: Hazarlar, Tatar: Xäzärlär, Hebrew: ?????? (Kuzarim), Arabic: ???? (khazar), Russian: ????´??, Persian: ????, Greek: ???a???, Latin: Gazari /Cosri /Gasani) were a semi-nomadic Turkic people who created what for its duration was the most powerful polity to emerge from the breakup of the western Turkish steppe empire, known as the Khazar Khanate or Khazaria. Astride a major artery of commerce between northern Europe and southwestern Asia, Khazaria became one of the foremost trading emporia of the medieval world, commanding the western marches of the Silk Road and played a key commercial role as a crossroad between China, the Middle East, and Kievan Rus'. For some three centuries (c. 650–965) the Khazars dominated the vast area extending from the Volga-Don steppes to the eastern Crimea and the northern Caucasus



http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Khazars



---------
Astana: The Illuminati Capital of Kazakhstan


http://www.thebohemianblog.com/2012/12/dark-tourism-illuminati-capital.html



----------



Rus'–Byzantine War (941)


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rus%27%E2%80%93Byzantine_War_%28941%29


The Rus'–Byzantine War of 941 took place during the reign of Igor of Kiev. The Khazar Correspondence reveals that the campaign was instigated by the Khazars, who wished revenge on the Byzantines after the persecutions of the Jews undertaken by Emperor Romanus I Lecapenus.


The Rus' and their allies, the Pechenegs, disembarked on the northern coast of Asia Minor and swarmed over Bithynia in May 941. As usual, they seemed to have been well informed that the Imperial capital stood defenseless and vulnerable to attack: the Byzantine fleet had been engaged against the Arabs in the Mediterranean, while the bulk of the Imperial army had been stationed along the eastern borders.


Lecapenus arranged a defense of Constantinople by having 15 retired ships fitted out with throwers of Greek fire fore and aft. Igor, wishing to capture these Greek vessels and their crews but unaware of the fire-throwers, had his fleet surround them. Then, at an instant, the Greek-fire was hurled through tubes upon the Rus' and their allies: Liudprand of Cremona wrote: "The Rus', seeing the flames, jumped overboard, preferring water to fire. Some sank, weighed down by the weight of their breastplates and helmets; others caught fire." The captured Rus' were beheaded.


The Byzantines thus managed to dispel the Rus' fleet but not to prevent the pagans from pillaging the hinterland of Constantinople, venturing as far south as Nicomedia. Many atrocities were reported: the Rus' were said to have crucified their victims and to have driven nails into their heads.


In September, John Kourkouas and Bardas Phokas, two leading generals, speedily returned to the capital, anxious to repel the invaders. The Kievans promptly transferred their operations to Thrace, moving their fleet there. When they were about to retreat, laden with trophies, the Byzantine navy under Theophanes fell upon them.


Greek sources report that the Rus' lost their whole fleet in this surprise attack, so that only a handful of boats returned to their bases in the Crimea. The captured prisoners were taken to the capital and beheaded. Khazar sources add that the Rus' leader managed to escape to the Caspian Sea, where he met his death fighting the Arabs.


These reports might have been exaggerated, because Igor was able to mount a new naval campaign against Constantinople as early as 944/945. The Chersonese Greeks alerted the emperor about the approaching Kievan fleet. This time, the Byzantines hastened to buy peace and concluded a treaty with Kievan Rus'. Its text is quoted in full in the Primary Chronicle.


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rus%27%E2%80%93Byzantine_War_%28941%29



------------



Kievan Rus'


 Kievan Rus' was a loose federation of East Slavic tribes in Europe from the late 9th to the mid-13th century, under the reign of the Rurik dynasty. The modern peoples of Belarus, Ukraine, and Russia all claim Kievan Rus' as their cultural ancestors.


 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kievan_Rus'



-------------



Rus (name)

 Originally, the name Rus’ (????, Rus) referred to the people, the region, and the medieval states (9th to 12th centuries) of the Kievan Rus' polities. In the Western culture it is better known as Ruthenia from the 11th century onwards. Its territories are today distributed among Belarus, Ukraine, and a part of the European section of the Russian Federation.



https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rus_%28name%29




-----------


 The Mysterious Dark Ages (HD Ancient Middle Ages History Documentary) 


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eDG5jtGGdWU


---------------




------------


DNA Evidence Provides Proof Egypt Was Founded By Central Europeans 

July 5, 2017

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8WIBkwzwioA

---


PREHISTORIC HUMANS IN THE NEW WORLD (AMAZING ANCIENT HISTORY DOCUMENTARY) - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c4Ozox0FIO8



-------------


THE REAL TRUTH ABOUT VIKINGS (INCREDIBLE HISTORY DOCUMENTARY)


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z1w7e46pHuc -


----
The Viking Deception | Top Documentary Films | History Documentary

Mar 29, 2015


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JnVzXojR__0




-----------



The Russian people, are a good and strong breed of people. They have a past history of a lot of intelligence in science, mathematics and inventions. Many Russians are also very good at sports.

We can see the amount of revolts and revolutions, in the history of Russia. This goes to show us, that the government of Russia, has not always been the best for the people. This includes the royal families and secret societies in Russia, that try to gain control over the Russian political structure, including the Russian people. We love the Russian people. We honestly believe that there are problems in the Russian government, including many governments of the world. This is why we are trying to explain to the people, why so many conflicts and problems exist in the world, that we can solve through peaceful means.





Russia, including America, is a giant melting pot. For thousands of years Europeans, Africans and Asians, have been traveling to Russia and America.


----------------






Europeans & Asians In Prehistoric America : Journey to 10,000 BC - Science Documentaries


 Nov 28, 2014


 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Zz91Gzk-pPA


----------



Native Americans actually came from a tiny mountain region in Siberia, DNA research reveals

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2092258/Native-Americans-actually-came-tiny-mountain-region-Russia-DNA-research-reveals.html

--------
Genetic history of indigenous peoples of the Americas

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genetic_history_of_indigenous_peoples_of_the_Americas


----------


Prehistoric Europeans. First Native Americans (1 of 3)


 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GS5eDwYePiQ

------------



The Origin of the Blue Eyes: The Ancient 'Gods' and Their Royal Descendants



http://humansarefree.com/2014/04/the-origin-of-blue-eyes-ancient-gods.html



-------------



First South Americans were Black Aborigines

 May 9, 2012


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r6IrMjfbh6E


-----------




The Africans Who Discovered America Thousands Of Years Before Columbus


Mar 01, 2013



http://www.nairaland.com/1212037/africans-discovered-america-thousands-years





------------




Mongol and Tatar states in Europe


 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mongol_and_Tatar_states_in_Europe



The Mongol invasion of Europe from the east took place over the course of three centuries, from the Middle Ages to the early modern period.

The terms Tatars or Tartars are applied to nomadic Turkic peoples who, themselves, were conquered by Mongols and incorporated into their horde. They were mainly composed of Kipchaks-Cuman people.

Mongol-Tatar Golden Horde forces led by Batu Khan, (a grandson of Genghis Khan), began attacking Europe in 1223, starting with Cumans, Volga Bulgaria and Kievan Rus. They destroyed many Rus cities including Kiev, Vladimir and Moscow in the process, sparing Novgorod and Pskov however. They originally planned to continue all the way to the shores of the "Great Sea" (Atlantic Ocean). However, upon learning of the death of Ögedei Khan (third son of Genghis Khan, uncle of Batu Khan) in 1241 they returned eastwards to their steppe homelands. This arguably could have saved the rest of Europe from suffering the catastrophes that befell the armies and towns of Poland, and Hungary, however the stretched lines of communication and the lack of vast open tracts of pasture land might well have been the undoing of such a venture.





List of events



The Tatars succeeded in establishing control over Rus principalities. It included both pillaging and bloody massacres in Russian cities.

    1252: Horde of Nevruy devastated Pereslavl and Suzdal.
    1273: Tatars twice attacked Novgorod territory, devastating Vologda and Bezhiza.
    1274: Tatars devastated Smolensk
    1275: Tatar invasion of south-eastern Russia, pillage of Kursk.
    1278: Tatars pillaged Ryazan principality.
    1281: The horde of Kovdygay and Alchiday destroyed Murom and Pereslavl, ruined vicinities of Suzdal, Rostov, Vladimir, Yuryev, Tver and Torzhok.
    1282: Tatar attack on Vladimir and Pereslavl.
    1283: Tatars ruined Vorgol, Rylsk and Lipetsk principality, occupied Kursk and Vorgol.
    1285: The Tatar warlord Eltoray, the son of Temir, pillaged Ryazan and Murom.
    1293: The Tatar warlord Dyuden came to Russia and devastated 14 towns, including Murom, Moscow, Kolomna, Vladimir, Suzdal, Yuryev, Pereslavl, Mozhaysk, Volok, Dmitrov, Uglich. In the same summer Tatar tsarevitch Takhtamir looted Tver' principality and captured slaves in Vladimir principality.

In 1347, the Genoese possession of Caffa, a great trade emporium on the Crimean Peninsula, came under siege by an army of Mongol warriors under the command of Janibeg. Epidemic of bubonic plague had been ravaging Central Asia prior to the conflict in Kaffa. Brought across the Silk Road, the Mongols used disease infected corpses as a biological weapon. The corpses were catapulted over the city walls, infecting the inhabitants.




The Genoese traders fled, transferring the plague via their ships into the south of Europe, whence it rapidly spread. It is estimated that between one-quarter and two-thirds of the of Europe's population died from the outbreak of the Black Death between 1348 and 1350.


In 1380 Tatars were defeated in the Battle of Kulikovo by the Grand Prince of Muscovy, Dmitri Donskoi. In 1382 the Golden Horde under Khan Tokhtamysh sacked Moscow, burning the city and carrying off thousands of inhabitants as slaves. Muscovy remained a vassal of the Golden Horde until the Great standing on the Ugra river in 1480.


Poland was invaded by Tatars from the Crimean Khanate in 1506 with an army of 10,000 men, who were summarily destroyed. Tatar forces invaded again in 1589, invading Lwów and Tarnopol, but were beaten back by Cossack forces.

From 1599 the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth suffered a series of Tatar invasions, the goal of which was to loot, pillage and capture slaves into jasyr. The borderland area to the south-east was in a state of semi-permanent warfare until the 18th century. Some researchers estimate that altogether more than 3 million people, predominantly Ukrainians but also Circassians, Russians, Belarusians and Poles, were captured and enslaved during the time of the Crimean Khanate. A constant threat from Crimean Tatars supported the appearance of Cossackdom.





For years the Khanates of Kazan and Astrakhan routinely made raids on Russian principalities for slaves and to plunder towns. Russian chronicles record about 40 raids of Kazan Khans on the Russian territories in the first half of the 16th century.



Muscovy was also being invaded by the Nogai Horde and Crimean Khanate which were successors of the Golden Horde. In 1521, the combined forces of Crimean Khan Mehmed Giray and his Kazan allies attacked Moscow and captured thousands of slaves.




In the beginning of 16th century the wild steppe began near old Ryazan on the Oka River and Elets on the Sosna, inflow of the Don. Crimean Tatars chose to proceed along watersheds for their incursions. The main way to Moscow was "Muravski shliach", from the Crimean Perekop up to Tula between the rivers of two basins, Dnieper and Northern Donets. Having penetrated deep in the populated areas about 100-200 kilometers, the Tatars turned back and, having unwrapped wide wings, looted and captured slaves. Until the early 18th century, the khanate maintained a massive slave trade with the Ottoman Empire. Captives were sold to Turkey and the Middle East. In Crimea, about 75% of the population consisted of slaves. The Crimean city of Caffa was the main slave market.


Annually, Moscow mobilized in the spring up to sixty-five thousand soldiers for boundary service. The defensive lines were applied, consisting of a circuit of fortresses and cities. Cossacks and young noblemen were organized into sentry and patrol services that observed Crimean Tatars and nomads of Nogai Horde on the steppe. About 30 major Tatar raids were recorded into Muscovite territories between 1558-1596

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mongol_and_Tatar_states_in_Europe





----------------------------------------------------



Cumans

 The Cumans (Turkish: kuman/plural kumanlar Hungarian: kun/plural kunok; Greek: ??(?)µ????, Ko(u)mánoi; Latin: Pallidi, Comani, Cuni, Romanian: cuman/plural cumani, Polish: Polowcy, Plauci (Kumanowie), Russian: ???????, Polovtsy; Ukrainian: ???????, Polovtsi; Bulgarian: ??????, Czech: Plavci, Georgian: ???????, ???????, German: Falones, Phalagi, Valvi, Valewen, Valani) were a Turkic nomadic people comprising the western branch of the Cuman-Kipchak confederation. After the Mongol invasion (1237), many sought asylum in Hungary. The Cumans had also settled in Hungary and Bulgaria before the Mongol invasion


 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cumans



---------------------------------




Khalyzians



The Chalyzians or Khalyzians or Khalis or Khwalis (Arabic: Khwarezmian, Byzantine Greek: ?a??s???, Khalisioi, Magyar: Káliz) were a people mentioned by the 12th-century Byzantine historian John Kinnamos.

Kinnamos in his epitome twice mentions Khalisioi in the Hungarian army. He first describes them as practising Mosaic law; though whether they were actually Jews is unclear because other editions state that they were Muslims. They were said to have fought against the Byzantine Empire as allies of the tribes of Dalmatia in 1154, during Manuel Comnenus's campaign in the Balkans.


 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Khalyzians

--------------------------------



Religion has had a powerful influence in countries, such as Russia and Ukraine.


-----------------------------------



 The Jesuits in Japan




 http://www.reformation.org/jesuits-in-japan.html


True Christianity reached China and Japan 2000 years:

    Behold, these shall come from afar: and, lo, these from the north and from the west; and these from the land of Sinim (Isaiah 49:12).

The land of Sinim refers to China in the Holy Bible. China had millions of Christians, which the Latin Church derisively referred to as Nestorians or heretics. Marco Polo in his Travels refers to the millions of Christians he found in China.

The vast multitude of Chinese Christians were later exterminated by the Mongols and the Muslims. The Japanese had their own version of the Spanish Armada when the Mongols tried to invade Japan.

The first 3 Jesuits to enter Japan were Francis Xavier, Alessandro Valignano and Francisco Cabral.


The Jesuits first entered Japan around 1549 and were warmly received by the Japanese Emperor.

The Jesuits called themselves "Christians" and said that they had come to preach "Christianity."

Isolated on their island empire, the Japanese had no knowledge of world history.



At first the Jesuits were warmly welcomed by the Japanese emperor who was eager for contact with the Western world. The Emperor, Daimyo Nobunaga, welcomed them and actually gave them land in Kyoto:

    Daimyo Nobunaga, sixteenth century military dictator of Japan, welcomed the Jesuit missionaries who came with the Western traders. Contrary to popular belief, when Japan first came into contact with the West she was eager for the interchange of ideas and commercial commodities. Nobunaga granted the Roman Catholics freedom to propagate their religion, donated them land in Kyoto and promised them a yearly allowance of money. Soon missions were established throughout the country and converts were made by the thousands." (Vietnam, Why Did We Go?, p. 146).

The Japanese welcomed the Jesuits who told them that they were "Christians" and had come to spread "Christianity."

The Japanese soon found out that the "missionaries" were just the first troops in a conquering army meant to subjugate and annex them to the Spanish Empire.
   



   


That love soon turned to hate however when the astute Japanese found out that the "missionaries" were just the vanguard of an invading army:

    In 1596 a Spanish galleon, the San Felipe, was shipwrecked off the providence of Tosa. Hideyoshi ordered the ship and its goods confiscated. The angry Spanish captain, wishing to impress or intimidate the Japanese officials, indulged in some boasting how Spain had acquired a great world empire. For proof the captain showed the Japanese officials a map of all the great Spanish dominions. His astonished hearers asked how it had been possible for a nation to subjugate so many lands. The Spanish captain boasted that the Japanese would never be able to imitate Spain, simply because they had no Catholic missionaries. He confirmed that all Spanish dominions had been acquired by first sending in missionaries to convert their people, then the Spanish troops to coordinate the final conquest.
    When this conversation was reported, Hideyoshi's anger knew no bounds. His suspicions about the use of missionaries as a first stepping-stone for conquest was confirmed. He recognized this pattern of cunning conquest at work within his own empire.(Vietnam, Why Did We Go?, pp. 151-152).

When the Japanese emperor found out about this Jesuit "missionary" spearhead to conquer his country, his fury knew no bounds.




Daimyo Hideyoshi began placing severe restrictions on the Jesuit "missionaries."


His successor, Tokugawa Ieyasu, banned all foreigners from the country, and hermetically sealed Japan until the arrival of Commodore Perry in 1854.




Japan became strategically important after the loss the Papal States in 1870

After the loss of the Papal States in 1870, Japan became strategically important to the Vatican because of its proximity to Russia.



After 1870, Japan began a major armaments program with their navy patterned after the Royal Navy.

They also studied the Prussian military system being impressed with their lighting victory over the French in 1870.

In 1894, they began the conquest of Korea and sought to end Chinese influence in that country.



Russia was one of the first countries to recognize the newly united kingdom of Italy with Rome as its headquarters. Russia was also the most powerful country in Europe and its conquest was the key to regaining the lost states.
The Russo-Japanese war of 1905

The Russians were in constant pursuit of a warm water port on the Pacific Ocean, for their navy as well as for maritime trade. The recently established Pacific seaport of Vladivostok was the only active Russian port that was reasonably operational during the summer season; but Port Arthur would be operational all year. Negotiations between the Tsar's government and Japan between the end of the First Sino-Japanese War and 1903, had proved futile. The Japanese chose war to maintain exclusive dominance in Korea.



 The Russo-Japanese war was a disaster for Russia and almost led to the overthrow of Tsar Nicholas II.



The Tripartite Pact

In September 1940, Nazi Germany, Italy and Japan entered into a military alliance called the Tripartite Pact, which officially founded the Axis Powers of World War II that opposed the Allied Powers.


 http://www.reformation.org/jesuits-in-japan.html




-----------------------






Ukraine and USA to lay burden of Donbass on Russia's shoulders


18.05.2015


However, after the meeting in Sochi, John Kerry flew to the summit of foreign ministers of NATO countries in Turkey. What was the summit about?

NATO foreign ministers warned President Vladimir Putin that he had almost no time left to transform the fragile peace agreement into long-lasting peace, reports AFP. Kerry said at a meeting of NATO foreign ministers in Turkey that it is a "critical moment for action by Russia and separatists to live up to the Minsk agreement" signed in the Belarus capital earlier this year.

- See more at: http://www.pravdareport.com/world/ussr/18-05-2015/130623-usa_russia_ukraine_john_kerry_putin-0/#sthash.kLv953f6.s3aBPVdx.dpuf

 The recent meeting of US Secretary of State Kerry with Russian President Putin in Sochi has generated many reports saying that the United States was ready to acknowledge the failure of the operation to "isolate" Russia. However, one should be more careful about unexpected initiatives of the Americans, as their goal is to find Russia guilty of disrupting the Minsk Accords. In addition, the USA wants to lay the burden of the Donbass on Russia's shoulders.


It does seem strange that the US administration suddenly decided to support the Minsk Accords. This is not the American way to lobby the agreements that Washington does not sign.


It is even more strange that Russia has de facto expanded the format of talks, although earlier, Russian officials were saying that the Minks-2 format of talks did not need to be expanded. In any case, Russia's Minister for Foreign Affairs Sergey Lavrov said triumphantly after the talks with Kerry that the meeting was "wonderful." Lavrov also announced that Russia and the US agreed to influence Donetsk, Luhansk and Kiev to execute the Minsk Accords.


Also read: Minsk-2 took place to save NATO mercenaries in Ukraine


However, after the meeting in Sochi, John Kerry flew to the summit of foreign ministers of NATO countries in Turkey. What was the summit about?


NATO foreign ministers warned President Vladimir Putin that he had almost no time left to transform the fragile peace agreement into long-lasting peace, reports AFP. Kerry said at a meeting of NATO foreign ministers in Turkey that it is a "critical moment for action by Russia and separatists to live up to the Minsk agreement" signed in the Belarus capital earlier this year.




http://english.pravda.ru/world/ussr/18-05-2015/130623-usa_russia_ukraine_john_kerry_putin-0/#sthash.kLv953f6.dpuf




-------------------------------------------------



Who controls the Ukraine?


http://iamthewitness.com/Ukraine.html 


----------------------



---------

---------


 Chapter 22: Uzbekistan



---------

---------



---------------------
Uzbekistan

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uzbekistan


By the beginning of 1920, Central Asia was firmly in the hands of Russia and, despite some early resistance to the Bolsheviks, Uzbekistan and the rest of the Central Asia became a part of the Soviet Union. On 27 October 1924 the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic was created. From 1941 to 1945, during World War II, 1,433,230 people from Uzbekistan fought in the Red Army against Nazi Germany. A number also fought on the German side. As many as 263,005 Uzbek soldiers died in the battlefields of the Eastern Front, and 32,670 went missing in action.



On 31 August 1991, with the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Uzbekistan declared independence. 1 September was proclaimed the National Independence Day.





--------------------------------------


10 Of The World's Most Dangerous Toxic Ghost Towns


 3/26/14


http://io9.com/10-of-the-worlds-most-dangeous-toxic-ghost-towns-1552144947


Kantubek, Uzbekistan: For a time, Vozrozhdeniya Island, where Kantubek is located, was known infamously as "asbestos island." The island was home to a biological weapons testing area—as well as 1,500 fill-time residents. One of the laboratory's projects was to work on an anthrax vaccine, but the laboratory also worked with smallpox, bubonic plague, brucellosis, and tularemia. In 1971, those tests caused ten people on the island to contract smallpox, and three of those people died. In 1988, the laboratory staff hastily buried tons of anthrax spores that had been stocked in Sverdlovsk (itself the site of a deadly anthrax incident) in defiance of a 1972 treaty banning biological weapons. The spores remained on Vozrozhdeniya when the lab was abandoned in 1992. The town of Kantubek stands in ruins.


How dangerous is it today? In 2002, the United States and Uzbekistan collaborated on a project to decontaminate ten anthrax burial sites. However, in a 2003 interview with the New York Times, Gennadi Lepyoshkin, a microbiologist who worked on the island, said that some of the rodents may have been exposed to weapons-grade plague, which could still remain on the island, passed from rodent to rodent via fleas.




-------------------------



----------------

----------------


Chapter 23: Unsolved mysteries


---------------

--------------



-----------------------


Russian Mystery Blast Caused by Comet, Acid Rain Hints

July 22, 2008


 http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2008/07/080722-russia-blast.html


The theory that a comet-based meteorite devastated a vast area of Siberia when it blew apart in Earth's atmosphere a hundred years ago is supported by growing evidence of acid rain triggered by the event, scientists announced. The Tunguska explosion occurred on June 30, 1908, when some 80 million trees covering 770 square miles (2,000 square kilometers) were flattened by an immense blast. The explosion emitted a force equivalent to about 200 Hiroshima-size atomic bombs.


Few people witnessed the spectacle in the remote eastern Russia region, and no confirmed impact crater or meteorite fragments have ever been found.

(Related: "Crater From 1908 Russian Space Impact Found, Team Says" [November 7, 2007].)

Yet the widely held belief that a meteorite caused the explosion is supported by analyses of peat deposits in the disaster zone north of Lake Baikal, researchers reported at a recent scientific conference in Moscow to mark the event's centennial.

Ongoing research led by geologist Evgeniy Kolesnikov of Moscow State University has revealed a significant spike in uncommon types of nitrogen and carbon isotopes in peat layers dating to the time of the catastrophe.

Definite Evidence

These chemical traces, researchers say, suggest that high levels of acid rain fell in response to a cometary meteorite burning up in the atmosphere.

Around 200,000 tons of nitrogen likely showered the region, they say.

Extreme temperatures of 3,992 to 4,892 degrees Fahrenheit (2,200 to 2,700 degrees Celsius) produced by the meteorite may have caused oxygen to react with nitrogen in the atmosphere to form nitrogen oxides, team member Natalya Kolesnikova of Moscow State University said by email.

Nitrogen oxides react in the atmosphere to create nitric acid, which collects in clouds and water droplets and falls as acid rain.

The 1908 Tunguska peat layer also yielded unusually high amounts of iridium, an element abundant in space but rare on Earth.



http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2008/07/080722-russia-blast.html



-------------


 Russia has many unsolved mysteries, from giant craters', to deep earthquakes.



------------
Earth's Biggest Deep Earthquake Still a Mystery



It's confirmed: The largest deep earthquake ever recorded happened in May off the coast of Russia. But this massive temblor is still a mystery to scientists.

The magnitude-8.3 earthquake occurred on May 24, 2013, in the Sea of Okhotsk, deep within the Earth's mantle. The earthquake, described today (Sept. 19) in the journal, is perplexing because seismologists don't understand how massive earthquakes can happen at such depths.


"It's the biggest event we've ever seen," said  co-author Thorne Lay, a seismologist at the University of California, Santa Cruz. "It looks so similar to shallow events, even though it's got 600 kilometers of rock on top of it. It's hard to understand how such an earthquake occurs at all under such huge pressure."



 http://www.livescience.com/39791-biggest-deep-earthquake-a-mystery.html



--------------


 Many people accuse the Russian government, of trying to cover-up the events of Dyatlov Pass.


------------


Dyatlov Pass incident


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dyatlov_Pass_incident




------------



An Unsolved Mystery Since 1959: The Dyatlov Pass Incident

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eHn9CjvnCvk


( http://www.discovery.com/tv-shows/russian-yeti/videos/an-unsolved-mystery-since-1959-the-dyatlov-pass-incident/ )


---------------

---------

--------


 Chapter 24: North Korean nuclear timeline


-------

-------

---------------


The China-North Korea Relationship


 August 22, 2014


 http://www.cfr.org/china/china-north-korea-relationship/p11097
An Historic Alliance Under Stress

China's support for North Korea dates back to the Korean War (1950-1953), when its troops flooded the Korean Peninsula to aid its northern ally. Since the war, China has lent political and economic backing to North Korea's leaders: Kim Il-sung (1912-1994), Kim Jong-il (1941-2011), and Kim Jong-un (1983-). But strains in the relationship began to surface when Pyongyang tested a nuclear weapon in October 2006 and China supported UN Security Council Resolution 1718, which imposed sanctions on Pyongyang.
Pyongyang's Gains

China provides North Korea with most of its food and energy supplies and comprises over sixty percent of its total trade volume. Nicholas Eberstadt, senior fellow at the American Enterprise Institute, says that since the early 1990s, China has served as North Korea's chief food supplier and has accounted for nearly 90 percent of its energy imports. North Korea's economic dependence on China continues to grow, as indicated by the significant trade imbalance between the two countries. Some experts see the $1.25 billion trade deficit as an indirect Chinese subsidy, given that North Korea cannot finance its trade deficit through borrowing.


Experts say China has also been ambivalent on the question of its commitment to intervene for the defense of North Korea in case of military conflict. The 1961 Sino-North Korean Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation, and Mutual Assistance says China is obliged to defend North Korea against unprovoked aggression. But Jaewoo Choo, assistant professor of Chinese foreign policy at Kyung Hee University in South Korea, writes in Asian Survey that "China conceives itself to have the right to make an authoritative interpretation of the "principle for intervention" in the treaty. As a result of changes in regional security in a post-Cold War world, he writes, "China now places more value on national interest, over alliances blinded by ideology." But, he argues, Chinese ambiguity deters others from taking military action against Pyongyang.


--------




Timeline of the North Korean nuclear program


This Chronology of the North Korean Nuclear Program has its roots in the 1950s and begins in earnest in 1989 with the end of the Cold War and the decline of the USSR as the main economic ally of North Korea. The Chronology mainly addresses the conflict between the United States and North Korea, while including the influences of the other members of the Six-Party Talks, China, Russia, South Korea, and Japan.




Phase I

    1956: The Soviet Union begins training North Korean scientists and engineers, giving them "basic knowledge" to initiate a nuclear program.
    1958: The U.S. deploys nuclear armed Honest John missiles and 280 mm atomic cannons to South Korea.
    1959: North Korea and the USSR sign a nuclear cooperation agreement.
    1962: The Yongbyon Nuclear Scientific Research Center opens.
    1965: The Yongbyon IRT-2000 research reactor reaches a power rating of 2 MW.
    1974: The Yongbyon IRT-2000 research reactor reaches a power rating of 4 MW.
    Between the late 1970s and early 1980s North Korea begins uranium mining operations at various locations near Sunchon and Pyongsan.




Phase III


2002

    11 December: North Korean-made Scud missiles are found aboard a ship bound for Yemen. The US illegally detains the ship, but is later forced to allow the ship to go, conceding that neither country has broken any law.
    12 December: The North pledges to reactivate nuclear facilities for energy generation, saying the Americans' decision to halt oil shipments leaves it with no choice. It claims the US wrecked the 1994 pact.
    13 December: North Korea asks the UN's International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) to remove seals and surveillance equipment - the IAEA's "eyes and ears" on the North's nuclear status—from its Yongbyon power plant.
    22 December: The North begins removing monitoring devices from the Yongbyon plant.
    24 December: North Korea begins repairs at the Yongbyon plant. North-South Korea talks over reopening road and rail border links, which have been struggling on despite the increased tension, finally stall.
    25 December: It emerges that North Korea had begun shipping fuel rods to the Yongbyon plant which could be used to produce plutonium.
    26 December: The IAEA expresses concern in the light of UN confirmation that 1,000 fuel rods have been moved to the Yongbyon reactor.
    27 December: North Korea says it is expelling the two IAEA nuclear inspectors from the country. It also says it is planning to reopen a reprocessing plant, which could start producing weapons grade plutonium within months.[13]

Phase IV
2003

    2 January: South Korea asks China to use its influence with North Korea to try to reduce tension over the nuclear issue, and two days later Russia offers to press Pyongyang to abandon its nuclear programme.

    6 January: The IAEA passes a resolution demanding that North Korea readmit UN inspectors and abandon its secret nuclear weapons programme "within weeks", or face possible action by the UN Security Council.[16]

    7 January: The US says it is "willing to talk to North Korea about how it meets its obligations to the international community". But it "will not provide quid pro quos to North Korea to live up to its existing obligations".[17]

    9 January: North Korea sends diplomats to meet with New Mexico governor Bill Richardson about the nuclear crisis;[18] North Korea also agrees to hold cabinet-level talks with South Korea on 21 January.

    10 January: North Korea announces it will withdraw from the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.

2006


9 October: North Korea announces that it has performed its first-ever nuclear weapon test.



-------------------



Korean War in Colour (Documentary)

 Mar 29, 2013


 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iIobfyaiAUU




-------------------


North Korea and weapons of mass destruction


 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/North_Korea_and_weapons_of_mass_destruction


Exports related to ballistic missile technology
Export partners

Many countries have bought North Korean ballistic missiles or have received assistance from North Korea to establish local missile production.


Pakistan

Iran

Egypt

Libya

Syria

United Arab Emirates

Vietnam

Yemen



-------------------




Russia, Egypt support forming anti-IS coalition with Syria's Assad -


27 August, 2015


 President Putin and visiting Egyptian president called on Wednesday for a new coalition to fight Islamic State group to include Cairo and the Assad regime.



http://www.alaraby.co.uk/english/news/2015/8/27/russia-egypt-support-forming-anti-is-coalition-with-syrias-assad#sthash.AbqwGnJl.dpuf



--------------------------------



Egypt's Sisi to boost Russian ties on Moscow visit


 21 August, 2015


 President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi will meet his Russian counterpart in Moscow next week for the third time in a year in a bid to help boost strategic and economic relations.


 http://www.alaraby.co.uk/english/news/2015/8/21/egypts-sisi-to-boost-russian-ties-on-moscow-visit


-------------------




Russia's New Rocket Won't Fit in Its New Cosmodrome

 Oct. 02 2015


Work at  Russia's new $ 3 billion spaceport in  the Far East has ground to  a halt after a  critical piece of  infrastructure was discovered to  have been built to  the wrong dimensions, and  would not fit the  latest version of  the country's Soyuz rocket, a  news report said.




The  Vostochny Cosmodrome, under construction in  the Amur region, north of  China, is intended to  become Russia's primary spaceport, replacing the  Soviet-built Baikonur cosmodrome in  Kazakhstan

 http://www.themoscowtimes.com/article.php?id=536827




-------------



---------

---------


Chapter 25: Voter fraud


-------

-------


-------------
Russia Elections: Voting Fraud Allegations Mar Putin's Win

 03/04/2012


 http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/03/04/russia-elections-fraud-putin_n_1319796.html


------------



Putin’s Police Arrest Pussy Riot Again In Court Crackdown

 02.25.14

 http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2014/02/25/putin-s-police-arrest-pussy-riot-again-in-court-crackdown.html

The punk collective’s two most high-profile former members landed afoul of the cops during massive protests in Moscow over the show-trial of eight activists.

Barely 24 hours had passed since the closing ceremonies at Sochi before the Russian government set about locking up its opposition again. This time it was a dragnet arrest of protestors, outside a Moscow courtroom at Manezhnaya Square, who were there in a show of solidarity with the Bolotnaya defendants—eight members of the May 2012 demonstration opposed to another stolen parliamentary election. While all eyes were glued to Olympic ice hockey or to a crushed-velvet revolution in Ukraine, the Bolotnaya Eight were busy being found guilty of “mass rioting” in a show trial which revealed, as Amnesty International’s John Dalhuisen put it, “a criminal justice system that is entirely malleable to the dictates of its political masters.”




---------


Polls close in eastern Ukraine amid allegations of fraud and double-voting

 May 11, 2014


http://www.cnn.com/2014/05/11/world/europe/ukraine-crisis/index.html


-------------



Is Russia Threatening The World's Internet Access?

Nov 1, 2015


 Hundreds of cables line the ocean floor and carry 99% of international communications. So what would happen if Russia cut these cables?


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BwrgtwTfe5M

----------------



--------------

--------------



Chapter 26: BRICS, NATO & the CFR



----------

----------



------------------


Tripartite Pact


The Tripartite Pact, also known as the Berlin Pact, was an agreement between Germany, Italy and Japan signed in Berlin on 27 September 1940 by, respectively, Adolf Hitler, Galeazzo Ciano and Saburo Kurusu. It was a defensive military alliance that was eventually joined by Hungary (20 November 1940), Romania (23 November 1940), Bulgaria (1 March 1941) and Yugoslavia (25 March 1941), as well as by the German client state of Slovakia (24 November 1940). Yugoslavia's adherence provoked a coup d'état in Belgrade, and Italy and Germany responded by invading Yugoslavia (with Bulgarian, Hungarian and Romanian assistance) and partitioning the country. The resulting Italo-German client state of Croatia joined the pact on 15 June 1941.


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tripartite_Pact

----------------




Duumvirate



 A duumvirate is an alliance between two equally powerful political or military leaders. The term can also be used to describe a state with two different military leaders who both declare themselves to be the sole leader of the state.


 Examples


It has been suggested that Vladimir Putin and Dmitry Medvedev represent a modern Russian duumvirate, sometimes referred as ?????????????, "tandemocracy", a portmanteau of "tandem" and "democracy". When they agreed to swap jobs in November 2011, with Putin retaking his old position of president which Medvedev had held for four years (because Putin was constitutionally barred from having a third term in a row), many in Russia called this "castling" ("?????????" - "rokirovka") — after the move in chess when the king and a rook, a castle-shaped piece, swap sides. This "castling" was followed by protests, seen by some as "tandem malaise" - a feeling amongst sections of the population that they were fed up with the tandem. For most of Medvedev's presidency, Putin and he were seen as being roughly equal, but with the "castling" it became clear that Putin had the upper hand the whole time.


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Duumvirate






---------------




BRICS



http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BRICS


The term "BRICS" was coined in 2001 by then-chairman of Goldman Sachs Asset Management, Jim O'Neill, in his publication Building Better Global Economic BRICs.[10] The foreign ministers of the initial four BRIC states (Brazil, Russia, India, and China) met in New York City in September 2006, beginning a series of high-level meetings. A full-scale diplomatic meeting was held in Yekaterinburg, Russia, on 16 June 2009.


The BRICS Forum, an independent international organisation encouraging commercial, political and cultural cooperation between the BRICS nations, was formed in 2011.[21] In June 2012, the BRICS nations pledged $75 billion to boost the lending power of the International Monetary Fund (IMF). However, this loan was conditional on IMF voting reforms.[22] In late March 2013, during the fifth BRICS summit in Durban, South Africa, the member countries agreed to create a global financial institution which they intended to rival the western-dominated IMF and World Bank.[23] After the summit, the BRICS stated that they planned to finalise the arrangements for this New Development Bank by 2014.[24] However, disputes relating to burden sharing and location have slowed down the agreements.


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BRICS


-----------


BRICS establish $100bn bank and currency pool to cut out Western dominance

 16 Jul, 2014


http://rt.com/business/173008-brics-bank-currency-pool/




----------



Whether to believe China's GDP figures

Jul 15th 2015

 IT ALL seems a little too perfect to be true. The Chinese government set a growth target of “about 7%” this year. And for a second consecutive quarter, despite ample evidence of stress in its industrial sector, it managed to hit that right on its head. In the three months from April to June, the economy expanded 7% compared with the same period a year earlier. Cue the chorus of scepticism: Chinese data just cannot be trusted, goes the usual refrain. Yes and no. There is a difference between smoothing data and totally fabricating it. Evidence suggests that China is guilty of the former (the lesser charge) but not the latter (the more serious allegation).



 http://www.economist.com/blogs/freeexchange/2015/07/chinese-economy


 --------
China Finds $15B of Loans Backed by Falsified Gold Trades

June 26, 2014

 http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2014-06-26/china-finds-15b-of-loans-backed-by-falsified-gold-trades



--------



This '60 Minutes' Video Of China's Ghost Cities Is More Surreal Than Anything We've Ever Seen

Mar. 3, 2013,

http://www.businessinsider.com/60-minutes-chinas-ghost-cities-2013-3



---------



Ghost Cities in China - Africa - Agenda 21?

 Nov 26, 2012


 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8xdCekvEaQ4


------------


The Chinese Version of Agenda 21 and Why the US Should Care



http://www.thecommonsenseshow.com/2013/06/18/the-chinese-version-of-agenda-21-and-why-the-us-should-care/


----------


Chinese Hackers and America's "Revenge" | China Uncensored

Aug 19, 2015



 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XpVeZVNpHfg


----------




Blood and money: Rio Tinto's $5 million Kissinger of death for Stern Hu


 8 April 2015,


 https://independentaustralia.net/business/business-display/rio-tintos-5-million-kissinger-of-death-for-stern-hu,7559


The squalid pact signed in blood and money between mining and political behemoths Rio Tinto and Henry Kissinger will surprise no-one given the destructive conjunction of their parallel lives upon humanity and the environment. This week, Rio Tinto appears before the Senate Inquiry into Corporate Tax Avoidance. In the first part of this speaking truth to power investigation for IA, Contributing editor-at-large Tess Lawrence exhumes some of the corpses buried in the tailings swill of history that Kissinger, Rio Tinto and their collaborators would prefer stay buried.
BLAME IT ON RIO

FOR SOME BETRAYAL COMES at the price of 30 pieces of silver.

For Rio Tinto it cost a mere $5 million for absolution from war crimes candidate, Nobel Peace Prize laureate and former United States Secretary of State Henry Kissinger, to wash its filthy tentacles of executive Stern Hu.

In 2009, Hu was sentenced to ten years' imprisonment on bribery, corruption and industrial espionage charges and is now languishing abandoned in a Chinese prison.

Hu confessed to the bribery charges on the understanding he would receive a light sentence and soon be able to button up his onesies back home in Australia.

To repay his loyalty, Rio Tinto sacked him. Henry had given Hu the notorious Kissinger of death...



BHP-BILLITON, CHINALCO, RIO TINTO. CHINESE WHISPERS AND BURNS

Marian Wilkinson's 2010 report 'Chinese Whispers' for the ABC's Four Corners program reveals much of the behind the scenes skullduggery and counter claims of corporate espionage.

In her words from the transcript:

    The price rise was driven by the booming world economy, but it was also being stoked by BHP-Billiton - Rio Tinto's long time rival in the iron ore business.

    In 2007, BHP's new chief executive, Marius Kloppers, had two ambitions. One was to get more money for the company's iron ore. The other was to take over its rival Rio Tinto, creating the biggest single iron ore supplier in the world.

    ...China reacted swiftly to the audacious BHP play. China's state owned aluminium company, Chinalco, moved to thwart BHP's takeover by buying up a strategic slice of Rio Tinto in a deal with Alcoa.

A Chinalco representative confirms to Wilkinson:

    "As you know we announced last Friday we have bought a 12 per cent stake in Rio Tinto."


Chinalco still owns that stake. But wait, there's more...


 https://independentaustralia.net/business/business-display/rio-tintos-5-million-kissinger-of-death-for-stern-hu,7559




-----------



CFR Says China Must Be Defeated, & TPP Is Essential to That

Posted on May 5, 2015

 http://www.washingtonsblog.com/2015/05/cfr-says-china-must-be-defeated-tpp-is-essential-to-that.html




-----------




June 30, 2015
Obama Signs Unconstitutional TPA as CFR Looks to Bring China into TPP


Read more at http://freedomoutpost.com/2015/06/obama-signs-unconstitutional-tpa-as-cfr-looks-to-bring-china-into-tpp/#fRIHPTfFpCEHitmD.99



Next up is the secretive Trans-Pacific Partnership Treaty. However, as William F. Jasper points out, now that Obama has gotten what he wanted from the Republicans, he's dropping the pretense about what he will do with that authority and now his handlers at the Council on Foreign Relations are looking to bring China into TPP.

    Now that Congress has passed Trade Promotion Authority/Fast Track, the Council on Foreign Relations is taking the lead in calling for China to be included in the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP). This represents a key reversal of the deliberately deceptive public message put out by the Obama administration and the TPP lobby over the past couple of years, to wit, that a TPP is absolutely essential to averting Communist China's economic hegemony, in the Pacific and globally.

    The Los Angeles Times, which has offered unstinting support for the TPP, in a March 4, 2015 article entitled "China is Obama's trump card in push for Pacific Rim trade pact," noted the Obama White House strategy of presenting China's economic ascendance as a primary reason for approving the TPP. "President Obama is hoping to win passage of a Pacific Rim trade pact by playing on fears of China," ran the story's subtitle.

     "As the White House looks to wrap up years of negotiations on a highly contested Pacific Rim trade pact," wrote the Times' Don Lee, "administration officials are increasingly casting the agreement as vital to helping the U.S. face its most daunting economic rival: China."

    "The proposed Trans-Pacific Partnership, or TPP, would be the largest trade deal in American history, involving the U.S., Japan and 10 other countries that combined make up 40% of the world economy," the Times story continued. "China isn't among them. In recent weeks, one Obama official after another has hammered away at the same line of argument: It's crucial that Congress supports the TPP — including passing a related trade-promotion bill that would strengthen the president's negotiating hand — because the alternative is that China, not the U.S., will write the rules of global trade."

    But, with TPA/Fast Track approved, the ObamaTrade lobby is dropping some of the pretense. As The New American has pointed out many times over the past few years (see here, here, and here), the architects of the TPP — especially the world government activists of the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) and the Peterson Institute for International Economics (PIIE) — have long been on record in favor of the TPP as merely a "stepping stone" to a much larger Free Trade Area of the Asia Pacific (FTAAP) that would include China as a member. The anti-Beijing rhetoric is purely a ruse to lure support from conservatives concerned over China's stepped-up militancy, as well as domestic manufacturers and labor unions worried about loss of more manufacturing business and jobs to the Beijing behemoth.


------------


 We should abolish the CFR, Trilateral Commission and the Bilderberg Group.


--------------------


----------

----------



Chapter 27: China



_____


_____



________



Even weapons for different militaries around the world, are made in Ukraine. Do you think that if a military alliance, such as BRICS, raided a country that makes weapons equipment, such as Ukraine. That the invading military, would try to gain more resources, including gaining control over the weapons market for the military, in Ukraine.



_______





Chinese aircraft carrier Liaoning


 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chinese_aircraft_carrier_Liaoning


Liaoning (16) (Chinese: ????????????; pinyin: Zhongguó Rénmín Jiefàngjun Haijun Liáoníng Jiàn), is the first aircraft carrier commissioned into the People's Liberation Army Navy Surface Force. She is classified as a training ship, intended to allow the Navy to practice with carrier usage.


Originally laid down as the Admiral Kuznetsov class multirole aircraft carrier Riga for the Soviet Navy, she was launched on December 4, 1988, and renamed Varyag in 1990. The stripped hulk was purchased in 1998 by the People's Republic of China and towed to Dalian Shipyard in north eastern China. After being completely rebuilt and undergoing sea trials, the ship was commissioned into the PLAN as Liaoning on September 25, 2012.


The ship was laid down as Riga at Shipyard 444 (now Nikolayev South) in Mykolaiv, Ukraine, on December 6, 1985. Design work was undertaken by the Nevskoye Planning and Design Bureau. Launched on December 4, 1988, the carrier was renamed Varyag in late 1990, after the famous cruiser. Often referred to as an aircraft carrier, the vessel's design implied a mission different from carriers of the United States Navy, Royal Navy or French Navy. The Russian term used by her builders to describe the ships is "??????? ??????????? ???????" tyazholiy avianesushchiy kreyser (TAKR or TAVKR) "heavy aircraft-carrying cruiser", intended to support strategic missile-carrying submarines, surface ships, and maritime missile-carrying aircraft of the Russian fleet. The Soviet Union and later Russia argued that the ships are not aircraft carriers under the Montreux Convention and not subject to the tonnage limits imposed on these ships in traveling through the Bosphorus.


Construction ceased by 1992, with the ship structurally complete but without electronics. With the dissolution of the Soviet Union, ownership was transferred to Ukraine; the ship was laid up, unmaintained. Ukraine immediately began searching for possible customers, and made overtures to China, which sent a high-level expert delegation in 1992. Although the delegation made a positive report on the condition of the ship, recommending a purchase, the Beijing leadership declined because of the international diplomatic situation at the time. Nevertheless, the People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN, the Chinese navy) did not lose interest, and four years later took an independent initiative under cover of a commercial purchase.


In April 1998, Ukrainian Trade Minister Roman Shpek announced the winning bid of US$20 million from Chong Lot Travel Agency, a Hong Kong-based company, which proposed to tow Varyag out of the Black Sea, through the Suez Canal and around southern Asia to Macau, where the ship would be moored and converted into a floating hotel and casino, similar to the Kiev in Tianjin and Minsk at Minsk World in Shenzhen. Before the auction was closed, officials in Macau had warned Chong Lot that it would not be permitted to berth Varyag in the harbor. Chong Lot is owned by Chin Luck (Holdings) Company of Hong Kong; four of Chin Luck's six board members live in Yantai, China, the location of a major navy shipyard; the chairman Xu Zengping is a former career military officer and captain of a basketball team with the People's Liberation Army.[4] The sale of the carrier was successfully closed in 1998



http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chinese_aircraft_carrier_Liaoning




________





 Some people think that BRICs could team up with the United Nations, to create a strong military alliance, to gain political power over the world.




_______


China and the United Nations | China Uncensored

 Mar 27, 2014



 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0mmfHjfNNzk




 _______



India and Russia back China's call for 'new world order'

February, 2015


http://www.scmp.com/news/china/article/1699900/india-russia-back-call-new-world-order?page=all



_______




For more information on China, view the blog "Pollution Science 101 - China."

( http://pollutionscience101china.blogspot.com/ )





 ----------------------


---------

---------


Chapter 28: Current events & corruption


--------

--------


 ----------------------


Nearly Two-Thirds of Human Trafficking Victims Are from Asia
 November 20, 2014

 http://dailysignal.com/2014/11/20/nearly-two-thirds-human-trafficking-victims-asia/
--------
U.S. Cites Russia Among Worst in Human Trafficking
 Jun. 21 2013
http://www.themoscowtimes.com/news/article/us-cites-russia-among-worst-in-human-trafficking/481994.html
--------------
Russia, China continue to allow human trafficking
 June 23, 2013
https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/russia-china-continue-to-allow-human-trafficking/2013/06/23/57f14560-da9d-11e2-a016-92547bf094cc_story.html



-------------------------


 The Russian mafia, works with members of the Russian government.


 --------------
Russian mafia

 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russian_mafia


------



The Russian Mafia: A World History


 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QAJwINlqvyI


------


Krokodil: Russia's Deadliest Drug (NSFW)

May 17, 2012


 A homemade drug called Krokodil is gaining popularity in Siberia and its effects on users are horrific. Krokodil is Russian for Crocodile, because of the way addicts' skin begins to get turn scaly, dry and eventually rot right off their bodies. Even most heroin users are frightened by Krokodil and want nothing to do with this terrifying drug.


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JsUH8llvTZo


--------------



Russia's flesh-eating drug Krokodil actually has origins in America

 9/27/13


http://io9.com/russias-flesh-eating-drug-krokodil-actually-has-origin-1411641798



---------------------


We can see the illegal drug trade in Russia, Syria, Afghanistan, Asia and South America. All factor into why we have wars and conflicts around the world. This is why we should decriminalize certain plants, such as hemp.


---------


The Drug Fuelling Conflict In Syria


 Sep 21, 2015



Syria's War Drug: A look inside production of Captagon, the powerful amphetamine being used by soldiers in Syria.



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7ke13JNlpBQ



----------


Russia's Toughest Prisons


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QAJwINlqvyI



--------




We can see the Masonic symbolism in Russian prison tattoos, in the following documentary titled " Marked - Russian Prison Tattoo Documentary. "


 -------
Marked - Russian Prison Tattoo Documentary

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hIjQFlJ4dGo


---------




Gulag


 The Gulag (Russian: ?????, tr. GULAG; IPA: [g?'lak]) was the government agency that administered the main Soviet forced labor camp systems during the Stalin era, from the 1930s until the 1950s. The first such camps were created in 1918 and the term is widely used to describe any forced labor camp in the USSR. While the camps housed a wide range of convicts, from petty criminals to political prisoners, large numbers were convicted by simplified procedures, such as NKVD troikas and other instruments of extrajudicial punishment (the NKVD was the Soviet secret police). The Gulag is recognized as a major instrument of political repression in the Soviet Union, based on Article 58 (RSFSR Penal Code). The term is also sometimes used to describe the camps themselves, particularly in the West.


 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gulag



-----------------



 Gulag type work camps and prisons, existed under the Russian Monarchy & Russian royal families.



---------------


Russian prison camp. Scandalous footage. 2010.


 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ug7Gw4tPdg8




--------------------------


The Russian government has been accused of trying to incite acts of terrorism against the people of Russia, including other countries. These acts of terrorism have been used by the authorities, to gain political influence and control over the people.


------------------
State-sponsored terrorism
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/State-sponsored_terrorism
 State-sponsored terrorism is government support of violent non-state actors engaged in terrorism. Because of the pejorative nature of the word, the identification of particular examples are usually subject to political dispute (see Definitions of terrorism).
Soviet Union

Soviet secret services worked to establish a network of terrorist front organizations and have been described as the primary promoters of terrorism worldwide.[115][116][117] According to Ion Mihai Pacepa, General Aleksandr Sakharovsky from the First Chief Directorate of the KGB once said: "In today’s world, when nuclear arms have made military force obsolete, terrorism should become our main weapon."[118] He also claimed that "Airplane hijacking is my own invention". George Habash, who worked under the KGB's guidance,[119] explained: "Killing one Jew far away from the field of battle is more effective than killing a hundred Jews on the field of battle, because it attracts more attention."[118]

Lt. General Ion Mihai Pacepa described the operation "SIG" ("Zionist Governments") that was devised in 1972, to turn the whole Islamic world against Israel and the United States. KGB chairman Yury Andropov allegedly explained to Pacepa that "a billion adversaries could inflict far greater damage on America than could a few millions. We needed to instill a Nazi-style hatred for the Jews throughout the Islamic world, and to turn this weapon of the emotions into a terrorist bloodbath against Israel and its main supporter, the United States."[120]

The following organizations have been allegedly established with assistance from Eastern Bloc security services: the PLO, the National Liberation Army of Bolivia (created in 1964 with help from Ernesto Che Guevara); the National Liberation Army of Colombia (created in 1965 with help from Cuba), the Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine (DFLP) in 1969, and the Secret Army for Liberation of Armenia in 1975.[121]

The leader of the PLO, Yasser Arafat, established close collaboration with the Romanian Securitate service and the Soviet KGB in the beginning of the 1970s.[122] The secret training of PLO guerrillas was provided by the KGB.[123] However, the main KGB activities and arms shipments were channeled through Wadie Haddad of the DFLP organization, who usually stayed in a KGB dacha BARVIKHA-1 during his visits to Russia. Led by Carlos the Jackal, a group of PFLP fighters accomplished a spectacular raid the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries office in Vienna in 1975. Advance notice of this operation "was almost certainly" given to the KGB.[122]

A number of notable operations have been conducted by the KGB to support international terrorists with weapons on the orders from the Soviet Communist Party, including:

    Transfer of machine-guns, automatic rifles, Walther pistols, and cartridges to the Provisional Irish Republican Army by the Soviet intelligence vessel Reduktor (operation SPLASH) in 1972 to fulfill a personal request of arms from Michael O'Riordan.[124]
    Transfer of anti-tank grenade RPG-7 launchers, radio-controlled SNOP mines, pistols with silencers, machine guns, and other weaponry to the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine through Wadi Haddad who was recruited as a KGB agent in 1970 (operation VOSTOK, "East").[125]
    Support of the Sandinista movement. The leading role here belonged to the General Intelligence Directorate of Communist Cuba.[126]
    Support of the Kurdistan Workers' Party, in order to destabilize Turkey, a key NATO member during the Cold War.[127]

Large-scale terrorist operations have been prepared by the KGB and GRU against the United States, Canada and Europe, according to the Mitrokhin Archive,[128] GRU defectors Victor Suvorov[129] and Stanislav Lunev, and former SVR officer Kouzminov.[130] Among the planned operations were the following:

    Large arms caches were allegedly hidden in many countries for the planned terrorism acts. They were booby-trapped with "Lightning" explosive devices. One of such cache, which was identified by Mitrokhin, exploded when Swiss authorities tried to remove it from woods near Bern. Several others caches (probably not equipped with the "Lightnings") were removed successfully.[131]
    Preparations for nuclear sabotage. Some of the allegedly hidden caches could contain portable tactical nuclear weapons known as RA-115 "suitcase bombs" prepared to assassinate US leaders in the event of war, according to GRU defector Stanislav Lunev.[115] Lunev states that he had personally looked for hiding places for weapons caches in the Shenandoah Valley area[115] and that "it is surprisingly easy to smuggle nuclear weapons into the US" ether across the Mexican border or using a small transport missile that can slip undetected when launched from a Russian airplane.[115]
    Extensive sabotage plans in London, Washington, Paris, Bonn, Rome, and other Western capitals have been revealed by KGB defector Oleg Lyalin in 1971, including plan to flood the London underground and deliver poison capsules to Whitehall. This disclosure triggered mass expulsion of Russian spies from London.[132]
    FSLN leader Carlos Fonseca Amador was described as "a trusted agent" in KGB files. "Sandinista guerrillas formed the basis for a KGB sabotage and intelligence group established in 1966 on the Mexican US border".[133]
    Disruption of the power supply in the entire New York State by KGB sabotage teams, which would be based along the Delaware River, in the Big Spring Park.[134]
    An "immensely detailed" plan to destroy "oil refineries and oil and gas pipelines across Canada from British Columbia to Montreal" (operation "Cedar") has been prepared, which took twelve years to complete.[135]
    A plan for sabotage of Hungry Horse Dam in Montana.[134]
    A detailed plan to destroy the port of New York (target GRANIT); most vulnerable points of the port were marked at maps.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/State-sponsored_terrorism


-------------------------------



Terrorism in Russia


Terrorism in Russia has a long history starting from the times of the Russian Empire. Terrorism, in the modern sense, means violence against civilians to achieve political or ideological objectives by creating fear. Terrorism tactics, such as hostage-taking, were widely used by the Soviet secret agencies, most notably during the Red Terror and Great Terror campaigns, against the population of their own country, according to Karl Kautsky and other historians of Bolshevism.

Starting from the end of the 20th century, significant terrorist activity has taken place in Moscow, most notably apartment bombings and the Moscow theater hostage crisis. Many more acts of terrorism have been committed in Chechnya, Dagestan, and other parts of the country. Some of them became a matter of significant controversy, since journalists and scholars claimed them to be directed by the Russian secret services, often through their Chechen agent provocateurs.


 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Terrorism_in_Russia


---------




Soviet Subversion of the Free World Press, 1984

 Apr 24, 2011


 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Cnf0I2dQ0i0


------------------------


Gamma-Ray Bursts: Crash Course Astronomy #40

Nov 12, 2015


Gamma-ray bursts are not only incredible to study, but their discovery has an epic story all its own. Today Phil takes you through some Cold War history and then dives into what we know. Bursts come in two rough varieties: Long and short. Long ones are from hypernovae, massive stars exploding, sending out twin beams of matter and energy. Short ones are from merging neutron stars. Both kinds are so energetic they are visible for billions of light years, and both are also the birth announcements of black holes.


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z2zA9nPFN5A

--------------

-------------


Chapter 29: Putin & Political corruption

-------------

-------------


------------------------


Why The Global Elite Hate Putin

One thing Trump has in common with Putin is that the globalists despise them both

The Alex Jones Show - August 7, 2017


https://www.infowars.com/why-the-global-elite-hate-putin/

---------------------


Putin's vengeance: Murder, corruption and a dead man put on trial... how one man rose to the top of Russia's most-wanted list for daring to stand up to country's president

  7 February 2015

 http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2943966/Putin-s-vengeance-Murder-corruption-dead-man-trial-one-man-rose-Russia-s-wanted-list-daring-stand-country-s-president.html

    Sergei Magnitsky died in November 2009 after 358 days in Russian prison
    Wrote daily letters about beatings but treatment was never investigated
    His friend William Browder successfully campaigned for Magnitsky Act - placing travel bans on Russian human rights abusers
    In return Vladimir Putin tried him for Magnitsky's murder in his absence
    Russians also tried Magnitsky - first dead man to be tried since 897AD
    Mr Browder says it is possible Russian regime is trying to kill him


 ---------------




Litvinenko claimed Putin was the 'Kremlin paedophile' in blog post months before his death after Russian president was pictured kissing stomach of a young boy
 2 February 2015


http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2936331/Alexander-Litvinenko-inquiry-Spy-s-father-cut-ties-family.html


    Marina Litvinenko is gave evidence to inquiry into husband's death
    Says she hasn't spoken to father-in-law Walter since he went on Russian TV to denounce his son two years ago
    Alexander Litvinenko allegedly worked for MI6 after fleeing home country
    He was paid up to £70,000 to name Russian sleeper agents, it was claimed 
    He fell out with Vladimir Putin over bid to assassinate Boris Berezovsky
    Litvinenko claimed Putin was involved in 'criminal conduct' and predicted he would be killed after exposing the plot
    Arrived in UK saying 'I'm a KGB officer and I'm asking for political asylum'
    Accused Putin of being a paedophile in article shortly before his death
    He died in November 2006 after drinking tea poisoned with polonium




----------



21 Things You Need To Know About Vladimir Putin

Mar. 4, 2012,

 http://www.businessinsider.com/vladimir-putin-history-russia-2012-3
- Last year Russia ranked 143rd, joint with Nigeria and Uganda, on Transparency International's annual list of the 182 most corrupt nations.
- Reports suggest that Putin himself may have as much as $40 billion in assets.
- He's even said to have built, via a network of corruption, this $1 billion house on the Black Sea.
- CONSPIRACY THEORY 2: A series of apartment bombings organized by Russia's secret service swept Putin into the president's office.


In 1999, a series of apartment bombings in Russia killed 224 people. Russia was terrified — the bombs went off in crowded buildings in the middle of the night, killing families as they slept.

Putin, then prime minister, pledged direct action against the Chechen rebels who were thought to be behind the attacks, pledging to wipe them out even "in the outhouse". He was soon in the president's office with 53 percent of the vote.

However, one event made many reconsider the attacks.

On 22nd September 2009 the city of Ryazan, an attack was apparently halted by an eagle-eyed member of the public, who was also able to give descriptions of two people who appeare to have planted explosives. A bomb squad came in and found tested the substances, declaring them explosives and defusing them.

Two days later the FSB (the successor to the KGB) announced that the explosives were in fact sugar and that the bombing attempt was just a training exercise committed by the agency.




- One person who claimed this was a plot was murdered in 2006


Ex-KGB agent Alexander Litvinenko, died in London from radiation poisoning in 2006.


Litvenchenko's book, Blowing Up Russia, was one of the most complete investigations on the apartment bombings (it is banned in Russia).

The British police are still trying to get the two men suspected of poisoning him extradited, but Russian authorities have been uncooperative.



http://www.businessinsider.com/vladimir-putin-history-russia-2012-3




---------




The Putin Critics Who Have Been Assassinated

 http://news.sky.com/story/1437519/the-putin-critics-who-have-been-assassinated


--------------------



Should Putin Worry About Spate of Whistleblowing?


 Saturday, Feb. 19, 2011


 Russia has its fair share of whistleblowers. Over the past few years, at least a dozen of them — local officials, policemen, entrepreneurs — have taken it upon themselves to air their boss's dirty laundry. Most often, a complaint is addressed to Prime Minister Vladimir Putin, the country's strongman, who then has the option of boosting his ratings by setting the matter straight. But in recent weeks, this phenomenon has started turning on its head. New whistleblowers are making Putin out to be the bad guy, and that has left many Russians wondering, What is their motivation? And why now?



 http://content.time.com/time/world/article/0,8599,2052743,00.html




 ---------------------




WORLD SUPERPOWER Vladimir Putin's Russia 2015 (Full Documentary)

 Mar 14, 2015


 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oaY6x7W9Kfk




------------------------



10 Things You Should Know About Vladimir Putin

 May 10, 2015


 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vmg5zoRfA4I



--------------------------
Putin put on spot by English farmer John Kopiski


 Apr 16, 2015


 “Simple Russian guy John,” as he was introduced by the anchor, addressed question to Vladimir Putin during the annual Q&A session. John came to Russia more than two decades ago, married a Russian woman and fathered five children here. He complained about the regulated price at which his milk is bought by distributors, saying it’s too low to keep his farm profitable.


 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KDMs2TOHGKM




-----------------------





Obama Sets The Stage For U.S. Showdown With Russia

Nov 5, 2015


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zwDOhPajvrE



---------------



 Vladimir Putin and Henry Kissinger Meet To Discuss New World Order


 Feb 4, 2016



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8z8MfimxPnw






----------------



To be fair, we would like to show views from all sides of the conflict.


 Some people agree and many have disagreed with the following video.



Can Putin Stop the NWO

 Nov 2, 2015


Alex Jones talks about the Russian president Vladimir Putin and how despite his numerous faults , Putin does want what is best for his country and is doing what he can to prevent the destruction of Russia.


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iX_bVDXXFd8


 ---------------------


 Many people accuse Putin, of being directly associated with this type of "New World Order" structure. With all of the evidence gathered, it would not be wise, to say that Putin, including the Russian government, still have the best interests of the people of the world . Most of the current governments of the planet, do not have the best interests of the people of the world as well. The media sometimes does not report accurately on current political matters. It can often be difficult reading different reports, trying to decide which reports are correct. This includes  which side of the conflict, that have legitimate concerns for the Earth.



For more information on Vladimir Putin, view " Chapter 9: One World religion. "



A lot of journalist and innocent people are currently in Russian prisons as we speak. This includes people in prison for having hemp cannabis. It is because of Vladimir Putin, including the Russian government, that hemp cannabis remains illegal. Many people face prison time, if they are caught  growing hemp cannabis, including just being found with it.


----------------



----------

---------



Chapter 30: Hemp



------

------


-----------------


Moscow, Russia (Cannabis)


http://webehigh.org/moscow-russia/


Russia has had tough anti-drug laws for years. Possession or sale of Marijuana or Hash could result in a jail sentence of up to three years. In 1997, over 90 percent of people prosecuted for drug charges were users rather than dealers.


New regulations established in April 1998 go much further. Possession of any amount of drugs – even one dose – or being under the effects of an illegal drug can cost the user several years in prison. Police can force any person to take a blood or urine test if they are suspected to be under the influence of drugs. “It will make it easier for the police to convict [petty drug users],” said Yuly Rybakov, a deputy in the nation’s lawmaking branch, the Duma. When the new law was enacted activists passed out leaflets pushing for the legalization of Marijuana and Hash, but were ignored – and even threatened with arrest – by the government. Over 250,000 people were arrested on drug charges in 1998 and in 1999 the Interior Ministry said it confiscated over 60 tons of drugs.



Legislation: Cannabis is completely illegal in Russia, although it is formally not a crime (only administrative violation of the law) to have less than 6 grams with yourself. Anyway, it will cause LOTS of problems if you get caught


Marijuana is illegal in Moscow, and so is any related action (growing, purchasing, smoking etc.). Possession of any amount of drugs – even one dose – or being under the effects of an illegal drug can cost the user several years in prison.


Or as other put it: Very illegal, with the new government.


Law Enforcement: If you are caught, your only (and best) chance as a foreigner, is to immediately offer a bribe. This ought not to be a small bribe either, because you are possibly facing a couple of years in prison for possession. USD$500 would be a good starting point. The good news is, that this bribe will nearly always be accepted. However a most recent update from an intrepid Moscow report says: “Possessing weed under 6 grams is decriminalized, with low fines, up to 30 is a heavier fine (and possible community work), but still no imprisonment.” So take this for what its worth, and be safe and discreet!!


With the new government, the police are much stricter about narcotics. Now with the enforcement of cops income statements, bribe prices have sky rocketed, try 500 dollars, then just go up, more cops bigger bride, if some is Russian have them speak, and if you have broken Russian don’t bother.



http://webehigh.org/moscow-russia/




--------




Russian drugs boss rules out marijuana legalization

 25 Feb, 2014


http://rt.com/politics/russia-drugs-marijuana-legalize-633/




-----------



 Even when Russia won't legalize hemp cannabis, the government, including the people of Russia, have allowed environmental injustice to take place, for far too long. This includes other BRICS nations, such as India and China.


-------------



Cannabis ruderalis


 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cannabis_ruderalis


Cannabis ruderalis is a species of Cannabis originating in central Russia. It is indeed less common than the other species of Cannabis.


C. ruderalis rarely grows over two feet in height, and matures in approximately seven weeks. The plants have a "thin, slightly fibrous stem" with little branching. Foliage is open with large leaves.

Cannabis ruderalis will produce flowers based on its age, rather than light cycle (photoperiod) changes which govern flowering in C. sativa and C. indica varieties. This kind of flowering is also known as "autoflowering".

It has less THC in its resin compared to other Cannabis species. However, it is often high in cannabidiol (CBD).---


---------------




The plant cannabis ruderalis,  grows wild in Russia and Siberia. Siberian ruderalis, can survive Siberian frosts. Certain phenotypes of wild ruderalis, will produce flowers, at a very early stage of growth of the plant. Compared to a traditional plant, in the Indica or Sativa family. Sometimes certain phenotypes of wild ruderalis, will not flower, and some will take a couple years, or even a few years, to produce flowers, while surviving winter frosts. Many people think that this plant can be a cure for many diseases, such as cancer. Different types of genotypes and phenotypes, of different families of hemp cannabis, can help cure different illnesses. This plant can even reproduce asexually.


-----------------------

History of Autoflowering Seeds

 Cannabis ruderalis has been used in Russian and Mongolian medicinal and shamanistic traditions for a long time. In the nineties the ‘Mongolian Academy of Sciences’ did a research on shamanic and folk knowledge of medicinal plants in Mongolia. They found that Cannabis sativa and Cannabis ruderalis have been used for various medicinal purposes in Mongolia. Even though Cannabis ruderalis has a lack of psychoactive potency, it’s plausible that shamans in Mongolia have used the Cannabis ruderalis in order to reach their ‘shamanic trance’.

The introduction of Lowryder by The Joint Doctor

The whole situation around autoflowering seeds drastically changed when ‘The Joint Doctor’ came into the picture and introduced his ‘Lowryder’ strain. The Lowryder was introduced by The Joint Doctor the beginning of this century and was a crossing between Cannabis ruderalis, a William’s Wonder and a Northern Lights #2. The Lowryder was the first commercial, fully autoflowering cannabis strain on the market and showed the cannabis scene the huge potential of autoflowering Cannabis ruderalis hybrids.
The Joint Doctor was introduced to Cannabis ruderalis by his Mexican friend Antonio. Antonio gave The Joint Doctor some cannabis seeds he called ‘Mexican Rudy’ and told him this strain stayed short and flowered earlier than anything else. It’s not quite clear where this ‘Mexican Rudy’ originated from, but The Joint Doctor believes Mexican Rudy was an experimental cross of Cannabis ruderalis from Russia and Mexican cannabis, probably produced at the University of Mississippi during the 70’s. The Joint Doctor tried to do some more research about this cross, but could only find some obscure references. In any case, the strain was kept and grown out in Canada for several years before The Joint Doctor got his hands on them.


https://www.dinafem.org/en/blog/history-of-autoflowering-seeds/

--------------

---------------


Chapter 31: Dragon Symbolism


--------------

--------------


The following chapter is a continuation of chapter 18, " The Order of the Dragon."



----------------------




2015 Energy Science & Technology Conference
Presentation Summary & Release Dates



Many Great Artist / Inventor / Discoverer of the early 20th century ...Tesla....Leedskalnin....Alphonse Mucha...G.I. Gurdjieff ... Leon Sprink...etc...All from Central Europe / Russia...we do know of the existence of the Bosnian pyramid ...and maybe more are hidden in those parts

of Europe.




An interesting piece of info:


George Gurdjieff - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia



In late May 1920, when political conditions in Georgia changed and the old order was crumbling, his party traveled by foot to Batumi on the Black Sea coast and then[clarification needed] to Istanbul. Gurdjieff rented an apartment on Koumbaradji Street in Péra, and later at 13 Abdullatif Yemeneci Sokak near the Galata Tower.[11] The apartment is near the kha’neqa’h (monastery) of the Molavieh Order of Sufis (founded by Jalal al-Din Muhammad Rumi), where Gurdjieff, Ouspensky and Thomas de Hartmann experienced the sema ceremony of The Whirling Dervishes. In Istanbul, Gurdjieff also met Captain John G. Bennett, then head of British Military Intelligence in Constantinople. Later, Bennett would become a follower of Gurdjieff and of Ouspensky.



Reception and influence


Opinions on Gurdjieff's writings and activities are divided. Sympathizers regard him as a charismatic master who brought new knowledge into Western culture, a psychology and cosmology that enable insights beyond those provided by established science.[24] On the other hand, some critics assert he was simply a charlatan with a large ego and a constant need for self-glorification.[42] Gurdjieff is said to have had a strong influence on many modern mystics, artists, writers, and thinkers, including Osho (Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh), Frank Lloyd Wright,[43] Keith Jarrett, George Russell (composer), Alan Watts, Timothy Leary, Robert Anton Wilson, Robert Fripp, Jacob Needleman, John Shirley, Carlos Castaneda, Dennis Lewis, Peter Brook, Kate Bush, P. L. Travers, Robert S de Ropp, Walter Inglis Anderson, Jean Toomer, Alejandro Jodorowsky, Louis Pauwels, James Moore and Abdullah Isa Neil Dougan. Gurdjieff's notable personal students include Jeanne de Salzmann, Willem Nyland, Lord Pentland (Henry John Sinclair), P. D. Ouspensky, Olga de Hartmann, Thomas de Hartmann, Jane Heap, John G. Bennett, Alfred Richard Orage, Maurice Nicoll, Lanza del Vasto, George and Helen Adie, Rene Daumal and Katherine Mansfield. The Italian composer and singer Franco Battiato was sometime inspired by Gurdjieff's work, for example in his song "Centro di gravità permanente" - one of most popular modern Italian pop songs. Aleister Crowley visited his Institute at least once and privately praised Gurdjieff's work, though with some reservations.[44] During WWI, Algernon Blackwood took up spying while reporting to John Buchan, author of The Thirty Nine (39 form 6 )Steps. After the war, during the Roaring Twenties, Blackwood studied with Gurdjieff and Ouspensky.[45]


Gurdjieff gave new life and practical form to ancient teachings of both East and West. For example, the Socratic and Platonic emphasis on "the examined life" recurs in Gurdjieff's teaching as the practice of self-observation. His teachings about self-discipline and restraint reflect Stoic teachings. The Hindu and Buddhist notion of attachment recurs in Gurdjieff's teaching as the concept of identification. Similarly, his cosmology can be "read" against ancient and esoteric sources, respectively Neoplatonic and in such sources as Robert Fludd's treatment of macrocosmic musical structures.


Fourth Way Enneagram


An aspect of Gurdjieff's teachings which has come into prominence in recent decades is the enneagram geometric figure. For many students of the Gurdjieff tradition, the enneagram remains a koan, challenging and never fully explicated. There have been many attempts to trace the origins of this version of the enneagram; some similarities to other figures have been found, but it seems that Gurdjieff was the first person to make the enneagram figure publicly known and that only he knew its true source.[citation needed] Others have used the enneagram figure in connection with personality analysis, principally in the Enneagram of Personality as developed by Oscar Ichazo, Claudio Naranjo, Helen Palmer and others. Most aspects of this application are not directly connected to Gurdjieff's teaching or to his explanations of the enneagram.


from: Saint Germain's Dragon


Quote:

Perhaps a long-hidden rare manuscript written by Saint Germain himself can shed some light on the subject bridging the past and present day reports of terrifying dragons in the sky and lineaged Dragon Societies.


We ride on the back of the Winged Dragon to the birth of myths that described cosmological changes and brought incomprehensible catastrophe to our ancestors but led to the rebirth of modern civilization. It contains the common root of the mysteries of qabalah, alchemy, magic, hermetics, tantra, The Bible, the Tree of Life, immortality, and more.


This winged dragon is the symbolic superstar of Saint Germain’s Triangle Book. In The Book of Lambspring (as in Lamb = Agnets = Agnus ). It represents the Anima Mundi, or Soul of the World, which is the sum total of planetary existence -- the holographic blueprint on which form is based, the informational level or primal source of being - Zero Point. It is said that medicine providing the gift of youth can be made from its venom. (paracelsus "All things are poison, and nothing is without poison; only the dose permits something not to be poisonous." )



The dragon is a healing power. The spiritual food of immortality signifies the ability of the ego to assimilate the previously unconscious aspects of the Self. This is the elixir of youth that creates the immortal body, equivalent to the Philosopher's Stone. The invocation with powerful godnames is combined with the dragon emblem to initiate the current. The rite couldn't be practiced without the Emblems and Sigils and perhaps the bloodline.


In legend, the alchemical Philosopher's Stone is kept in the custody of the reawakened Dragon, the Adept who inhabits his or her Body of Light. Alchemy itself is a triple process of uniting the physical, psychological and spiritual. In Masonry, each line of the triangle itself symbolizes a kingdom of nature -- mineral, vegetable and animal. They stand for explorations the Master Mason needs for a complete education.


All these points may be clues to the nature of the "winged dragon" of the title page of The Triangle Book. In alchemy it is a symbol of the volatile elements. The winged dragon appears as a symbol of coagulatio in other alchemy texts, suggesting the pandemonium of psychic images.


Psychologically, the dragon is the union of ordinary human reality with the Transpersonal Self and a passion for transformation. Some now say it is a symbol of DNA or the kundalini energy. Thus, it is a symbol of the Great Work.



 Following up on the Dragon Subject :


The Secret Doctrine by H. P. Blavatsky


from: The Secret Doctrine by H. P. Blavatsky, vol 2 pt 1, stanza 12 b



Quote:

THE SECRET OF THE DRAGON.


but the cult is now preserved mostly in China and the Buddhist countries, “Bel and the Dragon being uniformly coupled together, and the priest of the Ophite religion as uniformly assuming the name of his God” (“Archaeology,” Vol. xxv., p. 220, London). In the religions of the past, it is in Egypt we have to seek for its Western origin. The Ophites adopted their rites from Hermes Trismegistus, and heliolatrous worship crossed over with its Sun-gods into the land of the Pharaohs from India. In the gods of Stonehenge we recognise the divinities of Delphi and Babylon, and in those of the latter the devas of the Vedic nations. Bel and the Dragon, Apollo and Python, Krishna and Kaliya, Osiris and Typhon are all one under many names (Fractal ) — the latest of which are Michael and the Red Dragon, and St. George and his Dragon. As Michael is “one as God,” or his “Double,” for terrestrial purposes, and is one of the Elohim, the fighting angel, he is thus simply a permutation of Jehovah. Whatever the Cosmic or astronomical event that first gave rise to the allegory of the “War of Heaven,” its earthly origin has to be sought in the temples of Initiation and archaic crypts. The following are the proofs: —


We find (a) the priests assuming the name of the gods they served; (b) the “Dragons” held throughout all antiquity as the symbols of Immortality and Wisdom, of secret Knowledge and of Eternity; and (c) the hierophants of Egypt, of Babylon, and India, styling themselves generally the “Sons of the Dragon” and “Serpents”; thus the teachings of the Secret Doctrine are thereby corroborated.


There were numerous catacombs in Egypt and Chaldea (see cross of Hendaye near the Pyrenee Mountains  ), some of them of a very vast extent. The most renowned of them were the subterranean crypts of Thebes and Memphis. The former, beginning on the western side of the Nile, extended towards the Lybian desert, and were known as the Serpent’s catacombs, or passages. It was there that were performed the sacred mysteries of the kuklos anagkes, the “Unavoidable Cycle,” more generally known as “the circle of necessity”; the inexorable doom imposed upon every soul after the bodily death, and when it has been judged in the Amenthian region.


In de Bourbourg’s book, Votan, the Mexican demi-god, in narrating his expedition, describes a subterranean passage which ran underground, and terminated at the root of the heavens, adding that this passage was a snake’s hole, “un agujero de colubra”; and that he was admitted to it because he was himself “a son of the snakes,” or a serpent. (“Die Phoinizier,” 70.)


This is, indeed, very suggestive; for his description of the snake’s hole is that of the ancient Egyptian crypt, as above mentioned. The hierophants, moreover, of Egypt, as of Babylon, generally styled themselves the “Sons of the Serpent-god,” or “Sons of the Dragon,” during the mysteries.-


Quote:

“The Assyrian priest bore always the name of his god,” says Movers. The Druids of the Celto-Britannic regions also called themselves snakes. “I am a Serpent, I am a Druid,” they exclaimed. The Egyptian Karnak is twin brother to the Carnac of Bretagne, the latter Carnac meaning the serpent’s mount. The Dracontia once covered the surface of the globe, and these temples were sacred to the Dragon, only because it was the symbol of the sun, which, in its turn, was the symbol of the highest god — the Phoenician Elon or Elion, whom Abraham recognised as El Elion.* Besides the surname of serpents, they were called the “builders,” the “architects”; for the immense grandeur of their temples and monuments was such that even now the pulverised remains of them “frighten the mathematical calculations of our modern engineers,” says Taliesin (similar name as Frank Lloyd wright's retreat: the Ship )

http://www.energeticforum.com/renewable-energy/8761-golden-tractate-hermes-trismegistus-applied-electromagnetism-72.html






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Vol. 2, Page  379   THE SECRET OF THE DRAGON.


We find (a) the priests assuming the name of the gods they served; (b) the “Dragons” held throughout all antiquity as the symbols of Immortality and Wisdom, of secret Knowledge and of Eternity; and (c) the hierophants of Egypt, of Babylon, and India, styling themselves generally the “Sons of the Dragon” and “Serpents”; thus the teachings of the Secret Doctrine are thereby corroborated



http://www.theosociety.org/pasadena/sd/sd2-1-22.htm





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Vol. 2, Page  380   THE SECRET DOCTRINE.

http://www.theosociety.org/pasadena/sd/sd2-1-22.htm



“The Assyrian priest bore always the name of his god,” says Movers. The Druids of the Celto-Britannic regions also called themselves snakes. “I am a Serpent, I am a Druid,” they exclaimed. The Egyptian Karnak is twin brother to the Carnac of Bretagne, the latter Carnac meaning the serpent’s mount. The Dracontia once covered the surface of the globe, and these temples were sacred to the Dragon, only because it was the symbol of the sun, which, in its turn, was the symbol of the highest god — the Phoenician Elon or Elion, whom Abraham recognised as El Elion.* Besides the surname of serpents, they were called the “builders,” the “architects”; for the immense grandeur of their temples and monuments was such that even now the pulverised remains of them “frighten the mathematical calculations of our modern engineers,” says Taliesin.†


De Bourbourg hints that the chiefs of the name of Votan, the Quetzo-Cohuatl, or Serpent deity of the Mexicans, are the descendants of Ham and Canaan. “I am Hivim,” they say. “Being a Hivim, I am of the great race of the Dragon (snake). I am a snake myself, for I am a Hivim.” (“Cartas,” 51; “Isis Unveiled,” Vol. I., 553, et seq.)


Furthermore, the “War in Heaven” is shown, in one of its significations, to have meant and referred to those terrible struggles in store for the candidate for adeptship, between himself and his (by magic) personified human passions, when the inner enlightened man had to either slay them or fail. In the former case he became the “Dragon-Slayer,” as having happily overcome all the temptations; and a “Son of the Serpent” and a Serpent himself, having cast off his old skin and being born in a new body, becoming a Son of Wisdom and Immortality in Eternity. (See Part II. on the Satanic Myth.)


Seth, the reputed forefather of Israel, is only a Jewish travesty of Hermes, the God of Wisdom, called also Thoth, Tat, Seth, Set, and Satan. He is also Typhon — the same as Apophis, the Dragon slain by Horus; for Typhon was also called Set. He is simply the dark side of Osiris, his brother, as Angra Mainyu is the black shadow of Ahura-mazda. Terrestrially, all these allegories were connected with the trials of adeptship and initiation. Astronomically, they referred to the Solar and Lunar eclipses, the mythical explanations of which we find to this day in India and Ceylon, where any one can study the allegorical narratives and traditions which have remained unchanged for many thousands of years.


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Dragon


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dragon



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Dragon mythology existed in Europe, Asia, Australia and South America.


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The Dragon Tribe of Old Prussia

  Feb 15, 2015

 http://gnosticwarrior.com/the-dragon-tribe-of-old-prussia.html


 In Old Prussia there was a mythical dragon king named Warmo who had ruled over his worm people called Warmians.


The dragon tribe of the Warmians (also Warmi) had lived in a place called Warmia (Polish:Warmia, Latin: Varmia, German: Ermland, Lithuanian: Varme). They were one of ten Old Prussian tribes who had populated these regions that were documented in the Chronicon terrae Prussiae of Peter of Dusburg, a priest of the Teutonic Order in 1326. The Warmians territory was mostly contained in modern day Poland situated between the Vistula Lagoon, Lyna and Pasleka Rivers.


These meanings of the names such as Warmo, warmians and Wormditt in the Germanic (Teutonic) languages is worm, (German: Worms, Wurm as in Tatzelwurm,Lindworm) which is now translated as the "serpent and/or dragon." Meaning when they symbolize or write about a serpent or a dragon in mythology and history, they are really talking about a worm such as these Old Prussian towns and the worm tribe who had originally settled there.

The Old Prussian village of Wormditt, now called Orneta in the Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship was first mentioned in 1308. The oldest image of the town's crest above is the from the sealing wax on the document from 1388. An inscription on the seal says "S.BV.MDIT."According to legend, there once lived a dragon there that devoured women, children and animals. Many valiant knights who had tried to free the town from the murdering dragon had been killed. All but one knight who eventually defeated the dragon.

Eventually the dragon serpent (worm) tribe known as the Warmians were conquered by the Catholic Crusaders of The Order of Brothers of the German House of Saint Mary in Jerusalem; the Teutonic Knights under direct orders of the Pope, and they were converted to Christianity.

In the place of that old dragon and serpent, the Christian savior to the world, Jesus had usurped the throne of the worm in Old Prussia.



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Slavic Dragon



 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Slavic_dragon


In Slovenia, a dragon is called zmaj, although an archaic word of unclear origins, pozoj, is sometimes used as well. Dragons in Slovenia are generally negative in nature, and usually appear in relation with St. George. Other, presumably pre-Christian folk tales relate stories of dragons defeated similarly as the Polish Wawel Dragon, by feeding them with sulphur stuffed sheep. However, the dragon is not always harmful to man. The best example of this is the Ljubljana Dragon, who benevolently protects the city of Ljubljana and is pictured in the city's coat of arms.


In all the South Slavic folklore, a dragon is called zmaj, zmij, zmej (????, ????). It can also be called a zmajcek/zmajic, which is an endearing diminutive form of the word zmaj. It is considered as "extremely intelligent, wise and knowledgeable" creature of "superhuman" strength and proficiency in magic, very rich (usually described as having castles of enormous riches hidden in distant lands) and often lustful for women, with whom it is capable of making offspring. It often breathes fire and is generally accepted as a highly respected being, and while not always being benevolent, never as an entirely evil creature. Legends were spread about many historical and mythical heroes that they were conceived by a dragon.


Some famous national heroes were considered to be dragons in the respective national folklore. One example would be Husein-Kapetan Gradašcevic, a successful Bosniak general who fought for Greater Bosnian independence from the Ottoman Empire. He is often referred to as "Zmaj od Bosne", meaning "The Dragon of Bosnia". The Serbian Despot Vuk Grgurevic was also known as 'Zmaj-Ognjeni Vuk' (Vuk the Fiery-Dragon) because of the viciousness of his reign and victorious battles he waged against the Turks. There is also an ancient type of dog in Serbia sometimes referred to as the "Zmaj" by its keepers, but it bears no relation to the mythical reptiles apart from being immortalized in Sylvanian folklore as the protector of man against "dragons" and other evils.





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Zirnitra


In Wendish mythology Zirnitra, or Zir, is a black Slavic dragon and the god of sorcery. The image of Zirnitra was employed on a Wendish flag when the Wends fought the invading Saxons. Zirnitra literally means magically empowered. Rosvodiz is a byname of Zirnitra.



http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zirnitra


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You often hear of different mages or sorcerers being connected with dragons, or having dragon-like powers. An example of this would be Merlin, in the story of King Arthur. Some people claim that Merlin, King Arthur and the Grail, continues to be a symbolic story in Freemasonry.



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Why is The Pope's Mitre Shaped Like a Fish?

 May 21, 2014


 http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/vatican/esp_vatican138.htm


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Saint Michael Fighting the Dragon

 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saint_Michael_Fighting_the_Dragon


Saint Michael Fighting the Dragon is a woodcut of 1498 by Albrecht Dürer, part of an Apocalypse

Book of Apocalypse or Revelation of St. John


 "And there was war in heaven: Michael and his angels fought against the dragon; and the dragon fought and his angels, and prevailed not; neither was their place found any more in heaven" (Rev. 12:7). As recounted by the Revelation of Saint John, at the end of the world war will break at between Heaven and Hell, between good and evil. As the commander of the Army of God, Archangel Michael leads the other angels in the fight against evil, represented in this picture by a seven-headed dragon. Each of the dragon’s heads represents one of the seven deadly sins.[2] Dürer chose to capture this fight between good and evil at the moment when Saint Michael is thrusting his spear into one of the heads. Surrounding Saint Michael are three other angels ready to attack. Beneath the fighting lies a calm and serene landscape with mountains and a small town, highlighted by a church with a tall spire, in the distance. At the bottom in the center of the page Dürer has placed his distinctive “AD” monogram that is in all of his engravings.


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A REVIVED MEROVINGIAN EMPIRE



 http://watch.pair.com/roman-dragon.html


This is the megalomaniac ambition of a Revived Merovingian Empire. Perhaps Christians ought to reconsider the popular doctrines of modern prophecy teachers, who teach that the final beast system will be a Revived Roman Empire. This error is built upon a faulty exposition of the four empires represented in Nebuchadnezzar's image in Daniel 2 and the four beasts of Daniel 7, which are construed as referring to the same world empires. A closer look at Daniel 2, 7 and Revelation 13 demonstrates otherwise.


    Daniel 2:32-42 describes the Babylonian, Persian, Greek and Roman empires. Daniel 2:38 states that the head of gold of Nebuchadnezzar's image was the existing Babylonian Empire. "O king…Thou art this head of gold."


    All of the world empires described in Daniel 7 are future empires. According to verse 17: "These great beasts, which are four, are four kings, which shall arise out of the earth."


    Whereas Dan. 2 identifies 3 future and 1 existing empire (the Babylonian), Daniel 7:3-6 must refer to four future world empires:


        "And four great beasts came up from the sea, diverse from one another. The first was like a LION, and had EAGLE'S wings: I beheld till the wings thereof were plucked, and it was lifted up from the earth, and made to stand upon the feet as a man, and a man's heart was given to it. And behold another beast, a second, like to a BEAR, and it raised up itself on one side, and it had three ribs in the mouth of it between the teeth of it: and they said thus unto it, Arise, devour much flesh. After this I beheld, and lo another, like a LEOPARD, which had upon the back of it four wings of a fowl; the beast had also four heads; and dominion was given to it."


    Nazi Germany was known for its Panzer (panther or leopard) divisions in World War II, and the symbol of Communist Russia is the bear which, under Stalin, "devoured much flesh." The Royal Arms of England displays the Rampant Lion, "made to stand upon the feet as a man," which is also a Merovingian symbol. The eagle's wings which were plucked in Daniel 7:4 is an obvious reference to the United States, whose government from its inception was the vehicle through which the English Freemasons planned to establish the New World Order. Thus, a reasonable interpretation of the symbolic beasts or world empires of Daniel 7 places them in the period immediately preceding "the fourth kingdom upon the earth, which shall be diverse from all kingdoms, and shall devour the whole earth, and shall tread it down, and break it in pieces." (v.23)


    The beasts of Daniel 7 are also found as the composite beast which John saw rising out of the sea in his vision described in Revelation 13:1,2. Please recall that the Bistea Neptunis or "beast of the sea" which is believed to be "ever incarnate in the dynasty of ancient kings" and whose symbol was a fish, clearly identifies the mystical Merovingian Fisher-Kings, who blasphemously claim to be of the bloodline of Jesus Christ:


        "And I stood upon the sand of the sea, and saw a BEAST RISE UP OUT OF THE SEA, having seven heads and ten horns, and upon his horns ten crowns, and upon his heads the name of blasphemy.


        "And the beast which I saw was like unto a LEOPARD, and his feet were as the feet of a BEAR, and his mouth as the mouth of a LION: and the dragon gave him his power, and his seat and great authority."


    Since Revelation 13 is identical to Daniel 7, future kingdoms are also symbolically represented. And like Daniel 7, Revelation 13 describes in symbols the Merovingian dynasty as the BEAST THAT RISES UP OUT OF THE SEA. However, modern prophecy teachers have prevented the identification of beast kingdom as a revived Merovingian Empire by erroneously correlating the empires of Daniel 7 with those in Daniel 2. This misinterpretation of Daniel 7 has been a primary factor in perpetuating a general ignorance of the Merovingian conspiracy, insuring that its direction of world affairs behind the scenes will continue largely unnoticed.


    In the place of the proper interpretation of these prophecies, the masses have been led to believe that a Revived Roman Empire controlled by the Roman Church, will be the final Antichrist system. Having established this deception and contrived to bring a false interpretation of Bible prophecy to fulfillment, the stage will be set for the Messiah of the Merovingian dynasty to vanquish the Pope and his Roman religious system (the Dragon), after which glorious triumph this false messiah will be crowned upon the throne of the Temple of Jerusalem as "the Christ."


    The ubiquitous propaganda of the Rosicrucian network would have the undiscerning believe that the great end-time battle will be between the noble Merovingian dynasty and a revived Holy Roman Empire, respectively designated the Phoenix and the Dragon. However, Scripture treats these two systems as being equally evil and deserving God's judgment. Revelation 17:16 describes the demise of the harlot church at the hands of the beast: "And the ten horns which thou sawest upon the beast, these shall hate the whore, and shall make her desolate and naked, and shall eat her flesh, and burn her with fire."


    The destruction of MYSTERY BABYLON in Revelation 17-18 is not the end of the story. The final battle is waged in Revelation 19, which describes the Second Coming of the Lord Jesus Christ to destroy the real Antichrist, who will be the Merovingian priest-king of the make-believe Order of Michael-Zakok. Having vanquished the Pope, this vile personage will rule the world with a modern Merlin the Magician - the counterpart of King Arthur's Sorcerer - and the Knights of the Global Round Table. Their minions will be the multitudes of Joel's Army who have been initiated into the mysteries via Freemasonry and its various religious fronts which are indoctrinating multitudes with medieval mysticism. The full cast of characters will conduct their final Crusade against the King of Kings and Lord of Lords. Their crushing defeat is described in Revelation 19:19-21.





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The Merlin Prophecies

Posted on March 3, 2013

http://www.queenannemasoniclodge.com/the-merlin-prophecies/#




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Merlin and the Discovery of Avalon in the New World

 By Graham Phillips


https://books.google.com/books?id=O75rAwAAQBAJ&pg=PT103&lpg=PT103&dq=merlin+freemasonry&source=bl&ots=bKeuqVqNXG&sig=iF2PBQjxDgk7OLDxn9Qfwf2NBfE&hl=en&sa=X&ei=cFD5VLCnEc_loASXo4DgDw&ved=0CFMQ6AEwCQ#v=onepage&q=merlin%20freemasonry&f=false




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Merlin Lodge No. 1578

Meetings: Third Thursday, September to June


http://www.southwalesmason.com/lodge/merlin-lodge/



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Manly Palmer Hall collection of alchemical manuscripts, 1500-1825


https://archive.org/stream/manlypalmerbox34ms209hall#page/n17/mode/thumb



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 Manly Palmer Hall collection of alchemical manuscripts, 1500-1825



https://archive.org/stream/manlypalmerbox34ms209hall#page/n85/mode/1up


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Manly-Palmer-Hall


https://www.tumblr.com/search/manly-palmer-hall




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La Magie Sainte Revele a Moyse



 Autor: Saint-Germain.


http://www.scribd.com/doc/135339042/La-Magie-Sainte-Revele-a-Moyse#scribd




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Abracadabra



 Sep 9, 2011


 Abracadabra is one of the magic words relating to rituals, talismans and

Pentacles. The word Abracadabra, has a symbolic meaning, either in

themselves or in the way they are used, which is expressed either phonetically or, more frequently, graphically. This magic word was in frequent use during the Middle Ages as a magic formula and historically was believed to have healing powers when inscribed on an amulet. It is derived from the Hebrew phrase abreq ad habra, meaning 'hurl your thunderbolt even unto death'. The first known mention of the word was in the second century AD in a book called Liber Medicinalis (sometimes known as De Medicina Praecepta Saluberrima) by quintus Serenus Sammonicus, physician to the Roman Emperor Caracalla, who prescribed that malaria suffers wear an amulet containing the word written in the form of a triangle.



http://unmyst3.blogspot.com/2011/09/abracadabra.html




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Serpent (symbolism)

The serpent, or snake, is one of the oldest and most widespread mythological symbols. The word is derived from Latin serpens, a crawling animal or snake. Snakes have been associated with some of the oldest rituals known to humankind and represent dual expression of good and evil.





https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Serpent_%28symbolism%29


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Leviathan



Leviathan (/l?'va?.???n/; Hebrew: ?????????, Modern Livyatan, Tiberian Liwya?an ; "twisted, coiled") is a sea monster referenced in the Tanakh, or the Old Testament.


The word has become synonymous with any large sea monster or creature. In literature (e.g., Herman Melville's Moby-Dick) it refers to great whales, and in Modern Hebrew, it simply means "whale". It is described extensively in Book of Job 41 and mentioned in Job 3:8, Amos 9:3, Psalm 74:13-23, Psalm 104:26 and Isaiah 27:1.


Later Jewish sources describe Leviathan as a dragon who lives over the Sources of the Deep and who, along with the male land-monster Behemoth, will be served up to the righteous at the end of time.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leviathan




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Jörmungandr

 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/J%C3%B6rmungandr


 In Norse mythology, Jörmungandr (Old Norse: Jormungandr, pronounced ['j?rmu?gandr?], meaning "huge monster"[1]), often written as Jormungand, or Jörmungand and also known as the Midgard Serpent (Old Norse: Miðgarðsormr), or World Serpent, is a sea serpent, the middle child of the giantess Angrboða and Loki. According to the Prose Edda, Odin took Loki's three children by Angrboða, the wolf Fenrir, Hel, and Jörmungandr, and tossed Jörmungandr into the great ocean that encircles Midgard. The serpent grew so large that he was able to surround the earth and grasp his own tail. As a result, he received the name of the Midgard Serpent or World Serpent. When he lets go, the world will end. Jörmungandr's arch-enemy is the god Thor. It is an example of an ouroboros.


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---------------

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Chapter 32: Gog & Magog ( Gogmagog )


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It is debated if Gog & Magog were actual giants, a type of Biblical metaphor, or a reference to a nation.




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Gogmagog (folklore)



https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gogmagog_%28folklore%29


Gogmagog – also Goemagot, Goemagog or Gogmagoc – was a legendary giant in British folklore. According to the 12th Century Historia Regum Britanniae ("The History of The Kings of Britain") by Geoffrey of Monmouth, Gogmagog was a giant inhabitant of Albion, and was thrown off a cliff during a wrestling match with Corineus who was a companion of Brutus of Troy. Gogmagog was believed to be the last of the Giants to inhabit the land of Albion. The name "Gogmagog" is often connected to the biblical characters Gog and Magog; however Manley Pope, author of an 1862 English translation of the Welsh chronicle Brut y Brenhinedd (itself a translation of Monmouth's "Historia Regum Britanniae") argued that it was a corruption of Gawr Madoc (Madoc the Great).


Geoffrey of Monmouth

Geoffrey of Monmouth's influential 12th-century Historia Regum Britanniae states that Goemagot was a giant slain by the eponymous Cornish hero Corin or Corineus. The tale figures in the body of unlikely lore that has Britain settled by the Trojan soldier Brutus and other fleeing heroes from the Trojan War. The Historia relates that Albion was only inhabited "by a few giants" when Brutus and his fellow Trojans arrived. Corineus was given Cornwall to govern, where there were more giants than in any other province. Among these giants "was one detestable monster named Goëmagot (Gogmagog), in stature twelve cubits, and of such prodigious strength that at one shake he pulled up an oak as if it had been a hazel wand". When Brutus is holding a feast with his companions in Totnes, (or more likely Dartmouth which is much nearer the sea) some twenty giants led by Gogmagog descend on the company, "among whom he made a dreadful slaughter". At last the giants were routed and slain except for Gogmagog who is captured so that Corineus can wrestle with him. The giant breaks three of Corineus's ribs, which so enrages him that he "ran with him, as fast as the weight would allow him, to the next shore" and "getting upon the top of a high rock, hurled down the savage monster into the sea; where, falling on the sides of craggy rocks, he was torn to pieces". The place where he fell "is called Lam Goëmagot, that is, Goëmagot's Leap, to this day"



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Gog and Magog

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gog_and_Magog


Gog and Magog (/g?g/; /'me?g?g/; Hebrew: ????? ???????? Gog u-Magog; Arabic: ???????? ??????????? Ya?juj wa-Ma?juj) are names that appear in the Hebrew Bible (Old Testament), the Book of Revelation and the Qur'an, sometimes indicating individuals and sometimes lands and peoples. Sometimes, but not always, they are connected with the "end times", and the passages from the book of Ezekiel and Revelation in particular have attracted attention for this reason.

In some interpretations from ancient times to the late Middle Ages, Gog and Magog were identified with Eurasian nomads such as the Khazars, Huns and Mongols; in Islam, they were sometimes identified first with Turkic tribes of Central Asia and later with the Mongols, although others interpretations exist. Throughout this period they were conflated with various other legends, notably those concerning Alexander the Great, the Amazons, Red Jews, and the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel, and became the subject of much fanciful literature. In modern times they remain associated with apocalyptic thinking, especially in the United States and the Muslim world.


The names Gog and Magog


In the Book of Ezekiel, Gog is the name of an individual and Magog the name of his land; in Genesis 10 Magog is a person, and in Revelation both Gog and Magog are nations ("the hostile nations of the world"). 1 Chronicles 5:4 features a descendant of Reuben who is called Gog or Goug.

The meaning of the name Gog remains uncertain, and in any case the author of the Ezekiel prophecy seems to attach no particular importance to it. Efforts have been made to identify him with various individuals, notably Gyges, a king of Lydia in the early 7th century, but many scholars do not believe he is related to any historical person. The name Magog is equally obscure, but may come from the Assyrian mat-Gugu, "Land of Gyges", i.e., Lydia. Alternatively, if Gog is derived from Magog rather than the other way round,"Magog" might refer to Babylon, by turning BBL ("Babylon" in Hebrew script, which originally had no vowel-signs) into MGG (Magog).



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Gog Magog Identified. ITS NOT RUSSIA.


 Oct 3, 2013



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0Cq340CtbW4


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The Book of Ezekiel [Bible, Old Testament]


 http://www.readbookonline.net/read/16652/43435/



Ezekiel 38:1 And the word of the LORD came unto me, saying,

Ezekiel 38:2 Son of man, set thy face against Gog, the land of Magog, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal, and prophesy against him,

Ezekiel 38:3 And say, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I am against thee, O Gog, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal:

Ezekiel 38:4 And I will turn thee back, and put hooks into thy jaws, and I will bring thee forth, and all thine army, horses and horsemen, all of them clothed with all sorts of armour, even a great company with bucklers and shields, all of them handling swords:





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Meshech

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Meshech


In the Bible, Meshech or Mosoch (Hebrew: ???? [me'?ex] "price" or "precious") is named as a son of Japheth in Genesis 10:2 and 1 Chronicles 1:5.

Another Meshech is named as a son of Aram in 1 Chronicles 1:17 (corresponding to the form Mash in Genesis 10).
Interpretations

Meshech is named with Tubal (and Rosh, in certain translations) as principalities of "Gog, prince of Magog" in Ezekiel 38:2 and 39:1, and is considered a Japhetite tribe, identified by Flavius Josephus with the Cappadocian "Mosocheni" (Mushki, also associated with Phrygians or Bryges) and their capital Mazaca. In Hippolytus of Rome's chronicle (234 AD), the "Illyrians" were identified as Meshech's offspring. In addition, Georgians have traditions that they, and other Caucasus people as well as Armenians, share descent from Meshech (Georgian: Meskheti), Tubal, and Togarmah.

In 1498 Annio da Viterbo published fragments known as Pseudo-Berossus, now considered a forgery, claiming that Babylonian records had shown a son of Japheth called Samothes had begun settling what later became Gaul in the 13th year of Nimrod. Later historians such as Raphael Holinshed (1577) identified Samothes as Meshech, and asserted that he first ruled also in Britain.

Beginning from the 16th century, some European scholars proposed the idea that the Muscovites had stemmed from Meshech. Sir Walter Ralegh (c. 1616) attributes this opinion to Philipp Melanchthon (1497–1560) and to Benito Arias Montano (1571), and it was also followed later by Jonathan Edwards (1703–1758). Moreover, according to a legend first appearing in the Kievan Synopsis (1674),[2] Moscow (Moskva) was founded by King Mosokh son of Japheth (i.e. Meshech), and was named for him and his wife, Kva. In this legend, they are also said to have had a son, Ya, and daughter, Vuza, who gave their names to the nearby Yauza river.[3]

According to Archibald Sayce, Meshech can be identified with Muska, a name appearing in Assyrian inscriptions.[4]





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Ya'juj Ma'juj (Gog and Magog)


 http://www.discoveringislam.org/gog_magog.htm



In Islam, they are known as Ya'juj and Ma'juj (or Ajuj and Majuj). The Bible in English refers to them as Gog and MaGog. The emergence of the mighty Ya'juj and Ma'juj is also a major sign of Qiyamah (Day of Resurrection).




  Emergence of Ya'juj Ma'juj (Gog & Magog) before the Day of Resurrection



Then the Messenger of Allah ??? ???? ???? ???? said: "By He in Whose Hand is my soul, the beasts of the earth will be fattened and nourished from their flesh and blood."  (Musnad Ahmad)


Abu Sa'id al-Khudri said: "I heard the Messenger of Allah ??? ???? ???? ???? say:

"Ya'juj and Ma'juj will open the barrier and come out against the people as Allah [ta'ala] said: "from every slope, pouring down." [Al-Anbiya': 96] So they will wreak havoc on the earth, and the Muslims will take cover in their cities and fortresses, taking their herds with them.

And they [i.e. Ya'juj and Ma'juj] will drink the waters of the earth until one of them will pass by a river, then they will all drink from it until they leave it dry, until one who comes after them will pass that river and say: "There was once water here."

Then, when there is no one from the people remaining except that he has gone to a fortress or a city, one of them will say: "We have finished with the inhabitants of the earth, now only the inhabitants of the heavens are left."

He said: "Then one of them will shake his spear and hurl it into the sky, and it will fall back down again soaked with blood, as a trial and test for them. So while they are like that, Allah will send a worm in their necks like an-naghf, which will eat its way out of their necks, so that they will all fall dead, and no sound will be heard from them.

So the Muslims will say: "Is there any man who will risk his life for us to see what this enemy is doing?"

He said: "So a man will stand up to do that, seeking Allah's reward, feeling that he will surely be a dead man. So he will go down and find them all dead, lying on top of each other. So he will call out: "O assembly of Muslims! Receive the good tidings that Allah has sufficed you against your enemy!" So they will come out of their cities and fortresses, and they will let their herds loose. They will find nothing for them to graze upon except their flesh [i.e. of Ya'juj and Ma'juj], but they will be nourished from it just as well as they had ever been nourished fiom any vegetation."  (Al-Haakim)



Al-Nawas bin Sam'an said that the Messenger of Allah said: " The Muslims, from the bows, arrows, and shields of Gog and Magog, will kindle fires (to heat themselves) for seven years." (Ibn Maja)

Nawwas bin Sam'an narrated that Prophet Mohammad ??? ???? ???? ????  said:

" .... (After the Dajjal appears with his trails and tribulations,) it will at this very time that Allah will send the Messiah, son of Mary. He will descend at the white minaret on the eastern side of Damascus, wearing two garments lightly dyed with saffron and placing his hands on the wings of two Angels. When he lowers his head, there will fall beads of perspiration from his head, and when he raises it up, beads like pearls will scatter from it. Every non-believer who smells the odour of his body will die and his breath will reach as far as he is able to see. He will then go after (the Dajjal) until he catches him at the gate of Ludd (Israel) and kills him. Then, a people whom Allah had protected will come to Jesus, son of Mary, and he will wipe their faces and inform them of their ranks in Paradise.

It will be under such conditions that Allah will reveal to Jesus the following words: 'I have brought forth from among My servants such people against whom none will be able to fight; you take these people safely to Tur (mountain in Sinai, Egypt).' Then, Allah will send Gog and Magog and they will swarm down from every slope. The first of them (Gog and Magog) will pass the lake of Tiberias (Sea of Galilee) and drink out of it. And when the last of them passes, he will say: 'There was once water there.'

Jesus and his companions will then be besieged here (at Tur mountain, and they will be so hard pressed) to the extent that an ox will be more valuable to them than one hundred Dinars (Arabic currency). Allah's Messenger  ??? ???? ???? ???? said, Jesus, and his companions will supplicate to Allah, Who will send to them (Gog and Magog) insects (which will attack their necks) and in the morning, they would perish as one single person. Allah's Messenger ??? ???? ???? ???? said, Jesus, and his companions will then come down (from Tur mountain) and they will not find as much space as a single span that is not filled with decomposed remains of Gog and Magog's corpses. Allah's Messenger ??? ???? ???? ????   said, Jesus, and his companions will then supplicate to Allah who will send birds whose necks would be like those (the necks) of Bactrian camels and they will carry them (Gog and Magog) away and throw them where Allah wills.

Then Allah will send rain which no house of mud-bricks or (tent of) camel-hair will keep out and it will wash the Earth until it resembles a mirror. Then, the Earth will be ordered (by Allah) to bring forth its fruit and restore its blessing and, as a result thereof, pomegranate will grow that will be enough for a group of people to eat and seek shelter under its skin. A dairy cow will give so much milk that (will be enough for) a group of people to drink. The milking camel will give so such milk that a whole tribe will be able to drink from it...

At that time, Allah will send a pleasant wind which will soothe (people) even under their armpits. He will take the life of every Muslim and only the wicked will survive who will commit adultery like donkeys and the Last Hour would come to them."  (Sahih Muslim)


In the New Testament of the Bible, there is a similar prophesy said by Jesus regarding the believers who will flee to the mountains:

"When you see 'the abomination that causes desolation' standing where it does not belong--let the reader understand--then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains." (Mark 13:14 )




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 Some people debate if Russia is known as the land of Gog, written in the Bible, mentioned in the book of Ezekiel.




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Ezekiel 38 : The Russian Bear of Gog massing its Military on the doorsteps of Israel

 Sep 7, 2015



 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y6N_92iKczk


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Russia expands military footprint abroad with new Syria base

 September 18, 2015


U.S. officials have said that the Russian military is ramping up its presence in the coastal areas of Syria where Moscow-backed President Bashar al-Assad has the most support.

Although denials have been issued by the Russian and Syrian governments, an influx of hardware and personnel at an air base near Latakia would shore up Assad’s hold on the same part of the country where Russia has long kept naval assets in the port of Tartus.

Though Syria may be the only Middle Eastern location for Russian military facilities abroad, its forces and weapons are widely deployed throughout Russia’s “near abroad.” Russian President Vladimir Putin oversees a military machine that spans from Belarus and Armenia to Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan. Russia has been accused of deploying its military in secessionist eastern Ukraine, and Putin has admitted using troops to annex the Crimean Peninsula.



 http://america.aljazeera.com/articles/2015/9/18/russia-foreign-military-bases.html



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Russia begins Syria strikes: Reports

30 Sep 2015


The United States believes that Russia has started carrying out air strikes in Syria in the vicinity of Homs, a U.S. official told Reuters on Wednesday, adding that Moscow gave the United States a one-hour advanced notice of its operations.


http://www.cnbc.com/2015/09/30/putin-wins-parliamentary-approval-to-deploy-russian-forces-abroad--reports.html


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France to launch air strikes in Syria ‘in coming weeks’

2015-09-16



France announced Wednesday that French fighter jets will start bombing Islamic State (IS) group targets in Syria in the coming weeks as a matter of "self-defence”, despite growing opposition among lawmakers in Paris.



 http://www.france24.com/en/20150916-france-launch-airstrikes-syria-islamic-state-jihadists-group-iraq-military-assad





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France 'opens war crimes inquiry against Assad regime' in Syria: UN debate
Day two of UN general assembly sees leaders of Ukraine, Japan, Italy, Venezuela and the EU address hall, while Philip Hammond speaks for Britain

 29 Sep 2015


• Kerry: US may offer Russia something to stop Assad bombing

• Putin proposes anti-Hitler type alliance to fight Isil

• France opens war crimes inquiry against Syrian regime

• Russian troops will not fight in Syria 'for now', says Putin

• The most awkward moments at the UN assembly, in pictures



 http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/11895857/Vladimir-Putin-and-Barack-Obama-speak-at-UN-General-Assembly-live.html


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 It seems with all of the knowledge and technology that we have gained over the years on this planet. It does not seem right, that the people and governments of this world, continue to exhibit acts of war, including acts of violence against each other, while endangering the planet. They say that history often repeats itself. We need to ensure, that the Earth, plants and animals can survive and thrive on this planet, for so many years. This is why it is our job as human beings, to make sure that the world is not destroyed by technology and war. The Earth can thrive for a very long time. We must make sure that war and technology, do not jeopardize the planet Earth.



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For more information, visit: MonsantoInvestigation.com






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